- The actual title is back to front and front to back , they are in need of clarification. Why does a comedy routine come to mind of a man slapping the side ofMessage 1 of 3 , Jan 6, 2013View Source
The actual title is back to front and front to back , they are in need of clarification.
Why does a comedy routine come to mind of a man slapping the side of his head, trying to get the brain cogs working, because the title is confusing to his logical eyes?
Have a read and see what research material is available, especially about Griazowiec.
It can be read online.
Thanks for that link. It should clear up a lot of fuzziness in my mind at least. -- Dan Ford US
Lenarda Szymczak <szymczak01@...> wrote:
POLISH POW CAMPS IN THE SOVIET OCCUPIED WESTERN UKRAINE
JAN T. GROSS
The Polish Review © 1989 Polish Institute of Arts & Sciences of America
Quote a Paragraph or two (2): - According to estimates of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, about a quarter million Polish citizens were held at one time or another by the Soviet authorities as POWs following the September 1939 military collapse of the Polish state. Some notable personal accounts of detention have been published – I have in mind primarily the bookds by Czapski and Swianiewicz – as well as thorough historical investigations of the subject matter (Zawodny’s focus was, quite understandably, the fate of POWs murdered at the Katyn forest. As a result, we are rather well informed about the regime of detention under which officers were held by the Soviets, while remaining ignorant about the circumstances of the vast majority of the prisoners who were below officer’s rank.
For one thing, while the officers were transferred to camps in the Soviet interior, tens of thousands of Polish POWs were put into 99 camps established from September 1939 to June 1941 on the territories of pre-war Tarnopol, Lwow, Stanislawow and Wolyn voivodeships. Furthermore, even though many POW camps were initially set up in the Soviet Union (where privates and NCOs were held as well) they were liquidated in the spring of 1940, with the exception of the camp at Griazowiec. The vast majority of the officers were then executed. The others, including a number of officers who successfully disquised themselves, were sent to labour camps.