News in Brief
- Woman. Muslim. American.
The car had been following Sarwat Husain for more than
10 miles, from near downtown where she had attended a
meeting about the Patriot Act at the Esperanza Peace &
Justice Center, almost to Loop 1604. No matter how
Husain detoured or doubled back, the car shadowed her.
At a stoplight, the car pulled alongside hers. "I just
kept looking straight ahead, but I could tell they had
rolled down the window and were screaming at me."
Britain isolated over role in Afghanistan
Britain is locked in an intense dispute with its
European allies in Nato over a plan, fraught with
political and security problems, to take control of
peacekeeping in Afghanistan. British military
involvement in the country is to be stepped up early
next year when it assumes command of the Kabul-based
International Security Assistance Force (Isaf), and
sends troops to a hostile southern province known for
Muslim graves desecrated in Birmingham cemetery
Hundreds of police officers were drafted on to the
streets of Birmingham last night after dozens of
Muslim grave headstones were damaged at a city
cemetery, triggering concerns about fresh race riots.
The desecration was discovered yesterday morning by
relatives visiting the Muslim part of Handsworth
Cemetery in Birmingham.
Father and sons found guilty of honour killing
A father and his two sons are facing life in prison
after they were found guilty yesterday of the honour
killing of a university student who was stabbed 46
times. Chomer Ali, 44, ordered his two sons, Mohammed
Mujibar Rahman, 19, and Mamnoor Rahman, 16, to kill
his daughter's boyfriend, Arash Ghorbani-Zarin, 19,
last November after he discovered that she was
pregnant. Manna Begum, 20, had been dating the victim
against the wishes of her father, who had set up an
arranged marriage and he was killed "to vindicate the
Scores killed as ferry capsizes off Pakistan
At least 60 people on their way to a memorial died
today when their overloaded ferry capsized in the
Arabian Sea off southern Pakistan, a navy spokesman
said. The accident occurred near the remote coastal
town of Kharo Chao, about 110 miles southeast of the
port city of Karachi, said navy Lt. Cmdr. Salman Ali.
10,000 protest against Bush
Around 10,000 protesters chanted "Get out Bush!" today
on the streets of the Argentinean resort which is
hosting the Summit of the Americas. Celebrities
including the Argentinean soccer legend Diego Maradona
are among the demonstrators who have gathered at the
resort of Mar Del Plata, where the two-day summit
starts later today.
There are more Muslims that some numbers tell
In my neighborhood in far western Pembroke Pines, two
of my favorite supermarket clerks are Muslim. A Muslim
family runs the neighborhood dollar store. A neighbor
pasted an Arabic greeting near his front door, while
women wearing hijabs walk in the neighborhood. And the
closest house of worship? A mosque being built in a
Pembroke Pines pasture. As Ramadan comes to an close
this week, I think of all the Muslims I now know --
and how many are probably not being counted in various
The aid honeymoon is over, so what next for Aceh's
The anniversary of the Boxing Day disaster is looming,
but government inertia has left the village the
Guardian has been monitoring playing a reconstruction
waiting game. The community noticeboard in Nusa is
conspicuously underemployed. There are no updates on
reconstruction programmes and the only bulletin on
livelihood is a dog-eared one from June. The only
recent notice advertises monthly distribution of rice,
cooking oil, noodles and sardines to those who lost
their homes in December's tsunami. Nearby, on the wall
of a barrack - as temporary accommodation has been
dubbed - are five designs from which the refugees must
choose their replacement homes.
Palestinians hit by sonic boom air raids
· UN condemns night noise attacks as indiscriminate
· Agencies say they cause trauma and miscarriages
Israel is deploying a terrifying new tactic against
Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip by letting
loose deafening "sound bombs" that cause widespread
fear, induce miscarriages and traumatise children.
