News in Brief
- Vatican Plans Muslim Meeting
VATICAN CITY A landmark meeting between Catholic
officials and Muslim scholars that aims to spur
dialogue between Christianity and Islam is planned to
take place in Rome this spring, a senior Vatican
official has said.
"In a certain sense, (the meeting) can be defined as
historic," the head of the Vatican's Pontifical
Council for Inter-religious Dialogue, Cardinal
Jean-Louis Tauran , told the Vatican newspaper
L'Osservatore Romano, Reuters reported Friday, January
He said he expected an advanced group of three Muslim
representatives in February or March to lay the
groundwork for the meeting.
Tauran said the agenda of the larger meeting would
cover three main topics: respect for the dignity of
each person, interreligious dialogue based on
reciprocal understanding, and instruction of tolerance
among the young.
The meeting is the idea of Pope Benedict XVI as part
of his official response to a Muslim initiative that
urged for a candid dialogue with Christian clergymen
In an open letter themed "A Common Word Between Us and
You," 138 Muslim scholars wrote to Pope Benedict and
other Christian leaders in October, saying "the very
survival of the world itself" might depend on
The Pope, who as head of the Catholic Church
represents more than half the world's two billion
Christians, responded in November by welcoming their
call and inviting them to Rome.
But some Muslim scholars from the Cairo-based Al-Azhar
Al-Sharif, though welcoming the Vatican's response to
the letter, have expressed their reservations about
the meeting's venue.
They said such meetings should take place in a Muslim
country, arguing that the pontiff should reciprocate a
visit by Saudi King Abdullah Bin Abdel Aziz to the
Muslim leaders back Livingstone as mayor
· Statement of support for London incumbent
· Rival Johnson criticises 'divide and rule' politics
Prominent Muslim organisations and individuals have
pledged to back Ken Livingstone as mayor of London,
saying it is in the "best interest" of Muslims to vote
for him in this year's elections on May 1.
A statement, published today in full on the Guardian's
website, praises Livingstone for his continued support
of a multicultural society and for protecting Muslim
communities against racism and Islamophobia.
The 63 signatories include Mohammed Ali, the chief
executive of the Islam Channel, which claims to have
an audience of millions, Professor Tariq Ramadan and
Dilwar Hussain from the London Muslim Centre, part of
the East London Mosque.
They said: "His stands and policies have constantly
championed justice in the Middle East ... freedom for
the Palestinians and withdrawal of occupying troops
from Iraq; a rare trait of modern-day public figures.
He has enhanced London's standing in the world and
helped improve the lives of all of the city's
"We pledge to continue our support for the mayor on
all levels possible in order to secure his staying in
office for a third term."
Ihtisham Hibatullah from the British Muslim
Initiative, which organised the statement, said
Livingstone was doing more to help Muslim communities
than other mayoral candidates. "He supports religious
freedom. He's committed to developing skills of
alienated communities and he's doing great work on
social cohesion. These signatories are major players;
they have reach and come the elections there will be a
huge mobilisation of the Muslim vote."
Livingstone's criticism of US and UK foreign policy
has increased his popularity among Muslims and he has
appeared at events such as IslamExpo, which attracts
tens of thousands of people every year.
The mayor welcomed the statement, saying that London's
prosperity and good community relations were based on
openness and tolerance. "The fundamental basis of
London's openness and choice is that every Londoner
should be able to live their life as they freely
choose with the sole condition that they do not
prevent others doing the same," he said.
His courting of Muslim groups and leaders sparked
controversy in 2004, when he invited Islamic scholar
Yusuf al-Qaradawi to a conference about female
students wearing hijab. Among his fiercest critics was
gay rights campaigner Peter Tatchell, who condemned
the invitation because of al-Qaradawi's support for
"female genital mutilation, wife-beating, the
execution of homosexuals in Islamic states, the
destruction of the Jewish people, the use of suicide
bombs against innocent civilians and the blaming of
rape victims who do not dress with sufficient
His rival, Conservative candidate Boris Johnson, said
he was "not remotely worried" by the statement of
support and warned against "divide and rule" politics.
"When anything is signed by so-called community
leaders I take it with a big pinch of salt," he said.
"My grandfather was a Muslim and so was my
great-grandfather. I am proud of my Muslim ancestry.
But I want to talk about the interests of Londoners. I
don't care what religion they are. I want to look
after people from all communities."
