A very interesting story. There is a book by Edward Buca
entitled "Vorkuta" which is a must read for anyone who wants to know
how the Gulags were ran and what happened to AK soldiers, but also
Russian prisoner of war who returned to Russia. Buca was an 19 year
old AK soldier captured and deported to Vorkuta coal mines. He was
elected the leader of the strike (it was not an uprising) of 1953.
What is interesting is that NKVD General Rudenko, who was the Soviet
prosecutor in the Nuremberg trials, was the one responsible for
ordering the killings and suppressing the strike. He entered the
corridor and stairway leading into the compound and as one of the
leaders of the strike, a Polish prisoner approached him to talk to
him, he pulled out a gun and shot and killed him. That was the signal
for the start of the carnage. There were over a 1000 unarmed strikers
in the yard facing the gate and the soldiers. Hundreds were killed
and the shooting continued until very few if any were standing. The
book describes the conditions in the camp, the use by authorities to
prey on political prisoners and POWs.
Lucyna, this is the first story that I have seen that even mentions
the Vorkuta strike or crime. I guess in the annals of Soviet crimes,
this is an insignificant event.
With best regards,
--- In Kresy-Siberia@yahoogroups.com
, "Lucyna Artymiuk"
> film description
> Former Gulag places visited by Latvian researchers in 1990.
> Vorkuta is a coal mining town in the Komi Republic, Russia,
situated just north of the Arctic circle in the Pechora coal basin,
at 67Â°30â?²N 64Â°02â?²E. Its population as of the 2002 census was
84,917. It had its origin in one of the more notorious forced labour
camps of the Gulag which was established in 1932.
> In 1941 the town and the labor camp system based around it were
connected to the rest of the world by a prisoner-built railroad
linking Konosha and Kotlas, and the camps of Inta. Vorkuta became a
city on November 26, 1943. It was the largest centre of Gulag camps
in European part of the USSR and served as administrative centre for
a large number of smaller camps and sub-camps, among them Kotlas,
Pechora, and Izhma (modern Sosnogorsk). In 1953 the town witnessed a
major uprising by the camp inmates, in the so-called Vorkuta
Uprising. Like other camp uprisings (such as the Kengir uprising), it
was bloodily quelled by the Red Army and the NKVD. Afterwards, in the
1950s, many of the Gulag camps were disbanded. However, it is
reported that some in the Vorkuta area continued to operate into the
> Materiali videofilmai "Inta-Vorkuta" tika ieguti 1989. un 1990. g
totalitarisma noziegumu petnieka Alfreda Geidana organizetajas
ekspedicijas uz bijusajam Komi regiona gulaga nometnem. Filmas
fragmenti vairakkart tika raditi Latvijas TV programmas, filma tika
izplatita trimdas latviesu vide ASV un Kanada. (more)