Palestinians 'terrorised' by sonic boom flights
Human rights groups launched a High Court battle to
stop the "physical and mental harm" to Gaza's civilian
population they say is caused by Israel's new weapon
against militant attacks: the sonic boom. Miscarriages
have increased sharply and children have been driven
to panic by Israeli jets systematically breaking the
sound barrier over Gaza, according to a petition filed
with the court yesterday.
Albania protest halts Greek visit
The Chams say they were badly treated by Greece
Greek President Karolos Papoulias has cut short a
visit to neighbour Albania, after a minority group's
protest which Athens described as disruptive. Up to
200 demonstrators from the Albanian Muslim Cham clan
gathered outside a hotel where Mr Papoulias was due to
meet counterpart Alfred Moisiu.
Amnesty International on terror laws: Dangerous.
Ill-conceived. An assault on human rights
Tony Blair's plans for tough new anti-terror
legislation have been subjected to a damning critique
by Amnesty International, as MPs prepare to debate the
measures today. In a submission to MPs, Amnesty
International denounced the proposals to increase
police powers of detention and make a new offence of
the glorification of terrorism. It called them
"ill-conceived and dangerous" , amounting to an attack
on "the independence of the judiciary and the rule of
Iranian envoys sacked as hardliners' influence grows
Five Iranian ambassadors have been sacked as the
country's hardliners tighten their grip on foreign
policy following the election of the conservative
president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Iran's ambassador to
Britain, Seyed Mohammad Hossein Adeli, is among the
casualties of the purge. A press spokesman for the
Iranian embassy said: "The ambassador's term has been
terminated after one year of serving in London."
Pakistani rape victim is Glamour's woman of year
Mukhtaran Bibi, a Pakistani rape victim, is to receive
a "Woman Of the Year" award today from the US magazine
Glamour. The 31-year-old Punjabi villager will also
receive $20,000 (£11,350) at a ceremony in New York's
Lincoln Centre alongside 11 other nominees including
Catherine Zeta-Jones. "This is a story that I think is
going to shock everyone who hears it," said Cindi
Leive, editor-in-chief of Glamour.
Turkey told to speed up reforms
The pace of reform in Turkey over human rights, free
speech and freedom of religion has slowed to an
unacceptable level, the European commission will tell
Ankara next week. A month after European leaders
hailed the start of Turkey's EU membership talks as
"historic", Ankara is to be criticised for failing to
meet its side of the bargain by intensifying reforms.
Israel dragging heels over Gaza agreements
· Security cited as crossings closed and goods blocked
· Palestinians reject call for monitoring of borders
The Israeli government is de-stabilising Gaza and the
Palestinian Authority by closing down its links with
the outside world, according to the Palestinian
minister in charge of negotiations with them. Ghassan
Khatib said that Israel was making the current
situation worse by imposing a closure on Gaza and
deliberately slowing vital negotiations.
Inmates killed as troops end prison rebellion
At least four inmates were killed when Kyrgyz police
and troops stormed three prisons to quell unrest.
Police killed two others at a prison colony in
Moldovanovka and a further two at a jail in Petrovka,
both outside the capital, Bishkek, said the deputy
justice minister, Sergei Zubov.
Israeli clampdown amid rise in 'sonic bombs'
The Israeli defence ministry has barred foreign
journalists from entering the Gaza Strip in an
apparent attempt to limit reporting on the killing of
Palestinian civilians, the firing of artillery shells
and the use of "sonic bombs" to terrify the local
Basra explosion kills 20 among festive crowds
· Car blast in market area as end of Ramadan nears
· Second attack close to British army base
Made in Iran: A film about three Britons who went to
Afghanistan and ended up in Camp X-Ray
Two American guards are shackling a shaven-headed
prisoner in a Camp X-ray orange boiler suit, putting
him in goggles and ear muffs. He wails as if in real
pain. But this is not Cuba, it is Iran, seen more
often in the West as the sort of radical theocracy
evoked by its President's comment last week that
Israel should be "wiped off the map". And next to the
cages where prisoners loll against wire mesh, the
British director Michael Winterbottom is squinting
through a camera lens, a small crew hovering near by.
