- There are different types of compensation Immediately after the war the German government instituted what is commonly know as Wiedergutmachung The German wordMessage 1 of 34 , Jan 31, 2012View Source
There are different types of compensation
Immediately after the war the German government instituted what is commonly know as Wiedergutmachung
The German word Wiedergutmachung after World War II refers to the reparations that the German government agreed to pay in 1953 to the direct survivors of the Holocaust, and to those who were made to work as forced labour or who otherwise became victims of the Nazis. The sum would amount, through the years, to over 100 billion Deutsch Marks. Historian Tony Judt writes about Wiedergutmachung:
In making this agreement Konrad Adenauer ran some domestic political risk: in December 1951, just 5 percent of West Germans surveyed admitted feeling ‘guilty’ towards Jews. A further 29 percent acknowledged that Germany owed some restitution to the Jewish people. The rest were divided between those (some two-fifths of respondents) who thought that only people ‘who really committed something’ were responsible and should pay, and those (21 percent) who thought ‘that the Jews themselves were partly responsible for what happened to them during the Third Reich.’ When the restitution agreement was debated in the Bundestag on March 18th 1953, the Communists voted against, the Free Democrats abstained and both the Christian Social Union and Adenauer’s own CDU were divided, with many voting against any Wiedergutmachung (reparations).
The noun Wiedergutmachung is the general term for "restitution" or "reparation". The noun is made up of wieder ("again"), gut ("good" or "well"), and machung, a verbal noun of machen ("to make"). The verb wiedergutmachen means literally "to make well again" or to compensate. Wiedergutmachungsgeld means "Wiedergutmachung money".
In the former East Germany, Wiedergutmachung was mostly directed to Poland and the former USSR.
For Polish non jewish victims the moneys went directly to the polish state and not individual victims
Subsequently they brought in the following payments
Ghetto Pension/Social Security (ZRBG)
German government Social Security pensions have been available since 1997 to Holocaust survivors who were employed for some form of wages during their internment in Nazi ghettos annexed to the Third Reich. The law, formally known by its German acronym of ZRBG, was further expanded in 2002.
Ghetto Fund (BADV)
In 2007 the German government established a compensation fund to recognize Holocaust victims who carried out work “without force” during their internment in a Nazi-era ghetto. The fund’s one-time payment of €2,000 was created to acknowledge ghetto survivors who had otherwise been rejected for German Social Security payments (known as the Ghetto Pension under the ZRBG law) and it came as a response to intense international pressure spearheaded by the Claims Conference.
The payment paid to polish people was the slave labour payments which were instituted about ten years ago. In Poland there was a specific organisation which implemented it while beyond Poland it was the IOM which was responsible for it
I agree with Danuta.
I know quite a few Polish people in Canada and the USA who have been receiving compensation from Germany for years now.
Krystyna Szypowska - Winnipeg, Canada
Executive Director, Kresy-Siberia Foundation - registered in Warsaw (KRS 0000326445)
Chair, Kresy-Siberia (Canada) Inc. - Federal Corporation (IC 767574-7)
Director, Kresy-Siberia (UK) - Registered Charity No. 1137210
"Established to inspire, promote and support research, remembrance
and recognition of Polish citizens’ struggles in the Eastern Borderlands
and in Exile during World War II."
Ewa, are you stating that no Polish person in America, received any compensation for slave labour or forced labour??? I know at least one person, that did not, my aunt, she was young and silly, as she entered the Ellis Island Port, she dumped all her valuable documents and Arbeitsbuch fur Auslander work book, into the ocean.
Here in Canada, it was advertised in every Polish newspaper, in my parent's community many did not want anything back from Germany, But once, one person applied it was a domino effect, they encouraged each other. My parents received as I recall a lump sum several years later, but received a monthly cheque. If one spouse died, the other received a small widow/widowers allowance and if you had a child/children born in Germany during the war, the mother received the extra allowance. I know this for a fact, because every year they had to complete a Declaration for further receipt of payments from the Federal Republic of Germany, my parents had to verify that they were still living, and I was the one who filled out the paper work and had it signed by a notary.
- His father was imprisoned, I think in the 1950s, and sent to a Soviet uranium mine. He was released after some years but died while fairly young. At dinner oneMessage 34 of 34 , Feb 4, 2012View SourceHis father was imprisoned, I think in the 1950s, and sent to a Soviet
uranium mine. He was released after some years but died while fairly
young. At dinner one night he (my neighbor) got talking because he was
in my company and had been asking about such things, and also because
his cousin and family were visiting from Germany, and they both shared
the experience of escaping from Poland. And perhaps there was a glass of
wine involved. Anyhow, he told his father's story about dinner in the
camp, and how one particular sadistic trusty (I don't know the Polish or
Russian or even British name for a prisoner who collaborates with the
guards for better treatment) died as the result of an accident, probably
no accident at all, and that night a human skull turned up in the soup vat.
At this exact moment, his pretty wife (a classmate of my daughter's at
Harvard, as it happens) came out from the kitchen to ask whether we
wanted ice cream on our cake for dessert. Even as she spoke, she was
processing this story which she had heard while entering the room, and
the expression on her face was something to behold. In her right hand
she held a plate of chocolate cake by itself, and in her left the same
cake a la mode.
They have certainly livened up the neighborhood, though they haven't
been up much this winter. The previous owners never spoke to us. I once
saw them walking along the road with a baby carriage, and thought, Oh! a
grandchild, how nice! but on getting closer realized that it was a dog
in the carriage (pram).
Blue skies! -- Dan Ford USA
On 2/4/2012 12:58 PM, Cynthia Pukiello wrote:
> Hello Dan,
> Could not help but say a few words re;your neighbour & just how
> affluent these people are after all they have gone through & good luck
> to him ,you are e
> very fortunate to have such a neighbour.
> I am the widow of a polish man who was arrested aged 16 years & sent
> as a deportee to Siberia.
> Good wishes are sent to you & yours.
> Cynthia Pukiello (English UK).