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    The Amazing Holographic Universe 2006 01 02 By Michael Talbot | rense.com In 1982 a remarkable event took place. At the University of Paris a research team led
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 2, 2006
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      The Amazing Holographic Universe

      2006 01 02

      By Michael Talbot | rense.com

      In 1982 a remarkable event took place. At the University of Paris a
      research team led by physicist Alain Aspect performed what may turn
      out to be one of the most important experiments of the 20th century.
      You did not hear about it on the evening news. In fact, unless you are
      in the habit of reading scientific journals you probably have never
      even heard Aspect's name, though there are some who believe his
      discovery may change the face of science.

      Aspect and his team discovered that under certain circumstances
      subatomic particles such as electrons are able to instantaneously
      communicate with each other regardless of the distance separating
      them. It doesn't matter whether they are 10 feet or 10 billion miles
      apart.

      Somehow each particle always seems to know what the other is doing.
      The problem with this feat is that it violates Einstein's long-held
      tenet that no communication can travel faster than the speed of light.
      Since traveling faster than the speed of light is tantamount to
      breaking the time barrier, this daunting prospect has caused some
      physicists to try to come up with elaborate ways to explain away
      Aspect's findings. But it has inspired others to offer even more
      radical explanations.

      University of London physicist David Bohm, for example, believes
      Aspect's findings imply that objective reality does not exist, that
      despite its apparent solidity the universe is at heart a phantasm, a
      gigantic and splendidly detailed hologram.

      To understand why Bohm makes this startling assertion, one must first
      understand a little about holograms. A hologram is a three-
      dimensional photograph made with the aid of a laser.

      To make a hologram, the object to be photographed is first bathed in
      the light of a laser beam. Then a second laser beam is bounced off the
      reflected light of the first and the resulting interference pattern
      (the area where the two laser beams commingle) is captured on film.

      When the film is developed, it looks like a meaningless swirl of light
      and dark lines. But as soon as the developed film is illuminated by
      another laser beam, a three-dimensional image of the original object
      appears.

      The three-dimensionality of such images is not the only remarkable
      characteristic of holograms. If a hologram of a rose is cut in half
      and then illuminated by a laser, each half will still be found to
      contain the entire image of the rose.

      Indeed, even if the halves are divided again, each snippet of film
      will always be found to contain a smaller but intact version of the
      original image. Unlike normal photographs, every part of a hologram
      contains all the information possessed by the whole.

      The "whole in every part" nature of a hologram provides us with an
      entirely new way of understanding organization and order. For most of
      its history, Western science has labored under the bias that the best
      way to understand a physical phenomenon, whether a frog or an atom, is
      to dissect it and study its respective parts.

      A hologram teaches us that some things in the universe may not lend
      themselves to this approach. If we try to take apart something
      constructed holographically, we will not get the pieces of which it is
      made, we will only get smaller wholes.

      This insight suggested to Bohm another way of understanding Aspect's
      discovery. Bohm believes the reason subatomic particles are able to
      remain in contact with one another regardless of the distance
      separating them is not because they are sending some sort of
      mysterious signal back and forth, but because their separateness is an
      illusion. He argues that at some deeper level of reality such
      particles are not individual entities, but are actually extensions of
      the same fundamental something.

      To enable people to better visualize what he means, Bohm offers the
      following illustration.

      Imagine an aquarium containing a fish. Imagine also that you are
      unable to see the aquarium directly and your knowledge about it and
      what it contains comes from two television cameras, one directed at
      the aquarium's front and the other directed at its side.

      As you stare at the two television monitors, you might assume that the
      fish on each of the screens are separate entities. After all, because
      the cameras are set at different angles, each of the images will be
      slightly different. But as you continue to watch the two fish, you
      will eventually become aware that there is a certain relationship
      between them.

      When one turns, the other also makes a slightly different but
      corresponding turn; when one faces the front, the other always faces
      toward the side. If you remain unaware of the full scope of the
      situation, you might even conclude that the fish must be
      instantaneously communicating with one another, but this is clearly
      not the case.

      This, says Bohm, is precisely what is going on between the subatomic
      particles in Aspect's experiment.

      According to Bohm, the apparent faster-than-light connection between
      subatomic particles is really telling us that there is a deeper level
      of reality we are not privy to, a more complex dimension beyond our
      own that is analogous to the aquarium. And, he adds, we view objects
      such as subatomic particles as separate from one another because we
      are seeing only a portion of their reality.

      Such particles are not separate "parts", but facets of a deeper and
      more underlying unity that is ultimately as holographic and
      indivisible as the previously mentioned rose. And since everything in
      physical reality is comprised of these "eidolons", the universe is
      itself a projection, a hologram.