Anti-Prophet Danish Cartoons on OIC Summit Agenda
COPENHAGEN, November 5, 2005 (IslamONline.net & News
Agencies) Caricatures of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
recently published in Denmark's main daily, which have
triggered an outcry among Muslims in Denmark and
abroad, will be high on the agenda of the upcoming
Islamic summit in Saudi Arabia. "We have been informed
by our foreign minister that this caricature affair
will be on the agenda at a special summit of the
Organization of Islamic Conference," Mohab Nasr
Mostafa Mahdy, Egypt's deputy ambassador, told Agence
- Allah's name in Kashmir Sky
West Embraces "Sham" Democracies
CAIRO Europe and the United States increasingly
tolerate autocrats posing as democrats in countries
such as Pakistan, Kenya, Nigeria and Russia out of
pure self-interest, Human Rights Watch said on
Thursday, January 31.
"It's now too easy for autocrats to get away with
mounting a sham democracy," Kenneth Roth, the HRW
executive director, said in a press release.
"By allowing autocrats to pose as democrats, without
demanding they uphold the civil and political rights
that make democracy meaningful, the US, the EU and
other influential democracies risk undermining human
The watchdog's World Report 2008 said the US and
Europe do not press governments on the key human
rights issues that make democracy function such as a
free press, peaceful assembly and a functioning civil
It separately reviewed rights situations in more than
75 countries, identifying many troubling cases such as
atrocities in Chad, Colombia, the Democratic Republic
of Congo, Ethiopia's Ogaden region, Iraq, Somalia, Sri
Lanka, and Sudan's Darfur region.
The report voiced concern at closed societies or
severe repression in Burma, China, Cuba, Eritrea,
Libya, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia and Vietnam.
It accused the Bush administration of failing to push
for all governments to respect human rights.
"The Bush administration has spoken of its commitment
to democracy abroad but often kept silent about the
need for all governments to respect human rights."
In 2003, shortly before the invasion of Iraq, Bush
advocated democracy in the Middle East in a series of
bold statements and speeches.
But the reform tone died down as Washington was
getting deeper and deeper into the Iraq quagmire,
needing the help of repressive regimes in the region.
In 2005, Bush and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice
again played the democracy tune, vowing support for
"the democratic aspirations of all people."
Little has changed since then.
Israeli Embassy in Mauritania Attacked
NOUAKCHOTT Gunmen opened fire on the Israeli embassy
in the Mauritanian capital Nouakchott early Friday,
February 1, wounding five people, amid growing public
anger at the stifling Israeli blockade of the Gaza
"At 2:20 this morning, there was shooting at the
Israeli embassy in Nouakchott," Israeli ambassador
Boaz Bismuth told Reuters.
"It only happened a few hours ago, but a shooting on a
foreign embassy is a very serious incident."
Bismuth said all the embassy staff, Israeli and
Mauritanian, are safe.
Witnesses said six men wearing boubous long flowing
African gowns and turbans got out of a vehicle and
walked towards a restaurant near the embassy.
After a few minutes "they said loudly in Arabic 'let's
go' then shouted 'Allah Akbar' (God is Greatest) and
opened fire" at the embassy, said one witness, who was
at the restaurant when the attack took place.
Footage showed the embassy undamaged, but there were
three bullet holes in the windscreen of a vehicle
The gunmen also sprayed bullets at a nightclub about
50 meters (yards) from the embassy on the same street.
Five people, including a French woman, were injured in
the two attacks.
Friday's attack also came just weeks after the 2008
Lisbon-Dakar rally, which was due to have passed
through Mauritania, was cancelled due to a security
alarm caused by two December attacks claimed by
Al-Qaeda's North African branch claimed responsibility
for the killings last month of a number of Mauritanian
soldiers and four French tourists.
