History Scrapbooks - 1798 Rebellion
- New Jersey Journal
Aug 14, 1798
DUBLIN, May 31.
We are extremely happy to announce that, in several parts of the country,
numbers of the infatuated peasantry are coming in, surrendering their arms, and
taking the oath of allegiance. In the neighbourhood of Coolock, we hear, no less
than 500 have come in in the course of Tuesday, and the day before,
acknowledging their crimes, and delivering up their arms; and this, we
understand, has been in a great measure owing to the humane exertions of Hon.
Recruits are joining in numbers every day, to the different yeomanry troops
of this city, and new bodies also forming, one of which is to be called the
Orange Corps, and, it is said, will be very numerous. In the country parts,
likewise, the increase of the different corps of yeomanry is going forward with
spirit, and the persons chosen are taken from the list of those who have
voluntarily come forward to take the oath of allegiance, and indeed, very few
will be excused unless such as are incapable of carrying arms, either by age,
infirmity or their being employed in some necessary or indispensable avocation.
June 2. This day Mr. Thomas Bacon, of Ship-street, a respectable master
taylor, and formerly Major in the Goldsmith's Dublin Volunteers, was arrested in
Golden-lane, dressed in female attire, and conveyed to the castle.
Lord Henry Fitzgerald, who arrived here on Thursday, had yesterday a long
interview with Lord Camden; but by no intreaty could he procure permission to
free his brother, Lord Edward.
Another execution took place this day on the Old Bridge.
A respectable master shoe maker, who keeps a shop in South-King street was
yesterday arrested, and, having received 200 lashes to extort a confession of
what he knew not, was this day sent home to his disconsolate family, to be
In the affair of Blackmore-hill, six or seven peasants were shot, in their
miserable cabins, by the military, after the insurgents had retreated.
The town of Nass is totally destroyed, except a few remaining houses in the
centre, occupied by the military.
June 3. Enniscorthy (about 48 miles south of Dublin, on a fine river called
Slaney) is in the hands of rebels, who have put every Protestant to death.
Mr. Moor, of Rathangan, having drawn out his corps against the rebels, his
lieutenant, who was a Catholic, cried out that "he would not fire on his fellow
citizens." - "Nor I. Nor I," ran through the corps. On which Mr. Moor called
out, "What I have no loyal men amongst you to ??????" Six or seven men instantly
stood forward, who, with Mr. Moor, as instantly lost their lives, and the
traitors fled to join the rebels.
In Mr. Burchall's garden, which was dug up in every part, there were found
long pikes and 12 muskets., which were concealed under some cabbage-plants; and
in his day book was found the following creed in his own handwriting:- "I hold
it to be an incontrovertible truism, that no Irish Catholic can be free while a
The rebels have burnt the bodies of several Protestants in some parts of the
country. After the battle that was fought near Nass, the road was so encumbered
with dead bodies, for near six miles, as to be scarcely passable.
In the different engagements which have happened up to the present date, I
am concerned to state that the loss of the Yeomanry is full 500 killed, besides
12 officers; and the loss of the rebels exceeds 5000.
More than 4000 rebels have encamped themselves on the hills of Tallagh,
(about seven miles from Dublin) whole numbers have been considerably augmented
by those who surrendered to Gen Dundas. The seven pretended leaders given up by
these men, were seven miserable creatures who joined them thro' compulsion, and
were about to desert them through fear. The event certainly shews there was no
security for the engagements on the side of these rebels, for they fled
instantly and joined the rebels at Talagh and Rathangan. And the rear of this
army, with which Gen. Dundas had treated, marched off with their arms, fell in
with and attacked Sir James Duff and his men, as he was escorting the mail to
Naas. But he put to the sword about 300 of them.
Mr. Grattan's steward was one of the principal leaders of the rebellion in
the county of Wicklow. He is since taken, and has impeached his master. Dr.
Edmond, who was stated to be hanged, was reprieved under the gallows, in
consequence of making some very important discoveries.
