History Scrapbooks - 1798 Rebellion
- Federal Gazette
October 19, 1798
DUBLIN, August 29.
Extract of a letter from Ballinrebe, Aug. 25.
"Friday morning, at two o'clock, we were alarmed by an express for the
Carabineers, the French being about to land at Killala, about 42 miles from
hence. Sir Thomas Chapman immediately set off, and found they had really
effected a landing, and had taken prisoners the bishop of Killala, his two
sons, Dean Thompson and his wife, Mr. Thomas Ellison, &c and had thrown up
some istrenchments. Sir Thomas, on reconnoitering their works, was
attacked, but after a smart skirmish, had only a few men, about 8, slightly
wounded, and a serjeant missing. Our troops killed one of their officers,
and retreated to Castlebar, where they are now waiting for a supply of
troops, who are hourly passing through this quarter, and it is thought will
proceed to-morrow to attack them.
"On Sir Thomas Chapman's retreat, the enemy advanced as far as Ballina
(7 miles nearer us) but did not keep it long, having conceived it prudent to
return to their first position. They picked up several prisoners, among them
Sir William Boyd.
"The alarm occasioned by the appearance of the enemy has crowded this
town, a number of families having deserted their habitations not only from
the neighborhood of Killala, but from parts within two miles of us. Thank
God, there is a considerable body of troops and ordnance in motion, and the
common people seem steady and well affected; a few days will terminate the
The above letter mentions but 3 French frigates having appeared at
Friday last the following notice was distributed through Athlone and its
"Brigadier general Barnet has the satisfaction of informing the
inhabitants of Athlone and its neighborhood, that the French force landed at
Killala is very inconsiderable and that the force already marched against
them is sufficient to prevent their moving forward; and the general hopes,
in a very short time, to be able to announce their total defeat."
A variety of reports were yesterday circulated; among the most credited
were accounts that C. O'Hara, M.P. for Sligo, had, in attempting at the head
of his yeomanry corps to check the course of the French, fallen a prisoner
into their hands.
By the latest accounts we learn, that the French column had advanced on
its way to Sligo as far as the town of Ballina; but finding no aid or
countenance from the country people, had retired to Killala in the hope of
re-imbarking; but, it was added, that the frigates which brought them had
disappeared from the coast.
The landing of the enemy at Killala seems to be a matter artfully
designed, so as to have received assistance from the inhabitants of a part
of province of Ulster as well as Connaught before they proceeded further
into the country; but we are happy to find that loyalty is at present the
prevalent principle among the people, and that they have not been joined by
any of the inhabitants, and of course, the French forces must either
endeavor to escape to their vessels or else soon feel the fatal effects of
opposition to the troops of the country.
The spirit which the northern loyalists have ever displayed, has been
gloriously manifested by the Enniskilliners - four hundred of them, under
the command of cols Cole, marched on Friday evening toward Killala, leaving
700 behind them to protect the important pass of Enniskillen.
Since the above we hear, and hope, the intelligence well founded, that
the French have capitulated - and a still more pleasant circumstance, that
they were joined but by three of the natives;- these, together with an
outpost of the enemy, to whom they appeared to have acted as guides, are
said to have been taken by a party of the yeomanry. The French were defended
by 16 pieces of artillery.
The marquis Cornwallis's headquarters continue to be at Athlone.
A letter from Killala of the 26th states, that an heavy cannonade was
heard off the coast; and the probability is, that one of our squadrons has
fallen in with some of the enemy's ships.
From the different counties of Ulster, we receive the best-founded
assurances of tranquility.
A letter from Castlebar, under date of the 26th instant, mentions an
action having taken place between the enemy and the king's troops and
yeomanry, in which the latter sustained some trifling disadvantage; but
reinforcements being in movement from various directions, it was hourly
expected that the enemy must surrender, or be entirely cut off.
It is with much concern that we present to the public the official
account published yesterday, of a check received by the king's forces under
The circumstances, as far as we have been able to learn, are as follows:
General Luke, who left Dublin on Saturday last at 2 o'clock P.M. arrived
on the next evening at the village near Castlebar, where he had directed the
forces of the district to assemble with all possible speed; some of these
troops had many miles to march within a few hours, and in consequence at a
very early hour the next morning, but a small part of the intended army
having assembled (not quite one thousand men) the general was attacked on
the very point of rendezvousing by the enemy, who had marched in the course
of the evening and night before, in all force from Killala.
