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History Scrapbooks - 1798 Rebellion

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  • Cathy Joynt Labath
    New Jersey Journal Aug 14, 1798 DUBLIN, May 31. We are extremely happy to announce that, in several parts of the country, numbers of the infatuated peasantry
    Message 1 of 15 , Jul 23, 2005
      New Jersey Journal
      Aug 14, 1798

      DUBLIN, May 31.
      We are extremely happy to announce that, in several parts of the country,
      numbers of the infatuated peasantry are coming in, surrendering their arms, and
      taking the oath of allegiance. In the neighbourhood of Coolock, we hear, no less
      than 500 have come in in the course of Tuesday, and the day before,
      acknowledging their crimes, and delivering up their arms; and this, we
      understand, has been in a great measure owing to the humane exertions of Hon.
      Capt. Annesley.
      Recruits are joining in numbers every day, to the different yeomanry troops
      of this city, and new bodies also forming, one of which is to be called the
      Orange Corps, and, it is said, will be very numerous. In the country parts,
      likewise, the increase of the different corps of yeomanry is going forward with
      spirit, and the persons chosen are taken from the list of those who have
      voluntarily come forward to take the oath of allegiance, and indeed, very few
      will be excused unless such as are incapable of carrying arms, either by age,
      infirmity or their being employed in some necessary or indispensable avocation.
      June 2. This day Mr. Thomas Bacon, of Ship-street, a respectable master
      taylor, and formerly Major in the Goldsmith's Dublin Volunteers, was arrested in
      Golden-lane, dressed in female attire, and conveyed to the castle.
      Lord Henry Fitzgerald, who arrived here on Thursday, had yesterday a long
      interview with Lord Camden; but by no intreaty could he procure permission to
      free his brother, Lord Edward.
      Another execution took place this day on the Old Bridge.
      A respectable master shoe maker, who keeps a shop in South-King street was
      yesterday arrested, and, having received 200 lashes to extort a confession of
      what he knew not, was this day sent home to his disconsolate family, to be
      In the affair of Blackmore-hill, six or seven peasants were shot, in their
      miserable cabins, by the military, after the insurgents had retreated.
      The town of Nass is totally destroyed, except a few remaining houses in the
      centre, occupied by the military.
      June 3. Enniscorthy (about 48 miles south of Dublin, on a fine river called
      Slaney) is in the hands of rebels, who have put every Protestant to death.
      Mr. Moor, of Rathangan, having drawn out his corps against the rebels, his
      lieutenant, who was a Catholic, cried out that "he would not fire on his fellow
      citizens." - "Nor I. Nor I," ran through the corps. On which Mr. Moor called
      out, "What I have no loyal men amongst you to ??????" Six or seven men instantly
      stood forward, who, with Mr. Moor, as instantly lost their lives, and the
      traitors fled to join the rebels.
      In Mr. Burchall's garden, which was dug up in every part, there were found
      long pikes and 12 muskets., which were concealed under some cabbage-plants; and
      in his day book was found the following creed in his own handwriting:- "I hold
      it to be an incontrovertible truism, that no Irish Catholic can be free while a
      Protestant lives."
      The rebels have burnt the bodies of several Protestants in some parts of the
      country. After the battle that was fought near Nass, the road was so encumbered
      with dead bodies, for near six miles, as to be scarcely passable.
      In the different engagements which have happened up to the present date, I
      am concerned to state that the loss of the Yeomanry is full 500 killed, besides
      12 officers; and the loss of the rebels exceeds 5000.
      More than 4000 rebels have encamped themselves on the hills of Tallagh,
      (about seven miles from Dublin) whole numbers have been considerably augmented
      by those who surrendered to Gen Dundas. The seven pretended leaders given up by
      these men, were seven miserable creatures who joined them thro' compulsion, and
      were about to desert them through fear. The event certainly shews there was no
      security for the engagements on the side of these rebels, for they fled
      instantly and joined the rebels at Talagh and Rathangan. And the rear of this
      army, with which Gen. Dundas had treated, marched off with their arms, fell in
      with and attacked Sir James Duff and his men, as he was escorting the mail to
      Naas. But he put to the sword about 300 of them.
      Mr. Grattan's steward was one of the principal leaders of the rebellion in
      the county of Wicklow. He is since taken, and has impeached his master. Dr.
      Edmond, who was stated to be hanged, was reprieved under the gallows, in
      consequence of making some very important discoveries.
      Houses have been found marked for the purpose of being fired, and the owners
      Seventeen of Capt. Stratford's corps of yeomanry cavalry, all Papists, have
      been shot for being off their duty, and supposed to be intriguing with the
      The progress of the rebellion has been by no means so alarming within the
      last three days as its outset threatened. The county of Clare seems to have been
      cleared by the king's troops; and, except those who have retired into the
      fastnesses of the Wicklow mountains, and those who occupy the north-eastern
      quarter of the county of Wexford, there seems to be no existing force of
      treason, from which any thing can or ought to be apprehended.
      It is said that a messenger set off on Thursday with a warrant for the
      apprehension of Mr. Grattan, upon charges of the most serious nature.
      June 4. On Saturday last, Lieutenant John Clinch, of Capt. Ormsby's company
      of Rathcoole infantry, was executed at the front of the new prison pursuant to
      the sentence of a Court-Martial, who tried him the day before. At the place of
      execution he made an afflicting exhortation to his fellow soldiers,
      acknowledging the justice of his sentence and desiring that his fate might be a
      warning to all the cloth.- A boy, not thirteen years old, was taken on the hill
      of Rathcoole, and being closely interrogated, he gave such information as led to
      the discovery of a most treasonable conspiracy, in which the unfortunate officer
      above-mentioned was deeply implicated. The corps was to have joined the rebels
      the first attack, and murder Capt. Ormsby and his brothers. Others of the
      company are confined, and will be speedily brought to trial.
      This day Thomas Bacon, an eminent taylor and formerly a major of brigade in
      the old volunteers, was hanged, pursuant to the sentence of a Court-Martial on
      Carlisle bridge. From the barracks to the place of execution, he was conveyed in
      a cart through several principal and populous streets, in terrorem to the
      multitude, and such a melancholy and ignominious fate, attending a man of his
      rank in life, would in no other person excite more public interest, or have more
      effect, as he was very generally known. He is said to have confessed that he had
      knowledge of the conspiracy existing against the government, but was uniformly
      against suffering assassination to form a part of the system. He denied any
      knowledge of having been elected a major-general in the rebel army; but admitted
      that the rank had been offered him, and said he had refused it.- He has left a
      wife and several female children behind him, the oldest of whom, a very
      beautiful girl, excited much pity and compassion this day in the castle-yard,
      where she appeared in all the wildness of grief and distraction.
      Prisoners are taking up every day in great numbers. A Roman Catholic priest
      was arrested yesterday, of the name of Kearns; a Counsellor Bennet was also

