- NKVD treatment of residents of Zhitomirski Oblast, - one short story of interrogation and punishment, more in link provided , sorry about format, it would notMessage 1 of 1 , Dec 28, 2012View Source
NKVD treatment of residents of Zhitomirski Oblast, - one short story of interrogation and punishment, more in link provided , sorry about format, it would not copy different way. http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&ved=0CEoQFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Ffeefhs.org%2Fjournal%2F10%2Fobee.pdf&ei=h5beULnLBebNmgWY84A4&usg=AFQjCNFVA-1xolzwkvJzAZ2hKXjH49XJmg&bvm=bv.1355534169,d.dGY&cad=rja
It was also alleged that Tiedtke had destroyed the hops
plantation in the collective. One witness said that the crop
would have been worth 30,000 roubles to the collective,
30,000 roubles it would not get because of what Tiedtke did.
There is no indication in the file about how one man would
go about destroying the crop. On Sept. 16, 1937, Tiedtke
was sentenced to be shot. The sentence was carried out at
12:49 p.m. on Sept. 29, just 26 days after the fateful party.
And then there was Auguste Weiss of Solodyri. Not
related to Arnold of Iwanowitsch, Auguste was the wife of
Richard Weiss, who was shot as a German spy on Oct. 29,
1937. Besides her unfortunate choice of spouse, Auguste’s
greatest crime was that she was not a good parent. Her file
said her children were little devils, and added that the
children had been selling furniture to the neighbours.
Whatever the reason, Auguste was exiled to a concentration
camp in Kazakhstan for five years.
At times, the Soviets showed a remarkable sense of
caring. Consider the cases of David Jonathon Reschke and
his wife, Ella. David was arrested in 1937. He was accused
of having sent letters about the situation in the Soviet Union
to a brother in North America as well as to Bernhard Goetze,
a Baptist pastor in Poland who had served in Iwanowitsch
before the First World War. It was also claimed that Reschke
had received money from abroad and carried out
propaganda about a future war. It appears Reschke wasn’t
shy about expressing his opinions. “He told me, ‘Let the
stupid people work in the collective’,” one witness told his
trial. Another witness quoted Reschke as saying “there are
enough stupid people to work for the Soviet power, but I do
not want to work.” David was shot on Nov. 26, 1937.
Ella was arrested two weeks after her husband. The
NKVD alleged that she had known about her husband’s
counter-revolutionary activities, and charged her under
article 54-12. She was eventually found guilty, and
sentenced to five years in the Marinsk concentration camp.
The file has no information about whether she survived.
But before the Soviets could send the two Reschkes off
to their fates, there was a slight problem: seven-year-old
Edith, their only child. The NKVD fired off a letter to the
village council in Iwanowitsch, asking whether Edith was
alright. The village council responded that yes, Edith was in
good hands; she was living with her aunt. With the council’s
letter to comfort them, the NKVD proceeded with its plan to
kill Edith’s parents.
Edith survived the terrible 1930s, ending up after the
war in Kazakhstan. And, half a century after her parents
were arrested, she made another appearance in her parents’
files. “Have you got the possibility of paying some
compensation?” Edith asked in a 1989 letter to the KGB.
“We lived in a collective farm. My parents had a private
house and some property, all was confiscated except my
clothes, which was thrown to me through a window. They
wanted to send me to an orphan house but my grandmother
asked them to give me to her house and I was living with her.
I was the only child of my parents.”
The KGB responded in a variety of ways. It asked
residents of Iwanowitsch if anybody remembered the
Reschkes, but nobody did. This should not surprise use,
considering that the Germans who lived there in the 1930s
were in the West, in Kazakhstan, or were dead. It also sent a
formal letter to Edith to tell her what it knew about the fate of
her parents. It ordered a death certificate for her father to be
issued by the registry office in Chernigov, north of Zhitomir.
And it started the process to have Edith’s parents
“rehabilitated” — basically, to have them found innocent,
There is one notable thing that the KGB apparently did
not do. If Edith was awarded any compensation, there is no
hint of it in the files. Many of the files contain letters from
descendants of the people arrested. Most were written in the
late 1980s from Kazakhstan, where the families were moved
after the Second World War. Two of Arnold Weiss’s
children, Arthur and Helga, wrote individual letters to the
KGB in 1989, asking for information on the fate of their
father. In response, the KGB provided information from
Arnold’s file and added the two new letters to it. These
modern-day letters can help researchers find distant cousins,
who can provide even more information on what happened
to the family.
Most people have individual files. In some cases, two
people are included in one file; an example is Albert
Reschke, who shares a file with a man arrested on the same
day and taken away in the same truck.
The two Tiedes are included in a 26-volume criminal
case, number 7605, that covers 350 people. They were
allegedly all part of a secret German fascist organization that
had been carrying out anti-Soviet propaganda since 1923.
The 26 volumes are generally divided by type of document
rather than by person — so there could be references to one
person in as many as a dozen volumes.
Several of the volumes have comprehensive lists of the
people, including birth place and year, which makes
searching relatively easy. On Oct. 8, 1958, it was decided
that all 350 people in the case were, in fact, not guilty of the
crimes. As a result, they were rehabilitated; the Soviets
cleared their names.
Unfortunately, this bit of rational thinking came about
half a century too late for Robert Tiede, Sephrin Tiede, and
the 348 others.
Reschke, Albert Karl — 24834
Reschke, David Jonathon — 23424
Reschke, Ella Gustav — 19946
Tiede, Robert Ludwig — 7605
Tiede, Sephrin Ludwig — 7605
Tiedtke, Richard Gustav — 20207
Weiss, Arnold Friedrich — 26285
Weiss, Auguste Julius — 27293