The king's troops, consisting of detachments from the Frazer fencibles,
Kilkenny and Limerick city militia, and royal Irish artillery, with six
field pieces, sustained the attack of the French with great gallantry, and
had there been any time for preparation or arrangement would have defeated
them; but the fencibles, having given way, and the six field pieces having
fallen into the hands of the enemy, the general found it necessary to
retreat with the loss of about twenty of his men.
His first retreat was to Hollymount, about seven miles southward of
Castlebar, from whence we understand he has since retreated still further
southward, through Tuam, in the county of Galway, to which latter place the
French troops are said to have advanced.
We have not learned whether general Lake has shaped his course to Galway
Menatime every exertion of vigilance and precaution is adopted to
preserve the security of the rest of the country. The county of Wexford, so
lately the scene of warfare, is so far restored to peace as to justify the
marching of the 2d and 29th regiments toward the province of Connaught -
troops are moving from every quarter to the kingdom in the same direction -
the yeomanry have resumed their habits of vigilance throughout the country -
and in the city of Dublin the regulations which produced such salutary
effects during the late rebellion, have been revived.
General Craig, commander of the garrison, issued last night his orders
to have strictly enforced the directions forbidding any person whatever from
appearing in the streets at a later hour than 9 o'clock - and lord
Castlereagh by letter signed to the lord mayor the propriety of causing the
inhabitants of this city to continue pasted on their doors the names of the
persons residing in their houses. The different yoemanry guards were
strengthened and multiplied.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- The Herald of Liberty
November 5, 1798
The following MANIFESTO was transmitted to us from the County of Mayo and
said to be published there by the French General.
"Health and fraternity to the people of Ireland.
"The Great nation has sent me to you with a band of heroes, to deliver
you from the hands of tyrants, fly to our standards, and share with us the
glory of subduing the world. We will teach you the arts of war and to
despise the low pursuits of toil and industry - You shall live on the spoils
of war and the labor of others. The acquisition of misery, and the enjoyment
of ease is glorious; We have made all the nations we have conquered happy by
arresting their property; by applying it to the common cause and
consecrating it to the champions of liberty! Property is a common right,
belonging to the valor that seizes it.
We have already destroyed the unaspiring tranquility of Switzerland! and
the wealth and power, and the bigotry of Italy are no more! if then the
justice of France has thus extended its reforming vengeance to unoffending
nations, consider how much more rigor it will visit you if you shall slight
its benignity, fly to our standards and we will free you from spiritual as
well as temporal subjection.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Connecticut Courant
November 19, 1798
REBELLION IN IRELAND
IRELAND, DUBLIN, Sept. 25.
From Ballyshannon, Sept. 18:
"The French were on this coast a few days since. A vessel mounting 169 guns,
and 200 men, a large park of artillery and a great quantity of small arms
and ammunition on board, arrived at Rutland, on Sunday last; they landed the
men but finding that the country people would not join them, they
re-embarked after pillaging the post-office, and other houses in that town,
they sailed thence to the eastward, on the same evening.
"It is confidently said, that James Napper Tandy was the conductor of
the above expedition; and from the course she steered from her departure
from Rutland, we have every reason to hope that she cannot escape the
vigilance of our cruizers on the Cork station."
A mail arrived this day from Dublin, but happy for Ireland - happy for
England!- order and quiet are now so generally restored that hardly any
other fact is left us to communicate in the way of intelligence.
The Gazette of the United States
November 20, 1798
BALLINA, September 24.
We have been here for some time in the greatest dread of being destroyed
by the rebels; but now, thank God, we are extricated from those fears - A
sore defeat has been given to the deluded wretches by his majesty's army, in
which above 1000 of them were killed between this place and Foxford. In this
vicinity they had committed great depredation. On entering houses they first
drank any wine they could get, then destroyed the furniture, and even the
gardens, and afterward carried off all plunder that was portable to Killala.
They were going to hang CALONEL, whose house they plundered. Some of the
French who lately landed at Killala were found among them, and are now
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News