Giuliani Takes Distance from Muslim Jibe
CAIRO US Republican front-runner presidential
hopeful Rudolph Giuliani has distanced himself from
offensive remarks made by a campaign supporter against
Muslims, the New York Post on Sunday, December 30.
"Everyone knows my views. I expressed them the night
of Sept. 11, 2001. These acts should never involve
group blame," Giuliani said after a rally at his Iowa
campaign headquarters Saturday
He said Muslims are "good, decent" people, but he
singled out a "small group . . . of Islamic terrorists
who have perverted . . . a great religion."
John Deady, volunteer co-chairman of New Hampshire
Veterans for Rudy, resigned Friday, December 29, in
the face of his inflammatory anti-Muslims remarks.
Deady told Britain's The Guardian newspaper that
Muslims need to be "chased back to their caves."
"We need to keep the feet to the fire and keep
pressing these people until we defeat or chase them
back to their caves or in other words get rid of
them," Deady said in a video interview posted
Thursday, December 27.
The then Giuliani campaigner later stood by his
comments in another interview to the popular political
blog Talking Points Memo (TPM).
"We can't afford to say, 'We'll try diplomacy.' They
don't respond to it. If you look into Islamic
tradition, a treaty is only good for five years. We're
not dealing with a rational mindset here. We're
dealing with madmen."
And he framed all Muslims.
"I don't subscribe to the principle that there are
good Muslims and bad Muslims," he told TPM. "Theyre
Mindful of bitter lessons from previous elections,
American Muslim activists launched last month a
"Voting is Power" campaign to mobilize Muslim voters
to cast the ballots in next year's polls.
The campaign is supported by Representative Keith
Ellison, America's first Muslim congressman.
The vote will coincide with the 2008 Senate elections,
House of Representatives elections, gubernatorial, as
well as many state and local elections.
There are between six to seven million Muslims in the
Malaysia Reverses "Allah" Ban
CAIRO The Malaysian government has reversed a ban
imposed on the Malay-language section of the country's
main Catholic newspaper, The Herald, after using the
Arabic word "Allah" to refer to God, reported The Star
on Monday, December 31.
"With the letter, Im certain that we can continue
with the publication as well as the use of the word
Allah," Herald's Editor Father Lawrence Andrew told
The Star, referring to an Internal Security Ministry's
permit that renewed the publishing of the Catholic
"This letter places no restrictions whatsoever and
includes the permit for all the languages, including
the Bahasa Malaysia segment," he added.
Print publications in Malaysia require a government
permit renewed every year.
The controversy thrust into the spotlight last week,
when leaders of Malaysia's Roman Catholics, estimated
at nearly 800,000, complained that authorities had
refused to renew a publishing permit for articles
written in Malay in their weekly.
The Internal Security Ministry attributed the ban to
The Herald's use of the word "Allah", which is
forbidden to be used by non-Muslims in Malaysia,
according to Catholic church officials.
The move promoted the weekly and a Catholic church to
lodge two lawsuits against the government, naming as
defendant the internal security minister, a post held
by Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.
"Allah" is the Arabic word for God and means the same
in Malay, Malaysia's national language.
Catholics argue that their use of "Allah" is not
something new. They have invoked the word for
generations in prayers and during Malay mass.
Graffiti praises 'hero' Saddam
By Sabah al-Bazi and Ghazwan al-Jubouri
Published: 31 December 2007
Black graffiti lauding Saddam Hussein appeared
overnight in his home town and small groups of
mourners turned out at his grave yesterday, the first
anniversary of the former Iraqi leader's execution.
"There is no life without the sun and no dignity
without Saddam," read one painted slogan in his home
town, Tikrit, north of Baghdad. "Paradise for the hero
Saddam," read another.
The graffiti appeared on buildings including the
town's police station and its agriculture and
Saddam was hanged for crimes against humanity in a
rushed execution criticised by the international
community. Fellow Sunni Arabs were also angered by
illicitly filmed footage that showed Shi'ite officials
taunting him on the gallows.
