- PART ONE DEPORTATION TO RUSSIA The tyranny and brutality of the Kaiser and the Tsar were to be repeated by Hitler and Stalin. Three million Poles wereMessage 1 of 1 , Jan 24, 2013View Source
DEPORTATION TO RUSSIA
The tyranny and brutality of the Kaiser and the Tsar were to be repeated by Hitler and Stalin. Three million Poles were murdered by the Germans, many in gas chambers. Many thousand Polish officers were executed by the N.K.V.D. in the Katyn Forest in Russia in 1940.
Then in November 1939 the mass deportation began of the Polish people to concentration camps, prisons and forced labour camps in Germany. At the same time thousands of Polish families were deported to Russia to end up in forced labour camps, prisons and punitive camps.
The invaders arrested innocent people from all walks of life: officers, farmers, foresters, policemen, labourers, tradesmen, clerks, doctors, teachers, priests, lawyers, nuns, scientists, professors and others.
There were several of these deportations in 1939. The first to go were the higher ranks in the Polish Army. It was generally believed that these officers were being deported for only the duration of the war. But on February the 10th, 1940, the deportations began again.
On a bitterly cold and frosty night, the hated NKVD, the Russian police, with guns on their shoulders, began making wide-scale arrests. Wives and children went on sleighs, husbands and older sons on foot. There was no time to pack extra food or spare clothing. Herded together into goods trains these people were taken away, never to see their homeland again.
Months later, a few letters from those deported began trickling back to relatives in Poland. All told of a terrible journey, during which many had died of cold and hunger, before some found themselves near Arkhangelsk and others on the east side of the Ural Mountains in Russia, wretched and destitute.
There was another wave of deportations in July and August, 1940. This time it was the civil servants, farmers, doctors and priests.