      Extract of a letter from Lieut. Col. Longfield, of the royal Cork militia,
      to Lieut. Gen. Craig, dated at Rathangan, May. 29
      I arrived near this town at seven o'clock, and perceiving the rebels to have
      taken a position at the upper end of the town, near the church, and that they
      had in some parts barricaded the streets, and drawn chains across others, I
      placed my battalion guns in front, supported by the infantry, stationing the
      cavalry so as to support both, and commenced by firing ???? with the cannon -
      after the second discharge, I perceived the rebels to fly in my direction. I
      then gave orders for the cavalry to charge; which was executed by Capt. Pack and
      the detachment of the 5th dragoon guards, with the greatest spirits and
      judgment. Lord Trawly joined me immediately before the action with a serjeant
      and 12 of the Romney fencibles, and six of the yeomanry cavalry, who assisted
      with equal spirit in the charge.- To Col. Robinson, of the Perthshire regiment,
      Major Miller, Captain O'Callachan, and Capt. Campbell, of the 41st regiment, I
      am indebted for their spirited exertions and assistance. There are between 50
      and 60 of the rebels killed.

      Cathy Joynt Labath
      Ireland Old News
    • Cathy Joynt Labath
      Norwich Packet Aug 14, 1798 Progress of the Rebellion in Ireland London, May 25. The village of Lacklow, in Ireland, is burnt by the military. It consisted of
      Message 2 of 15 , Jul 24, 2005
        Norwich Packet
        Aug 14, 1798

        Progress of the Rebellion in Ireland

        London, May 25.
        The village of Lacklow, in Ireland, is burnt by the military. It consisted
        of 27 houses.
        Dublin is declared out of the King's peace.
        May 29. The Irish rebels have been defeated at Saggard and Naas. Several
        hundreds killed.
        May 30. The Dublin mail of the 25th inst. arrived yesterday, by which we
        have received, not only a confirmation of the dreadful accounts given in our
        last paper, but also some important details of several fresh actions which have
        taken place between the military and the rebels in various directions. The
        rebellion is now openly supported in most parts of the counties of Dublin,
        Kildare, and Meath, and even the neighbourhood of the metropolis has been
        assailed by the daring insurgents. In some instances they have made a desperate
        resistance, but in all they have been defeated with great slaughter, while his
        majesty's forces have sustained very little loss. Near Dunboyne the rebels
        ????????????? by a small party of the Reay fencibles, as stated in our paper of
        yesterday, remained undisturbed on the 24th, but on the following day a
        formidable army was sent against them, who happily succeeded in putting the
        whole body to flight.
        General Grenier, says a Paris paper, is shortly to sail from Dunkirk, with
        the troops destined for the invasion of England. The corps which were hitherto
        in cantonments at St. Omer, Bethune, Arras, &c. have marched to the coast.
        May 31. By the Dublin mail of the 26th, which came to hand yesterday, we
        have received accounts of several fresh actions having been fought between
        military and the insurgents, in the whole of which his Majesty's forces have
        completely triumphed. The rebellion has extended its influence into the counties
        of Wicklow and Carlow, so that there are now five counties in an open state of
        insurrection. The official details of two of the engagements, which took place
        at Hacketstown, in the county of Carlow, and at Baltinglass, in the county of
        Wicklow, state that the rebels lost in the former three hundred men, and in the
        latter between one and two hundred. Battles have also been fought at Clare,
        Ballimor, Berresttown, Lucan and Lusk, which terminated in a similar manner. The
        rebels have burnt the town of Kilcullen, and destroyed a great part of the
        respectable city of Carlow, at which place a dreadful conflict took place, the
        result of which was, that four hundred of the misguided wretches were slain,
        over whole mangled carcasses the travellers from Dublin to the southward were
        for a whole day obligated to pass. Such is the frightful picture which the
        intelligence of yesterday presents to our view. But this is not all; Our advices
        from the fourth state, that the county of Kilkenny is in a very perturbed
        situation; that the greatest apprehensions are entertained in the counties of
        Tipperary and Waterford; and that in the county of Cork, an open rebellion is
        hourly expected. The vicinity of the Metropolis continues to be infested with
        numerous bodies of the insurgents, against whom all the troops in the garrison
        have received orders to march, and the protection of the city is now committed
        to the yeomanry, who, form their numbers and activity, appear fully adequate to
        the undertaking. Two members of the Rathfarham volunteers, Messrs. Ledwich and
        Keogh, who headed the rebels in an action fought near that place, were on Sunday
        last, with eighteen others, executed in Dublin, pursuant to the sentences of
        several courts martial; on the same day, Dr. Esmond of the county of Kildare,
        also suffered death, for rebellious behavior. The rebels have possessed
        themselves of some unimportant posts not far distant from the metropolis, and
        destroyed the bridge of Kilcullen, to prevent a communication with the South.
        June 4. The official intelligence which has arrived from Dublin since our
        last publication, in some measure answers our expectations, and gratifies our
        hopes. A numerous body of rebels assembled on the curragh of Kildare (amounting
        to 4000) have laid down their arms, and given up a number of their leaders; that
        the communication between Dublin and Limerick, which had been cut off by the
        insurgents, has been restored; and that Sir James Duff has retaken the town of
        Kildare and killed between two and three hundred of the insurgents who had
        possession of that place, with the loss of three men killed and several wounded.
        The Gazette adds, that "the South is entirely quiet." We are sorry, however, our
        letters from that quarter do not admit us to subscribe to this last assertion.
        The rebels, we are on the contrary assured, are still in great force in the
        county of Wexford, and at a late hour ????? informed that a large detachment of
        the 13th regiment of foot, commanded by lieutenant colonel Colville, which
        marched from Waterford for that county, on the 8th ult, had been cut off by the
        Insurgents, who, to the amount of near 7000 men were in the possession of the
        city of Wexford and its neighbourhood, when the gentleman who states this
        unfortunate circumstance came away.
        June 6. Major gen. Fawcett having marched from Duncannon Fort, with a
        company of the Meath regiment, was surrounded by a very large body of rebels
        between Taghman and Wexford, and defeated; the general effecting his retreat to
        the fort. Official.
        The town of Newtown Barry was attacked June 1, by the rebels; they
        surrounded it in such a manner that Colonel L'Estrange at first retreated to
        collect his force; he then attacked them, drove them from the town with great
        slaughter ,and pursued them several miles, 500 of the rebels were killed; the
        col's. whole force was about 350. Official.
        A party of rebels in endeavouring to enter Carlow were defeated. Official.
        Yesterday's Irish Mails brought was to June 2. The rebels appear to derive
        military instruction from their frequent disasters. In the north of Ireland too,
        which has affected much loyalty, such ferocious indications of revolt have
        appeared, that martial law is declared there. This was done at Belfast on Sunday
        It is feared that Toulon fleet has eluded the vigilance of Ad. Nelson.
        June 8. Yesterday arrived the Waterford and Donaughadee mails. The rebels,
        to the amount of fifteen thousand men, are encamped on the mountain of Farth,
        situated near the sea, about ten miles from Wexford, so advantageous to dislodge
        them. Their front is protected by a numerous body of horse, and eight pieces of
        artillery and the sea is in their rear. Here they mean to make their grand
        stand; they have their apprehensions and are determined at any rate, to sell
        their lives dearly, and sooner than surrender, to throw themselves into the sea.
        Another account states that the rebels have been driven from Wexford, with
        the loss of 900 men, but that the king's military so experienced great loss, the
        pikes of the insurgents (14 feet in length) preventing the effectual use of the
        bayonet. It is said a company of the North Cork militia and a detachment of
        Meath militia have been cut off by the rebels.
        Capt. Moor, of Rathangan, having drawn out his company to engage the
        revolters, his lieut. cried, he would not fight against his fellow citizens.
        'Nor I,' 'nor I,' run threw the corps - when they massacred their capt. and fled
        to the insurgents.
        Sir Edward Crosbie has been executed as a rebel in Ireland.
        June 9. The Dublin mail of the 4th arrived yesterday. There has been no
        general action, and it is supposed the rebels mean to confine themselves to a
        system of predatory warfare. They frequently issue from their head quarters on
        the Wexford mountain and have some skirmishes, wherein victory has been
        generally on the side of the king's troops. On one instance the rebels
        triumphed. A detachment under col. Walpole, of 5 or 600 men, with artillery
        (marching to join the main army, with was about attacking the rebels in three
        different points) while they were passing a defile, were attacked; a severe
        conflict ensued, which terminated in the defeat of their commander, Walpole.
        Some compute the total loss at 300, others at a 100, on the part of the
        defeated. It is said the rebels took 5 pieces of artillery. We hope the most
        moderate of their accounts is exaggerated.
        Mr. Bacon, a taylor, elected maj-general of the revolters, has been
        arrested, and was hanged on Monday last. Martial law is declared in Limerick;
        and Irish affairs are daily more portentous. All troops, which can be spared
        from other parts, are marching to the insurgent counties of Wexford, Carlow and
        Wicklow; but the disaffected state of the north, necessitates the leaving many
        troops there, therefore 10,000 men are instantly to go from England.
        It is reported, a whole corps of yeomanry (loyal rifles) is disarmed in
        Dublin, having been discovered in league with the rebels.
        The rebels in Wexford, possessing both bays and harbors, it is thought they
        have already received some aid from France. They hold Enniscorthy, a very
        populous town.
        O'Coigley, a clergyman, has been executed in Ireland, for treason.
        Troops, it is said, are sailing from New Castle, Plymouth, Liverpool, &c.
        for Ireland.

