Next Meeting, Monday, June 21, 7 p.m.
Our next meeting, a week from Monday, on our evening schedule:
Monday, June 21, 2010, 7 p.m.
“Digging It. Researching Genealogy Out of the Box.”
Marilyn Ulbricht will connect our family history and genealogy with archeology and anthropology. Marilyn is the current president of Root Cellar, the Sacramento Genealogical Society. She has a degree in anthropology with a subspecialty in archeology and history. Marilyn often combined both disciplines when she worked on historical archeology sites or conducted research in Sacramento and the surrounding counties.
By using more than just genealogy to do research, Marilyn says one can arrive at other conclusive evidence by researching outside the box and may just help you get through that brick wall.
Home of Peace Cemetery data online
Bob Wascou advises us that the data he submitted for 2170 burials at the Home of Peace Cemetery is now live. “Many thanks to the early leaders of this project, Judy Persin, Iris Bachman and Jane Paskowitz and to all of the other volunteers who worked on this project,” Bob says.
The JOWBR database can be accessed at http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/ If you're a new user, it is recommend that you take a look at the first two explanatory screencasts at http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Cemetery/Screencasts/
Bob is also working on the 94 burials in the Jewish section as well as the remaning burials at Home of Peace.
A Bit of History in the Home of Peace Cemetery
And Bob Wascou passes on this write-up of his cemetery research and and the 1850 death of Harris Goldstein (that he shared at a recent meeting). It was included in Shelly Dardashti’s Tracing the Tribe international blog.
Posted: 30 May 2010 01:00 AM PDT
Today is the 160th anniversary of Samuel Harris Goldstein's tragic and untimely death. It is the oldest known Jewish death in California.
From cemetery project coordinator Bob Wascou - of the Jewish Genealogical Society of Sacramento - comes this information surrounding Goldstein's death.
In 1849, merchants Samuel Harris Goldstein and Moses Hyman came to California from New Orleans, Louisina.
Hyman settled in Sacramento, while Goldstein and his son, 14, were in Marysville, some 45 miles north of Sacramento. Goldstein's wife and other children were in New Orleans.
On May 30, 1850, Harris Goldstein, as he was known, took a steamer - the Governor Dana - to Sacramento, accompanied by his son.
Here is the Placer Times newspaper account of his tragic trip, published on Monday, June 1, 1850.
While no documentation exists, according to Wascou, he was likely buried in the old Sacramento City Cemetery by Moses Hyman, who was a religious man. Hyman had his own Torah scroll, conducted the first Sacramento high holiday services in 1849 or 1850, and was also a mohel (ritual circumciser), who traveled all over the Gold Rush territory.
Hyman donated the money he earned as a mohel to purchase the property for the Jewish cemetery in fall 1850.
On April 2, 1851, Hyman married Goldstein's widow, Rosina, and their son Kaufman was the first Jewish boy born in Sacramento in 1851.
Goldstein was re-interned in what is known as the old Jewish cemetery and again re-interned in the present day Jewish cemetery - Home of Peace - when all bodies were moved to the current Jewish cemetery.
[NOTE: The stone's inscription refers to Goldstein as a holy wise man and teacher. His Hebrew name appears to be Shemuel Zvi ben Ari Leib]
While the newspaper account is in a number of microfilms, Bob used the California Digital Newspaper Collection because it was the clearest.
Bob has been researching in the archives of B'nai Israel congregation - the first Sacramento synagogue. Hyman was instrumental in its founding. When founded, the cemetery was owned by the Hebrew Benevolent Society, and later by the congregation. Home of Peace Cemetery is owned today by the B'nai Israel and Mosaic Law congregations.
He has full access to the Home of Peace records, but they aren't complete and the old cemetery records no longer exist. At the time there was no superintendent for the Old City Cemetery, so there is no record of who was interned there.
Goldstein's son, Jacob, was adopted by Hyman and known as Jacob Hyman. According to Bob, he was born in Poland and naturalized on August 1, 1856, but Bob has not yet found the naturalization papers. In the October 14, 1850 census, Bob notes that a Jack Hyman listed with Moses could be Jacob but he's still researching that.
Jack learned watchmaking from Hyman and operated a jewelry store in Sacramento. As far as Bob knows, he did not marry. He died December 21, 1897, and is buried in Home of Peace cemetery. The Sacramento Bee carried his obituary on December 23, but Bob has not yet obtained it.
Thanks, Bob, for sharing such an interesting story with Tracing the Tribe.
June 9, 2010
Studies Show Jews’ Genetic Similarity
By NICHOLAS WADE New York Times
Jewish communities in Europe and the Middle East share many genes inherited from the ancestral Jewish population that lived in the Middle East some 3,000 years ago, even though each community also carries genes from other sources — usually the country in which it lives.
That is the conclusion of two new genetic surveys, the first to use genome-wide scanning devices to compare many Jewish communities around the world.
