- December 23, 2012Upcoming Meetings -- all meetings will be on Sunday mornings in 2013Sunday, January 20, 10 a.m. -- Janice Sellers, "Reconstructing Family Information From Almost Nothing"(Sunday, February 3, (afternoon) Davis, Bet Haverim -- Beginning Genealogy Research)Sunday, February 17, 2013, 10 a.m. -- Victoria Fisch and Jeremy Frankel, "Doings in the Cemetery"Sunday, March 17, 2013, 10 a.m. -- Shlomo Rosenfeld, "Discovering a Live Family Branch That Survived the Holocaust"Notes from December 16, 2012President Victoria Fisch called the meeting to order and welcomed members and guests.Dave Reingold noted that the Center for Sacramento History does accept some family genealogies. Teven Laxer noted that he's compiling a list of Jewish archive repositories that also may be of interest.Upcoming meetings, see above. Victoria noted that all meetings in 2013 will be held on Sundays. In addition, there will be meetings held at Bet Haverim in Davis, and Victoria would welcome volunteers who would like to assist.Bob Wascou said he is collecting $25 checks for 2013 membership dues. They can also be sent to the JGSS care of the Einstein Center, Room 220, 1935 Wright Street, Sacramento, CA 95825.December Speaker -- Lynn Brown
The "New" Immigration Process-- USCISThe new federal agency overseeing customs and immigration is now called the U.S. Customs and Immigration Service. Also created was a genealogy department within the agency. The previous Immigration and Naturalization Service ended after 9/ll, and the new agency is part of the Homeland Security Dept.Lynn Brown discussed the new agency, and information you can order. Bottom line: You'll want to order the "package," not just a single document.Lynn said many records were not available to us until USCIS took over. There were records but mainly limited to passenger manifests, ship records.Now, there are more records available and an online ordering process.Lynn's Part 1)_ Naturalization in the United StatesOnly about 1/3 of people who who came were naturalized-- did not need to be a citizen, but can't vote or run for office. There may be religious, cultural or other reasons why they didn't become naturalized.Lynn says we now have access to residential records with the new agency."Declaration of Intention," also called "First Papers" -- to become a U.S. citizen.In those after 1903, you get the name, country of origin and date of application. This form was required until 1952..Certificate of Arrival -- needed to prove how you got here. It shows the port and date of arrival, shp's name (or car, plane, other mode of transportation)."You might want to look for this document," Lynn said.Naturalization Petition -- Final PapersBefore 1906, Lynn said these did not provide much information. Post-1906, there is much genealogical data, incuded members of the family of the person being naturalized.1922-- Petition included photos; women could apply without husband's consent.Certificate of NaturalizationActual naturalization card immigrants carried with them, important to them. It was issued after they took the oath of allegiance. Many states used the term "oath of allegiance."Derivative CitizenshipBefore 1922, it was granted to the wife and children of a naturalized male. After 1922, the wife could do it independently.Lynn cited the case of Austrian-born Maria Von Trapp ("who did not go over the Alps") -- she was arrested and had detention papers, if you want to search the National Archives and find them. "Her husband, the Captain, was never naturalized and stayed Austrian."If a U.S. born woman married an immigrant male, she lost her citizenship. (Got back after 1922).Military Service1862-- Could petition for naturalization without a declaration of intent if one-year resident. in 1894 -- extended to 5-year veterans of the Navy and Marine Corps. Still in use today.Lynn's Part 2) Alien RecordsLynn says these weren't available for use before. This includes the Permanent Resident Card or "green card," which is not green. Most people carry it with them.For immigrants who did not want naturalization:-- Visas, begun in 1924, to enter the U.S.