May Genealogy Notes
- Thanks so much to Mort for filling in for me and taking copious notes:
JGSS meeting Sunday, May 15, 2001President Mort Rumberg called the meeting to order. He mentioned that we are looking for volunteers to staff our table at the Jewish Heritage Festival on Sunday, May 22. Mort made the following announcements:The Nevada County Genealogical Society is hosting their 18th annual genealogy seminar on August 27, 2011. The program was distributed.The CA Family History Day will be October 15. The SF Bay Area JGS will join us at FHD. Check it out at www.fhd2011.blogspot.comThe Sacramento Central Library’s genealogy programs for the rest of May and for September were distributed.The Sacramento FHC will initiate a film-ordering process from home (rather than in the FHC) in September, making it very convenient for researchers.The IAJGS is sponsoring the International Jewish Genealogy Month Poster Contest. Contest entries are due June 15.Burt Hecht announced that the Jewish Federation is no longer monitoring voice mail.Art Yatres announced that Lester Smith is in the hospital (Kaiser on Morse Ave.)Julie Lavine requested occasional help as treasurer, mostly for assistance with deposits and infrequent backup. Please let Mort or any officer know if you can help a little.Elections will be in June. Mort presented a proposed slate of officers:President: Victoria FischVP Programming: Burt Hecht (with assistance from Sue Miller and Mort Rumberg)Secretary: Susanne LevitskyTreasurer: Julie LaVine.Nominations from the floor are welcome.Coming presentations:June 20 – Monday, 7 p.m. Steve Morse, Update to DNA and GenealogyJuly 18 – Monday, Marian Kile, Organizing Your ResearchAugust 15 – Monday, Linda Lucky, Research Logs – A Powerful ToolMort also mentioned that he is trying to get Cara Weiss Wilson to make a presentation in October. Cara wrote a book about her lifetime of correspondence and meeting with Anne Frank’s father, Otto Frank.Notes from the Presentation by Janice Sellers, Newspapers Online.Janice began her excellent presentation with a history of what newspapers were used for:1700 – 1800: primarily used for advertising, with some national and local news. Also included legal notices.Civil War to WWII: Large printing presses were used; Weekly newspapers became dailies; Travel (and thus distribution) became easier and faster; Local news came into its own.The question for genealogists is, Why care what’s in newspapers? Why are they important to genealogists?They provide a record of births, engagements, marriages, anniversaries, deaths and obituaries, legal notices and court cases, land issues, business news, social notes, local news, gossip, job notes, military service, moves and relocations, photographs and so much more. The articles and photos provide a wealth of knowledge of how people lived and what issues were important to them.Types of newspapers:Nationals: Wall St. Journal; USA Today; Christian Science Monitor.Large National distributed “locals”: New York Times; Los Angeles Times; London Times.Large Locals: (large distribution but more closely tied to local or regional areas): San Francisco Chronicle; San Antonio Express; Pittsburgh Post-Gazette; Newcastle Courant (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England); Winnipeg Free Press (Winnipeg, Manitoba).Small Locals: Titusville Herald (Pennsylvania).Ethnic Papers: Jewish Sentinel (Chicago), Edmonton Ukrainian News (Edmonton, AB, Canada).Subscription Databases to access newspapers – usually recent editions only (some up to 20 years):Sacramento Bee and California newspapers (text only) (NewsBank)Sacramento Bee images (February 13, 2008 – present) in library only (NewsBank)Newspapers from other states (Gale) – also includes foreign newspapersMagazines and Newspapers (Gale)Informe (Spanish Language) (Gale)Subscription Databases accessed at Sacramento Family History CenterNewspaperArchive.com (Godfrey)Footnote.com19th century U.S. newspapers (Godfrey)19th century British newspapersSmallTownPapers.com (Footnote.com)Ancestry.com Library EditionWorldVitalRecords.comThe Family History Center also has free database accessOther Subscription Databases:Chicago Tribune: Elk Grove Public LibraryAmerica’s Newspapers (NewsBank.com): Elk Grove Public LibraryInfotrac (Gale): Elk Grove Public LibraryNew York Times, San Francisco Chronicle (ProQuest.): SF Public Library,GenealogyBank.comUC Davis has subscription databasesTerms used above: The three largest Informational Conglomerates are: Gale, ProQuest, and NewsBank.Free Databases:Library of Congress Chronicling America, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/California Digital Newspaper Collection, http://ednc.ucr.edu/Catalog of Digital Historical Newspapers, http://ufdc.ufl..edu/hnccoll/WayBack Machine (Internet Archive), http://www.archive.org/Rootsweb.comwww.americanancestors.comPortals (Links to other sites):GenealogyBuff.com Newspaper Directory, http://genealogybuff.com/np/Cyndi’s List, http://cyndislist.com/newspaper.htmOnlineNewspapers.com, USNPL.com (current papers)Catalog of Digital Historical Newspapers, http://=ufdc.ufl.edu.hnccoll/Database BasicsIs the database electronically created, transcribed, or OCR (Optical Character Recognition)?Electronic: probably fairly reliable index.Transcribed: varying quality; depends on who did the indexing and level of quality control.OCR: quality of the index depends on the quality and condition of the materials scanned (maybe 95-98 % accurate) – often the original documents are not neat or correct.Look for multiple access methods: search, browse (browse can be useful if you’re not sure of your search parameters).Experiment to see how searches work:Uncommon names – basic searchCommon names that can generate hundreds of hits or more – restrict with advanced searches – such as location, date.Unexpected lack of results – test the search engine by using a common name (e.g., Smith).If you find something, copy it and save it – it might go away. An example: finding something critical only to lose it the next day because a database subscription ends.Check back with databases regularly; they are always adding new data.The tip of the iceberg: The vast majority of newspapers (and other similar records) are still NOT available online. If you can’t find a newspaper online, don’t forget to look offline. Check other library indexes, as well as Worldcat.org, Google, Idaho State Historical Society and Archives.~~~~~~~Below, a May 19 article from the New York on genealogy online.
