Here are the sources from which Aneta and I took the figure of 'around 1.700.000 inhabitants of Eastern Poland ' used in the Odyssey. I would be grateful if someone could edit them and possibly add to the AFO website, as I've already done this exercise at least two times - let's keep it somewhere safe:
1.Professor Norman Davies - who has a team of researchers, on whose findings he was basing.
2. Professor Keith Sword: "Deportation and Exile: Poles in the Soviet Union, 1939-1948", ISBN 0-312-12397-3: "Most estimates from Polish émigré sources range between 1.250.000 and 1.600.000 altogether. The fact that the Soviet authorities only admitted to holding 387.932 Polish citizens at the outbreak of the German-Soviet conflict can be attributed to a number of factors. Firstly, the Soviets' category of 'Polish citizen' may have been restricted to those who were not permanent residents of eastern Poland when the Red Army moved in. The permanent residents of the region were considered by this time to have become Soviet citizens. Secondly, the mortality rate of the Polish deportee population, estimated in some studies to be as high as 30 per cent per year, would have drastically reduced the original number. It is unlikely, however, that Soviet officials had reliable and up-to-date statistics of this kind - still less that they would have taken the trouble to collect them after the war broke out. The most probable explanation. is that the figures were a guess, a deliberate deception."
3. Professor Edward J. Rozek: "Allied Wartime Diplomacy: A Pattern in Poland ": "From September 17, 1939 to June 1941, 1.692.000 Poles, Jews, Ukrainians and Byelorussians were forcibly taken from their homes and deported to Russia . The number included 230.000 soldiers and officers of the Polish Army; 990.000 civilians, who were deported because of their 'nationalistic bourgeois background'; 250.000 political 'class enemies'; 210.000 Poles conscripted into the Red Army and then sent deep into the Soviet Union; and 12.000 other Poles gathered forcibly from the Baltic area. Among the deportees were 160.000 children and adolescents. . These figures were compiled by the Polish Embassy in the USSR during the period from August 1941 to April 1943 and are based on testimony of over 18.000 eyewitnesses - Poles who passed through prisons, concentration camps and forced labour camps in the Soviet Union . This collection is now in the Hoover Library on War, Revolution, and Peace in Stanford , California ".
4. "The Dark Side of the Moon", published anonymously as early as 1946, quotes, I think, the same figures - but I am not sure, can't locate the book.
5. Julian Siedlecki: "Losy Polakow w ZSRR w latach 1939-1986": "Polish authorities estimated that around 1.500.000 Polish citizens were deported to the Soviet Union ".
6. Michael Hope: "Polish Deportees in the Soviet Union", ISBN 0 948202 76 9: Including the relatively small percentage of Ukrainians, Jews and Byelorussians, the total number of Polish citizens deported to the Soviet Government during its 'eternal friendship' with Nazi Germany
Between 1939 and 1941 amounted to approximately 1,680,000 people, not including prisoners of war. There is a broad measure of agreement with this figure. Zubrzycki records in 1956 an estimated figure of one and a half million. This was revised upwards to a new figure of 1,700.000 in 1944 by the then Polish Government in exile. The Institute of Jewish Affairs in the US puts it at two million, of whom 500,000 were Jews. This latter figure is disputed, and the latest estimate (1972), compiled by the Sikorski Museum and the Polish Institute is 1,680,000, supported by calculations made by the Catholic Church. It is important to stress that these figures do not include military deportees."
I've also found an article from a Polish newspaper in France , published in 1954:
Poles In the Depths of the USSR
The nightmarish fruits of the deportations
The overall number of Polish citizens deported by the NKVD from our eastern territories to the Soviet Union in the period 17th Sept.1939-July 1941 totaled 1.692.000 people. This figure comes from the following:
a) prisoners of war from the 1939 campaign 230.000
b) those interned after the 1939 campaign 12.000
c) those sent to labour camps 990.000
d) those condemned to prison 250.000
e) those incorporated into the Red Army 210.000
In late autumn 1939 a decree was announced in the camps where Polish prisoners of war were interned (men) that all those who came from the territories occupied by the Red Army could return to their homes. Soon around 46.000 left the camps.
On July 30, 1941 Polish Government in London signed a treaty with the Soviet Union, as a result of which Russia was to release all the Polish citizens deported since 17th Sept.39.
Throughout February 1942 preparations were carried out to fulfill this agreement. The representatives of the Polish Government were bringing prisoners of war from whom army divisions were being formed. Unfortunately the Soviet authorities organized only two waves of repatraiation: one in March and the second in August 1942, which were directed to the Middle East .
This way the following numbers left the Soviet Union :
a) prisoners of war from the eastern territories of Poland 46.000
c)civilian population 74.500
The second time the Soviet army entered Poland , under the slogan of 'liberating' the countries of Eastern and Central Europe it brought a new wave of terror and deportations.
These deportations have lasted from spring 1945 to this day. According to approximate calculations the Soviets sent away into the depths of Russia from that time till the end of 1951 around 1.700.000 people.
Therefore, the numbers of Polish citizens deported to Russia are as follows:
a) from 17 Sept. 1939 to July 1941 1.692.000
b)from spring 1945 to the end of 1951 1.700.000
_________________________________________________________________________ Total 3.392.000
Those who stayed for ever in Russia , ie those who perished, are the following:
a) those who died from natural causes up to 1st October 1942 413.000
b)officers murdered in Katyn 8.300
c) those who died from cold during transports and from exhaustion
in labour camps and prisons 308.000
d) those murdered by their guards during the evacuation of prisons
and camps after the outbreak of the Russo-German war 4.500
e) those who disappeared without trace 113.500
f) according to the calculations of the League for Human and Civil Rights
from spring 1945 till the end of 1951 those who lost their lives 750.000
Thus if we continue our calculations:
a) those deported from 1939 till the end of 1951 3.392.000
b) those who lost their lives 1.600.000
c)those repatriated 160.500
We thus reach the figure of 1.631.500, ie those still dispersed around prisons and labour camps all over Russia , suffering hopeless and depressing vegetation.
For the sake of comparison it's worth mentioning that the government of tsarist Russia in the last but one half century (1851-1900) deported to Siberia- from all over its empire! -
only ... 593.000 people.
And that was the Russia which Lenin called 'prison of the peoples'!
By Jerzy Narwicz