Houses have been found marked for the purpose of being fired, and the owners
Seventeen of Capt. Stratford's corps of yeomanry cavalry, all Papists, have
been shot for being off their duty, and supposed to be intriguing with the
The progress of the rebellion has been by no means so alarming within the
last three days as its outset threatened. The county of Clare seems to have been
cleared by the king's troops; and, except those who have retired into the
fastnesses of the Wicklow mountains, and those who occupy the north-eastern
quarter of the county of Wexford, there seems to be no existing force of
treason, from which any thing can or ought to be apprehended.
It is said that a messenger set off on Thursday with a warrant for the
apprehension of Mr. Grattan, upon charges of the most serious nature.
June 4. On Saturday last, Lieutenant John Clinch, of Capt. Ormsby's company
of Rathcoole infantry, was executed at the front of the new prison pursuant to
the sentence of a Court-Martial, who tried him the day before. At the place of
execution he made an afflicting exhortation to his fellow soldiers,
acknowledging the justice of his sentence and desiring that his fate might be a
warning to all the cloth.- A boy, not thirteen years old, was taken on the hill
of Rathcoole, and being closely interrogated, he gave such information as led to
the discovery of a most treasonable conspiracy, in which the unfortunate officer
above-mentioned was deeply implicated. The corps was to have joined the rebels
the first attack, and murder Capt. Ormsby and his brothers. Others of the
company are confined, and will be speedily brought to trial.
This day Thomas Bacon, an eminent taylor and formerly a major of brigade in
the old volunteers, was hanged, pursuant to the sentence of a Court-Martial on
Carlisle bridge. From the barracks to the place of execution, he was conveyed in
a cart through several principal and populous streets, in terrorem to the
multitude, and such a melancholy and ignominious fate, attending a man of his
rank in life, would in no other person excite more public interest, or have more
effect, as he was very generally known. He is said to have confessed that he had
knowledge of the conspiracy existing against the government, but was uniformly
against suffering assassination to form a part of the system. He denied any
knowledge of having been elected a major-general in the rebel army; but admitted
that the rank had been offered him, and said he had refused it.- He has left a
wife and several female children behind him, the oldest of whom, a very
beautiful girl, excited much pity and compassion this day in the castle-yard,
where she appeared in all the wildness of grief and distraction.
Prisoners are taking up every day in great numbers. A Roman Catholic priest
was arrested yesterday, of the name of Kearns; a Counsellor Bennet was also
Extract of a letter from Lieut. Col. Longfield, of the royal Cork militia,
to Lieut. Gen. Craig, dated at Rathangan, May. 29
I arrived near this town at seven o'clock, and perceiving the rebels to have
taken a position at the upper end of the town, near the church, and that they
had in some parts barricaded the streets, and drawn chains across others, I
placed my battalion guns in front, supported by the infantry, stationing the
cavalry so as to support both, and commenced by firing ???? with the cannon -
after the second discharge, I perceived the rebels to fly in my direction. I
then gave orders for the cavalry to charge; which was executed by Capt. Pack and
the detachment of the 5th dragoon guards, with the greatest spirits and
judgment. Lord Trawly joined me immediately before the action with a serjeant
and 12 of the Romney fencibles, and six of the yeomanry cavalry, who assisted
with equal spirit in the charge.- To Col. Robinson, of the Perthshire regiment,
Major Miller, Captain O'Callachan, and Capt. Campbell, of the 41st regiment, I
am indebted for their spirited exertions and assistance. There are between 50
and 60 of the rebels killed.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Norwich Packet
Aug 14, 1798
Progress of the Rebellion in Ireland
London, May 25.
The village of Lacklow, in Ireland, is burnt by the military. It consisted
of 27 houses.
Dublin is declared out of the King's peace.