-- Certificate of Registry, for proof of entry, if arrived before July 1924 and no original arrival record could be located.After 1924, had to apply for it.Alien RegistrationsFirst begun in 1789, against France."Enemy alien registration" -- came up in August 1940, only during times of conflict (WWI, II)To fingerprint and create a record of every non-citizen. In June 1940, it was all non-citizens, 14 years or older.For non-enemy alien registrations , everybody else: started in World War I, now run by the states. Some use forms, some use court minutes, some have photos, some not.After World War I, Congress told the states to destroy the records of enemy alien registrations. Some did destroy them, some didn't. After World War II, Congress never told the states to destroy the records, so they are now permanent records.Locating WW I Alien Registration Records -- while most were destoryed, Kansas, Phoenix, AZ, St. Paul, MN, Allen County, Indiana do have records, indexed by the National Archives ARC database, with a keyword seardh.WW II Alien Registration Records -- USCIS 1940-44-- on microfilm and available upon request.Naturalization and Alien Records Research Tools:1) NARA ARC-- Archival Rseearch Catalogue.keyword search2) Family History Library Catalogue, with keyword search3) State Archives Records SearchLynn's Part 3) USCIS www.uscis.govGenealogy research -- USCIS's genealogy program was created in 2008In May 2009, it went online as a "fee for service" operation which includes online e-ordering.Lynn advises using this short url: www.uscis.gov/genealogySome of the records you can get:-- those naturalized between Sept. 1906 and March 1956-- those who immigrated between July 1924 and May 1951-- pre-1906 records that have been updated, changed or corrected-- those who were alive and registered under the 1940 Alien Registration Act-- Naturalization Certificate Files (C Files)-- Registry Files, 1929-44-- Visa Files, 1924-1944Probably up til 1946 now, since 75 years of privacy on filesUSCIS does NOT have:-- records stored at NARA and regional offices-- state archive records-- those locally heldLynn's Part 4 -- Two Types of USCIS Services1) Index search -- $20 online (G-1041)2) Record copy requst with valid record citations (USCIS file numbers)$20/35 (G-1041A)
"I recommend your print the forms first then go back and fill them out online," Lynn said. "I highly recommend that you use the request form for the index search." Your fee is nonrefundable.They don't blackline redacted material, but delete it.A single immigrant may have several USCIS records. File an index search!They will want a death certificate on a person you're requesting, 100 years of privacy from date of birth. They will ask you to upload a death certificate.Art Yates noted they will also accept obituary notices.Archival Research Catalogue -- ARC -- use keywords to isolate and refine your search.What else is at NARA? Records of passports and concentration camps.Archives -- Sacramento has California records, San Francisco has all other states.Art suggested checking with the county firest -- he has found some records online, such as Westchester County, New York.Lynn Brown can be reached at lgbrown@...~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~From the (free) Genealogy in Time Magazine Newsletter:Spain – The Spanish website Routes of Sefarad has created an excellent mapping system allowing people to explore their Jewish ancestry in Spain. Basically, the website provides an interactive multimedia experience to trace your Sephardic heritage. The website is in English and it is definitely worth exploring. [Jewish Ancestry in Spain]Philadelphia Passenger Lists –FamilySearch.org has indexed some 454,000 records of Philadelphia passenger lists, for passengers who entered the port of Philadelphia from 1800 to 1882. Access is free. [Historic Philadelphia Passenger Lists]Don's ListBurt Hecht passes on a valuable genealogy website that includes information for Pittsburg, for example, and many others links to U.S. research and beyond.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~See you Sunday, January 20, 2013
- March 28, 2017Upcoming Meetings:Sunday, April 16 -- "Finding Unknown Relatives" -- Victoria FischSunday, May 21 -- "Documenting Your Family Heirlooms" -- Teven LaxerSunday, June 11 -- "Gathering Personal Narratives" -- Mary Ellen BurnsOf interest:The annual IAGJS conference is being held this year in Orlando, FL, the last week of July. Registration is now open.Saturday, May 6 is the annual Root Cellar Spring Seminar, with Judy Russell, the legal genealogist, as the featured speaker. The seminar runs from 9 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. and is held at the Fair Oaks Presbyterian Church. Cost is $35 for nonmembers and it books us fast. Go to www.rootcellar.org and click on "Spring Seminar" on the left.Jewish Heritage Day this year is Sunday, May 7, to be held this year at the Scottish Rite Temple. Our JGS usually has a table and is always looking for volunteers to help with staffing for a few hours.February and March program review:March 19, 2017 -- Tony Chakurian"Using the Autosomal DNA Website GEDMatch.com"Tony, a member of our JGS board, noted that there are different types of DNA tests -- featuring the Y-DNA, mitochondrial DNA, Autosomal DNA and X -DNA.Y-DNA focuses on the Y chromosome and