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DNA and Genealogy

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  • maureen
    Found on another list - it is the shortest and clearest I ve read: Maureen ======================== DNA and Genealogy The DNA passed through the maternal line
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 12, 2004
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      Found on another list - it is the shortest and clearest I've read:
       
      Maureen
      ========================
       
      DNA and Genealogy

      The DNA passed through the maternal line is quite different from that passed through the male line.

      Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is passed by a mother to both male and female offspring without any mixing, so your mtDNA is the same as your mother's mtDNA, which is the same as her mother's mtDNA. mtDNA changes very slowly so it cannot determine close relationships as well as it can determine general relatedness. If two people have an exact match in their mtDNA, then there is a very good chance they share a common maternal ancestor, but it is hard to determine if this is a recent ancestor or one who lived hundreds or even thousands of years ago. It is important to keep in mind with this test that a male's mtDNA comes only from his mother and is not passed on to his offspring.

      Y Line Tests - More recently, the Y chromosome in the nuclear DNA is being used to establish family ties. The Y chromosomal DNA test (usually referred to as Y DNA or Y-Line DNA) is only available for males, since the Y chromosome is only passed down the male line from father to son. Tiny chemical markers on the Y chromosome create a distinctive pattern, known as a haplotype, that distinguishes one male lineage from another. Shared markers can indicate relatedness between two men, though not the exact degree of the relationship. Y chromosome testing is most often used by individuals with the same last name to learn if they share a common ancestor.
      Helen Carlisle, West Sussex, UK
       
      also this site is worth investigating
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