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Date: Thu, 3 Aug 2000 11:31:51 EDT
Subject: Dvorim 5760 vol 3 # 45
Candle Lighting Time In Detroit: 8:30
Shabbos ends in Detroit: 9:36
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This week we begin the book and Parsha of Dvorim, Deuteronomy 1:1 - 3:22.
The book of Dvorim is Moshe's farewell address to the Jewish people. It
Divided into three major sections: Dvorim through the middle of R'eh is a
recap of events over the past 40 years, the middle of R'eh to the middle
Ki Savo a review of most of the 613 Mitzvahs, the middle of Ki Savo to
end, Brochas and curses.
In this portion it states that Moshe went up the "pisgah, mountain top"
deliver his address. Pisgah is an unusual word. The word for mountain
usually "har". The Kaballa text, Panim Yafos, writes that Pisgah
is Sag Poh. Hashem's divine name Y-H-V-H can be represented in many ways
indicate many levels of spirituality. These allusions appear as Y-H-V-H
each letter spelled out: Yud, Ha, Vav, Ha is called the name MAH because
sum of the letters equals 45 (Each Hebrew letter has a numerical
Aleph = 1, Bais = 2 etc. Mem is 40, Hay is 5.) and represents the
aspect of Hashem. Yud, HH, VV, HH equals 52, BAN, and represents the
masculine aspect of Hashem, Yud, Hay, VV, Hay equals 63, SAG (That's the
we will focus on today) Divine understanding and Yud, Hay, Vav, Hay, 72,
It says in Psalms, "You made him slightly less than Elokim, (G-d)." This
verse alludes to the word Poh. Poh has the numerical value of 85,
86. During his lifetime, Moshe was able to achieve 49 of 50 levels of
understanding, slightly less than SAG. These 50 levels of understanding
manefest themselves through the five books of Moses (Five times 10, 10
the number of divine completion). A tzadik achieves more in their passing
than while alive. Upon his death, Moshe achieved that little bit that he
lacking. That little bit was the most esoteric aspects of the Torah, the
"light" of the Torah. As Moshe was told, "Pnai, my inner aspect, will
be revealed to you, for no man can see Pnai and live." This light is the
same light that the Almighty created on the first day of creation. The
Almighty saw that this light might be misused and hid it in the Torah for
benefit of the righteous.
Moshe went up the "Pisgah" to receive that final level of understanding.
Reb Shlomo Karlin was visiting the Alter Rebbe on Tisha B'Av. He noticed
that one of the Chasidim, the famed scholar, Shmuel Munkes, seemed to be
taking light on that solemn day. Rather than sitting on a low stool and
saying the Tisha B'Av prayers in a voice mournful of the destruction of
holy Temple in Jerusalem, this Chosid chose to throw burrs in people's
(They are a real bother to get out), crack jokes and be involved with
merriment. Reb Shlomo commented to the Rebbe, "Look at how this person
behaves! Doesn't he understand the severity of the day?" The Alter Rebbe
said nothing. (Note: It is customary among Chassidim to behave this way
Tisha B'Av not to make light of the day, but to convey that even in our
mourning the loss the Temple, may it speedily be rebuilt, should be done
joy. The Baal Shem Tov emphasized that every mitzvah, even mourning,
be done with joy. Burr throwing and the like are meant to pull a person
of possible despondency.)
A short while later, Reb Shlomo poked his head into a side room and
Chosid sitting in solitude engrossed in the prayers and crying. He
to the Rebbe, "Now this is the way a Chosid should behave on Tisha B'Av."
The Alter Rebbe replied, "It's the same person."
We would like to wish all our readers a Happy Tisha B'Av.
In honor of the birth of Malka (Eleonore) Halfin Shiff. May she be a
of true nachas to her parents and grandparents.
In honor of a complete recovery to Rabbi Sholom Ber ben Zissel Gordon. A
In Memory of Yocheved (Jewel) Fields. Beloved wife of Sidney Fields, a
friend. May he be comforted among the mourners of Zion and Jerusalem.
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Copyrighted 2000 by Herschel Finman.