A major surprise from both surveys is the genetic closeness of the two Jewish communities of Europe, the Ashkenazim and the Sephardim. The Ashkenazim thrived in Northern and Eastern Europe until their devastation by the Hitler regime, and now live mostly in the United States and Israel. The Sephardim were exiled from Spain in 1492 and from Portugal in 1497 and moved to the Ottoman Empire, North Africa and the Netherlands.
The two genome surveys extend earlier studies based just on the Y chromosome, the genetic element carried by all men. They refute the suggestion made last year by the historian Shlomo Sand in his book “The Invention of the Jewish People” that Jews have no common origin but are a miscellany of people in Europe and Central Asia who converted to Judaism at various times.
Jewish communities from Europe, the Middle East and the Caucasus all have substantial genetic ancestry that traces back to the Levant; Ethiopian Jews and two Judaic communities in India are genetically much closer to their host populations.
The surveys provide rich data about genetic ancestry that is of great interest to historians. “I’m constantly impressed by the manner in which the geneticists keep moving ahead with new projects and illuminating what we know of history,” said Lawrence H. Schiffman, a professor of Judaic studies at New York University.
One of the surveys was conducted by Gil Atzmon of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Harry Ostrer of New York University and appears in the current American Journal of Human Genetics. The other, led by Doron M. Behar of the Rambam Health Care Campus in Haifa and Richard Villems of the University of Tartu in Estonia, is published in Thursday’s edition of Nature.
Dr. Atzmon and Dr. Ostrer have developed a way of timing demographic events from the genetic elements shared by different Jewish communities. Their calculations show that Iraqi and Iranian Jews separated from other Jewish communities about 2,500 years ago. This genetic finding presumably reflects a historical event, the destruction of the First Temple at Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar in 587 B.C. and the exile of many Jews there to his capital at Babylon.
The shared genetic elements suggest that members of any Jewish community are related to one another as closely as are fourth or fifth cousins in a large population, which is about 10 times higher than the relationship between two people chosen at random off the streets of New York City, Dr. Atzmon said.
Ashkenazic and Sephardic Jews have roughly 30 percent European ancestry, with most of the rest from the Middle East, the two surveys find. The two communities seem very similar to each other genetically, which is unexpected because they have been separated for so long.
One explanation is that they come from the same Jewish source population in Europe. The Atzmon-Ostrer team found that the genomic signature of Ashkenazim and Sephardim was very similar to that of Italian Jews, suggesting that an ancient population in northern Italy of Jews intermarried with Italians could have been the common origin. The Ashkenazim first appear in Northern Europe around A.D. 800, but historians suspect that they arrived there from Italy.
Another explanation, which may be complementary to the first, is that there was far more interchange and intermarriage than expected between the two communities in medieval times.
The genetics confirms a trend noticed by historians: that there was more contact between Ashkenazim and Sephardim than suspected, with Italy as the linchpin of interchange, said Aron Rodrigue, a Stanford University historian.
A common surname among Italian Jews is Morpurgo, meaning someone from Marburg in Germany. Also, Dr. Rodrigue said, one of the most common names among the Sephardim who settled in the Ottoman Empire is Eskenazi, indicating that many Ashkenazim had joined the Sephardic community there.
The two genetic surveys indicate “that there may be common origins shared by the two groups, but also that there were extensive contacts and settlements,” Dr. Rodrigue said.
Hebrew could have served as the lingua franca between the Ashkenazic community, speaking Yiddish, and the Ladino-speaking Sephardim. “When Jews met each other, they spoke Hebrew,” Dr. Schiffman said, referring to the medieval period.
Genealogy Tip (from RootsWeb)
By Mary Harrell-Sesniak
“Genealogy is not just a pastime; it's a passion.”
Time Lines and Chronologies
An effective technique for creating a family history is to establish a time line.
Place events chronologically in outline form, and intersperse with historical, local and familial events. Once the structure is set, look for gaps where information is lacking and make notes of documentation and records to be completed.
Sources / Comments
Family residing/renting in Hamilton Co., Ohio
Census - farming
1st child Maria born
Bible Record, 1920 Census
Family moves to Dearborn Michigan
Henry Ford develops assembly line
(Was father in auto industry?)
(Is there a city directory?)
World War I begins
2nd child Stephanus born
Bible Record, 1920 Census
Father registers for draft – occupation mechanic
Draft Card (Did father serve?)
Influenza epidemic, World War I ends
Census shows family residing/owning property in Girard, Crawford Co., Kansas; running a general store
(Look for land records and advertisements.)
And don't forget to include:
- Legal Transactions (land, probate)
- Migration and Immigration
- Religious (church formations and movements, persecution)
- Territorial (counties and state formations)
- Vital Records (dates, locations)
- External Events (economic, political, social, diseases, man-made and natural disasters)
To locate time lines and chronologies at RootsWeb, enter “time line”, “timeline”, “historical time line” or “chronology” in the Search Engine, located from RootsWeb's Main menu.
Rootsweb.ancestry.com > Searches > Search Thingy
From Avotaynu’s E-Zine