        Dublin, May 31.
        M'Conn, an apothecary, is apprehended; and his apprentice deposes that he
        has, within a few days, sold above a thousand ounces of arsenic to various
        persons, who were servants.
        Yesterday, died of his wounds, capt. D.F. Byan, the officer who arrested
        lord Fitzgerald.
        In an attempt on Newtown, Mount Kennedy, the rebels were defeated with the
        loss of 40.
        The rector of Kyle and his whole family, infants and all, have been
        butchered by the rebels. The families of Mr. Bookey, Mr. Barrington and others
        have shared the same fate.
        The insurgent camp at Blackmoor Hill has been taken possession of by
        government, and the rebels driven from it, with the loss of their camp materials
        and 7 of their horde. They were 1000 strong, and were defeated by about 100.
        June 2. Among the rebels near Narragmore, was an Amazonian leader. She fired
        two shot at the col. of the regular troops. She is taken, but the treason act
        cannot well be literally put in force against her.
        It is said a large body of rebels have been defeated at Corce (Wexford
        county) and 140 killed.
        Lieut. Clinch, of the infantry, was executed on Saturday. He confessed his
        crime, viz conspiring to murder his capt. and desert the army with the company
        to the rebels.
        All respectable families that can are embarking for England, with all speed.

        Cathy Joynt Labath
        Ireland Old News
      • Cathy Joynt Labath
        Gazette of the United States August 17, 1798 The following letter from the north of Ireland, dated 31st May, was politely handed to us by a merchant of the
        Message 3 of 15 , Jul 25, 2005
          Gazette of the United States
          August 17, 1798

          The following letter from the north of Ireland, dated 31st May, was politely
          handed to us by a merchant of the first respectability. Its contents are
          interesting and authentic. -

