111Re: [J_D_G_DunnSeminar] more psychologicol studies
- May 6, 2001Dear AH,
Apologies for the delay in replying - had to take a couple of days
off on family business (including seeing my daughter in a tremendous
performance of Sondheim's A Little Night Music in Leicester.
Thanks for extra info. I'll try to take a look at the bibliog you
have cited. And should I want to quote it I'll certainly acknowledge
arno hutchinson wrote:
> Dear Prof. Dunn,
> Because you showed an interest in the material I sent, & because scepticism was shown by some toward some of your findings, I am enclosing more material from my psychological research.
> Ralph Reynolds (The Effect of Attention on the Learning & Recall of Important Text Elements, Univ. of Ill, Urbana, Ill,1979, p. 4) says, Newman's results showed that the essential or important material was much better recalled than the non-essential material after either type of retention interval."
> Gomuliki (see the Ralph Reynolds book, page 5) "found that while the subjects were able to recall the shorter passages verbatim, they could recall only the important elements from the longer passages."
> Johnson (see the Ralph Reynolds book, page 6); his results: "revealed that the higher a unit had been rated in terms of structural importance, the more likely it was to be recalled."
> T. Trabasso & L. L. Sperry ("Causal Relatedness & Importance of Story Events," Journal of Memory & Language 24 (1985), p. 596): "It is a well established emperical fact that elements judged to be important by various criteria are more likely to be recalled...." In regard to oral tradition, they note: "In effect storytellers in the oral tradition achieve coherence by omitting irrelevant detail and including only events which are highly related to what has been previously stated."
> Susan Goldman et. al. ("Memory for Embedded & Sequential Story Structures," Journal of Memory & Language 25 (1986), p. 402),"In dealing with the embedded causal structure, children's & adult's explanations tended to stress the topmost goal and explain actions with respect to the remaining outstanding goals."
> Arno Hutchinson
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