The attack comes as pressure increases within
Mauritania against the presence of an Israeli embassy
The president of the national assembly, Messaoud Ould
Boulkheir, called Sunday for the country to
"reconsider" its "shameful" relations with Tel Aviv
following its blockade of the Gaza Strip.
It was up to parliamentary "deputies and the
Mauritanian people to urge the government to
reconsider the shameful ties with an entity that kills
our brothers, occupies their land and keeps them under
the blockade," Ould Boulkheir told the National
Assembly earlier this week.
"Gaza is aching at the massacres of its sons and at
the blockade," he told the opening of a special
parliamentary session, referring to Israel's total
lockdown since January 17 of the Hamas-run Gaza Strip.
Ould Boulkheir, who is constitutionally the most
powerful man in the west African country after the
head of state and Senate president, became the first
senior politician publicly and officially to question
relations established with Israel in 1999, under the
regime of Maaouiya Ould Taya.
The speaker is the leader of the Progressive Popular
Alliance, now in power, which has always called for
Mauritania to break off those ties sealed with the
Hebrew state, in solidarity with the Palestinians.
Domestically, the government of President Sidi Ould
Cheikh Abdallahi has pursued a policy of freeing up
the press and working for reconcilation among the
traditional rulers and the black African population.
Last week, leaders of parties in an increasingly
active opposition and some allied with the government
sent a letter to Abdallahi calling on him to sever
relations with Israel.
US Army Suicides Spike
WASHINGTON The number of US army soldiers committing
suicides after deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan
continued to spike in 2007, hitting levels not seen in
more than a quarter century, army data has shown.
"We are perturbed by the rise despite all of our
efforts," Colonel Elsbeth Ritchie, psychiatric
consultant to the army's surgeon general, told Agence
Ritchie was part of a team that reviewed suicide
prevention efforts in Iraq in October after Lieutenant
General Raymond Odierno raised concerned about
suicides among deployed soldiers.
Data released by the army Thursday, January 31, show
the numbers of suicides and attempted suicides spiked
in 2007 with 89 confirmed suicides and another 32
deaths awaiting confirmation as suicides.
In 2006, 102 active duty soldiers committed suicide,
almost double the number in 2001.
According to the figures, more than 2,000 soldiers
tried to take their own lives or injure themselves in
2006, compared to about 375 in 2002.
Most suicides are young males between the ages of 18
and 24, but the army experts are also starting to see
higher numbers of suicides among older soldiers and
Ritchie said 11 female soldiers killed themselves in
2006. "That's the highest number of females we've ever
seen," she said.
Conflict spells disaster for whole of East Africa
Kenya's political meltdown is threatening its economic
lifeline to Somalia and other neighbouring countries
and disrupting the supply of desperately needed relief
The economies of landlocked states such as Uganda,
Rwanda and Burundi, which rely on Kenya's trade links
via its Indian Ocean port of Mombasa, are already
being hit by the effects of the unrest.
Goods are piling up in Mombasa amid fears of blockages
along the main road to Nairobi. Other arteries
including the roads from the capital to the western
city of Kisumu and the highway between Nakuru and
Eldoret have also been blocked. Guillermo Bettocci,
the Somalia representative of the UN High Commissioner
for Refugees, expressed concern about the cancellation
of flights at Nairobi airport, which is used to fly
out supplies to Somalia.
He described the situation in Somalia, where fierce
fighting has resumed between Islamic fighters and
Ethiopian forces sent to prop up a transitional
government, as "the world's worst humanitarian
disaster" which he said had now overtaken Darfur in
terms of a humanitarian emergency. A total of one
million people have been displaced inside Somalia by
the conflict, including 250,000 in Mogadishu alone.