          My dear Sir,
          I wrote you 10th current by captain Macey and by the Mohawk, captain Moore,
          since which the united Irish, without waiting for their good friends the French,
          have broken out into open rebellion. The plan was fixed for setting on fire the
          city of Dublin in different parts at the same instant on the night of the 19th
          current. Persons were to be placed at the houses of loyalists to murder them as
          soon as they (on the alarm of fire) should open their doors; most of the
          servants of the city were sworn to assist in this dreadful massacre, and to
          bring out all the bulky furniture and to lay it across the streets to impede the
          march of horse and foot, who might attempt to give aid to the sufferers. A
          bloody night it would have been, had not government received information of the
          conspiracy some short time previous to the fatal period, and taken every
          precaution to prevent its being carried to execution. Lord Edward Fitzgerald
          (brother to the Duke of Leinster, who was to have headed the rebel army, and for
          whose capture 1000l. reward was offered) having been taken that very evening
          after a desperate resistance, disconcerted their schemes for the attack of the
          city, but as the insurrection was to have been general, large bodies of these
          deluded people well armed collected on the 22d current, and attacked Nags,
          Dunshoughlin, Dunboyne, Monsterevan, Clandalkin, Kilcullen and appeared in force
          at Rathfarnam, Wicklow mountains, Curragh of Kildare, Stratford on Shaney, and
          other places; to prevent intelligence they stopped all the mail coaches leaving
          Dublin on the night of the 22d, burnt them and the mails containing the letters;
          and as most of the army is stationed in the south, and south west parts of the
          kingdom, where we expected the French would land, there were but few forces in
          Dublin or its vicinity; however these few in small parties, attacked the
          different bodies of the rebels and in every engagement the latter were defeated
          and it is computed that above 3000 of them were killed, many wounded and many
          prisoners taken, but not without some loss on the part of the king's troops by
          reason of the smallness of their numbers, in respect to those of the rebels, who
          in most of the actions were ten, twelve and more to one. They have committed
          many horrid murders, cutting the throats of men, women and children and burning
          whole families in their houses, following the barbarous example of their
          brethren in iniquity, the French. They say that the Roman Catholics will never
          be emancipated until the Protestants are totally destroyed. We have reason to be
          thankful that none of these insurrections were nearer to us than between 30 to
          40 miles. Hereabout and to the northward of this they are at present pretty
          quiet but it is hard to say how long they many continue so; the whole kingdom is
          now under military law.
          Yesterday's papers inform that 4000 of the rebels in the county of Kildare
          had surrendered on promise of pardon, they giving up their arms and their
          officers. I have therefore great hopes that this rebellion will soon be crushed
          without more blood being shed, and die away until the French invade us, when
          there is not doubt but numbers will join them. As there are no vessels here for
          America, and knowing how anxious you would be fore the safety of your friends in
          this part of the world, on hearing flying and vague reports of the rebellion by
          ships from England, the half of which would in all probability be either false
          or much exaggerated, I thought you would be highly gratified in hearing from me
          what you can depend on for truth. By the next opportunity I shall write you the
          catastrophe of this shocking business.

          Cathy Joynt Labath
          Ireland Old News
        • Cathy Joynt Labath
          Commercial Advertiser Aug 28, 1798 IRELAND THE REBELLION (From the London Gazette of Last Night) Whitehall, June 12. Dispatches of which the following are
          Message 4 of 15 , Jul 28, 2005
            Commercial Advertiser
            Aug 28, 1798

            THE REBELLION
            (From the London Gazette of Last Night)
            Whitehall, June 12.
            Dispatches of which the following are copies, have been this day received
            from his Excellency the Lord Lieut. of Ireland, by his Grace the Duke of
            Portland, His Majesty's principal Sec'ry of State for the home department.

            Dublin-Castle, June 9.
            MY LORD,
            It is with the utmost concern I acquaint your Grace, an insurrection has broken
            out in the county of Antrim; and in order to give your Grace the fullest
            information in my power, I enclose to you an extract of a letter received this
            morning by Lord Castlereach, from Maj. Gen. Nugent. I am in great hope, from the
            numbers and spirit of the loyal in that part of the country, the insurgents may
            be quickly checked. I have the honor to be, &c, &c.
            His Grace the Duke of Portland.
            Belfast, June 8.
            MY LORD,
            I have the honor to report to your lordship, that in consequence of
            information which I received early yesterday morning, of an intended
            insurrection in the county of Antrim, having for its first object the seizure of
            the magistrates, who were to assemble that day in the town of Antrim, I
            apprehended several persons in Belfast. I did not receive the intelligence early
            enough to prevent the insurgents from taking possession of Antrim and I am not
            therefore acquainted with their first proceedings there; but I prevented many
            magistrates from leaving Belfast; and many others, being officers of yeomanry on
            permanent duty, did not attend the meeting. I ordered the 64th regiment and
            light battalion, and 100 of the 22d light dragoons, under col. Clavering and
            lieut. col. Lumley, with two 5 1/2 inch howitzers, and two curricle 6 pounders,
            to proceed with the utmost dispatch thro Lisburn to Antrim. I also ordered from
            the garrison 250 of the Monaghan militia, with lieut. col. Ker, and 50 of the
            22d dragoons, together with the Belfast yeomanry cavalry, with maj. Smith, to
            proceed under the command of col. Durham, with two curricle 6 pounders thro
            Carmoney and Templepatrick to Antrim, to co-operate with the other detachment.
            The dragoons under lieut. col. Lumley having made the attack upon the town
            without waiting for the light battalion, were fired upon from the windows of the
            houses and were consequently obliged to retreat with the loss of, I am sorry to
            add, three officers of that excellent regiment killed and wounded, and the two
            curricle 6 pounders. Co. Clavering, on his arrival near Antrim, finding the
            rebels pouring into that town in great force, very judiciously took post on a
            hill on the Lisburn side and reported his situation to M. Gen. Goldie. In the
            mean time col. Durham, with his whole detachment, proceeded to within half a
            mile of Antrim, and after a cannonade of half an hour, drove the insurgents
            completely out of the town and retook the two curricle guns, together with 1
            brass 6 pounder, very badly mounted, of which, it seems, the rebels and two
            supposed to have been smuggled out of Belfast. The col. then proceeded without
            the loss of a man, thro the town, (when, for obvious reasons, suffered much) to
            Shane's Castle and Randelstown, in which direction the principal part of the
            rebels fled. He remains there still for orders from me. Lord O'Neil, I am sorry
            to say, is dangerously wounded.
            Lieut.-Col. Leslie, of the Tay Fencibles, reports to me from Carrickfergus,
            that Lieutenant Small, with a detachment of twenty men of that corps, in the
            barrack at Larne, defended themselves most gallantly against the attack of a
            numerous body and maintained their post, with the loss of two killed and three
            wounded, including the Lieutenant. I have ordered them into head-quarters at
            Carrickfergus. The Glenarm Yeomanry (sixty strong) being also threatened by an
            attack, in the course of the day took possession of Glenarm Castle, where they
            will maintain themselves if possible. Brigadier General Knox, having heard of a
            party of the Toome Yeomanry being made prisoners by the Insurgents, sent to me
            very early this morning, to offer to march, by Toome Bridge, into the county of
            Antrim, which I have desired him to do, in order to liberate Colonel Dunham's
            detachment, and enable them to cross the country on their return to Belfast.
            Although the Insurrection has been pretty general in the county, I do not
            find they have had much success; but I have not received as yet any reports from
            Ballycastle, Ballymena, Ballymoney, Portglenore, and other places in the
            Northern parts, in which Yeomanry are stationed.- As my information led to a
            general rising in the county of Down, I have been obliged to call in all the
            small detachments of the York Fencibles to Newtown Ardes. Colonel Stapleton has
            everything in readiness to move at a moment's warning. The Yeomanry are all on
            permanent duty throughout the counties of Down and Antrim; and have distributed
            arms to 140 loyal men in Belfast, who will be attached to the Monaghan and
            Fifeshire regiiments and thereby become very useful. Offers of service are very
            I cannot close this letter without expressing to your Lordship my entire
            approbation of the conduct of the Troops of all descriptions in this part of the
            Northern District; their zeal and attention to their duties cannot be surpassed;
            and I trust that, when occasion offers, they will act in that concert which is
            so much to be wished for in military service. Lieutenant Colonel Lumley, I am
            afraid, is badly wounded in the leg; Cornet Dunn is killed; and Lieutenant
            Murphy slightly wounded; all of the 22d Dragoons, I understand, but not
            officially, that some Yeomanry from Lord Hereford's estate (I believe the
            Derriaghy) were with the Dragoons when they made the unsuccessful attack on
            Antrim; and they retired to Anstrun Castle where they were relieved by Colonel
            Durham. Colonel Durham deserves my warmest praise for his judicious and spirited
            conduct. He speaks in high terms of the detachment under him, and particularly
            the Monaghan Militia.- The Rev. Steele Dickson was taken up the night before
            last, and sent prisoner here, where he will be confined in a place of safety, as
            well as many others, whom it is now necessary to apprehend. Your Lordship may
            depend upon my individual exertions in this unpleasant contest; and as I am ably
            supported, I make no doubt, that we shall prevent the Rebels from gaining any
            advantages, and ultimately oblige them to return to their allegiance. I shall
            write again to-morrow, should any material event occur. I have the honor to be,
            C. NUGENT, Major-General.
            Lord Viscount Castlereagh, &c.

