There is no error in the date of June 1940. The sequence of events
preceeding the meeting between Gen. Sikorski and W. Churchill were:
1. May 10, 1940 Churchill appointed Prime Minister of Great Britain
2. May 10 - June 25,1940 Battle of Western Europe - British and
Polish Armies in France evacuated through the port of Dunkirk to
Great Britain - Polish Government in Exile moved from Angers to
3. June 13, 1940 Paris surrenders to the Germans
4. June 18, 1940 France surrenders to Germany
The only Allies fighting Germans were Great Britain and Poland.
There was a dire need for the men power. Great Britain and
Soviet Union maintained normal diplomatic relations. There were
some 300,000 Polish soldiers, prisoners -of-war, in the Soviet
Union. It was logical for Gen. Sikorski to suggest to Churchill to
make a deal with the Soviet Union to release these men.
Please see page 14 line 42 of "Poland, Russia and Great Brtain 1941 -
-- In Kresy-Siberia@y..., S & J Szybalski <julsta@i...> wrote:
> There must be an error in the date of June 1940, as it was one year
> Germans Attack USSR.
> Stanislaw Szybalski
> romed46 wrote:
> > According to R. Umiastowski author of "Poland,Russia and Great
> > Britain 1941-1945", A Study of Evidence - London-Hollis & Carter,
> > the following is the sequence of events leading to the evacuation
> > Polish citizens from Russia :
> > 1. June 1940 - Polish Premier,General Sikorski suggested to
> > that the British Government should propose to th Soviet Union that
> > the Polish prisoners of war and deporties might be formed into an
> > army for use against Germans
> > 2. June 23,1941 Gen. Sikorski broadcasts to Poland that Poland was
> > ready to conclude a peace with Russia
> > 3. July 4,1941 The Soviet Ambassador informs Eden that Moscow is
> > ready to begin negotiations with the Polish Government in Exile
> > 4. July 5,1941 First meeting takes place at the British Foreign
> > Office between The Polish Premier Gen. Sikorski,the Polish
> > of Foreign Affairs Zaleski, the Soviet Ambassador Maisky,and
> > British Under-Secretary of State.
> > 6. July 30,1941 Gen. Sikorski signed new Polish-Soviet agreement
> > the presence of Churchill and Eden. Maisky signed on behalf of the
> > Soviet Union.
> > Paragraph 4 reads " The Government of the USSR expresses its
> > to the formation on the territory of the USSR of a Polish
> > the Commander appointed by the Poloish Government"
> > " Protocol. The Soviet Government grants an amnesty to the Polish
> > citizens now detained on the Soviet territory either as prisoners
> > war or on other sufficient grounds..."
> > 7. Aug. 2,1941 Gen. Anders appointed Commander-in Chief of the
> > Army in Russia, by the the Polish Government in London
> > 8. Dec. 1941 Gen. Sikorski and Stalin agreed that the Polish Army
> > will consist of six divisions, each containing 11,000 men, with
> > 30,000 in reserve i.e. 96,000 men in all. 25,000 men will be sent
> > the Middle East as reinforcements for the Polish forces fighting
> > Libya, and that 2,000 airmen and sailors will join units in Great
> > Britain.Thus a total of 123,000 Poles will be recruited in the
> > Union.
> > It was also agreed that the hundreds of thousands of Polish
> > should be concentrated in the South of USSR.
> > 9. March 18,1942 Stalin informed Gen. Anders that from April 1st
> > would be obliged to cut the food supplies to rations for 44,000
> > only. When Anders insisted that food should be given for all his
> > people i.e 73,000 at the time, Stlin refused and declared that any
> > Poles above the 44,000 must be evacuated immediately to Iran.The
> > evacuation was carried out during the last days of March and the
> > beggining of April 1942.
> > 10. August 1942 Soviet Government informed British Government and
> > Polish Ambassador in Kuibyshev that it had decided to evacuate the
> > remaining Polish troops, 44,000 soldiers and 27,000 members of
> > families and orphaned children to Iran.
> > The evacuation was completed by September 1942.
> > I hope that the above will be of some value to you.
> > Roman S.
> > --- In Kresy-Siberia@y..., Stefan Wisniowski <swisniowski@p...>
> > > Cass,
> > > Thanks for your support. Of course honouring General Anders
> > not take
> > > anything away from General Sikorski, who was also a great hero
> > the Polish
> > > people. As we agreed, nobody could have been alone responsible
> > the
> > > rescue of the Polish citizens from the USSR.
> > >
> > > Your family was right to say "if not for Sikorski..." they would
> > not have
> > > been freed from the Soviets. After all, Sikorski was:
> > > 1) The leader of the Polish government in exile
> > > 2) The man who signed the 1941 'Sikorski-Majski' pact with the
> > (with UK
> > > and US support) that led to the 'amnesty' of Polish citizens
> > > persecution in the USSR
> > > 3) The man whose actions therefore led to the release of General
> > Anders from
> > > Moscow's Lubjanka prison.
> > > 4) Anders boss and supporter until Sikorski's death in the
> > Gibralter plane
> > > crash
> > >
> > > Of course, Sikorski was not a man without controversy. I was
> > there, but
> > > I understand that his signing of the 1941 pact without
> > > agreement on the Soviet-Polish border led to a host of protests
> > > resignations from the government in exile. But he did what he
> > to in
> > > order to save Polish lives. And, of course, Sikorski and Anders
> > did not
> > > always see eye-to-eye on everything. But they were loyal to
> > other to
> > > the end.
> > >
> > > If your family and friends were evacuated to Persia like my
> > was, they
> > > might also have a debt of gratitude to General Anders (who, as I
> > noted
> > > earlier, went well beyond his orders in first preserving Polish
> > lives in the
> > > USSR and then in evacuating the maximum number of survivors out
> > there).
> > >
> > > Best regards,
> > > Stefan
> > >
> > > From: cglodek@a...
> > >
> > > I would agree in substance with the last comments made by
> > Except
> > > for
> > > point four. My mother, father, and other relatives and friends
> > the
> > > exile
> > > period, over the years as I heard them speak of their gratitude
> > the
> > > evacuations, it was attributed to General Sikorski and they
> > spoke of
> > > him
> > > with that credit in mind. "Jakby nie Sikorski..."
> > > Cass
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