Hi Ken and Group -
Wait a sec, if you please. I did not say that ALL were osadniks, but I feel that a great many were. It seems to me that most people's grandparents that I've met on this list were from elsewhere and were not born in Kresy. My grandfather was from elsewhere in Poland, but my grandmother was Kresy born and bred. Also don't forget that there were other times in history, besides after WWI, where people immigrated from "mainland" Poland to the Kresy. There were cousins of my grandfather who moved there towards the end of the 19th century. There were other times as well. I don't think Poles were ever the majority here though. In some areas yes, by a slight margin, in others, no. Never.
The Trilogy by Sienkiewicz, the first and third (?) books were based in Kresy. These are historical novels based on facts, and these books won the Nobel Prize. I read them so many years ago and have to reread these books now that I know "the lay of the land" much better, but Kresy was always fought over throughout time and many very bloody battles were fought there, including World War I, which the West largely has no knowledge of. (What else is new, right!)
Settlements, on the whole, are nothing new in Poland or elsewhere, for that matter. In the book Chlopy (The Peasants) by Reymont, another Nobel Prize winner, I recall that when a group of German settlers moved to the village lands, the villagers were very upset. I can't remember how they got them to leave, not by force, but they finally did, and they were very happy to see them go.
Paul Havers, a member of this group, has an excellent site, and I think we have other links on our links page. Here is Paul's site: http://www.kresy.co.uk/
[Ken Fedzin] Hi Eve, Wanda and group,
When I first started to research my family history and then joined the K-S Group, I was of the opinion that my family would have been Osadnik's too. I also thought, naively, that all those caught up in the Siberia thing were osadnik's, Eastern Borderland Settlers in 1920's and all that. However, recent replies from the Ukraine Archives in Lviv show that the Fedzin family were in the village of Dawidkowce(very close to the Soviet border in 1939)pow. Czortkow, woj. Tarnopol, certainly since 1834 when my