May 29. The Irish rebels have been defeated at Saggard and Naas. Several
May 30. The Dublin mail of the 25th inst. arrived yesterday, by which we
have received, not only a confirmation of the dreadful accounts given in our
last paper, but also some important details of several fresh actions which have
taken place between the military and the rebels in various directions. The
rebellion is now openly supported in most parts of the counties of Dublin,
Kildare, and Meath, and even the neighbourhood of the metropolis has been
assailed by the daring insurgents. In some instances they have made a desperate
resistance, but in all they have been defeated with great slaughter, while his
majesty's forces have sustained very little loss. Near Dunboyne the rebels
????????????? by a small party of the Reay fencibles, as stated in our paper of
yesterday, remained undisturbed on the 24th, but on the following day a
formidable army was sent against them, who happily succeeded in putting the
whole body to flight.
General Grenier, says a Paris paper, is shortly to sail from Dunkirk, with
the troops destined for the invasion of England. The corps which were hitherto
in cantonments at St. Omer, Bethune, Arras, &c. have marched to the coast.
May 31. By the Dublin mail of the 26th, which came to hand yesterday, we
have received accounts of several fresh actions having been fought between
military and the insurgents, in the whole of which his Majesty's forces have
completely triumphed. The rebellion has extended its influence into the counties
of Wicklow and Carlow, so that there are now five counties in an open state of
insurrection. The official details of two of the engagements, which took place
at Hacketstown, in the county of Carlow, and at Baltinglass, in the county of
Wicklow, state that the rebels lost in the former three hundred men, and in the
latter between one and two hundred. Battles have also been fought at Clare,
Ballimor, Berresttown, Lucan and Lusk, which terminated in a similar manner. The
rebels have burnt the town of Kilcullen, and destroyed a great part of the
respectable city of Carlow, at which place a dreadful conflict took place, the
result of which was, that four hundred of the misguided wretches were slain,
over whole mangled carcasses the travellers from Dublin to the southward were
for a whole day obligated to pass. Such is the frightful picture which the
intelligence of yesterday presents to our view. But this is not all; Our advices
from the fourth state, that the county of Kilkenny is in a very perturbed
situation; that the greatest apprehensions are entertained in the counties of
Tipperary and Waterford; and that in the county of Cork, an open rebellion is
hourly expected. The vicinity of the Metropolis continues to be infested with
numerous bodies of the insurgents, against whom all the troops in the garrison
have received orders to march, and the protection of the city is now committed
to the yeomanry, who, form their numbers and activity, appear fully adequate to
the undertaking. Two members of the Rathfarham volunteers, Messrs. Ledwich and
Keogh, who headed the rebels in an action fought near that place, were on Sunday
last, with eighteen others, executed in Dublin, pursuant to the sentences of
several courts martial; on the same day, Dr. Esmond of the county of Kildare,
also suffered death, for rebellious behavior. The rebels have possessed
themselves of some unimportant posts not far distant from the metropolis, and
destroyed the bridge of Kilcullen, to prevent a communication with the South.
June 4. The official intelligence which has arrived from Dublin since our
last publication, in some measure answers our expectations, and gratifies our
hopes. A numerous body of rebels assembled on the curragh of Kildare (amounting
to 4000) have laid down their arms, and given up a number of their leaders; that
the communication between Dublin and Limerick, which had been cut off by the
insurgents, has been restored; and that Sir James Duff has retaken the town of
Kildare and killed between two and three hundred of the insurgents who had
possession of that place, with the loss of three men killed and several wounded.
The Gazette adds, that "the South is entirely quiet." We are sorry, however, our
letters from that quarter do not admit us to subscribe to this last assertion.
The rebels, we are on the contrary assured, are still in great force in the
county of Wexford, and at a late hour ????? informed that a large detachment of
the 13th regiment of foot, commanded by lieutenant colonel Colville, which
marched from Waterford for that county, on the 8th ult, had been cut off by the
Insurgents, who, to the amount of near 7000 men were in the possession of the
city of Wexford and its neighbourhood, when the gentleman who states this
unfortunate circumstance came away.
June 6. Major gen. Fawcett having marched from Duncannon Fort, with a
company of the Meath regiment, was surrounded by a very large body of rebels
between Taghman and Wexford, and defeated; the general effecting his retreat to
the fort. Official.
