Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

Re: [KidsIslamicStories] A history of the Arabic Language (1894)

Expand Messages
  • Jennah Zaghloul
    As-salaamu alaikoum, The article forwarded on the history of the Arabic Language is superb. I am currently writing a research paper on this topic so if anyone
    Message 1 of 2 , Mar 6, 2001
    • 0 Attachment

      As-salaamu 'alaikoum,

      The article forwarded on the history of the Arabic Language is superb. I am currently writing a research paper on this topic so if anyone has any additional information pertaining to the subject I would most definitely be interested in reading it. I am particularly looking for info on pre-Islamic poetry.

      Thank you.

      Was-salaam,

      Jennah


       

        infokid <infokid@...> wrote:


      Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
      Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wa Barakatuh

      This article has been forwarded with permission from Br. Farrukh.

      ----- Original Message -----
      From:
      To:
      Sent: Friday, March 02, 2001 5:01 AM
      Subject: [MuslimHomeEducators] A history of the Arabic Language (1894)

      History of the Arab Language (1894)


      What we now call the Arabic language was at first confined to the
      northern half of the Arabian peninsula; in the southern half the
      people spoke other dialects (Minaean, Sabaean and Minyartic) which,
      though akin to Arabic, differed from it in several respects.

      The Arabic language is one of the finest languages of our globe, and
      this is in two respects; - first as regards the richness of its
      vocabulary; and the second as regards the fullness of its literature.

      As to the vocabulary, any dictionary will show the wealth of the
      Arabic tongue in root-words; and any grammar will set forth the
      almost endless derivative words that can be built, both from the noun
      and in the verb, from the simple root word. The lexicographer, the
      late Butros Bustani, used to say: from 7,000 to 13,000 roots, and
      from 80,000 to 120,000 derivatives.

      As to the literature, the number and importance of the works still
      extant in the Arabic language, on almost every branch of human
      knowledge, as well as the collection of poems and `belles letters',
      are so great that one is bewildered by a mere reference to the lists
      (or fihrists) of the authors and the titles of the books.

      The Arabic is a semitic tongue. To this great family of languages
      belong:

      1. The southern group: North Arabic (or Adanite); South Arabic
      (or Sabaean or Himyaritic) and Ethiopic (or Geer)

      2. The northern group: Canaanaean (Hebrew and Phoenician);
      Asyrian and Babylonian; and Aramean, comprising Syriac, and many
      other dialects

      The Arabic, until about the year 650 after Jesus (pbuh), was the
      speech of the Adnanite tribes. But about 30 years after the flight,
      it spread, by and through the conquests of the Muslims, over nearly
      all of the countries that were taken by the Arabs.

      The Qahtanite form of Arabic, called Himyaritic, has almost
      disappeared; and if still spoken, is to be found only among the
      people of Mahrah, between Hadramaut and Uman. Inscriptions in the
      Himyaritic character are found on stones and columns in the ruins
      throughout Hadramaut and Yemen. This character the Arabs call al-
      khatt-al-musnad. Perhaps it is the language of the lost Arab tribes.

      The Quraysh dialect of the Northern Adnanite Arabic Language has,
      since the Muslim conquests, prevailed over all other forms of Arabic
      speech.


      WRITING

      It is not known exactly at what time writing was first used by the
      Adnanites. So much is, however, certain, namely that shortly before
      Islam, the Adnanites used the characters which had been for some time
      prevalent at Hira among the Arab kings of Iraq.

      The Arabian historians say that the one who first `invented' Arabic
      writing was Muramir, son of Murrah the Anbarite (al Anbar, an ancient
      town on the Euphrates, ten parassangs north-west of Baghdad); and
      that he had taken it or modified it from Himyarite Musnad character
      then in use among the Lakhmites, who were of the southern Qahtanite
      stock. From Anbar it spread to Hira.

      The Arab historians further say that Harb, son of Umayyah, son of Abd
      Shams, son of Abd Manaf of the Quraysh had gone to Hira, whence he
      returned to the Hijaz and to Mecca, bringing with him the writing
      that he had learned.

      Others say that the first who wrote Arabic were the Yeminite tribe of
      Hud, and that the characters they used were Himyarite Musnad, in
      which each letter stood alone and unjoined, and they did not teach it
      to the masses, but confined it to the privelaged few; but that at
      last Muramir, son of Murrah and two others of the tribe of Tayy,
      learned it; and after modifying it more or less, called it `al jazm',
      because it was `juzima' or abbreviated, from the Himyarite Musnad
      character; that these three men then taught it to the people of
      Anbar, whence it spread throughout Arabia.

      After the Muslims conquests and the founding of Busrah and Kufa, this
      writing was called the Kufic. It was devoid of vowels and dots. These
      vowels and dots, or diacritical points as they are called in grammar,
      were first introduced (perhaps in imitation of the Hebrew and Syriac
      diacritical points) into Arabic writing by al-Aswad-al-Dur-ali during
      the time of Muawiyah. It is said that the use of dots and double dots
      was introduced in the days of Abdul-Malik son or Marawan by Nasr son
      of Asim, to avoid ambiguity.

      The Musnad is a very ancient writing whose origin is unknown; it may
      possibly have been derived from the Phoenician, or from some Indian
      character.



      from
      History of the Arabs and their Literature before and after the rise
      of Islam
      by
      Edward A van Dyck






      Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

      Surah 51:56
      Wama Khalaqtul Jinna Wal Insa ILLa liya'a buduun.
      And I (Allah) have not created the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (alone).

