Below is an article that I've written which will appear in the forthcoming end of year "Clan Johnston/e Newsletter". It may be of interest to any of you with Irish forebears.Best WishesDon in Melbourne********************************************
USING THE INTERNET FOR IRISH RESEARCH
Don Johnston - petenv@...
As this article forms part of the Christmas Clan Issue some of the information below may give those lucky enough to be on holidays, or those who have time some new areas to surf through on the Internet, both Gillian I I wish you a peaceful and joyous Yuletide season.
The internet has now become a serious research tool for those of you looking for your roots, for researching your family tree and history or someone else’s. I’ve put together a definitive list of sites which can lead you to records, indexes, reference material, addresses, repository descriptions, special-interest mailing lists and a wide variety of other helpful materia below, the aim of this is to list some of internet based available resources and to direct you to sites which can be used to help you with your Irish family history research.
CYNDI'S LIST OF GENEALOGY SITES ON THE INTERNET - IRELAND AND NORTHERN IRELAND
Cyndi's List contains the most links to genealogy sites of any site on the Internet. The "Ireland and Northern Ireland" page is an extensive catalogue of Irish genealogy and related Internet sites, some with brief descriptions. Categories are: General Resource Sites, GENUKI Resources by County, Government & Cities, History & Culture, Irish Family History Foundation, County Heritage Centres, Language & Names, Libraries, Archives & Museums, Locality Specific, Mailing Lists, Newsgroups & Chat, Maps, Gazetteers & Geographical Information, Military, Newspapers, People & Families, Professional Researchers, Volunteers & Other Research Services, Queries, Message Boards & Surname Lists, Records: Census, Cemeteries, Land, Obituaries, Personal, Taxes and Vital, Religion & Churches, Societies & Groups, WorldGenWeb Project.
CYNDI'S LIST OF GENEALOGY SITES ON THE INTERNET SCOTLAND
Cyndi's List contains the most links to genealogy sites of any site on the Internet. The "Scottish" page is an extensive catalogue of Scottish genealogy and related Internet sites, some with brief descriptions. Categories are: General Resource Sites, Government & Cities, History & Culture, Language & Names, Libraries, Archives & Museums, Locality Specific, Mailing Lists, Newsgroups & Chat, Maps, Gazetteers & Geographical, Information, Military, Newspapers, People & Families, Professional Researchers, Volunteers & Other, Research Services, Publications, Software & Supplies, Queries, Message Boards & Surname Lists, Records: Census, Cemeteries, Land, Obituaries, Personal, Taxes and Vital, Religion & Churches, Societies & Groups
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF IRELAND
Has a page dedicated to Family history research in the National Library, there is also some good general background information to be found here
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE OF NORTHERN IRELAND
The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) is the official place of deposit for public records in Northern Ireland and has a specific search engine for looking up the Ulster Covenant and Freeholders records along with a Geographical Index Northern Ireland with indexes for Counties, Baronies, Poor Law Unions, Dioceses, Parishes and Townlands. Well worthwhile surfing through.
THE UK NATIONAL ARCHIVES
The National Archives' website contains over 1,000 years of history from Domesday to the present day and has a Searchable Database Gallery of Victorian Prisoners Online [Release 01 November 04]. Two volumes of photographs and case details of prisoners in Wandsworth Prison dating from 1872 to 1873 are now online. Each case gives the prisoner's physical description, as well as a photograph, their date and place of birth, the crime they committed, their sentence, the place of conviction and often their place of residence. These records give immediacy to the horrors of the Victorian penal system and totalling more than 600 records of individual prisoners, they are a rich source for family and social historians alike. The items stolen were often of a very basic nature: tea, coffee, a piece of meat, a coat, a shawl, a pair of boots but the sentences were harsh in today's terms. Children as young as 13 were whipped and sentenced to a month of hard labour for stealing a box of figs!
Family History Documents Online
- Documents-Online allows you online access to The National Archives' collection of digitised public records, including both academic and family history sources. Searching the index is free, and it costs £3.50 to download a digital image of a document.
- Wills from 1384 to 1858 (free search, charged download)
- The complete collection of more than 1 million PCC wills is available.
- 1901 census records for England & Wales - Find out who lived at an address in 1901
- Search 6,000,000 Properties and see who occupied a house, workhouse or Palace on 31st March 1901 as the Victorian era closed and the Edwardian began.
- Records about migration (free search, free download)
NATIONAL ARCHIVES OF IRELAND - IRELAND-AUSTRALIA TRANSPORTATION RECORDS DATABASE - IRISH CONVICTS & FREE SETTLERS WHO ARRIVED IN AUSTRALIA
The National Archives of Ireland provides a wide range of records relating to the transportation of convicts from Ireland to Australia covering the period 1788 to 1868. In some cases these include records free settlers.