follows the paternal lines, only passed on from father to son. Only males can be tested. It stays the same for multiple generations and can be used to trace a surname.Mitochondrial DNA -- This follows the maternal line, passed on from mother to daughter but also to sons. But won't be passed along by sons. Tony noted you can go back thousands of years with this.Autosomal DNA -- Being tested the most by Ancestry, Family Tree DNA and 23 and Me. It tests the DNA first 22 chromosomes. The DNA is shared from each parent. Siblings have different combinations of their parents' DNA. (Usually test multiple family members, different matches.)You can only go back 5-6 generations.X-DNA -- This involves the sex chromosome, men only get one from their mother. GEDMatch pulls it out and uses as a tool.)GEDMatch.comFree DNA comparison website.Allows comparisons from the three major companies doing DNA testing (Ancestry DNA, Family Tree DNA and 23 and Me.)Several free DNA analyzing tools.Limited to people who uploaded their data; has additional fee-based (Tier I) DNA analyzing tools.Analyze your DNAIf you have data from your parents, can put together what DNA you don't have.Free DNA Analyzing Tools:1-1 autosomal1- many DNA comparisonsPhasingDNA measured in centimorgans -- if you share individual matching segments 7 cms or more, potentially related to that person ( +700 SNPs)The larger the number of matching segments, the more closely you're relatedParent/child -- about 3400Grandparent, about 17003rd cousin -- about 53.134th cousin, about 13.28These are rules of thumb, not exact numbersX-DNA -- Family Tree DNA uses one centimorgan as a match.Admixture (Heritage) -- different from the other three DNA companies. A lot of different models, not just ethnicity. Look at geography, regions, archeological info, etc.Phasing -- you can put in father or mother's DNApull out to create father's DNA if you have mother.Fee-based tests -- $10/month for all, or you can pay for one month only-- matching segment search-- triangulation-- Lazarussimilar to phasing, but involves deceased ancestor, 2nd great-grandfather for examplecan enter cousins' kits, can put those matches into a profile if are related to that ancestorFebruary 26, 2017 -- Jeremy Frankel
"Some Challenges When Searching for Jewish Ancestors in England"Jeremy Frankel has been president of the Bay Area JGS for the past 16 years and has been doing research, internationally and in the U.S., for more than 30 years.In his presentation, he focused on England and Wales. He said a number of people came to the UK who didn't go to other countries, although the vast majority did leave.In 1882, there were about 46,000 Jewish people in the UK. "Jewish people were never more than 1 percent," Jeremy said. In 2011, there were 269,568. In the United States today, there are about 2 percent of the population.Vital records --Civil registration was taken over from the church in 1837 -- births, marriages and deaths were registered; after six weeks you would have to pay to do so. Jeremy noted that within 10 to 20 years, there was a high compliance rate.Every quarter, the registrations would be sent to London. Even today, he said you can order anything from 1837 to now --"none of this privacy business we have here."In the last few months, records have included the mother's maiden name, "an absolute godsend," since you don't have to guess which record in yours.Death index -- includes the age of deathFree BMD-- presentation style better than Ancestry Find My Past-- can put in "all types"-- get BMD all in one-- can use asterisksJews -- if get married in a synagogue, don't have to registry civilly at the registry office32 columns of information in 1980 (1911, for UK, Wales, 16 columns)1921 census -- to be released in 2022. Taken on June 19th, 1921, so people may be listed at the seaside, on holiday.1931 -- 26th of April (census destroyed in WW II, so for 30 years, nada from 1921-1951)1941 -- WW II, no census19521 -- April 81961 --25th AprilExcept -- 1939-- people registered, not a census, very basic, but exact dates of birth so could issue national identity cards. Continues to be used by British National Health Service"Find my Past" redacted entries for people thought to be aliveSources for Searching OnlineGeneral Register Office -- https://www.gro.gov.ukBritish Jewry -- website with databases, free but register first.Free BMD -- England, Wales 1837-1984Finding My Past has the whole thing up to 2007JCR -- UK -- on JewishGen, freecemeteries, marriages -- plug name in and everything comes upJGS Greater Britain -- members onlyCemetery ScribesSynagogue ScribesBritain from Above -- aerial/oblique views of UK back to the 1920s.Google Earth/Street View --modern look at locationsNewspapersBritish