      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

      KidsIslamicStories-subscribe@onelist.com - subscribe to a list.
      KidsIslamicStories-unsubscribe@onelist.com
      - unsubscribe from a list.
      KidsIslamicStories-digest@onelist.com
      - switch your subscription to digest mode.
      KidsIslamicStories-normal@onelist.com
      - switch your subscription to normal
      mode.







      Your use of Yahoo! Groups is subject to http://docs.yahoo.com/info/terms/



      Do You Yahoo!?
      Yahoo! Mail Personal Address - Get email at your own domain with Yahoo! Mail.

    • infokid
      Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wa Barakatuh This article has been forwarded with permission from Br. Farrukh. ... From:
      Message 2 of 2 , Mar 11, 2001
      • 0 Attachment
        Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
        Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wa Barakatuh

        This article has been forwarded with permission from Br. Farrukh.

        ----- Original Message -----
        From: <farrukh@...>
        To: <MuslimHomeEducators@yahoogroups.com>
        Sent: Friday, March 02, 2001 5:01 AM
        Subject: [MuslimHomeEducators] A history of the Arabic Language (1894)

        History of the Arab Language (1894)


        What we now call the Arabic language was at first confined to the
        northern half of the Arabian peninsula; in the southern half the
        people spoke other dialects (Minaean, Sabaean and Minyartic) which,
        though akin to Arabic, differed from it in several respects.

        The Arabic language is one of the finest languages of our globe, and
        this is in two respects; - first as regards the richness of its
        vocabulary; and the second as regards the fullness of its literature.

        As to the vocabulary, any dictionary will show the wealth of the
        Arabic tongue in root-words; and any grammar will set forth the
        almost endless derivative words that can be built, both from the noun
        and in the verb, from the simple root word. The lexicographer, the
        late Butros Bustani, used to say: from 7,000 to 13,000 roots, and
        from 80,000 to 120,000 derivatives.

        As to the literature, the number and importance of the works still
        extant in the Arabic language, on almost every branch of human
        knowledge, as well as the collection of poems and `belles letters',
        are so great that one is bewildered by a mere reference to the lists
        (or fihrists) of the authors and the titles of the books.

        The Arabic is a semitic tongue. To this great family of languages
        belong:

        1. The southern group: North Arabic (or Adanite); South Arabic
        (or Sabaean or Himyaritic) and Ethiopic (or Geer)

        2. The northern group: Canaanaean (Hebrew and Phoenician);
        Asyrian and Babylonian; and Aramean, comprising Syriac, and many
        other dialects

        The Arabic, until about the year 650 after Jesus (pbuh), was the
        speech of the Adnanite tribes. But about 30 years after the flight,
        it spread, by and through the conquests of the Muslims, over nearly
        all of the countries that were taken by the Arabs.

        The Qahtanite form of Arabic, called Himyaritic, has almost
        disappeared; and if still spoken, is to be found only among the
        people of Mahrah, between Hadramaut and Uman. Inscriptions in the
        Himyaritic character are found on stones and columns in the ruins
        throughout Hadramaut and Yemen. This character the Arabs call al-
        khatt-al-musnad. Perhaps it is the language of the lost Arab tribes.

        The Quraysh dialect of the Northern Adnanite Arabic Language has,
        since the Muslim conquests, prevailed over all other forms of Arabic
        speech.


        WRITING

        It is not known exactly at what time writing was first used by the
        Adnanites. So much is, however, certain, namely that shortly before
        Islam, the Adnanites used the characters which had been for some time
        prevalent at Hira among the Arab kings of Iraq.

        The Arabian historians say that the one who first `invented' Arabic
        writing was Muramir, son of Murrah the Anbarite (al Anbar, an ancient
        town on the Euphrates, ten parassangs north-west of Baghdad); and
        that he had taken it or modified it from Himyarite Musnad character
        then in use among the Lakhmites, who were of the southern Qahtanite
        stock. From Anbar it spread to Hira.

        The Arab historians further say that Harb, son of Umayyah, son of Abd
        Shams, son of Abd Manaf of the Quraysh had gone to Hira, whence he
        returned to the Hijaz and to Mecca, bringing with him the writing
        that he had learned.

        Others say that the first who wrote Arabic were the Yeminite tribe of
        Hud, and that the characters they used were Himyarite Musnad, in
        which each letter stood alone and unjoined, and they did not teach it
        to the masses, but confined it to the privelaged few; but that at
        last Muramir, son of Murrah and two others of the tribe of Tayy,
        learned it; and after modifying it more or less, called it `al jazm',
        because it was `juzima' or abbreviated, from the Himyarite Musnad
        character; that these three men then taught it to the people of
        Anbar, whence it spread throughout Arabia.

        After the Muslims conquests and the founding of Busrah and Kufa, this
        writing was called the Kufic. It was devoid of vowels and dots. These
        vowels and dots, or diacritical points as they are called in grammar,
        were first introduced (perhaps in imitation of the Hebrew and Syriac
        diacritical points) into Arabic writing by al-Aswad-al-Dur-ali during
        the time of Muawiyah. It is said that the use of dots and double dots
        was introduced in the days of Abdul-Malik son or Marawan by Nasr son
        of Asim, to avoid ambiguity.

        The Musnad is a very ancient writing whose origin is unknown; it may
        possibly have been derived from the Phoenician, or from some Indian
        character.



        from
        History of the Arabs and their Literature before and after the rise
        of Islam
        by
        Edward A van Dyck
      Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.