I am sending you this mail to answer that "DULLAT" is a jatt surname.
I am sending you some written material so that you can have some
information about DULLAT'S. At the end of the writing are some
refernces from where you can confirm that this material is not written
by me but by renowned historians.
1.Bhai Mani Singh Dullat
The martyrdom of Bhai Mani Singh
Bhai Man! Singh was the most learned and revered Sikh of his time. He was
born in 1662, in Kaibowal, near Sunam in the Patiala district. His
father was Kala Dullat and mother Daya Kaur. When Bha! Man! Singh went
with his parents to pay homage to Guru Teg Bahadur Saheb at Anandpur,
he was so fascinated by the Guru and the sangat that he did not want
to return home. His parents left him under the care of Mata Gujri ji,
who treated him like her own son. He was of about the same age as her
son, Gobind Singh Ji.
He took Amrit at the hands of Guru Gobind Singh Ji on the day of the
creation of Khalsa. When Guru Gobind Singh Ji left Anandpur on the
night of December 20, 1704, his family got separated at river Sarsa in
the confusion created by the Mughal at-tack. Bhai Man! Singh took Mata
Sundri Ji and Mata Saheb Devan to Delhi via Ambala.
In 1706, he escorted Guru Saheb's wives to Talwandi Sabo where the
Guru was staying. When Guru Saheb left Agra with Emperor Bahadur Shah
for Nander in 1707, Mata Saheb Devan and Bhai Mani Singh accom-panied
him. Afterwards Bhai Mani Singh escorted Mata Saheb Devan Ji back to
Delhi where she lived with Mata Sundri Ji for the rest of her life.
Mata Sundri Ji come to know of the trouble that was brewing between
the Tat Khalsa and Bandai Khalsa factions. She oppointed Bhai Mani
Singh as Granthi of Harimandar Saheb and sent him to Amritsar with
Mama Kirpal Singh (Chand), the maternal uncle of Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
On his arrival at Amritsor in 1721, Bhai Mani Singh restored peace
among the Khalsa and put the affairs of Harimander Saheb in order.
By 1738, the Mughal government of Lahore had strictly prohibited the
Sikhs to visit Amritsar and bathe in the holy tank. To overcome this
restriction, Bhai Mani Singh applied to Governor Zakariya Khan for
permission to hold the Diwali festival at Harimandar Saheb. The
permission was granted for a tribute of Rs.5,000. He hoped that he
would be able to pay the sum out of offerings to be made by the Sikhs
who were invited to come.
The Sikhs came in large numbers. Zakar!ya Khan, under the pretext of
keep-ing order, sent a force under Diwan Lakhpat Rae to Amritsar. The
force was sta-tioned near Amritsar. It was to march to-wards the city
just on the day of the festival so that the Sikhs might be frightened
and disperse. The trick worked and the fair broke up at the approach
of the Mughal army.
Bhai Mani Singh was arrested for not paying the stipulated sum. He was
asked by the Qazi to embrace Islam or face death. Bhai Mani Singh
stoutly refused to barter his religion. Zakariya Khan ordered his
execution in 1738.
Bhai Mani Singh's body was cut to pieces joint by joint. His gruesome
martyrdom inflamed the passions of the Sikhs. They pledged to uproot
the evil forces of the Mughals.
Bhai Mani Singh was also responsible for collecting the Banis of Guru
Gobind Singh Ji in preparing the Dasam Granth (see Dasam Granth)
Article courtesy Dr. Santokh Singh -"The Guru's Word"
2. Giani Gian Singh Dullat(1822-1921)
Giani Gian Singh (1822-1921), poet and historian, was born of a Dullat
Jatt family on 5 Baisakh 1879 sk/15 April 1822, at Laungoval, a
village in present-day Sangrur district of the Punjab. Gian Singh
claimed descent from the brother of Bhai Mani Singh Shahid, Nagahla
Singh. His father's name was Bhag Singh and mother's Desan. He learnt
Gurmukhi in his village from Bhai Bhola Singh and Sanskrit from Pandit
Atma Ram. He was gifted with a melodious voice and recitation of
Gurbani earned him popularity in the village. At the age of twelve, he
was taken to Lahore by his maternal uncle, Karam Singh, who was a
Subahdar in the army of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
Dhanna Singh Malvai introduced him to the Maharaja who employed him to
recite the Sukhmani to him every morning. At Lahore Gian Singh was
able to continue his studies under the guidance of Giani Ram Singh.