May 18, 2011
Finding Family History Online
By MICKEY MEECEFor those on a genealogy quest, large or small, these are exciting times.Amateur family sleuths are taking advantage of the vast and growing trove of digitized records on sites like Ancestry.com, FamilyLink.com and Geni.com. More often these days, researchers are turning to social networks for help in discovering connections to the dead, and to the living.Revelations can be serendipitous, and shockingly fast. Last November, for example, it took Laurel Axelrod just two hours to locate the birth mother of her husband, Nicholas, who was adopted as a toddler. She started with crucial biographical information on Ancestry.com and finished by poking around on Facebook.Within a week, Nicholas spoke to his birth mother on the phone for more than an hour. “It’s sweet,” Laurel said, “now it’s every weekend.” This spring, the couple, who live in California, flew to England to meet his birth mother and a few other family members in person. “It’s really, really amazing,” she said.Mr. Axelrod, who is in his 40s, said he tried to search for his mother a decade earlier but found too many obstacles. He even thought of hiring a private investigator, but that would have cost thousands of dollars. Requesting documents by mail back then took months, he said, whereas the request was fulfilled on Ancestry.com in an instant for about $25.“I knew her maiden name, which was probably the most important thing because we were able to find her birth certificate and a couple of marriage certificates with her maiden name on it,” he said.Indeed, Ancestry.com is positioning itself as a tool to make such connections to relatives, said Eric Shoup, senior vice president for product.Most of its 1.6 million users are looking back in time, he said, but “we’re also using our technologies to bring you forward in time” to connect families via social media. “The more we can help members, the more we all benefit.”Not every genealogy search is so productive. Some companies want dabblers in family lore to have fun. On the new Family Village Game, for example, players discover unknown ancestors and find out facts about them.In this genealogy game, which is reminiscent of FarmVille or CityVille, players build villages, amass fortunes, buy houses and cars, immigrate family members and assign jobs. As the village grows, according to Jeff Wells, founder of Funium, the game maker, Family Village works behind the scenes to find family connections and real-world documents, including census records, newspaper articles and marriage records. Players can then examine the records, print them or store them in their personal game library.Jennifer Gray, who played the game this winter as it was being tested, said, “It is addicting.” As she played, she found an obituary for a great-uncle and for her grandmother. “Now I have copies of these,” she said, which led to a conversation with her mother about their family history.Even though she lives in Utah, “the genealogy capital of the world,” she never had a deep interest in her family tree. The game changed that, she said, and now with the aid of a son, Spencer, who helps her collect coins in Family Village to buy more artifacts, she is excited to dig deeper and share what she finds with her family.While the genealogy game is new, family trees are not. They are popping up in all corners of the Internet, and on mobile applications, as interest in genealogy grows — heightened this year by the 150th anniversary of the Civil War as well as the NBC television show on celebrities’ ancestors, “Who Do You Think You Are?”, which is co-sponsored by Ancestry.com.Thomas MacEntee, a genealogy educator, writer and speaker, said the explosion of interest in genealogy was because of “an alignment of technology planets.” First came software, then the Internet and now social networks, he said.“In the genealogy world, we have always been a social group,” said Mr. MacEntee, founder of GeneaBloggers.com, a community resource hub. “In a way, social media is a natural progression.”Facebook and Twitter users are flocking to the sites that cater to their need for social interaction and collaboration. WikiTree.com, for example, is a free and collaborative project created in 2008 to connect personal family histories with one worldwide family tree.Contributors who abide by an honor code, according to the site, edit the content. Each profile page on WikiTree.com has a trusted list that enables people to share information but protect confidential information. As of this week, more than 27,000 people had created more than 1.4 million profiles.