In Awja, the village near Tikrit that is Saddam's
birthplace and his final resting place, Reuters
Television filmed men, women and children crowding
around his flower-covered tomb in a hall attached to a
Seven poets recited poetry praising Saddam near his
grave, and a group of about 25 men sat talking about
life under Saddam and how Iraq had changed since his
"A year has passed since the death of the leader but
no positive changes have taken place. Things are worse
- we are ruled by Iran and America. The leader has
been killed to satisfy Iran," said Adnan Jassim, 38,
At the time of Saddam's execution Iraq was racked by
sectarian violence that pushed the country to the
brink of civil war. One year on, violence has dropped
sharply, in part because of a new counter-insurgency
strategy adopted by US forces and a rebellion by Sunni
tribes against al Qaeda.
France breaks off talks with Syria
By Maamoun Youssef, Associated Press Writer
Published: 31 December 2007
France is cutting off talks with Syria until Damascus
shows its willingness to let Lebanon elect a new
president, French President Nicolas Sarkozy said
Lebanon's Western-backed government and pro-Syrian
opposition have been unable to break a deadlock over
filling the presidential post, empty for a month, and
many Western countries have accused Damascus of
interfering in the process a claim Syria denies.
"I will not have any more contact with the Syrians
until ... we have received proof of Syria's intention
to let Lebanon designate a president of consensus,"
said Sarkozy at a press conference in Cairo after
meeting with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
France, Lebanon's former colonial ruler, has led the
international effort to mediate between feuding
Lebanese politicians and has consistently implored the
Syrians to cooperate.
Syrian Information Minister Mohsen Bilal called
Sarkozy's comments "surprising," telling Syrian state
television that Damascus was "working with France to
reach an agreement on a president who represents all
The French president spoke with Syrian President
Bashar Assad as recently as the beginning of December
to urge him to "facilitate" the election in Lebanon.
Sarkozy sent his chief of staff, Claude Gueant, to
Damascus in early November, and Foreign Minister
Bernard Kouchner met his Syrian counterpart Walid
al-Moallem earlier that month on the sidelines of an
Iraq conference in Turkey.
"France has taken the responsibility of talking with
Syria," said Sarkozy. "One must recognize today that
we cannot wait any longer, Syria must stop talking and
now must act."
Syria has denied meddling with the election and has
accused the French of working too closely with the US,
which Damascus claims is trying to manipulate the
Lebanese political process for its own interests an
accusation Washington denies.
Sarkozy also called on Israel to halt construction in
Jewish settlements as a gesture to push forward peace
negotiations with the Palestinians.
"I have said on several occasions ... that it is the
moment for the Israelis to make some gestures that
would show that peace is possible including a freeze
on the implantation of colonies," Sarkozy said.
Sarkozy met Mubarak in the last days of a personal
vacation the French president has taken in Egypt the
past week. Later yesterday, Sarkozy toured the
pyramids with his girlfriend, supermodel-turned-singer
Lebanon has been without a president since November
23, when pro-Syrian Emile Lahoud stepped down without
a successor. Opposition boycotts have thwarted
attempts to choose a president by preventing a
two-thirds quorum in parliament.
Lawmakers on both sides have agreed to back Army
Commander General Michel Suleiman as a compromise
candidate, but parliament must first amend the
constitution to allow a sitting military chief to
- Allah's name in Kashmir Sky
West Embraces "Sham" Democracies
CAIRO Europe and the United States increasingly
tolerate autocrats posing as democrats in countries
such as Pakistan, Kenya, Nigeria and Russia out of
pure self-interest, Human Rights Watch said on
Thursday, January 31.
"It's now too easy for autocrats to get away with
mounting a sham democracy," Kenneth Roth, the HRW
executive director, said in a press release.
"By allowing autocrats to pose as democrats, without
demanding they uphold the civil and political rights
that make democracy meaningful, the US, the EU and
other influential democracies risk undermining human
The watchdog's World Report 2008 said the US and
Europe do not press governments on the key human
rights issues that make democracy function such as a
free press, peaceful assembly and a functioning civil
It separately reviewed rights situations in more than
75 countries, identifying many troubling cases such as
atrocities in Chad, Colombia, the Democratic Republic
of Congo, Ethiopia's Ogaden region, Iraq, Somalia, Sri
Lanka, and Sudan's Darfur region.
The report voiced concern at closed societies or
severe repression in Burma, China, Cuba, Eritrea,
Libya, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam.
It accused the Bush administration of failing to push
for all governments to respect human rights.
"The Bush administration has spoken of its commitment
to democracy abroad but often kept silent about the
need for all governments to respect human rights."