This valuable resource covers a wide period of time: 1788 to 1868. Searching the database is easy. Many readers will search the database using names however I also recommend searching it by word or phrase. I also did some searches by place-name and found some interesting information. The fields that are included are [Note that not every person’s field is filled in] - Surname, Other Names, Alias, Age, Sex, Place Of Trial, Trial Date, Place Of Imprisonment, Document Date, Crime Description, Sentence, Ship, Petitioner, Document References, Microfilm References, Comments.
Direct to search page -
Home page -
CONVICTS TO AUSTRALIA - A GUIDE TO RESEARCHING YOUR CONVICT ANCESTORS
As it is now trendy to claim a convict ancestor many sources have become available however I believe the Perth [AU] Dead Person’s Society’s Web Page is an excellent source of information. They state “Most family historians in Australia regard a convict in their ancestry as enormously desirable.”Convicts to Australia" is intended to guide, inform and entertain those just starting the hunt as well as the more experienced researcher. The site is a 'work in progress' and data is being added regularly. We hope your convict research is made easier by our efforts and above all we hope you have FUN”. Their search pages include;
- Research Guide - An overview of Australian settlement and convict transportation. Helpful hints for convict researchers on a wide range of themes.
- Timeline - A year-by-year account of the settlement of Australia and convict transportation at a glance, gives perspective to a confusing period.
- Bound for W.A. - English, Irish, Scottish and military convicts transported to Western Australia between 1850 and 1868 ... physical descriptions and trial details.
- Convict Ships - Chronological Lists of all the Convict Transports sent from England. Includes Alphabetical Lists of the First, Second and Third Fleet convicts.
- N.S.W. Women - Convict Women arriving in New South Wales from England, Ireland and Scotland 1788-1828. (Search by ship or use our special search engine.)
- Convict Tales - Entertaining and informative stories of convicts contributed by their owners. An opportunity to share YOUR convict's tale with other researchers.
- Links - The most comprehensive list of Convict Links in cyberspace. If it's on the net and free, you'll be sure to find it here, as we update it constantly!
IMMIGRANT SHIPS TRANSCRIBERS GUILD
Patty says that on September 16, 2004, the Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild celebrates her 6th birthday. Each year we have been able to give you 1,000 transcribed passenger lists and we hope to accomplish even more in the year to come. This year, as a small gift to all of our wonderful readers, we have decided to open up our mailing list to the public. You may subscribe and contribute your input to our volunteers and seek information from them as well. We will attempt to answer any questions you may have and from time to time we may even ask your help in deciphering very difficult handwriting. This well known site has hundreds of shipping records and, if you subscribe to their [free] list you can ask questions and get responses from some very wise and knowledgeable people. A must if you are starting to look for your immigrant shipping records or information of old ships.
IRISH NAMES AND NAMING PATTERNS
Can help understanding how siblings were named also can be of great help with first name research and confirming parents and grand parents names, definitely not to be used as a definitive source though.
First son after father's father
Second son after mother's father
Third son after father
Fourth son after father's oldest brother
Fifth son after mother's oldest brother
First daughter after mother's mother (or father's mother)
Second daughter after father's mother (or mother's mother)
Third daughter after mother
Fourth daughter after mother's oldest sister
Fifth daughter after father's oldest sister
THE IRISH ANCESTRAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION [TIARA}
TIARA is a non profit organization established to develop and promote the growth, study and exchange of ideas among people and organizations interested in Irish genealogical and historical research and education. They do not provide individual genealogical research services. Their search engine looks for names, places, and subjects that are mentioned on any of the TIARA website pages.
NORTHERN IRELAND - WELCOME TO BALLYMONEY ANCESTRY
The Ballymoney site in Northern Antrim has a great and free search database for those with interests in this lovely part of Ireland, their website states - “For generations, Ballymoney folk have left their homes to travel across the world and begin new lives abroad. Many were pioneers who helped to build the New World in North America, New Zealand and Australia. They all left behind a land that they loved and ensured that their descendents would always be proud of their family origins back in Co. Antrim. In recent years, the Ballymoney Borough Council has measured a considerable increase in inquiries from families researching Northern Ireland Genealogy. In response to this, and with the assistance of the EU Programme for Building Sustainable Prosperity, we have provided this website as a free, on-line resource. Ballymoney Ancestry aims to provide information and advice for individuals that are researching Northern Ireland Genealogy specifically their family history in the Ballymoney area”
CLANS OF IRELAND
Has some informative articles on the culture and social history of Ireland, much of the information available at this site gives an in depth history of Ireland, well worthwhile a visit, you can read or download their articles for perusing at your leisure. As an example of documents available; Book of Kells, Cemetery Research, The Covenanters: Seven Part Series, The Fenians, The Great Irish Famine, Life in Ancient Ireland: Three Part Series, One Name Study Research, Penal Laws, The Plague in Scotland and Ireland, The Plantation of Ireland and the Scotch-Irish (Ulster Scots), What's in a Name?.