      In addition to its phantomlike nature, such a universe would possess
      other rather startling features. If the apparent separateness of
      subatomic particles is illusory, it means that at a deeper level of
      reality all things in the universe are infinitely interconnected.

      The electrons in a carbon atom in the human brain are connected to the
      subatomic particles that comprise every salmon that swims, every heart
      that beats, and every star that shimmers in the sky.

      Everything interpenetrates everything, and although human nature may
      seek to categorize and pigeonhole and subdivide, the various phenomena
      of the universe, all apportionments are of necessity artificial and
      all of nature is ultimately a seamless web.

      In a holographic universe, even time and space could no longer be
      viewed as fundamentals. Because concepts such as location break down
      in a universe in which nothing is truly separate from anything else,
      time and three-dimensional space, like the images of the fish on the
      TV monitors, would also have to be viewed as projections of this
      deeper order.

      At its deeper level reality is a sort of superhologram in which the
      past, present, and future all exist simultaneously. This suggests that
      given the proper tools it might even be possible to someday reach into
      the superholographic level of reality and pluck out scenes from the
      long-forgotten past.

      What else the superhologram contains is an open-ended question.
      Allowing, for the sake of argument, that the superhologram is the
      matrix that has given birth to everything in our universe, at the very
      least it contains every subatomic particle that has been or will be --
      every configuration of matter and energy that is possible, from
      snowflakes to quasars, from bluĆ¼ whales to gamma rays. It must be seen
      as a sort of cosmic storehouse of "All That Is."

      Although Bohm concedes that we have no way of knowing what else might
      lie hidden in the superhologram, he does venture to say that we have
      no reason to assume it does not contain more. Or as he puts it,
      perhaps the superholographic level of reality is a "mere stage" beyond
      which lies "an infinity of further development".

      Bohm is not the only researcher who has found evidence that the
      universe is a hologram. Working independently in the field of brain
      research, Standford neurophysiologist Karl Pribram has also become
      persuaded of the holographic nature of reality.

      Pribram was drawn to the holographic model by the puzzle of how and
      where memories are stored in the brain. For decades numerous studies
      have shown that rather than being confined to a specific location,
      memories are dispersed throughout the brain.

      In a series of landmark experiments in the 1920s, brain scientist Karl
      Lashley found that no matter what portion of a rat's brain he removed
      he was unable to eradicate its memory of how to perform complex tasks
      it had learned prior to surgery. The only problem was that no one was
      able to come up with a mechanism that might explain this curious
      "whole in every part" nature of memory storage.

      Then in the 1960s Pribram encountered the concept of holography and
      realized he had found the explanation brain scientists had been
      looking for. Pribram believes memories are encoded not in neurons, or
      small groupings of neurons, but in patterns of nerve impulses that
      crisscross the entire brain in the same way that patterns of laser
      light interference crisscross the entire area of a piece of film
      containing a holographic image. In other words, Pribram believes the
      brain is itself a hologram.

      Pribram's theory also explains how the human brain can store so many
      memories in so little space. It has been estimated that the human
      brain has the capacity to memorize something on the order of 10
      billion bits of information during the average human lifetime (or
      roughly the same amount of information contained in five sets of the
      Encyclopaedia Britannica).

      Similarly, it has been discovered that in addition to their other
      capabilities, holograms possess an astounding capacity for information
      storage--simply by changing the angle at which the two lasers strike a
      piece of photographic film, it is possible to record many different
      images on the same surface. It has been demonstrated that one cubic
      centimeter of film can hold as many as 10 billion bits of information.

      Our uncanny ability to quickly retrieve whatever information we need
      from the enormous store of our memories becomes more understandable if
      the brain functions according to holographic principles. If a friend
      asks you to tell him what comes to mind when he says the word "zebra",
      you do not have to clumsily sort back through ome gigantic and
      cerebral alphabetic file to arrive at an answer. Instead, associations
      like "striped", "horselike", and "animal native to Africa" all pop
      into your head instantly.

      Indeed, one of the most amazing things about the human thinking
      process is that every piece of information seems instantly cross-
      correlated with every other piece of information--another feature
      intrinsic to the hologram. Because every portion of a hologram is
      infinitely interconnected with evey other portion, it is perhaps
      nature's supreme example of a cross-correlated system.