            Cathy Joynt Labath
            Ireland Old News
          • Cathy Joynt Labath
            Salem Gazette September 4, 1798 Belfast, June 15. To the honour of the province of Ulster, only two counties, out of its nine, were led astray in the late
            Message 5 of 15 , Jul 31, 2005
              Salem Gazette
              September 4, 1798

              Belfast, June 15.
              To the honour of the province of Ulster, only two counties, out of its nine,
              were led astray in the late disturbances.
              The rebellion in this part of the country may now be considered as
              completely suppressed.
              June 18.
              The Insurgents in the county of Wexford now consist, it is said, of 60,000,
              and are reported to be casting cannon at the founderies in Wexford and
              All communications between Denaghadee and Port Patrick is stopped for the
              present. The packet with the last mail sailed from Carrickfergus.

              Commercial Advertiser
              September 4, 1798

              PRIVATE LETTERS.
              Dublin, June 23
              I have just got sight of a letter received by a friend of mine, a few days
              since, from Ross; the part which I extract relates to the first engagement which
              took place there as follows:-
              "After the engagement, the army gave the Rebels no quarter; upwards of two
              hundred were killed in the main street of this town.
              "You may be very thankful you left this place, as the scenes of horror it
              has presented for some days back, make humanity shudder. Business is totally
              destroyed; the shops are all shut up, and nothing but dreadful warfare is to be
              seen or heard. The evening after the action, all the shops in town were
              plundered, and every person met in colored clothes was shot. A number of the
              town's people unfortunately fell in consequence; no discrimination was made, and
              innocent and guilty were equally involved; the colored coat was a sufficient
              mark of guilt with the executioner. Two hundred and thirty houses have already
              been burnt ????? some, indeed, were cabins."

              Connecticut Courant
              September 5, 1798

              London, June 26.
              The following official Bulleting has been published at Dublin the 22d.
              Extract of a letter from Gen. Larke to Lord Vicount, Castlereagh, dated
              Enniscorthy, June 21. '98.
              "Dublin Castle, June 22, 1798.
              "My Lord,
              "I have the honor to acquaint your Lordship for his Excellency the Lord
              Lieutenant's information, that the Rebel camp upon Vinegar-hill was attacked
              this morning at 7 o'clock, and carried in about an hour and a half.
              "The relative importance of this very strong proposition with our operations
              against Wexford made it necessary to combine our attacks as to insure success. A
              column, under Major-Generals Johnson and Eustace, was drawn from Ross, and began
              the attack upon the town of Enniscorthy, situate upon the right bank of the
              Salney, close under Vinegar-hill, upon the right and rather in the rear of it.
              "Lieutenant-General Dundas commanded the center column, supported by a
              column on the right, under Major-Generals Sir James Duff and Loetus; a fourth
              column, upon the left, was commanded by the Hon. Major-General Needham. To the
              determined spirit with which these columns were conducted, and the great
              gallantry of the troops, we are indebted for the short resistance of the rebels,
              who maintained their ground obstinately for the time above mentioned; but on
              perceiving the danger of being surrounded, they fled with great precipitation.
              Their loss is not yet ascertained, but it must be very considerable. The loss on
              our part is not great, the particulars of which I shall report as soon as
              possible. In the meantime I am sorry to say that Lieutenant Sandys of the
              Longford Regiment is killed; and that Col. King, of the Sligo, was wounded, in
              gallantly leading his regiment. Lord Blaney and Col. Versey, of the County
              Dublin Regiment, are also wounded, but I am happy to add, that the wounds of
              these three officers are very slight."
              [Here follows the General's obligations to various officers and the men for
              their courage and promptitude, and the return of 18 brass field-pieces and
              howitzers taken from the rebels, with stores, &c.]
              [Gen. Algill has defeated a party, killed 100. Col. O'Reeley has killed 150
              near Bandon. The papers are full of accounts of skirmishes, &c. in which the
              loyal troops are invariably successful.]
              September 5, 1798

