File - Copyright-Notice-File
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Copyrights, CAUTIONS, Disclaimers & NOTES TO EDITORS
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Some material is provided to a limited and
defined audience without permission from the
copyright owner, only for purposes of criticism,
comment, background information and research under
relevant provisions of some copyright laws.
These materials may not be distributed for other
purposes without permission of the copyright owner.
In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107,
this material is distributed without profit or payment
to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving
this information for non-profit research and
educational purposes only.
All postings are reprinted / sent / archived under the fair use
doctrine of US copyright law.
US "Fair Use" Code as of: 01/26/98
Sec. 107. Limitations on exclusive rights:
Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106
and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work,
including such use by reproduction in copies
or phonorecords or by any other means specified
by that section, for purposes such as
criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching
(including multiple copies for classroom use),
scholarship, or research,
is not an infringement of copyright.
In determining whether the use made of a work
in any particular case is a fair use
the factors to be considered shall include -
(1) the purpose and character of the use, including whether
such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit
(2) the nature of the copyrighted work;
(3) the amount and substantiality of the portion used in
relation to the copyrighted work as a whole;
(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or
value of the copyrighted work.
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not
itself bar a finding of fair use if such finding is made
upon consideration of all the above factors.
Posters to J-H-R are expected to follow "Fair Use" guidlines.
Messages that do not follow these guidlines will
not be distributed to the list.
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