      The storage of memory is not the only neurophysiological puzzle that
      becomes more tractable in light of Pribram's holographic model of the
      brain. Another is how the brain is able to translate the avalanche of
      frequencies it receives via the senses (light frequencies, sound
      frequencies, and so on) into the concrete world of our perceptions.
      Encoding and decoding frequencies is precisely what a hologram does
      best. Just as a hologram functions as a sort of lens, a translating
      device able to convert an apparently meaningless blur of frequencies
      into a coherent image, Pribram believes the brain also comprises a
      lens and uses holographic principles to mathematically convert the
      frequencies it receives through the senses into the inner world of our
      perceptions.

      An impressive body of evidence suggests that the brain uses
      holographic principles to perform its operations. Pribram's theory, in
      fact, has gained increasing support among neurophysiologists.

      Argentinian-Italian researcher Hugo Zucarelli recently extended the
      holographic model into the world of acoustic phenomena. Puzzled by the
      fact that humans can locate the source of sounds without moving their
      heads, even if they only possess hearing in one ear, Zucarelli
      discovered that holographic principles can explain this ability.

      Zucarelli has also developed the technology of holophonic sound, a
      recording technique able to reproduce acoustic situations with an
      almost uncanny realism.

      Pribram's belief that our brains mathematically construct "hard"
      reality by relying on input from a frequency domain has also received
      a good deal of experimental support.

      It has been found that each of our senses is sensitive to a much
      broader range of frequencies than was previously suspected.

      Researchers have discovered, for instance, that our visual systems are
      sensitive to sound frequencies, that our sense of smell is in part
      dependent on what are now called "osmic frequencies", and that even
      the cells in our bodies are sensitive to a broad range of frequencies.
      Such findings suggest that it is only in the holographic domain of
      consciousness that such frequencies are sorted out and divided up into
      conventional perceptions.

      But the most mind-boggling aspect of Pribram's holographic model of
      the brain is what happens when it is put together with Bohm's theory.
      For if the concreteness of the world is but a secondary reality and
      what is "there" is actually a holographic blur of frequencies, and if
      the brain is also a hologram and only selects some of the frequencies
      out of this blur and mathematically transforms them into sensory
      perceptions, what becomes of objective reality?

      Put quite simply, it ceases to exist. As the religions of the East
      have long upheld, the material world is Maya, an illusion, and
      although we may think we are physical beings moving through a physical
      world, this too is an illusion.

      We are really "receivers" floating through a kaleidoscopic sea of
      frequency, and what we extract from this sea and transmogrify into
      physical reality is but one channel from many extracted out of the
      superhologram.

      This striking new picture of reality, the synthesis of Bohm and
      Pribram's views, has come to be called the holographic paradigm, and
      although many scientists have greeted it with skepticism, it has
      galvanized others. A small but growing group of researchers believe it
      may be the most accurate model of reality science has arrived at thus
      far. More than that, some believe it may solve some mysteries that
      have never before been explainable by science and even establish the
      paranormal as a part of nature.

      Numerous researchers, including Bohm and Pribram, have noted that many
      para-psychological phenomena become much more understandable in terms
      of the holographic paradigm.

      In a universe in which individual brains are actually indivisible
      portions of the greater hologram and everything is infinitely
      interconnected, telepathy may merely be the accessing of the
      holographic level.

      It is obviously much easier to understand how information can travel
      from the mind of individual 'A' to that of individual 'B' at a far
      distance point and helps to understand a number of unsolved puzzles in
      psychology. In particular, Grof feels the holographic paradigm offers
      a model for understanding many of the baffling phenomena experienced
      by individuals during altered states of consciousness.

      Creation - Holographic Universe
      In the 1950s, while conducting research into the beliefs of LSD as a
      psychotherapeutic tool, Grof had one female patient who suddenly
      became convinced she had assumed the identity of a female of a species
      of prehistoric reptile. During the course of her hallucination, she
      not only gave a richly detailed description of what it felt like to be
      encapsuled in such a form, but noted that the portion of the male of
      the species's anatomy was a patch of colored scales on the side of its
      head.

      What was startling to Grof was that although the woman had no prior
      knowledge about such things, a conversation with a zoologist later
      confirmed that in certain species of reptiles colored areas on the
      head do indeed play an important role as triggers of sexual arousal.

      The woman's experience was not unique. During the course of his
      research, Grof encountered examples of patients regressing and
      identifying with virtually every species on the evolutionary tree
      (research findings which helped influence the man-into-ape scene in
      the movie Altered States). Moreover, he found that such experiences
      frequently contained obscure zoological details which turned out to be
      accurate.