              August 31.
              FROM ENGLAND - THE LATEST.
              We were last evening put in possession of London papers to June 26, brought
              by Capt. Choate from Liverpool; the following is a hasty summary of the most
              important of their contents.
              The Rebellion in Ireland still rages with violence. Many actions have
              occurred, in which the loyal troops were generally successful. Most of these
              were of no consequence, but none have been decisive as to the Insurrection.
              Numbers of the Revolters are daily surrendering. A French frigate has landed
              Military Stores; and others, it was said, were ordered, at all events, to
              proceed from Brest to Ireland. Marquis Cornwallis is appointed Lord Lieut. of
              Ireland and has arrived there. We see no charge against Camden. An American, the
              mate of the brig Sukey, got into the midst of a mob, where a person was whipping
              for treasonable practices, and there uttered many intemperate words---was
              arrested and sentenced to receive 500 lashes; but afterwards, in consideration
              of his country was pardoned. Proclamations by certain Loyal Generals interdict
              the further commission of many excesses which have occurred from the King's
              troops; but Cornwallis, is said to have orders to behave with increased military
              energy. Several English Militia Regiments have tendered their services to go
              over to Ireland, and have been accepted. Addresses in favor of mild measures in
              Ireland have been rejected in the British Parliament. The Debates are all
              secret. A Peer is not suffered to be present in the Tribune of the Commons.

              Cathy Joynt Labath
              Ireland Old News
            • Cathy Joynt Labath
              Columbian Centinel September 8, 1798 The Rebellion in Ireland. Dublin, July 10. As far as we can learn, the most perfect quiet reigns throughout every part of
              Message 6 of 15 , Aug 5, 2005
                Columbian Centinel
                September 8, 1798

                The Rebellion in Ireland.
                Dublin, July 10.
                As far as we can learn, the most perfect quiet reigns throughout every part
                of Ireland, save Wicklow and its neighboring borders of Kildare and Wexford; nor
                does this exception surprize us, when we recollect that in all rebellions with
                which this unhappy island have been afflicted Wicklow was always the county last

                Commercial Advertiser
                Sept. 8, 1798

                London, July 6.
                A subscription was opened at Baston's Coffee House for the relief of the
                Individuals, or of the wives and children of such as have suffered, or may
                hereafter suffer in suppressing the unfortunate Rebellion in Ireland when the
                sum of 15,000l, sterling was subscribed in a few days.
                This is one among the numerous displays of that spirit of liberality which,
                to say the least, is a prominent feature in the character of the English nation.
                Of all public emergencies, and on all occasions of misfortune, either general or
                local, they are probably much more liberal than any other modern European

                Connecticut Courant
                September 10, 1798

                The Rebellion in Ireland is considered to be so completely crushed, that Marquis
                Cornwallis has written home that there is no occasion for any reinforcements to
                be sent to Ireland. In consequence all the Militia regiments either embarked, or
                under orders, are countermanded and will remain in England.

                Albany Centinel
                September 14, 1798

                Dublin, July 7.
                The official accounts published yesterday evening contained the pleasing
                information of a signal rout given to the rebels in the county of Wicklow. All
                our private letters from that quarter agree in every respect with the public
                account, but mention the number of slain on the part of the rebels, in different
                ways, some stating them at seven hundred, while others say they amount to nearly
                two thousand. - Some idea of the number of the rebels engaged in this affair may
                be obtained by knowing that their army covered four miles and a half of a very
                wide road, besides multitudes covering the fields on each side; the loss of such
                an army in a tumultuary flight must be incalculable.
                From Kildare accounts are received, which state, that though a great number
                of the Rebels have availed themselves of the late proclamation, yet the
                collective force acting against government is very considerable. I have seen a
                letter from an officer of the Suffolk fencibles, quartered near Kilcullen
                bridge, which states that the Rebels are encamped near 16,000 strong, within a
                few miles of them; but they have received orders not to attempt to attack them
                till a reinforcement arrives.

                July 10.
                As far as we can learn, the most perfect quiet reigns throughout every part
                of Ireland, save Wicklow and its neighbouring borders of Kildare and Wexford;
                nor does this exception surprize us when we recollect that in all rebellions
                with which this unhappy island has been afflicted, Wicklow was always the county
                last conquered.

                Cathy Joynt Labath
                Ireland Old News
              • Cathy Joynt Labath
                Columbian Centinel September 29, 1798 Of the Rebellion in Ireland, IRELAND, Dublin, Aug 2 The rebel banditti, which, but a few weeks since, were composed of a
                Message 7 of 15 , Aug 7, 2005
                  Columbian Centinel
                  September 29, 1798

                  Of the Rebellion in Ireland,
                  IRELAND, Dublin, Aug 2
                  The rebel banditti, which, but a few weeks since, were composed of a body at
                  Vinegar-Hill, of nineteen thousand strong; at Linkinstown-Hill, of fifteen
                  thousand; at the town of Wexford and its vicinities, near the sea side, of eight
                  thousand; and at Enniscorthy, Carnew, and other parts of the county of Wexford,
                  of about ten thousand more, independent of the numerous hordes in the counties
                  of Kildaire, Wicklow, Carlow, Meath, the Queen's County, &c. are now reduced to
                  parties plundering marauders, from thirty to sixty in number, some of which have
                  been already cut to pieces, and others separating and accepting the terms of
                  pardon, already graciously proffered - so much for rebellion in its former and
                  present state, and thus are its purposes entirely blasted.

                  Albany Centinel
                  Oct 5, 1798

                  Dublin, August 20.
                  Since our last no accounts have reached town of consequence. The wretched
                  rebels continue to be surprised in small parties, particularly in the County of

                  July 21.
                  The freedom of the city was unanimously voted to his Excellency the Marquis
                  Cornwallis, with a congratulatory address upon his arrival in this Kingdom.
                  The assembly upon a petition of certain of the Commons, unanimously
                  disfranchised Hamilton Rowan, John Chambers and Napper Tandy, to be considered
                  hereafter as aliens, the two former being accused of high treason, and bills for
                  felony having been found against the latter, and all having absconded.

