Party Seats/ Proxy Proportional Representation System, 1 Apr 2002
- D- The language has been revised.
Party Seats/ Proxy Proportional Representation System
1 Apr 2002
[optional/ fill the blank]
Sec. 1. (a) The [Name of Legislative Body] shall consist of [T] Total Members
elected for  year terms from [T/5] districts [(dropping fractions)] formed
at least  weeks before an Election day.
(b) As nearly as possible, each district shall consist of 1 or more political
subdivisions or part of 1 political subdivision, contain an equal number of
Electors at the last regular election for the body [in an odd/even numbered
year] and be square.
Sec. 2. Each candidate shall file a nominating petition at least  weeks
before the Election Day signed by at least [0.2] percent [but not more than
[0.6] percent] of the number of registered Electors in his/her district 
weeks before the Election Day.
Sec. 3. (a) Each candidate shall get a list of all parties in all districts
at least  days prior to an election day.
(b) Independent candidates shall be deemed to be in a party.
(c) Each candidate shall rank all the other parties (using 1, 2, etc.) and
file such list not later than [4 P.M.]  days before the election day.
(d) The lists shall be made public immediately at such deadline.
(e) If a list is not filed, then the votes for the candidate shall not be
Sec. 4. (a) Each Elector may vote for 1 candidate in his/her district.
(b) Party Votes = Votes for all of a party's candidates plus any votes
transferred to the party from losing candidates.
Total Votes = Votes for all candidates.
Member Ratio = Total Votes divided by Total Members
(c) If a partys Party Votes are less than the Member Ratio, then the party
and its candidates shall lose (starting with the party with the lowest Party
(d) The votes for a losing candidate shall be transferred (or re-transferred)
to another party using the candidate's rank order list.
(e) Each party shall receive members equal to the party's final Party Votes
divided by the Member Ratio (using the Method of Equal Proportions).
(f) A party's Members shall be those party candidates who get the highest
number of votes in all districts.
(g) Example- 25 Total Members
471 Party A
99 Party B
400 Party C
30 Party D
1000 Total Votes
Member Ratio = 1000 Total Votes/25 Total Members = 40
Party D loses
481 Party A
109 Party B
410 Party C
1000 Total Votes
Party A gets 481/40 = 12.03 = 12 seats
Party B gets 109/40 = 2.73 = 3 seats
Party C gets 410/40 = 10.25 = 10 seats
[(h) Each Member shall have a voting power equal to the party's final Party
Votes multipled by the votes for him/her divided by the total votes for all
of the party's elected Members [using the [Method of Equal Proportions]]].
Sec. 5. (a) A candidate or member may file a written rank order list of
persons to fill his/her vacancy, if any.
(b) The qualified person highest on the list shall fill the vacancy.
(c) The legislative body shall fill the vacancy if the preceding does not
[Sec. 6. Temporary. The registered Electors on [date] shall be deemed to have
been Electors at the last election for Section 1(b) for the first election
using this system].
Sec. 4(e) Note --- the Method of Equal Proportions would use a formula ---
(Party Votes x Party Votes) / (Seats x (Seats + 1)) [Seats = 1, 2, etc.] to
produce a rank order list for seats.
The MEP is used to apportion the 435 seats in the U.S.A. House of
Representatives among the 50 States using Census populations of the States
(after each State gets 1 seat).
Sec. 4(h) Note --- Since Party Votes/ Party Seats ratios are not equal for
all parties and the various elected candidates of a party will not get the
same number of district votes, proxy p.r. is more accurate (especially in
smaller legislative bodies).