One of Bin Laden's top six aides is killed in
suspected US strike
· Abu al-Libi dies in attack on Pakistan compound
· Leader of Afghan militants targeted Cheney last year
senior al-Qaida figure in Afghanistan, described by
Western officials as one of Osama bin Laden's top six
lieutenants, has been killed, it was reported
Abu Laith al-Libi was "martyred along with a group of
his brothers on the territory of Islamic Pakistan"
according to a statement on Ikhlaas.org, a website
that often posts communiques from Islamists in
Afghanistan and Iraq.
Libi's death may be linked to what is suspected to be
a US missile strike in Pakistan's North Waziristan
region earlier this week, in which 12 people - several
Arabs and central Asians, as well as local Taliban
members - are believed to have died. Locals told
reporters that they heard US Predator drones flying in
the area shortly before the explosion at a compound,
and a Pakistani daily newspaper, The News, reported
that the attack was targeted at Libi and another
senior figure, Obaidah al Masri.
Pakistani officials said they had "no information"
indicating that Libi was dead, but the Associated
Press quoted a "knowledgeable western official"
confirming the death: "It appears that Al-Libi has met
Letters: British Muslims
Muslims should not be surprised at backlash against
Robert Fisk: The curious case of the forged biography
When Robert Fisk heard that his life of Saddam Hussein
was selling well, one thing bothered him: he had never
written one. His investigation took him to the
murkiest corners of Cairo
It arrived for me in Beirut under plain cover, a brown
envelope containing a small, glossy paperback in
Arabic, accompanied by a note from an Egyptian friend.
"Robert!" it began. "Did you really write this?"
The front cover bore a photograph of Saddam Hussein in
the dock in Baghdad, the left side of his head in
colour, the right side bleached out, wearing a black
sports jacket but with no tie, holding a Koran in his
right hand. "Saddam Hussein," the cover said in huge
letters. "From Birth to Martyrdom." And then there was
the author's name in beautiful, calligraphic
typeface and in gold in the top, right-hand corner.
"By Robert Fisk."
So there it was, 272 paperback pages on the life and
times of the Hitler of Baghdad and selling very well
in the Egyptian capital. "We all suspect a well-known
man here," she added. "His name is Magdi Chukri."
Needless to say, I noticed one or two problems with
this book. It took a very lenient view of the
brutality of Saddam, it didn't seem to care much about
the gassed civilians of Halabja and it was full of
the kind of purple passages which I loathe. "After the
American rejection of the Iraqi weapons report to the
UN," 'Robert Fisk' wrote, "the beating of war drums
turned into a cacophony..."
Danish library plans to house cartoons of prophet
· Controversial works will be secure, says spokeswoman
· Muslim society vows to ignore 'provocation'
Wednesday January 30, 2008
Denmark's national library is to risk re-opening an
international political storm by housing the cartoon
images of the prophet Muhammad that provoked violent
convulsions throughout the Islamic world two years
The royal library in Copenhagen - founded in the 17th
century by King Frederik III and home to many historic
treasures - has declared the drawings to be of
historic value and is trying to acquire them for
The library, widely acknowledged as the most
significant in Scandinavia, has agreed to take
possession of the caricatures on behalf of the museum
of Danish cartoon art, a spokesman told the Art
UK lacks counter-terror policy, says Musharraf
· Pakistani president hits back at British critics
· Your Islamist militants are home-grown, Brown told
Pakistan's president, Pervez Musharraf, claimed
yesterday that Britain lacked a long-term
counter-terrorist strategy and argued that Islamist
extremism was a home-grown problem for Britain rather
than his country's responsibility.
Speaking before meeting Gordon Brown in Downing
Street, and in response to persistent British
criticism of his record on counter-terrorism,
Musharraf set out the shortcomings he sees in the UK's
efforts to deal with militant young Muslims, pointing
out that all the July 7 2005 bombers were born in the
"We have adopted a five-point strategy. You need to
adopt a similar strategy to curb this kind of tendency
in youngsters, who tend to become terrorists, because
merely getting hold of them and punishing them legally
does not solve the problem or get to the root of the
problem," he said.