                  July 24.
                  The rebel prisoners who have surrendered and are now confined at the Royal
                  Exchange, exhibit a just picture of the infernal cause in which they had
                  embarked, in the most immoral and profligate behaviour, by continued blasphemy,
                  and horrid oaths, cursing and abusing the yeomanry, and his Majesty's forces.
                  They appear to be most depraved ruffians, equal to the commitment of any act of
                  The great guns which had so long menaced the populace of Dublin from the
                  Castle gates, were removed yesterday, and the Orange is getting fast out of
                  season, it is now picked, and I trust will soon be wholly rotten, all which
                  circumstances are no small indications of returning confidence and established

                  August 4.
                  So general is the restoration of tranquility that the Generals of the
                  several districts have written to the commanders of the yeomanry corps,
                  announcing the state of the country to be such that there no longer existed
                  occasion for their continuing on permanent duty. Sir James Duff, on signifying
                  this agreeable intelligence to the volunteers of Limerick, and Nenall, passed
                  high and deserved encomiums on their conduct, and expressed his hope, that they
                  will occasionally assemble, as before the rebellion, for the preservation of
                  that discipline which has rendered them so respectable.
                  It was yesterday currently reported that in consequence of information, a
                  rebel deposit of one hundred thousand guineas had been discovered.

                  Cathy Joynt Labath
                  Ireland Old News
                • Cathy Joynt Labath
                  Federal Galaxy Oct 13, 1798 IRELAND. Dublin, Aug. 4 The present state of the country bears the fairest prospect of tranquility, and rebellion seems to shield
                  Message 8 of 15 , Aug 14, 2005
                    Federal Galaxy
                    Oct 13, 1798
                    Dublin, Aug. 4
                    The present state of the country bears the fairest prospect of
                    tranquility, and rebellion seems to shield its head in final oblivion. The
                    armed rebels who appeared in such force and numbers are no longer to be
                    found; vanquished in every battle, in which they had the hardihood to make
                    stand, and their leaders defeated in their abominable views, of universal
                    plunder and massacre; their accursed and baneful influence is in neither the
                    East or West province of this country, and the only trace that can be found
                    of that wretched and unprovoked rebellion, which so lately rent and agitated
                    this country, is that of armed banditties of robbers, who derive a
                    subsistence from plunder, and are composed of blood thirsty miscreants, whom
                    we hope our gallant yeomanry, as best acquainted with the interior of the
                    country, will bring to justice.

                    Cathy Joynt Labath
                    Ireland Old News
                  • Cathy Joynt Labath
                    Federal Gazette October 19, 1798 DUBLIN, August 29. THE INVASION. Extract of a letter from Ballinrebe, Aug. 25. Friday morning, at two o clock, we were
                    Message 9 of 15 , Aug 18, 2005
                      Federal Gazette
                      October 19, 1798
                      DUBLIN, August 29.
                      THE INVASION.
                      Extract of a letter from Ballinrebe, Aug. 25.
                      "Friday morning, at two o'clock, we were alarmed by an express for the
                      Carabineers, the French being about to land at Killala, about 42 miles from
                      hence. Sir Thomas Chapman immediately set off, and found they had really
                      effected a landing, and had taken prisoners the bishop of Killala, his two
                      sons, Dean Thompson and his wife, Mr. Thomas Ellison, &c and had thrown up
                      some istrenchments. Sir Thomas, on reconnoitering their works, was
                      attacked, but after a smart skirmish, had only a few men, about 8, slightly
                      wounded, and a serjeant missing. Our troops killed one of their officers,
                      and retreated to Castlebar, where they are now waiting for a supply of
                      troops, who are hourly passing through this quarter, and it is thought will
                      proceed to-morrow to attack them.
                      "On Sir Thomas Chapman's retreat, the enemy advanced as far as Ballina
                      (7 miles nearer us) but did not keep it long, having conceived it prudent to
                      return to their first position. They picked up several prisoners, among them
                      Sir William Boyd.
                      "The alarm occasioned by the appearance of the enemy has crowded this
                      town, a number of families having deserted their habitations not only from
                      the neighborhood of Killala, but from parts within two miles of us. Thank
                      God, there is a considerable body of troops and ordnance in motion, and the
                      common people seem steady and well affected; a few days will terminate the
                      The above letter mentions but 3 French frigates having appeared at
                      Friday last the following notice was distributed through Athlone and its
                      "Brigadier general Barnet has the satisfaction of informing the
                      inhabitants of Athlone and its neighborhood, that the French force landed at
                      Killala is very inconsiderable and that the force already marched against
                      them is sufficient to prevent their moving forward; and the general hopes,
                      in a very short time, to be able to announce their total defeat."
                      A variety of reports were yesterday circulated; among the most credited
                      were accounts that C. O'Hara, M.P. for Sligo, had, in attempting at the head
                      of his yeomanry corps to check the course of the French, fallen a prisoner
                      into their hands.
                      By the latest accounts we learn, that the French column had advanced on
                      its way to Sligo as far as the town of Ballina; but finding no aid or
                      countenance from the country people, had retired to Killala in the hope of
                      re-imbarking; but, it was added, that the frigates which brought them had
                      disappeared from the coast.
                      The landing of the enemy at Killala seems to be a matter artfully
                      designed, so as to have received assistance from the inhabitants of a part
                      of province of Ulster as well as Connaught before they proceeded further
                      into the country; but we are happy to find that loyalty is at present the
                      prevalent principle among the people, and that they have not been joined by
                      any of the inhabitants, and of course, the French forces must either
                      endeavor to escape to their vessels or else soon feel the fatal effects of
                      opposition to the troops of the country.
                      The spirit which the northern loyalists have ever displayed, has been
                      gloriously manifested by the Enniskilliners - four hundred of them, under
                      the command of cols Cole, marched on Friday evening toward Killala, leaving
                      700 behind them to protect the important pass of Enniskillen.
                      Since the above we hear, and hope, the intelligence well founded, that
                      the French have capitulated - and a still more pleasant circumstance, that
                      they were joined but by three of the natives;- these, together with an
                      outpost of the enemy, to whom they appeared to have acted as guides, are
                      said to have been taken by a party of the yeomanry. The French were defended
                      by 16 pieces of artillery.
                      The marquis Cornwallis's headquarters continue to be at Athlone.
                      A letter from Killala of the 26th states, that an heavy cannonade was
                      heard off the coast; and the probability is, that one of our squadrons has
                      fallen in with some of the enemy's ships.
                      From the different counties of Ulster, we receive the best-founded
                      assurances of tranquility.
                      A letter from Castlebar, under date of the 26th instant, mentions an
                      action having taken place between the enemy and the king's troops and
                      yeomanry, in which the latter sustained some trifling disadvantage; but
                      reinforcements being in movement from various directions, it was hourly
                      expected that the enemy must surrender, or be entirely cut off.
                      It is with much concern that we present to the public the official
                      account published yesterday, of a check received by the king's forces under
                      general Luke.
                      The circumstances, as far as we have been able to learn, are as follows:
                      General Luke, who left Dublin on Saturday last at 2 o'clock P.M. arrived
                      on the next evening at the village near Castlebar, where he had directed the
                      forces of the district to assemble with all possible speed; some of these
                      troops had many miles to march within a few hours, and in consequence at a
                      very early hour the next morning, but a small part of the intended army
                      having assembled (not quite one thousand men) the general was attacked on
                      the very point of rendezvousing by the enemy, who had marched in the course
                      of the evening and night before, in all force from Killala.
                      The king's troops, consisting of detachments from the Frazer fencibles,
                      Kilkenny and Limerick city militia, and royal Irish artillery, with six
                      field pieces, sustained the attack of the French with great gallantry, and
                      had there been any time for preparation or arrangement would have defeated
                      them; but the fencibles, having given way, and the six field pieces having
                      fallen into the hands of the enemy, the general found it necessary to
                      retreat with the loss of about twenty of his men.
                      His first retreat was to Hollymount, about seven miles southward of
                      Castlebar, from whence we understand he has since retreated still further
                      southward, through Tuam, in the county of Galway, to which latter place the
                      French troops are said to have advanced.
                      We have not learned whether general Lake has shaped his course to Galway
                      or Athlone.
                      Menatime every exertion of vigilance and precaution is adopted to
                      preserve the security of the rest of the country. The county of Wexford, so
                      lately the scene of warfare, is so far restored to peace as to justify the
                      marching of the 2d and 29th regiments toward the province of Connaught -
                      troops are moving from every quarter to the kingdom in the same direction -
                      the yeomanry have resumed their habits of vigilance throughout the country -
                      and in the city of Dublin the regulations which produced such salutary
                      effects during the late rebellion, have been revived.
                      General Craig, commander of the garrison, issued last night his orders
                      to have strictly enforced the directions forbidding any person whatever from
                      appearing in the streets at a later hour than 9 o'clock - and lord
                      Castlereagh by letter signed to the lord mayor the propriety of causing the
                      inhabitants of this city to continue pasted on their doors the names of the
                      persons residing in their houses. The different yoemanry guards were
                      strengthened and multiplied.

