Perhaps Anders felt some compassion as he also hailed from a minority in
Poland--Baltic German protestants.
Pavlo Shandruk was decorated by Anders for his heroic actions in the
defence of Warsaw in 1939 as a Colonel in the Polish Army. He refused
to fight for Germany. He became commander of the 1st Division of the
Ukrainian National Army ( the former SS Galicia ) only after the unit
was allowed to leave the SS and swore allegiance to Ukraine. The unit
was still considered part of the German force.
Shandruk then promptly took the renamed division and surrendered to the
US and British.
It seems that it was Shandruk's good reputation that led to Anders
SS Galicia was initially formed with some veterans the Nachtigall and
Roland battalions which were used as poilice auxillaries in
Einsatzgruppen attrocities against Jews and partisans. The division
was encircled and destroyed by the Soviets in 1944 at the Battle of
Brody. Over 2/3 of the manpower was wiped out.
What became the 1st Division was essentially a new volunteer force of
western Ukrainians (Polish citizens) recruited after Brody. There has
been controversy over alleged atrocities committed by this unit, but the
results have been inconclusive.