After the death of his patron, he returned to his village and received
appointment in the revenue office in Patiala state in place of his
uncle, Hari Singh, who had died childless in 1841 fighting in Maharaja
Karam Singh's army. During the first Anglo-Sikh war, when Patiala was
an ally of the British, Gian Singh was sent to Mudki where he was
assigned to distributing mail. In 1849, as Patiala troops were engaged
in an anti-rebel operations in aid of Jind state, Giani Gian Singh who
was among them was seriously wounded in the leg and had to quit service.
His true calling in life began when he resigned his position as a
granted in Patiala and set out on an extensive peregrination across
India visiting places of pilgrimage, especially those commemorating
events in Sikh history. Returning to the Punjab owing to the upheaval
of 1857, he came in touch with Pandit Tara Singh Narotam, a renowned
scholar of the Nirmala school, whom he acknowledges in his writings as
his literary mentor. He helped Tara Singh in preparing his lexicon of
the Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Granth Girarath Kos, by sending to him in
Patiala notes he took of the religious discourses of Giani Chanda
Singh Surama, the blind, another celebrated scholar of the day, whose
seat was in Amritsar. Giam Gian Singh was launched on his own
distinguished career as a writer with the publication in 1880 of his
Panth Prakash, a history of the Sikhs in Braj verse.
He now planned another ambitious work, the Twarikh Guru Khalsa, which
was to be published in five parts. The first three parts were
lithographed in 1892 by Baba Rajinder Singh, proprietor Guru Gobind
Siligh Press, Sialkot. Urdu editions of these three volumes entitled
Twarikh Guru Khalsa, Shamsher Khalsa and Raj Khalsa, respectively,
were also published. Suffering a prolonged illness in Amritsar, Giani
Gian Singh transferred his unpublished manuscripts as well as his
rights in published books to the Khalsa Tract Society for a
subsistence allowance of Rs 12 per month. He survived his illness, and
returned to Patiala where he received ready patronage of the ruling
family. He solemnized the first wedding of the young Maharaja
Bhupinder Singh on 9 March 1908.
Giani Gian Singh remained celibate. He adopted Giani Hamir Singh, the
son of his niece, Pradhan Kaur, as his heir. In 1916 he drew up a new
will in which he nominated a committee to arrange the publication of
his works. The members of the committee were Bhai Sahib Bhai Arjan
Singh of Bagarian, Sardar Bahadar General Gurnam Singh, Bhai Kahn
Singh and Sardar Gajjan Singh of Ludhiana. On 15 August 1916, the
Maharaja of Patiala approved the constitution of a History Society,
with Hamir Singh as its secretary, for the publication of historical
works by Giani Gian Singh and others. He also sanctioned a grant of Rs
135,000 for the Society and authorized the publication through the
state press. But a dispute which arose between the states of Patiala
and Nabha hampered the work of the committee. Gian Singh hilnself
became a pawn in this feud. He was a native of Patiala state and had
stayed for long periods at Patiala, but the ruler of Nabha, Maharaja
Ripudaman Singh, considered him a relation, the Maharaja's mother
being a daughter of his village, Laungoval. Both the states thus
claimed him. one night he was whisked away in a car from Patiala to
Nabha. He died there on 9 Assu 1978 Bk/24 September 1921.
The Panth Prakash and Twarikh Guru Khalsa are the most important but
not the only works of Giani Gian Singh. His other books are: Suraj
Prakash Vartak, an abridged version in prose of Bhai Santokh Singh's
Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth; Ramayan Bhai Mani Singh Ji Di; Twarikh
Amritsar (Urdu); Twarikh Lahore (Urdu) ; Patit Pavan; Gurdham Sangrah;
Bhupendranand; Itihas Bagarian and Ripudaman Prakash.
Excerpts taken from "The Encyclopedia of Sikhism" Edited by Harbans Singh.
Bhagat Singh, Giani Gian Singh. Patiala, 1978
Singh Sabha Pattika (Sri Guru Panth Prakash Arik) Amritsar, 1919
Kirpal Singh, ed., Sri Guru Panth Prakash, vol. 1. Amritsar, 1970
- We had a Dullat in the ICS who retired as a High Court Judge. His son was in the IPS and served for a long time in the Intelligence Bureau mostly in J&K on which he became an expert. He was appointed Secretary (Head) of RAW and after retirement headed the J&K Cell in the PMO.
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