                      Cathy Joynt Labath
                      Ireland Old News
                    • Cathy Joynt Labath
                      The Herald of Liberty November 5, 1798 The following MANIFESTO was transmitted to us from the County of Mayo and said to be published there by the French
                      Message 10 of 15 , Aug 22, 2005
                        The Herald of Liberty
                        November 5, 1798
                        The following MANIFESTO was transmitted to us from the County of Mayo and
                        said to be published there by the French General.
                        "Health and fraternity to the people of Ireland.
                        "The Great nation has sent me to you with a band of heroes, to deliver
                        you from the hands of tyrants, fly to our standards, and share with us the
                        glory of subduing the world. We will teach you the arts of war and to
                        despise the low pursuits of toil and industry - You shall live on the spoils
                        of war and the labor of others. The acquisition of misery, and the enjoyment
                        of ease is glorious; We have made all the nations we have conquered happy by
                        arresting their property; by applying it to the common cause and
                        consecrating it to the champions of liberty! Property is a common right,
                        belonging to the valor that seizes it.
                        We have already destroyed the unaspiring tranquility of Switzerland! and
                        the wealth and power, and the bigotry of Italy are no more! if then the
                        justice of France has thus extended its reforming vengeance to unoffending
                        nations, consider how much more rigor it will visit you if you shall slight
                        its benignity, fly to our standards and we will free you from spiritual as
                        well as temporal subjection.

                        Cathy Joynt Labath
                        Ireland Old News
                      • Cathy Joynt Labath
                        Connecticut Courant November 19, 1798 REBELLION IN IRELAND IRELAND, DUBLIN, Sept. 25. From Ballyshannon, Sept. 18: The French were on this coast a few days
                        Message 11 of 15 , Aug 30, 2005
                          Connecticut Courant
                          November 19, 1798

                          REBELLION IN IRELAND
                          IRELAND, DUBLIN, Sept. 25.
                          From Ballyshannon, Sept. 18:
                          "The French were on this coast a few days since. A vessel mounting 169 guns,
                          and 200 men, a large park of artillery and a great quantity of small arms
                          and ammunition on board, arrived at Rutland, on Sunday last; they landed the
                          men but finding that the country people would not join them, they
                          re-embarked after pillaging the post-office, and other houses in that town,
                          they sailed thence to the eastward, on the same evening.
                          "It is confidently said, that James Napper Tandy was the conductor of
                          the above expedition; and from the course she steered from her departure
                          from Rutland, we have every reason to hope that she cannot escape the
                          vigilance of our cruizers on the Cork station."
                          A mail arrived this day from Dublin, but happy for Ireland - happy for
                          England!- order and quiet are now so generally restored that hardly any
                          other fact is left us to communicate in the way of intelligence.

                          The Gazette of the United States
                          November 20, 1798

                          BALLINA, September 24.
                          We have been here for some time in the greatest dread of being destroyed
                          by the rebels; but now, thank God, we are extricated from those fears - A
                          sore defeat has been given to the deluded wretches by his majesty's army, in
                          which above 1000 of them were killed between this place and Foxford. In this
                          vicinity they had committed great depredation. On entering houses they first
                          drank any wine they could get, then destroyed the furniture, and even the
                          gardens, and afterward carried off all plunder that was portable to Killala.
                          They were going to hang CALONEL, whose house they plundered. Some of the
                          French who lately landed at Killala were found among them, and are now

                          Cathy Joynt Labath
                          Ireland Old News
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