55 LexiLine Newsletter 2005 The Cult of Horus Nr. 1
- 55 LexiLine Newsletter 2005 The Cult of Horus Nr. 1
The Origin of the Cult of Horus in Predynastic Egypt
by ANDIS KAULINS [1,2] [footnotes are in brackets]
I. Introduction: The Extern Stones (Externsteine) and the Falcon
"Star Stones: Representations of Prehistoric Astronomy in the Extern
Stones" was a paper I presented on May 6, 2005 in Horn/Bad Meinberg,
Germany, near the location of the Extern Stones, to the 39th annual
meeting of the Walther Machalett Study Group on Ancient History. That
paper developed a hypothesis which I first published in the book
Stars Stones and Scholars,( claiming that the Extern Stones had
been worked by human hand in the Neolithic period (New Stone Age) and
that the figures in relief on the stones represented the stars of the
heavens, marking also the solstices and equinoxes in approximately
Others have seen faces carved in relief on the Extern Stones long
before my recognition of them. However, no one has known what
meaning to attach to these sculptures. My interpretation of these
reliefs showed that they were ancient "humanized" representations of
stellar asterisms and constellations, which were seen as
astronomical "gods" by the ancients.
I also interpreted the "Falcon Stone" (Falkenstein), Rock 11 of the
Extern Stones, as depicting stars of the heavens. These stars were:
1) the stars of the constellation Draco, represented by a lizard,
marking the pole of the ecliptic; and, 2) the stars Kochab and
Pherkad of Ursa Minor as "guards of the heavens", marking the pole
star as a falcon (the Egyptian "Horus").
It is interesting to observe that the figure of a lizard (or dragon,
or crocodile) on the Falcon Stone (Rock 11, Extern Stones) had
already been identified by Walther Machalett previous to my
independent recognition of it. This circumstance of a match of
independent observations by two persons (reproducibility, as it were)
gave me the feeling that my identifications of the other figures on
the Falcon Stone were also correct.
[footnotes to this first page of the Cult of Horus]
1. J.D. (Doctor of Jurisprudence), Stanford University, USA; Former
Lecturer, FFA, Anglo-American Law, University of Trier Law School,
University of Trier.
2. The author would like to thank Dr.jur. Gert Meier (Law,
Government, History and Modern Languages, University of Göttingen;
former NATO Scholar at Stanford University) for important
contributions to the content of this manuscript.
3. Andis Kaulins, Stars Stones and Scholars: The Decipherment of the
Megaliths as an Ancient Survey of the Earth by Astronomy, Trafford
Publishing, Canada, USA and Ireland, 2003. See
4. See Elisabeth Neumann-Gundrum, Europas Kultur der
Schmitz-Verlag, Giessen, 1981. See
http://www.amazon.de/exec/obidos/ASIN/398022354X/ and Walter
Machalett, Die Externsteine, Hallonen-Verlag, Maschen, 1970.
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