The town of Newtown Barry was attacked June 1, by the rebels; they
surrounded it in such a manner that Colonel L'Estrange at first retreated to
collect his force; he then attacked them, drove them from the town with great
slaughter ,and pursued them several miles, 500 of the rebels were killed; the
col's. whole force was about 350. Official.
A party of rebels in endeavouring to enter Carlow were defeated. Official.
Yesterday's Irish Mails brought was to June 2. The rebels appear to derive
military instruction from their frequent disasters. In the north of Ireland too,
which has affected much loyalty, such ferocious indications of revolt have
appeared, that martial law is declared there. This was done at Belfast on Sunday
It is feared that Toulon fleet has eluded the vigilance of Ad. Nelson.
June 8. Yesterday arrived the Waterford and Donaughadee mails. The rebels,
to the amount of fifteen thousand men, are encamped on the mountain of Farth,
situated near the sea, about ten miles from Wexford, so advantageous to dislodge
them. Their front is protected by a numerous body of horse, and eight pieces of
artillery and the sea is in their rear. Here they mean to make their grand
stand; they have their apprehensions and are determined at any rate, to sell
their lives dearly, and sooner than surrender, to throw themselves into the sea.
Another account states that the rebels have been driven from Wexford, with
the loss of 900 men, but that the king's military so experienced great loss, the
pikes of the insurgents (14 feet in length) preventing the effectual use of the
bayonet. It is said a company of the North Cork militia and a detachment of
Meath militia have been cut off by the rebels.
Capt. Moor, of Rathangan, having drawn out his company to engage the
revolters, his lieut. cried, he would not fight against his fellow citizens.
'Nor I,' 'nor I,' run threw the corps - when they massacred their capt. and fled
to the insurgents.
Sir Edward Crosbie has been executed as a rebel in Ireland.
June 9. The Dublin mail of the 4th arrived yesterday. There has been no
general action, and it is supposed the rebels mean to confine themselves to a
system of predatory warfare. They frequently issue from their head quarters on
the Wexford mountain and have some skirmishes, wherein victory has been
generally on the side of the king's troops. On one instance the rebels
triumphed. A detachment under col. Walpole, of 5 or 600 men, with artillery
(marching to join the main army, with was about attacking the rebels in three
different points) while they were passing a defile, were attacked; a severe
conflict ensued, which terminated in the defeat of their commander, Walpole.
Some compute the total loss at 300, others at a 100, on the part of the
defeated. It is said the rebels took 5 pieces of artillery. We hope the most
moderate of their accounts is exaggerated.
Mr. Bacon, a taylor, elected maj-general of the revolters, has been
arrested, and was hanged on Monday last. Martial law is declared in Limerick;
and Irish affairs are daily more portentous. All troops, which can be spared
from other parts, are marching to the insurgent counties of Wexford, Carlow and
Wicklow; but the disaffected state of the north, necessitates the leaving many
troops there, therefore 10,000 men are instantly to go from England.
It is reported, a whole corps of yeomanry (loyal rifles) is disarmed in
Dublin, having been discovered in league with the rebels.
The rebels in Wexford, possessing both bays and harbors, it is thought they
have already received some aid from France. They hold Enniscorthy, a very
O'Coigley, a clergyman, has been executed in Ireland, for treason.
Troops, it is said, are sailing from New Castle, Plymouth, Liverpool, &c.
Dublin, May 31.
M'Conn, an apothecary, is apprehended; and his apprentice deposes that he
has, within a few days, sold above a thousand ounces of arsenic to various
persons, who were servants.
Yesterday, died of his wounds, capt. D.F. Byan, the officer who arrested
In an attempt on Newtown, Mount Kennedy, the rebels were defeated with the
loss of 40.
The rector of Kyle and his whole family, infants and all, have been
butchered by the rebels. The families of Mr. Bookey, Mr. Barrington and others
have shared the same fate.