“This is a great time to be in genealogy,” said Mr. MacEntee, who became interested in the field after watching the 1977 television miniseries “Roots.”While much data can be found free, many sites offer premium content for a monthly fee. Membership rates vary depending on the length of the subscription. For example, an annual membership at Ancestry.com costs $12.95 a month for United States records, and $24.95 for worldwide records.For those signing up for the plus membership at FamilyLink.com, to gain access to its database and historical newspaper and record collection, fees range from $4.95 a month for a two-year subscription to $12.95 month by month.Tpstry.com aims to fill the void left when searchers hit a dead end with their historical document searches. The site prompts users to tap into the knowledge that exists in the minds of relatives to answer questions: Who was Mom’s prom date? Did anyone in the family attend an Elvis concert? What was Granddad’s dream car? The goal is to collect odds and ends and patch them into a larger, richer picture of the past, according to the site.Tpstry.com automatically generates a Family Memories Web site to feature the collection as a digital magazine format with people, places, events and image sections. Each entry has a page that displays all answered questions and tagged images. A timeline provides important dates. Tpstry.com provides a basic service free and has not set pricing for its premium plan.Along those lines, Footnote.com, acquired by Ancestry.com last year, introduced the I Remember Facebook application for its registered users in 2009 to “preserve, honor and share the memories of anyone who influenced your life,” including family, friends, teachers, coaches, and fallen soldiers. Users can search by name or create a page. Posts on Facebook also show up on Footnote.While many sites like Footnote.com offer access to historical collections, some sites sell keepsakes. VintageAerial.com, which has amassed a collection of more than 25 million photographs of small farms and rural America spanning the second half of the 20th century, sells framed prints starting at $349. Family tree makers at Geni.com can buy a 16-by-20-inch printed poster of their tree for $30, or get it framed and on canvas for $120.In the future, the deceased may be able to speak from beyond the grave. A company called Timeless Footsteps is marketing a product using the latest scanning technology called Footprints, which are business-size placards that can be affixed to a headstone.Each plaque contains a unique Quick Response code, one of those square blotchy bar codes that can be scanned by visitors using a smartphone QR code reader. The code directs visitors to a Web page to learn more about the deceased, including a biography and photographs, and connections to social networking pages like Facebook and Twitter.~~~~~~~~~~~US governor signs Holocaust disclosure lawBy Karin Zeitvogel (AFP) – May 19, 2011ANNAPOLIS, Maryland — A US governor Thursday signed landmark legislation requiring France's state-owned SNCF railway company to disclose its role in World War II deportations to Nazi death camps before it bids on US rail contracts.The law is the first of its kind in the United States, and Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley said he hoped it "will become a national model sooner rather than later."The law, said O'Malley, lets "Holocaust survivors who are still with us... know that the atrocities inflicted on their families and their people will never be forgotten and will never be repeated."The Maryland law requires the French rail group to be transparent about its involvement in hauling tens of thousands of Jews to their deaths in World War II, while a federal law that is working its way through Congress would allow lawsuits against the SNCF over its role in the Holocaust.Ninety-year-old Holocaust survivor Leo Bretholz, who in 1942 escaped from an SNCF transport bound for the Nazi death camp of Auschwitz by prying apart the windows of a cattle car he was crammed into with 50 deportees, hailed the Maryland legislation as "a good beginning."But 66 years after the end of World War II, Bretholz said he mainly "wants a declaration of contrition from the SNCF -- 'Yes, we've done it, we are guilty.'" Bretholz wrote a book about his escape and survival in World War II, telling a story of 1,000 Jews packed 50 to a rail car who were with him on that November morning in 1942 when he and 1,000 others were shipped out of Drancy, near Paris Many died en route to Auschwitz and 773 were gassed on arrival at the Nazi death camp in southern Poland. Only Bretholz and a friend of his escaped.The SNCF's US affiliate was awarded a contract to run commuter rail services Maryland's neighboring state of Virginia, and wanted to bid for a similar contract to run Maryland's MARC commuter trains.Last year, the French rail company bid on a $2.6-billion rail project linking the Florida cities of Orlando and Tampa that is part of President Barack Obama's multi-billion-dollar initiative to improve rail service across the United States, and a rail project in California.Copyright © 2011 AFP. All rights reserved