In 2003, shortly before the invasion of Iraq, Bush
advocated democracy in the Middle East in a series of
bold statements and speeches.
But the reform tone died down as Washington was
getting deeper and deeper into the Iraq quagmire,
needing the help of repressive regimes in the region.
In 2005, Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
again played the democracy tune, vowing support for
"the democratic aspirations of all people."
Little has changed since then.
Israeli Embassy in Mauritania Attacked
NOUAKCHOTT Gunmen opened fire on the Israeli embassy
in the Mauritanian capital Nouakchott early Friday,
February 1, wounding five people, amid growing public
anger at the stifling Israeli blockade of the Gaza
"At 2:20 this morning, there was shooting at the
Israeli embassy in Nouakchott," Israeli ambassador
Boaz Bismuth told Reuters.
"It only happened a few hours ago, but a shooting on a
foreign embassy is a very serious incident."
Bismuth said all the embassy staff, Israeli and
Mauritanian, are safe.
Witnesses said six men wearing boubous long flowing
African gowns and turbans got out of a vehicle and
walked towards a restaurant near the embassy.
After a few minutes "they said loudly in Arabic 'let's
go' then shouted 'Allah Akbar' (God is Greatest) and
opened fire" at the embassy, said one witness, who was
at the restaurant when the attack took place.
Footage showed the embassy undamaged, but there were
three bullet holes in the windscreen of a vehicle
The gunmen also sprayed bullets at a nightclub about
50 meters (yards) from the embassy on the same street.
Five people, including a French woman, were injured in
the two attacks.
Friday's attack also came just weeks after the 2008
Lisbon-Dakar rally, which was due to have passed
through Mauritania, was cancelled due to a security
alarm caused by two December attacks claimed by
Al-Qaeda's North African branch claimed responsibility
for the killings last month of a number of Mauritanian
soldiers and four French tourists.
The attack comes as pressure increases within
Mauritania against the presence of an Israeli embassy
The president of the national assembly, Messaoud Ould
Boulkheir, called Sunday for the country to
"reconsider" its "shameful" relations with Tel Aviv
following its blockade of the Gaza Strip.
It was up to parliamentary "deputies and the
Mauritanian people to urge the government to
reconsider the shameful ties with an entity that kills
our brothers, occupies their land and keeps them under
the blockade," Ould Boulkheir told the National
Assembly earlier this week.
"Gaza is aching at the massacres of its sons and at
the blockade," he told the opening of a special
parliamentary session, referring to Israel's total
lockdown since January 17 of the Hamas-run Gaza Strip.
Ould Boulkheir, who is constitutionally the most
powerful man in the west African country after the
head of state and Senate president, became the first
senior politician publicly and officially to question
relations established with Israel in 1999, under the
regime of Maaouiya Ould Taya.
The speaker is the leader of the Progressive Popular
Alliance, now in power, which has always called for
Mauritania to break off those ties sealed with the
Hebrew state, in solidarity with the Palestinians.
Domestically, the government of President Sidi Ould
Cheikh Abdallahi has pursued a policy of freeing up
the press and working for reconcilation among the
traditional rulers and the black African population.
Last week, leaders of parties in an increasingly
active opposition and some allied with the government
sent a letter to Abdallahi calling on him to sever
relations with Israel.
US Army Suicides Spike
WASHINGTON The number of US army soldiers committing
suicides after deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan
continued to spike in 2007, hitting levels not seen in
more than a quarter century, army data has shown.
"We are perturbed by the rise despite all of our
efforts," Colonel Elsbeth Ritchie, psychiatric
consultant to the army's surgeon general, told Agence
Ritchie was part of a team that reviewed suicide
prevention efforts in Iraq in October after Lieutenant
General Raymond Odierno raised concerned about
suicides among deployed soldiers.
Data released by the army Thursday, January 31, show
the numbers of suicides and attempted suicides spiked
in 2007 with 89 confirmed suicides and another 32
deaths awaiting confirmation as suicides.
In 2006, 102 active duty soldiers committed suicide,
almost double the number in 2001.
According to the figures, more than 2,000 soldiers
tried to take their own lives or injure themselves in
2006, compared to about 375 in 2002.
Most suicides are young males between the ages of 18
and 24, but the army experts are also starting to see
higher numbers of suicides among older soldiers and
Ritchie said 11 female soldiers killed themselves in
2006. "That's the highest number of females we've ever
seen," she said.