The insurgent camp at Blackmoor Hill has been taken possession of by
government, and the rebels driven from it, with the loss of their camp materials
and 7 of their horde. They were 1000 strong, and were defeated by about 100.
June 2. Among the rebels near Narragmore, was an Amazonian leader. She fired
two shot at the col. of the regular troops. She is taken, but the treason act
cannot well be literally put in force against her.
It is said a large body of rebels have been defeated at Corce (Wexford
county) and 140 killed.
Lieut. Clinch, of the infantry, was executed on Saturday. He confessed his
crime, viz conspiring to murder his capt. and desert the army with the company
to the rebels.
All respectable families that can are embarking for England, with all speed.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Gazette of the United States
August 17, 1798
The following letter from the north of Ireland, dated 31st May, was politely
handed to us by a merchant of the first respectability. Its contents are
interesting and authentic. -
My dear Sir,
I wrote you 10th current by captain Macey and by the Mohawk, captain Moore,
since which the united Irish, without waiting for their good friends the French,
have broken out into open rebellion. The plan was fixed for setting on fire the
city of Dublin in different parts at the same instant on the night of the 19th
current. Persons were to be placed at the houses of loyalists to murder them as
soon as they (on the alarm of fire) should open their doors; most of the
servants of the city were sworn to assist in this dreadful massacre, and to
bring out all the bulky furniture and to lay it across the streets to impede the
march of horse and foot, who might attempt to give aid to the sufferers. A
bloody night it would have been, had not government received information of the
conspiracy some short time previous to the fatal period, and taken every
precaution to prevent its being carried to execution. Lord Edward Fitzgerald
(brother to the Duke of Leinster, who was to have headed the rebel army, and for
whose capture 1000l. reward was offered) having been taken that very evening
after a desperate resistance, disconcerted their schemes for the attack of the
city, but as the insurrection was to have been general, large bodies of these
deluded people well armed collected on the 22d current, and attacked Nags,
Dunshoughlin, Dunboyne, Monsterevan, Clandalkin, Kilcullen and appeared in force
at Rathfarnam, Wicklow mountains, Curragh of Kildare, Stratford on Shaney, and
other places; to prevent intelligence they stopped all the mail coaches leaving
Dublin on the night of the 22d, burnt them and the mails containing the letters;
and as most of the army is stationed in the south, and south west parts of the
kingdom, where we expected the French would land, there were but few forces in
Dublin or its vicinity; however these few in small parties, attacked the
different bodies of the rebels and in every engagement the latter were defeated
and it is computed that above 3000 of them were killed, many wounded and many
prisoners taken, but not without some loss on the part of the king's troops by
reason of the smallness of their numbers, in respect to those of the rebels, who
in most of the actions were ten, twelve and more to one. They have committed
many horrid murders, cutting the throats of men, women and children and burning
whole families in their houses, following the barbarous example of their
brethren in iniquity, the French. They say that the Roman Catholics will never
be emancipated until the Protestants are totally destroyed. We have reason to be
thankful that none of these insurrections were nearer to us than between 30 to
40 miles. Hereabout and to the northward of this they are at present pretty
quiet but it is hard to say how long they many continue so; the whole kingdom is
now under military law.
Yesterday's papers inform that 4000 of the rebels in the county of Kildare
had surrendered on promise of pardon, they giving up their arms and their
officers. I have therefore great hopes that this rebellion will soon be crushed
without more blood being shed, and die away until the French invade us, when
there is not doubt but numbers will join them. As there are no vessels here for
America, and knowing how anxious you would be fore the safety of your friends in
this part of the world, on hearing flying and vague reports of the rebellion by
ships from England, the half of which would in all probability be either false
or much exaggerated, I thought you would be highly gratified in hearing from me
what you can depend on for truth. By the next opportunity I shall write you the
catastrophe of this shocking business.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Commercial Advertiser
Aug 28, 1798
(From the London Gazette of Last Night)
Whitehall, June 12.
