My grandfather Antoni Mieldun was in 2 of the camps you mention. How did the POW's that signed up to join Anders get across the USSR and how does one find out which ship took them to Persia?
I have some documents from Karta but they are in Russian and Polish. If I scan them and upload them somewhere can someone please help with translation?
Any help appreciated.
--- In Kresy-Siberia@yahoogroups.com
, John Halucha wrote:
> Hi, Tony.
> My late father, Jan HaÃ…Â‚ucha, was born near LubaczÃƒÂ³w about 50 km east of your
> father's birthplace. Although I did not make it to Gorliczyna, I rode through
> Przeworsk this summer on my way from RzeszÃƒÂ³w to LubaczÃƒÂ³w. I also rode through
> ZamoÃ…Â›Ã„Â‡, so if you saw an old guy on a bike with big red panniers, it was
> probably me.
> My father spent almost two years at Pieczorlag (Pechorlag) in Komi, not far from
> your father. Jean Bingle writes on Page 15 of her excellent dissertation, "LABOR
> FOR BREAD: THE EXPLOITATION OF POLISH LABOR IN THE SOVIET UNION DURING WORLD WAR
> II" (available at
> Ã¢Â€Âœ... two camps were established to build the railways, SevZhelDorLag between
> Kotlas and the Pechora River and Pechorlag between the Pechora River and
> Vorkuta.Ã¢Â€Â So it appears our fathers laboured to build the same railway line.
> Bingle has detailed descriptions of conditions at the camp, and if you haven't
> read her paper yet you might find it useful.
> Norman Davies writes in "Europe at War", p. 332that Sevzheldorlag operated from
> 1938 to 1950, building the Kotlas-Vorkuta railway. It hit its maximum registered
> inmates in 1941 Ã¢Â€" 84,893.
> Also, "And of the building of Northern Railway Prisoners Camp ("SevZhelDorLag")
> Solzhenitsyn writes: "An ordinary hard working political prisoner almost could
> not survive at that penal camp. In the camp SevZhelDorLag (chief: colonel
> Klyuchkin) in 1946Ã¢Â€"47 there were many cases of cannibalism: they cut human
> bodies, cooked and ate." - A.Solzhenitsyn "The Gulag Archipelago" part III,
> chapter 15. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cannibalism.
> KS member Anne Kaczanowski wrote on this forum Jan. 28, 2008, message 27276: Ã¢Â€ÂœIn
> January 1940, the number of prisoners at Vorkutlag is 16,509 and Sevzheldorlag
> 26,310. There is an influx of people arrested in the eastern territory of Poland
> annexed by the USSR, in the first phase of the war. May 14, 1940 -separate camp,
> the North Pechora , or Sevpechlag is divided off from the Northern Railroad
> Sevzheldorlag camp with the task of building the 457 kilometre section of the
> railroad line from Kozhva to Vorkuta (later inmates at this camp built the
> railroad lines and sidings in Vorkuta and surrounding area including the line to
> Khalmer-Yul) .The Pechora is a river in northern Komi, the republic between the
> Archangel Region and the Urals.] The first train was sent from Vorkuta on the
> new line on December 28, 1941. In the middle of the summer of 1942 the
> North-Pechora line was put into regular use from Vorkuta through Kotlas to
> Our fathers' paths appear to have diverged after the gulag experience, though.
> My Dad made it to Persia in the first wave of evacuations in March-April 1942
> and after joining Anders he was transferred to the 1st Polish Armoured Division,
> arriving in Scotland Aug. 28, 1942.
> I would be very interested in your wartime era photos. Maybe my Dad is hiding
> there somewhere. I know it's a long shot, but I found my father in a photo
> shared by KS member John BartoszyÃ…Â„ski (czeÃ…Â›Ã„Â‡, Janek!) so I have proof that long
> shots pay off.
> John Halucha
> Sault Ste Marie, Canada
> From: Tony Konieczny
> To: Kresy-Siberia@yahoogroups.com
> Sent: Mon, October 25, 2010 10:50:36 AM
> Subject: RE: [Kresy-Siberia] Polish villages.
> Hello Group Members
> This is my first email to you all, so please bear with me if it is not
> absolutely what you were expecting.
> My father, Stanislaw Konieczny, was born in Gorliczyna, near Przeworsk, between
> Jaroslaw and Rzeszow, and later moved to Nowe Siolo with his father, Tomasz and
> mother Theresa (nee Pilek), sister Irena and brother Stephan. I seem to
> remember reading something about the government of the time offering land in
> eastern Poland for the promotion of agriculture, so wonder whether they took
> advantage of that.
> He was captured by the Russians on 17 Sept 1939 in eastern Poland, probably
> somewhere near his home village of Nowe Siolo. He was then sent to the camp
> Krzywy Rog, near Dniepopetrowsk in the Ukraine, then to Juza in the Russian
> province of Iwanowska. It then appears that he was sent on June 11 1940 to
> Siewzeldorlag in the Russian province of Komi. On 24 August 1941 he reported to
> the Polish military authorities at Wiazniki POW camp and enlisted in the Polish
> Army on 15 Sept 1941, eventually becoming under British command when he crossed
> the Russian-Iran border on 15 August 1942. He was assigned to the Polish Air
> Force on 2nd January 1943 and transferred to Britain on 4th February 1943.
> I would like to know more about where the camps were and what life was like in
> them, so would ask members if they could provide me with information, or lead me
> to such information.
> I have some photos of the time he spent in Iran, if they would be of value to
> members. I also have some photos taken this year in Gorliczyna and Nowe Siolo,
> as well as Zamosc and Rzeszow. If these are felt to be useful, then I can post
> to the website.
> I have written to Stanford University to see if their Eastern European
> Collection can provide information and plan to viisit the Sikorski Museum in
> London over winter.
> Thank you for reading this far.
> Antony Konieczny
> [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]