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94 LexiLine Newsletter 2005 Pawnee in Nebraska had Hermetic Astronomical System

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  • Andis Kaulins
    94 LexiLine Newsletter 2005 Pawnee in Nebraska Had Hermetic Astronomical System In an irony of ironies, the greatest proof for the correctness of the theories
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 6, 2005
      94 LexiLine Newsletter 2005 Pawnee in Nebraska Had Hermetic
      Astronomical System

      In an irony of ironies, the greatest proof for the correctness of the
      theories presented by me in Stars Stones and Scholars
      and at http://www.megaliths.co.uk/index.htm
      may come from the very area in the United States where I grew up, the
      State of Nebraska.

      Steve Burdic has just sent me what is by far the most interesting e-
      mail of the year. He refers to the following source:

      American Anthropologist 1902
      cached at http://snipurl.com/kk4o where the full non-wrapping URL is

      and where it is written as folows:

      "Fletcher, Alice C. Star Cult Among the Pawnee-A Preliminary
      Report. American Anthropologist October-December, 1902 Vol.4(4):730-

      Fletcher writes about the influence and importance of a Pawnee cult
      centered around star worship. The Pawnee once lived in the area that
      is now Nebraska, but they were relocated to northeastern Oklahoma
      after Europeans reached America. Fletcher focuses on the organization
      and cult of the Skidi band of Pawnee. Within the Skidi band there are
      several villages that each have their own sacred articles, which they
      keep in a shrine. Each village is a representative of a star, which
      is believed to have given them their symbolic articles, rituals and
      ceremonies. Almost every aspect of the five main Skidi villages is
      related to their individual star, including its name, geographical
      location and spatial relation to other villages. The western-most
      village of the Skidi band was the most important, in that all of the
      other villages in the band were referred to as branches of this
      village. The ceremonies associated with the shrines of the other four
      villages relate to activities such as planting, harvesting, hunting,
      change of leadership, and honoring warriors.

      Fletcher's Pawnee informant described the ceremonies of the star cult
      as, "giving an account of creation, the establishment of family, and
      the inauguration of rites by which man would be reminded of his
      dependence on Tirawa, of whom he must ask food." Tirawa refers to a
      higher power that the Pawnee revered as above all other stars. There
      is a fundamental message in the star cult ceremonies; the duality in
      the universe which is similar to that between males and females. The
      importance and influence of the cult can be seen in the earth lodges
      that the Pawnee constructed to represent the stars. The stars the
      Skidi band worshiped is not known, but Fletcher believes that they
      may be the four main stars of Ursa Major.

      BRAD HANSON Illinois State University (Robert Dirks)

      Fletcher, Alice C. Star Cult Among the Pawnee A Preliminary Report,
      American Anthropologist 1902 Vol. 4 pp.730-736

      Alice Fletcher documents the astrological symbols of an American
      Indian culture in Star Cult Among the Pawnee. She notes the
      historical diffusion of beliefs and rituals throughout American trade
      and pilgrimage routes. Fletcher focuses on the Pawnee perception of
      the stars and its effects on village planning and indigenous

      Up until the late nineteenth century the Pawnee inhabited the Platte
      River in what is now the Midwestern state of Nebraska but were exiled
      onto reservations in Oklahoma. Fletcher investigates the Skidi
      Pawnee clan who portray astrological themes in village construction.
      Skidi comprise five functioning villages, each containing ritual
      icons for the worship of certain constellations. Each village took
      on characteristics of certain star systems, and ceremonies were
      initiated to celebrate the astronomical rhythm of favorite
      constellations. The geographic location of five Skidi villages in
      relation to one another corresponded respectively to the
      constellations to which they were symbolically attached.

      The stars were, and are, an important part of Pawnee mythology. At
      the top overseeing all of creation is the god Tirawa, who represents
      the primal universal principle. Below Tirawa are the galaxies that
      protect and guide lower forms of physical reality. Planet Earth is
      connected to certain astronomical constellations such as the Pleiades
      and Draco. Some clans have believed that earthly human origins might
      be located in far off galaxies. Fletcher notes that ceremonies and
      rituals help to reinforce this version of the creation myth. These
      ceremonies portray the Pawnee perception of duality in the universe,
      an even split of male and female qualities. The star systems of the
      West represent the feminine principle, while the male influence rises
      on the eastern horizon.

      Fletcher explains how the earth lodge abodes that the Pawnee build
      are based on constellation patterns. The circular floor connects man
      to earthliness, and the rounded roof the arching sky. Four cedar
      logs prop up the roof and represent the four most powerful Pawnee
      clans. A ritual star shrine points towards the West, a conduit for
      devotional energy toward the female constellations.

      Alice Fletcher begins an intriguing study of astronomy and astrology
      as adapted by one Native American society. The Pawnee transform
      observation of stellar patterns into village planning, hut
      construction, and religion. These tribes had an intensive ritual
      life that took place at shrines dedicated to the night sky over the

      Clarity Ranking: 5
      RALPH BACHLI Boston University (Parker Shipton)"

      The Pawnee had the same ancient hermetic system that I have found in
      the megaliths. As above, so below.

      Thank you Steve! This is the most cogent proof of my theories that I
      have yet seen in print.


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