Dispatches of which the following are copies, have been this day received
from his Excellency the Lord Lieut. of Ireland, by his Grace the Duke of
Portland, His Majesty's principal Sec'ry of State for the home department.
Dublin-Castle, June 9.
It is with the utmost concern I acquaint your Grace, an insurrection has broken
out in the county of Antrim; and in order to give your Grace the fullest
information in my power, I enclose to you an extract of a letter received this
morning by Lord Castlereach, from Maj. Gen. Nugent. I am in great hope, from the
numbers and spirit of the loyal in that part of the country, the insurgents may
be quickly checked. I have the honor to be, &c, &c.
His Grace the Duke of Portland.
Belfast, June 8.
I have the honor to report to your lordship, that in consequence of
information which I received early yesterday morning, of an intended
insurrection in the county of Antrim, having for its first object the seizure of
the magistrates, who were to assemble that day in the town of Antrim, I
apprehended several persons in Belfast. I did not receive the intelligence early
enough to prevent the insurgents from taking possession of Antrim and I am not
therefore acquainted with their first proceedings there; but I prevented many
magistrates from leaving Belfast; and many others, being officers of yeomanry on
permanent duty, did not attend the meeting. I ordered the 64th regiment and
light battalion, and 100 of the 22d light dragoons, under col. Clavering and
lieut. col. Lumley, with two 5 1/2 inch howitzers, and two curricle 6 pounders,
to proceed with the utmost dispatch thro Lisburn to Antrim. I also ordered from
the garrison 250 of the Monaghan militia, with lieut. col. Ker, and 50 of the
22d dragoons, together with the Belfast yeomanry cavalry, with maj. Smith, to
proceed under the command of col. Durham, with two curricle 6 pounders thro
Carmoney and Templepatrick to Antrim, to co-operate with the other detachment.
The dragoons under lieut. col. Lumley having made the attack upon the town
without waiting for the light battalion, were fired upon from the windows of the
houses and were consequently obliged to retreat with the loss of, I am sorry to
add, three officers of that excellent regiment killed and wounded, and the two
curricle 6 pounders. Co. Clavering, on his arrival near Antrim, finding the
rebels pouring into that town in great force, very judiciously took post on a
hill on the Lisburn side and reported his situation to M. Gen. Goldie. In the
mean time col. Durham, with his whole detachment, proceeded to within half a
mile of Antrim, and after a cannonade of half an hour, drove the insurgents
completely out of the town and retook the two curricle guns, together with 1
brass 6 pounder, very badly mounted, of which, it seems, the rebels and two
supposed to have been smuggled out of Belfast. The col. then proceeded without
the loss of a man, thro the town, (when, for obvious reasons, suffered much) to
Shane's Castle and Randelstown, in which direction the principal part of the
rebels fled. He remains there still for orders from me. Lord O'Neil, I am sorry
to say, is dangerously wounded.
Lieut.-Col. Leslie, of the Tay Fencibles, reports to me from Carrickfergus,
that Lieutenant Small, with a detachment of twenty men of that corps, in the
barrack at Larne, defended themselves most gallantly against the attack of a
numerous body and maintained their post, with the loss of two killed and three
wounded, including the Lieutenant. I have ordered them into head-quarters at
Carrickfergus. The Glenarm Yeomanry (sixty strong) being also threatened by an
attack, in the course of the day took possession of Glenarm Castle, where they
will maintain themselves if possible. Brigadier General Knox, having heard of a
party of the Toome Yeomanry being made prisoners by the Insurgents, sent to me
very early this morning, to offer to march, by Toome Bridge, into the county of
Antrim, which I have desired him to do, in order to liberate Colonel Dunham's
detachment, and enable them to cross the country on their return to Belfast.