      Regressions into the animal kingdom were not the only puzzling
      psychological phenomena Grof encountered. He also had patients who
      appeared to tap into some sort of collective or racial unconscious.
      Individuals with little or no education suddenly gave detailed
      descriptions of Zoroastrian funerary practices and scenes from Hindu
      mythology. In other categories of experience, individuals gave
      persuasive accounts of out-of-body journeys, of precognitive glimpses
      of the future, of regressions into apparent past-life incarnations.

      In later research, Grof found the same range of phenomena manifested
      in therapy sessions which did not involve the use of drugs. Because
      the common element in such experiences appeared to be the transcending
      of an individual's consciousness beyond the usual boundaries of ego
      and/or limitations of space and time, Grof called such manifestations
      "transpersonal experiences", and in the late '60s he helped found a
      branch of psychology called "transpersonal psychology" devoted
      entirely to their study.

      Although Grof's newly founded Association of Transpersonal Psychology
      garnered a rapidly growing group of like-minded professionals and has
      become a respected branch of psychology, for years neither Grof or any
      of his colleagues were able to offer a mechanism for explaining the
      bizarre psychological phenomena they were witnessing. But that has
      changed with the advent of the holographic paradigm.

      As Grof recently noted, if the mind is actually part of a continuum, a
      labyrinth that is connected not only to every other mind that exists
      or has existed, but to every atom, organism, and region in the
      vastness of space and time itself, the fact that it is able to
      occasionally make forays into the labyrinth and have transpersonal
      experiences no longer seems so strange.

      The holographic prardigm also has implications for so-called hard
      sciences like biology. Keith Floyd, a psychologist at Virginia
      Intermont College, has pointed out that if the concreteness of reality
      is but a holographic illusion, it would no longer be true to say the
      brain produces consciousness. Rather, it is consciousness that creates
      the appearance of the brain -- as well as the body and everything else
      around us we interpret as physical.

      Such a turnabout in the way we view biological structures has caused
      researchers to point out that medicine and our understanding of the
      healing process could also be transformed by the holographic paradigm.
      If the apparent physical structure of the body is but a holographic
      projection of consciousness, it becomes clear that each of us is much
      more responsible for our health than current medical wisdom allows.
      What we now view as miraculous remissions of disease may actually be
      due to changes in consciousness which in turn effect changes in the
      hologram of the body.

      Similarly, controversial new healing techniques such as visualization
      may work so well because in the holographic domain of thought images
      are ultimately as real as "reality".

      Even visions and experiences involving "non-ordinary" reality become
      explainable under the holographic paradigm. In his book "Gifts of
      Unknown Things," biologist Lyall Watson discribes his encounter with
      an Indonesian shaman woman who, by performing a ritual dance, was able
      to make an entire grove of trees instantly vanish into thin air.
      Watson relates that as he and another astonished onlooker continued to
      watch the woman, she caused the trees to reappear, then "click" off
      again and on again several times in succession.

      Although current scientific understanding is incapable of explaining
      such events, experiences like this become more tenable if "hard"
      reality is only a holographic projection.

      Perhaps we agree on what is "there" or "not there" because what we
      call consensus reality is formulated and ratified at the level of the
      human unconscious at which all minds are infinitely interconnected.

      If this is true, it is the most profound implication of the
      holographic paradigm of all, for it means that experiences such as
      Watson's are not commonplace only because we have not programmed our
      minds with the beliefs that would make them so. In a holographic
      universe there are no limits to the extent to which we can alter the
      fabric of reality.

      What we perceive as reality is only a canvas waiting for us to draw
      upon it any picture we want. Anything is possible, from bending spoons
      with the power of the mind to the phantasmagoric events experienced by
      Castaneda during his encounters with the Yaqui brujo don Juan, for
      magic is our birthright, no more or less miraculous than our ability
      to compute the reality we want when we are in our dreams.

      Indeed, even our most fundamental notions about reality become
      suspect, for in a holographic universe, as Pribram has pointed out,
      even random events would have to be seen as based on holographic
      principles and therefore determined. Synchronicities or meaningful
      coincidences suddenly makes sense, and everything in reality would
      have to be seen as a metaphor, for even the most haphazard events
      would express some underlying symmetry.

      Whether Bohm and Pribram's holographic paradigm becomes accepted in
      science or dies an ignoble death remains to be seen, but it is safe to
      say that it has already had an influence on the thinking of many
      scientists. And even if it is found that the holographic model does
      not provide the best explanation for the instantaneous communications
      that seem to be passing back and forth between subatomic particles, at
      the very least, as noted by Basil Hiley, a physicist at Birbeck
      College in London, Aspect's findings "indicate that we must be
      prepared to consider radically new views of reality".
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