He listed the five elements of Pakistan's
counter-terrorist strategy: curbing the propagation of
extremism in mosques; restricting the publication of
extremist literature; banning extremist organisations;
stopping the teaching of militant Islam in schools;
and bringing madrasas (religious schools) into the
Yasmin Alibhai-Brown: Why is racial abuse now
On the day my beloved son was born at the John
Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, Margaret Thatcher gave a
speech on how her kith and kin felt rather "swamped"
by alien cultures and peoples. My child was branded
rejected, I felt as he took his first breath. I
never forgave the Iron Lady for inciting animosity
This Wednesday the boy, now a barrister, turns 30. His
Britain is dynamic, diverse and in spite of old and
new fissures remarkably at ease with itself, as is
he. Though discrimination blocks talent and top jobs
still go to white, clubbable chaps, opportunities have
been prised open and a meritocracy operates in many
professions. There is nowhere else I would choose to
And yet, and yet, I see a return to some of the
attitudes personified by Thatcher and Enoch Powell,
cultural protectionists who wanted England to be their
England and only theirs once again. There are also
ominous signs that racial intolerance is breaking out,
even among the usually civil middle classes. It is
hugely upsetting that we blacks and Asians
increasingly experience spit-in-your-face racism, even
in London, the city made by strangers.
Last Monday, I was speaking at an Evening
Standard/YouGovStone public debate on what we wanted
from the London Mayor. We were at Cadogan Hall in
smart Sloane Square. The audience many well-heeled
was lively and keen, a good sign of political
engagement. Such debates can get fiery and that makes
them real and exciting. Other panellists were Michael
Eboda, the ex-editor of The Voice newspaper, the
prolific and weighty columnist Simon Jenkins, and
Boris Johnson. All went spiffingly well until I said
we needed time-limited, affirmative action in
recruitment and promotion for key institutions such as
the police forces.
In Northern Ireland, affirmative action has
transformed the police force so it reflects the
Catholic/Protestant population. Mr Eboda then directly
interrogated Mr Johnson on some of his insulting
assertions about black people. The Tory MP first
huffed and puffed and then blew out a timid apology.
Neither Mr Eboda nor I were rude or aggressive, yet we
seemed to stir some pretty revolting feelings in a
number of ladies and gents attending. There was much
unruly shouting. I was called a "cunt" and told to go
back to Uganda. Mr Eboda was also racially abused, as
was anybody else, black and white, who stood up to the
posh hooligans. Members of the Black Police Federation
later told me they were actually afraid of the mob
malevolence. Five years ago, few readers resorted to
ugly, racist abuse. Now hundreds mug me via email.
Talk to Al-Qaeda: French Expert
PARIS A French expert in terrorism and Islamic
militancy is calling for a dialogue with Osama bin
Laden's Al-Qaeda organization to refute its
"unrealistic" ideologies as the security option has
proved a "fiasco."
"In talking to Al-Qaeda and its leaders, I'm sure we
are able to counter their ideology with facts on the
ground," Anne Giudicelli told IslamOnline.net in an
"This will be the first step to face Al-Qaeda."
Giudicelli, a former anti-terror adviser to the French
Foreign Ministry, said a quite dialogue with Al-Qaeda
leaders could help convince them that their ideas,
like enforcing Shari`ah in European societies, simply
do not work.
"An in-depth dialogue will enable us convince Al-Qaeda
leaders that their ideology is inapplicable and
Giudicelli regretted European rejection of bin Laden's
truce offer in 2004 in the aftermath of the deadly
Madrid bombings claimed by his network.
Artificial Life Under Fire
WASHINGTON An announcement by controversial US
scientist Craig Venter of taking a major step toward
creating the first ever artificial life form by
synthetically reproducing the DNA of a bacteria has
aroused heated scientific debate over the ethics of
the lab trial and its success rates.