Conflict spells disaster for whole of East Africa
Kenya's political meltdown is threatening its economic
lifeline to Somalia and other neighbouring countries
and disrupting the supply of desperately needed relief
The economies of landlocked states such as Uganda,
Rwanda and Burundi, which rely on Kenya's trade links
via its Indian Ocean port of Mombasa, are already
being hit by the effects of the unrest.
Goods are piling up in Mombasa amid fears of blockages
along the main road to Nairobi. Other arteries
including the roads from the capital to the western
city of Kisumu and the highway between Nakuru and
Eldoret have also been blocked. Guillermo Bettocci,
the Somalia representative of the UN High Commissioner
for Refugees, expressed concern about the cancellation
of flights at Nairobi airport, which is used to fly
out supplies to Somalia.
He described the situation in Somalia, where fierce
fighting has resumed between Islamic fighters and
Ethiopian forces sent to prop up a transitional
government, as "the world's worst humanitarian
disaster" which he said had now overtaken Darfur in
terms of a humanitarian emergency. A total of one
million people have been displaced inside Somalia by
the conflict, including 250,000 in Mogadishu alone.
One of Bin Laden's top six aides is killed in
suspected US strike
· Abu al-Libi dies in attack on Pakistan compound
· Leader of Afghan militants targeted Cheney last year
senior al-Qaida figure in Afghanistan, described by
Western officials as one of Osama bin Laden's top six
lieutenants, has been killed, it was reported
Abu Laith al-Libi was "martyred along with a group of
his brothers on the territory of Islamic Pakistan"
according to a statement on Ikhlaas.org, a website
that often posts communiques from Islamists in
Afghanistan and Iraq.
Libi's death may be linked to what is suspected to be
a US missile strike in Pakistan's North Waziristan
region earlier this week, in which 12 people - several
Arabs and central Asians, as well as local Taliban
members - are believed to have died. Locals told
reporters that they heard US Predator drones flying in
the area shortly before the explosion at a compound,
and a Pakistani daily newspaper, The News, reported
that the attack was targeted at Libi and another
senior figure, Obaidah al Masri.
Pakistani officials said they had "no information"
indicating that Libi was dead, but the Associated
Press quoted a "knowledgeable western official"
confirming the death: "It appears that Al-Libi has met
Letters: British Muslims
Muslims should not be surprised at backlash against
Robert Fisk: The curious case of the forged biography
When Robert Fisk heard that his life of Saddam Hussein
was selling well, one thing bothered him: he had never
written one. His investigation took him to the
murkiest corners of Cairo
It arrived for me in Beirut under plain cover, a brown
envelope containing a small, glossy paperback in
Arabic, accompanied by a note from an Egyptian friend.
"Robert!" it began. "Did you really write this?"
The front cover bore a photograph of Saddam Hussein in
the dock in Baghdad, the left side of his head in
colour, the right side bleached out, wearing a black
sports jacket but with no tie, holding a Koran in his
right hand. "Saddam Hussein," the cover said in huge
letters. "From Birth to Martyrdom." And then there was
the author's name in beautiful, calligraphic
typeface and in gold in the top, right-hand corner.
"By Robert Fisk."
So there it was, 272 paperback pages on the life and
times of the Hitler of Baghdad and selling very well
in the Egyptian capital. "We all suspect a well-known
man here," she added. "His name is Magdi Chukri."
Needless to say, I noticed one or two problems with
this book. It took a very lenient view of the
brutality of Saddam, it didn't seem to care much about
the gassed civilians of Halabja and it was full of
the kind of purple passages which I loathe. "After the
American rejection of the Iraqi weapons report to the
UN," 'Robert Fisk' wrote, "the beating of war drums
turned into a cacophony..."