Newspaper Archive (fee for service) -- 1700s to 1950s"Challenging" finding evidence of your family member in the paper unless arrested, marriedJewish Chronicle -- from 1841 -- oldest Jewish language English paper in the worldMy Heritage put online 1841-1999, now freeSearch engine "awful."London Gazette (also Edinburgh, Belfast) -- free, official paper of record: bankruptcies, name changes, naturalizationsSocial MediaFacebook sites included "Tracing the Tribe, Jewish London Genealogy and Family Research (also maintains spreadsheet for headstone image requests), Jewish East End of London (memories and reminiscenses, photos), Stepney and Wapping (memories).Ordering Certificates -- suggestion, before you order, look at Google certificates to see what they contain.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~A book that may be of interest:From Postcard America by Jeffrey L. Meikle.Always popular, the so-called "bird's-eye view" map of U.S. cities and towns became a mania in the wake of railroad development and more widespread travel. Between 1825 and 1875, thousands of panoramic maps were produced. Every town had to have one to remain competitive in attracting industry and immigrants, and they often exaggerated the favorable characteristics of the town -- sometimes to the point of fraud. A comprehensive collection of these prints is maintained by the Library of Congress, with some reprinted and sold to this day:"Unlike European cities or those of the East Coast, which had developed over centuries and seemed to possess an organic integrity, American cities of the Midwest and West began as haphazard affairs hastily thrown up, expanding in a process of creative destruction, with even relatively permanent structures like city halls, courthouses, and churches lasting no more than a decade or so before being replaced by new construction. Chicago, for example, developed in sixty years from a frontier outpost into a sprawling city, the center of midwestern trade and manufacturing, whose leaders had envisioned its utopian future in the white neoclassical structures of the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893.Bird's-eye view of Chicago as it was before the great fire. 1871"Nineteenth-century boosters of other new settlements did not hesitate to misrepresent them as bustling metropolises, hives of industry where any ambitious migrant could grasp material fortune. From the 1820s to the end of the nineteenth century, printers produced so-called bird's-eye views of virtually every American city, town, and hamlet, some 2,400 places altogether. A typical bird's-eye view, usually in color after about 1850, was a lithograph based on a meticulous imaginary drawing encompassing an entire locality rendered in perspective from an impossibly high point of view.Such a print showed local geographical features in detail, such as streets in the standard grid pattern and individually recognizable buildings, all conveyed in an illusion of three-dimensionality with the precision of a mapmaker. Although bird's-eye views did not follow picturesque landscape conventions, they typically embedded a city or town in a pristine natural realm defined by ocean, lake, river, or mountains.San Francisco. Bird's-eye view drawn lithographed by C.B. Gifford. 1864"As happened with natural landscapes, the introduction of photography substantially transformed and popularized urban views. From the very beginning photography was used to encompass a city as a whole, to unite its diverse array of often conflicting bits and pieces. ... Around 1850 daguerreotypists began imitating the effects of bird's-eye city views by aiming their cameras from upper-story windows, looking over rooftops or down a street.Other daguerreotypists recorded panoramas of such cities as Cincinnati and San Francisco by exposing multiple plates, one after the other, arranged to yield a continuous picture that could reach six feet in length. These multi-plate panoramas, which were intended to promote a sense of unity, even grandeur, also inadvertently revealed the ramshackle quality of much urban construction. While an artist could idealize a city by altering details in a bird's-eye lithograph, a daguerreotypist had no choice but to record what was in front of the camera. Because a panorama presented an extended horizontal continuum without a break, it often revealed less than perfect details. However, framing devices at each end -- a harbor, a ring of background hills, thick vegetation -- could circumscribe a city, no matter how provisional or chaotic, within a picturesque framework."Bird's-eye view of Los Angeles, California.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~See you at our April 18 meeting (Easter Sunday).