Although it is out of Illinois in the USA they have a page dedicated to Australia and New Zealand research links, their main home page also has a good “Getting Started” Tutorial.
DIRECTORY OF IRISH GENEALOGY [INTERNET EDITION 2004]
This Directory of Irish Genealogy was published in conventional printed form between 1990 and 1994, also appearing on the Net since 1998; however this is the latest 2004 Edition. The content contains useful information, guidance and links which is accompanied by statements of opinion on areas of concern in the realm of Irish genealogy including;
Beginner's Guide to Tracing Irish Ancestors - Reference Works, Record Repositories, Census Records, Records of Birth, Marriage and Death, Valuation Records, Church Registers, Miscellaneous Records & Seeking Help
Articles and Reviews - What's in a Surname?
Now, this is a huge search engine site, it Searches simultaneous with Yahoo, Google, All The Web, Alta Vista, Hot Bot, Lycos, etc. It also pinpoints and searches in particular - Google genealogy, Google News Genealogy, Rootsweb All Databases, Ancestry.com, Geneanet, Google Press, Gendex, Index Surnames, Interment Cemetery Transcriptions, Meta Namesearch (e-mail), Author profile usenet (name/email) and Gencircles, Global Tree however you can choose all or any of these search fields, if you’ve never experienced pop up search window results hitting your screen in seconds [dependant on your server connection speed though] you’ll be amazed at the result.
There is a better option though if you are only interested in Australian results, click “Australia” on the top of the screen, it will then search only LDS Australia, [All Databases], Geneanet Australia, Google genealogy Australia, Google News Genealogy Australia, Rootsweb Messages Australia, Rootsweb Surname List Australia, Australian passengers NY, 1892-1924, Genforum Australia, E-mail Finder Australia, BMD Tasmania 1800-1900, The Australian Honours List (AHL), The Ryerson Index. Cemeteries Australia, the "Debt of Honour Register" and Ancestry.com Indexes [pertaining to Australia].
New Zealand Only
As above but searching only New Zealand results, click “New Zealand” on the top of the page for results from the following New Zealand Databases. LDS NZL, All Databases, Geneanet New Zealand, Google genealogy NZL, Google News Genealogy NZL, Rootsweb Message Board NZL, Rootsweb Surname List NZL, New Zealand Genealogy Search Engine, Genforum New Zealand, US UK CAN census (Born in NZL), E-mail Finder New Zealand, Debt of Honour Register
THE IRELAND TOWNLAND BASE
A well known resource if you can’t locate your Irish Townland, County, Barony, Civil Parish, Poor Law Union or Province. The search engine will perform a search of the IreAtlas Townland data base, and return all lines that meet the screening requirements. By entering a Townland and a County, it will return all lines that contain the requested Townland and the requested County. Be aware, this is a very large data base. If you only enter a County, the search engine will return every Townland in that County. This will be a very large file.
IRISH PLACENAMES - from IRELAND.COM
Another search engine to find locations of your Irish ancestors, the site states “The single most important item of information for Irish family history research is a precise place of origin, and the most important tool in identifying Irish placenames is the 1851 General Alphabetical Index to the Townlands and Towns, parishes and Baronies of Ireland” You are able to search their entire Index, together with street listings from Dublin, Cork and Belfast cities, more than 65,000 entries in all. [Remember you can search for a placename either in the whole of Ireland ("Simple") or confine it to a particular area ("Advanced") and also use wildcards].
You can also do a Surname and an Ancestor search here.
PAY & SUBSCRIBE WEB SITES
Pay Sites, these are sites where you pay to view different records and databases, I have used Irish Origins before and found their records and databases of value, many people feel that payment for viewing public records is a cost that shouldn’t be borne, however these sites have overheads from web hosting to transcription costs and uploading, my experience is that the costs are certainly cheaper than engaging a professional or, catching a plane and visiting the library’s or institutions where the documents are held. You can do rudimentary searches on the sites but when it comes to downloading or accessing a record you will have to pay. Please be aware that many people have purchased similar records on CD which hold similar information, a request to one of the many Rootsweb Lists for a look up may achieve the same result however it may only be an index entry.
IRISH ORIGINS-SPECIALISTS IN IRISH GENEALOGY
Irish Origins offers access to the most authentic Irish genealogy collections online, including the definitive versions of Irish ancestor records and survey maps of Ireland associated with Griffith's Primary Valuation of Ireland, the most important source of genealogy research in Ireland prior to the 20th century, as well as the one-of-a-kind Irish Wills Index (1484-1858) and the 1851 Dublin City Census, accessible via a free Irish name search.
BRITISH ORIGINS - SPECIALISTS IN WELSH AND ENGLISH GENEALOGY
British Origins offers access to the most authentic English genealogy collections online, including unique English ancestor records and maps of England and Wales, featuring England and Wales Gazetteer maps, Boyd's marriage records, English census records, burial records, court depositions, apprenticeship records, wills and more, all accessible via a free British and English name search and UK place search.