Danish library plans to house cartoons of prophet
· Controversial works will be secure, says spokeswoman
· Muslim society vows to ignore 'provocation'
Wednesday January 30, 2008
Denmark's national library is to risk re-opening an
international political storm by housing the cartoon
images of the prophet Muhammad that provoked violent
convulsions throughout the Islamic world two years
The royal library in Copenhagen - founded in the 17th
century by King Frederik III and home to many historic
treasures - has declared the drawings to be of
historic value and is trying to acquire them for
The library, widely acknowledged as the most
significant in Scandinavia, has agreed to take
possession of the caricatures on behalf of the museum
of Danish cartoon art, a spokesman told the Art
UK lacks counter-terror policy, says Musharraf
· Pakistani president hits back at British critics
· Your Islamist militants are home-grown, Brown told
Pakistan's president, Pervez Musharraf, claimed
yesterday that Britain lacked a long-term
counter-terrorist strategy and argued that Islamist
extremism was a home-grown problem for Britain rather
than his country's responsibility.
Speaking before meeting Gordon Brown in Downing
Street, and in response to persistent British
criticism of his record on counter-terrorism,
Musharraf set out the shortcomings he sees in the UK's
efforts to deal with militant young Muslims, pointing
out that all the July 7 2005 bombers were born in the
"We have adopted a five-point strategy. You need to
adopt a similar strategy to curb this kind of tendency
in youngsters, who tend to become terrorists, because
merely getting hold of them and punishing them legally
does not solve the problem or get to the root of the
problem," he said.
He listed the five elements of Pakistan's
counter-terrorist strategy: curbing the propagation of
extremism in mosques; restricting the publication of
extremist literature; banning extremist organisations;
stopping the teaching of militant Islam in schools;
and bringing madrasas (religious schools) into the
Yasmin Alibhai-Brown: Why is racial abuse now
On the day my beloved son was born at the John
Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, Margaret Thatcher gave a
speech on how her kith and kin felt rather "swamped"
by alien cultures and peoples. My child was branded
rejected, I felt as he took his first breath. I
never forgave the Iron Lady for inciting animosity
This Wednesday the boy, now a barrister, turns 30. His
Britain is dynamic, diverse and in spite of old and
new fissures remarkably at ease with itself, as is
he. Though discrimination blocks talent and top jobs
still go to white, clubbable chaps, opportunities have
been prised open and a meritocracy operates in many
professions. There is nowhere else I would choose to
And yet, and yet, I see a return to some of the
attitudes personified by Thatcher and Enoch Powell,
cultural protectionists who wanted England to be their
England and only theirs once again. There are also
ominous signs that racial intolerance is breaking out,
even among the usually civil middle classes. It is
hugely upsetting that we blacks and Asians
increasingly experience spit-in-your-face racism, even
in London, the city made by strangers.
Last Monday, I was speaking at an Evening
Standard/YouGovStone public debate on what we wanted
from the London Mayor. We were at Cadogan Hall in
smart Sloane Square. The audience many well-heeled
was lively and keen, a good sign of political
engagement. Such debates can get fiery and that makes
them real and exciting. Other panellists were Michael
Eboda, the ex-editor of The Voice newspaper, the
prolific and weighty columnist Simon Jenkins, and
Boris Johnson. All went spiffingly well until I said
we needed time-limited, affirmative action in
recruitment and promotion for key institutions such as
the police forces.
In Northern Ireland, affirmative action has
transformed the police force so it reflects the
Catholic/Protestant population. Mr Eboda then directly
interrogated Mr Johnson on some of his insulting
assertions about black people. The Tory MP first
huffed and puffed and then blew out a timid apology.
Neither Mr Eboda nor I were rude or aggressive, yet we
seemed to stir some pretty revolting feelings in a
number of ladies and gents attending. There was much
unruly shouting. I was called a "cunt" and told to go
back to Uganda. Mr Eboda was also racially abused, as
was anybody else, black and white, who stood up to the
posh hooligans. Members of the Black Police Federation
later told me they were actually afraid of the mob
malevolence. Five years ago, few readers resorted to
ugly, racist abuse. Now hundreds mug me via email.
Talk to Al-Qaeda: French Expert
PARIS A French expert in terrorism and Islamic
militancy is calling for a dialogue with Osama bin
Laden's Al-Qaeda organization to refute its
"unrealistic" ideologies as the security option has
proved a "fiasco."
"In talking to Al-Qaeda and its leaders, I'm sure we
are able to counter their ideology with facts on the
ground," Anne Giudicelli told IslamOnline.net in an
"This will be the first step to face Al-Qaeda."
Giudicelli, a former anti-terror adviser to the French
Foreign Ministry, said a quite dialogue with Al-Qaeda
leaders could help convince them that their ideas,
like enforcing Shari`ah in European societies, simply
do not work.