"Venter is not God," Helen Wallace, a biologist and
spokeswoman for GeneWatch UK, told Agence
Hamilton Smith, from the J.Craig Venter Institute, in
the study published Thursday in Science magazine, that
through a five-year research effort showed that
building large genomes is now feasible so that
important applications such as biofuels can be
The move is seen as the penultimate stage in the
endeavor to create an artificial life in the form of a
bacteria based entirely on a man-made DNA genome.
The research has been carried out at the laboratories
of Venter, who has hailed artificial life forms as a
potential remedy to illness and global warming.
The chromosome which Venter and his team has created
is known as Mycoplasma laboratorium and, in the final
step of the process, will be transplanted into a
living cell where it should "take control,"
effectively becoming a new life form.
The bacteria, which causes certain sexually
transmitted diseases, has one of the least complex DNA
structures of any life form, composed of just 580
genes. In contrast, the human genome has some 30,000.
Beirut Blast Kills Senior Officer
BEIRUT A senior intelligence officer was killed with
three other people in a car bombing in the Lebanese
capital, Beirut, on Friday, January 25, in the second
bombing targeting an official at the security and
military establishments in as many as days.
"Captain Wissam Eid, a member of the Internal Security
Forces, and his bodyguard were killed in the blast," a
security official told Agence France-Presse (AFP).
Desert state channels oil wealth into world's first
Lord Foster designs car-free, solar-powered project
for 50,000 people
In an expanse of grey rock and dust in one of the
harshest environments on earth, the United Arab
Emirates is about to build what is being described as
the world's first sustainable city, designed by
British architect Lord Foster.
The site is far from promising. Miles from a polluted
sea, a fierce sun raises temperatures to 50C (120F) in
the summer, and there is no fresh water, no soil and
no animals. But tens of billions of petro-dollars will
be poured into these seven square kilometres of desert
on the outskirts of Abu Dhabi.
Called Masdar - "the source" in Arabic - the walled
city is intended to house 50,000 people and 1,500
businesses. It will have no cars and be
self-sufficient in renewable energy, the majority of
which will be solar energy.
The formal unveiling of the desert eco-city will be
made today at a summit on future energy sources in Abu
Dhabi, attended by the UK business secretary, John
Hutton, and Prince Andrew.
"It's extremely ambitious," said Gerard Evenden,
senior partner in Lord Foster's architecture practice
in London, which has had a team working on the design
for nine months. "We were invited to design a
zero-carbon city. In this harsh place we needed to
look back at history and see how ancient settlements
had adapted to their environments." The buildings will
huddle together as in a casbah, and will be cooled by
wind towers which will collect the desert's breezes
and flush out hot air. No building will be more than
five storeys high; the city is to be oriented
north-east to south-west to give the optimum balance
of sunlight and shade.
'To impose democracy from outside is inherently
Ethiopia's prime minister, Meles Zenawi, tells Simon
Tisdall in a rare interview that western policy in the
region is ill-informed and at times arrogant
Western countries should stop trying to browbeat
Kenya's warring political leaders into submission and
do more in practical terms to prevent poverty, lack of
opportunity, and Islamist terrorism from further
destabilising the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia's prime
minister, Meles Zenawi, has told the Guardian.
"The threat of western sanctions as a response to the
current crisis in Kenya is very, very misguided,"
Meles said. "If it is presumed that the Kenyans will
democratise in order to eat the peanuts of development
assistance from the European Union, for example, it
would be a big mistake."
Placing pressure on resources to influence the
post-election process, which has degenerated into
violence amid claims of government-engineered fraud,
would not work and could be counter-productive, he
"What it does do is give the impression that Africans
democratise in response to development assistance and
all you have to do is close the taps and they will sit
up and behave like proper schoolchildren. That is very
unfortunate and quite demeaning."