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1827 treatise on federal usurpations and nullification

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  • Jon Roland
    /*The crisis: or, Essays on the usurpations of the federal government*/, Robert James Turnbull, Brutus (pseud.) (1827) --- Discusses the misconstructions of
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 9, 2011
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      /*The crisis: or, Essays on the usurpations of the federal government*/,
      Robert James Turnbull, Brutus (pseud.) (1827) --- Discusses the
      misconstructions of the Constitution by the Supreme Court and Congress
      from a Jeffersonian standpoint, and develops the concept of state-level
      HTML http://constitution.org/cmt/rjturnbull/crisis.html
      PDF http://constitution.org/cmt/rjturnbull/crisis.pdf

      From http://www.famousamericans.net/robertjamesturnbull/

      Robert James Turnbull

      TURNBULL, Robert James, political writer, born in New Smyrna, Florida,
      in January, 1775; died in Charleston, South Carolina, 15 June, 1833. He
      was the son of a British physician, who obtained grants from the
      government in 1772 to establish a Greek colony in Florida. About 15,000
      Greeks, Moravians, and other inhabitants of the Mediterranean islands
      were induced to emigrate, and they founded New Smyrna, so named in honor
      of Mrs. Turnbull, who was of Greek descent and a native of Smyrna. The
      project was unsuccessful, and Dr. Turnbull forfeited his grants by
      adhering to the cause of the colonies during the Revolutionary war, when
      he settled in Charleston, South Carolina. The son was educated in
      England, and then studied law in Charleston and Philadelphia. After his
      admission to the bar he practised in Charleston until 1810, when he
      retired to a large plantation in the country. While in Europe he wrote a
      "Visit to the "Philadelphia Penitentiary" (London, 1797), which was
      translated into French (Paris, 1800), and attracted attention both at
      home and abroad. He became a leader in the nullification movement, and
      wrote a series of articles on that subject in 1827 for the "Charleston
      Mercury," which were afterward issued as "The Crisis," and became the
      text-book of the nullification party. Mr. Turnbull was "reputed the
      ablest writer in favor of the principle of nullification." He argued
      that "each state has the unquestionable right to judge of the
      infractions of the constitution, and to interpose its sovereign power to
      arrest their progress and to protect its citizens," which principle he
      incorporated in his treatise on "The Tribunal of Dernier Ressort"
      (1830). In 1831 he was a member of the Free-trade convention that
      assembled at Columbia, South Carolina, and wrote the report of that
      body, and he was active in the similar convention in Charleston in
      February, 1832. He delivered an oration before an assemblage of the
      nullification party that showed its influence in the subsequent
      election, and in November of the same year he was a delegate to the
      convention of the people of South Carolina that passed the nullifying
      ordinance, and prepared the address of that convention to the people.
      After the proclamation of President Jackson was received in South
      Carolina he was the first to enlist when volunteers were called for, in
      addition to the organized militia, to resist the National government. A
      monument was erected to his memory in Charleston by his political
      admirers and associates.

      Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright © 2001 VirtualologyTM

      -- Jon

      Constitution Society http://constitution.org
      2900 W Anderson Ln C-200-322 Austin, TX 78757
      512/299-5001 jon.roland@...

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