"An in-depth dialogue will enable us convince Al-Qaeda
leaders that their ideology is inapplicable and
Giudicelli regretted European rejection of bin Laden's
truce offer in 2004 in the aftermath of the deadly
Madrid bombings claimed by his network.
Artificial Life Under Fire
WASHINGTON An announcement by controversial US
scientist Craig Venter of taking a major step toward
creating the first ever artificial life form by
synthetically reproducing the DNA of a bacteria has
aroused heated scientific debate over the ethics of
the lab trial and its success rates.
"Venter is not God," Helen Wallace, a biologist and
spokeswoman for GeneWatch UK, told Agence
Hamilton Smith, from the J.Craig Venter Institute, in
the study published Thursday in Science magazine, that
through a five-year research effort showed that
building large genomes is now feasible so that
important applications such as biofuels can be
The move is seen as the penultimate stage in the
endeavor to create an artificial life in the form of a
bacteria based entirely on a man-made DNA genome.
The research has been carried out at the laboratories
of Venter, who has hailed artificial life forms as a
potential remedy to illness and global warming.
The chromosome which Venter and his team has created
is known as Mycoplasma laboratorium and, in the final
step of the process, will be transplanted into a
living cell where it should "take control,"
effectively becoming a new life form.
The bacteria, which causes certain sexually
transmitted diseases, has one of the least complex DNA
structures of any life form, composed of just 580
genes. In contrast, the human genome has some 30,000.
Beirut Blast Kills Senior Officer
BEIRUT A senior intelligence officer was killed with
three other people in a car bombing in the Lebanese
capital, Beirut, on Friday, January 25, in the second
bombing targeting an official at the security and
military establishments in as many as days.
"Captain Wissam Eid, a member of the Internal Security
Forces, and his bodyguard were killed in the blast," a
security official told Agence France-Presse (AFP).
Desert state channels oil wealth into world's first
Lord Foster designs car-free, solar-powered project
for 50,000 people
In an expanse of grey rock and dust in one of the
harshest environments on earth, the United Arab
Emirates is about to build what is being described as
the world's first sustainable city, designed by
British architect Lord Foster.
The site is far from promising. Miles from a polluted
sea, a fierce sun raises temperatures to 50C (120F) in
the summer, and there is no fresh water, no soil and
no animals. But tens of billions of petro-dollars will
be poured into these seven square kilometres of desert
on the outskirts of Abu Dhabi.
Called Masdar - "the source" in Arabic - the walled
city is intended to house 50,000 people and 1,500
businesses. It will have no cars and be
self-sufficient in renewable energy, the majority of
which will be solar energy.
The formal unveiling of the desert eco-city will be
made today at a summit on future energy sources in Abu
Dhabi, attended by the UK business secretary, John
Hutton, and Prince Andrew.
"It's extremely ambitious," said Gerard Evenden,
senior partner in Lord Foster's architecture practice
in London, which has had a team working on the design
for nine months. "We were invited to design a
zero-carbon city. In this harsh place we needed to
look back at history and see how ancient settlements
had adapted to their environments." The buildings will
huddle together as in a casbah, and will be cooled by
wind towers which will collect the desert's breezes
and flush out hot air. No building will be more than
five storeys high; the city is to be oriented
north-east to south-west to give the optimum balance
of sunlight and shade.
'To impose democracy from outside is inherently
Ethiopia's prime minister, Meles Zenawi, tells Simon
Tisdall in a rare interview that western policy in the
region is ill-informed and at times arrogant
Western countries should stop trying to browbeat
Kenya's warring political leaders into submission and
do more in practical terms to prevent poverty, lack of
opportunity, and Islamist terrorism from further
destabilising the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia's prime
minister, Meles Zenawi, has told the Guardian.
"The threat of western sanctions as a response to the
current crisis in Kenya is very, very misguided,"
Meles said. "If it is presumed that the Kenyans will
democratise in order to eat the peanuts of development
assistance from the European Union, for example, it
would be a big mistake."
Placing pressure on resources to influence the
post-election process, which has degenerated into
violence amid claims of government-engineered fraud,
would not work and could be counter-productive, he
"What it does do is give the impression that Africans
democratise in response to development assistance and
all you have to do is close the taps and they will sit
up and behave like proper schoolchildren. That is very
unfortunate and quite demeaning."