- A great article written by Andrew Elliott http://studiofat.nazwa.pl/stirling/english/index.php?option=contentMessage 1 of 1 , Apr 25, 2012View Source
A great article written by Andrew Elliott
Scotish and Polish history
Two years later, the Second World War began. Jerzy and his brother Józef were to become victims of the Katyn Massacre - a mass execution in 1940 of 22,000 Polish POWs (Officers and intelligentsia) by the NKVD in Katyn forest, near Smolensk, Russia. The remaining family members, living in Warsaw, were to suffer a long period of occupation. After years of endurance, at 17.00 on the 1st of August, 1944, the Warsaw Uprising began. Józef Machlejd’s daughter, Wanda, fought in the ranks of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa - AK) during the Warsaw Uprising at the age of 17. Wanda’s official role was that of messenger; an important role carried out by mainly young fighters.
Scots that settled in Poland left their mark on Poland’s geography. The town name Nowa Szkocja (Nova Scotia) is one of a few remaining markers of where Scots once settled. Poland’s new Scottish guests usually remained in their own communities until eventually they began to assimilate into the wider Polish community. From their tentative first steps, not knowing the native language, Scots eventually settled into life in Poland. Now in their new homeland, many Scots fought alongside Polish forces against Swedish invaders during the Deluge of 1655-1660 and later against the Russians; A few Scots even acquired wealth and power. Alexander Czamer (formerly Chalmers) was a Scot who was elected mayor of Warsaw four times before he died in 1703. Having settled into the Polish way of life, Scots retained their surnames through the generations - but with a twist. To counter linguistic difficulties, Scots altered their surnames. Examples of alterations are Macaulay, which became Makalinski, Jackson which morphed into Dziaksen and Macleod which later became Machlejd.
Above are only a couple of paragraphs from the article to give idea of content.