Although the Insurrection has been pretty general in the county, I do not
find they have had much success; but I have not received as yet any reports from
Ballycastle, Ballymena, Ballymoney, Portglenore, and other places in the
Northern parts, in which Yeomanry are stationed.- As my information led to a
general rising in the county of Down, I have been obliged to call in all the
small detachments of the York Fencibles to Newtown Ardes. Colonel Stapleton has
everything in readiness to move at a moment's warning. The Yeomanry are all on
permanent duty throughout the counties of Down and Antrim; and have distributed
arms to 140 loyal men in Belfast, who will be attached to the Monaghan and
Fifeshire regiiments and thereby become very useful. Offers of service are very
I cannot close this letter without expressing to your Lordship my entire
approbation of the conduct of the Troops of all descriptions in this part of the
Northern District; their zeal and attention to their duties cannot be surpassed;
and I trust that, when occasion offers, they will act in that concert which is
so much to be wished for in military service. Lieutenant Colonel Lumley, I am
afraid, is badly wounded in the leg; Cornet Dunn is killed; and Lieutenant
Murphy slightly wounded; all of the 22d Dragoons, I understand, but not
officially, that some Yeomanry from Lord Hereford's estate (I believe the
Derriaghy) were with the Dragoons when they made the unsuccessful attack on
Antrim; and they retired to Anstrun Castle where they were relieved by Colonel
Durham. Colonel Durham deserves my warmest praise for his judicious and spirited
conduct. He speaks in high terms of the detachment under him, and particularly
the Monaghan Militia.- The Rev. Steele Dickson was taken up the night before
last, and sent prisoner here, where he will be confined in a place of safety, as
well as many others, whom it is now necessary to apprehend. Your Lordship may
depend upon my individual exertions in this unpleasant contest; and as I am ably
supported, I make no doubt, that we shall prevent the Rebels from gaining any
advantages, and ultimately oblige them to return to their allegiance. I shall
write again to-morrow, should any material event occur. I have the honor to be,
C. NUGENT, Major-General.
Lord Viscount Castlereagh, &c.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Salem Gazette
September 4, 1798
Belfast, June 15.
To the honour of the province of Ulster, only two counties, out of its nine,
were led astray in the late disturbances.
The rebellion in this part of the country may now be considered as
The Insurgents in the county of Wexford now consist, it is said, of 60,000,
and are reported to be casting cannon at the founderies in Wexford and
All communications between Denaghadee and Port Patrick is stopped for the
present. The packet with the last mail sailed from Carrickfergus.
September 4, 1798
Dublin, June 23
I have just got sight of a letter received by a friend of mine, a few days
since, from Ross; the part which I extract relates to the first engagement which
took place there as follows:-
"After the engagement, the army gave the Rebels no quarter; upwards of two
hundred were killed in the main street of this town.
"You may be very thankful you left this place, as the scenes of horror it
has presented for some days back, make humanity shudder. Business is totally
destroyed; the shops are all shut up, and nothing but dreadful warfare is to be
seen or heard. The evening after the action, all the shops in town were
plundered, and every person met in colored clothes was shot. A number of the
town's people unfortunately fell in consequence; no discrimination was made, and
innocent and guilty were equally involved; the colored coat was a sufficient
mark of guilt with the executioner. Two hundred and thirty houses have already
been burnt ????? some, indeed, were cabins."
September 5, 1798
REBELLION IN IRELAND
London, June 26.
The following official Bulleting has been published at Dublin the 22d.
Extract of a letter from Gen. Larke to Lord Vicount, Castlereagh, dated
Enniscorthy, June 21. '98.
"Dublin Castle, June 22, 1798.
"I have the honor to acquaint your Lordship for his Excellency the Lord
Lieutenant's information, that the Rebel camp upon Vinegar-hill was attacked
this morning at 7 o'clock, and carried in about an hour and a half.
"The relative importance of this very strong proposition with our operations
against Wexford made it necessary to combine our attacks as to insure success. A
column, under Major-Generals Johnson and Eustace, was drawn from Ross, and began
the attack upon the town of Enniscorthy, situate upon the right bank of the
Salney, close under Vinegar-hill, upon the right and rather in the rear of it.
"Lieutenant-General Dundas commanded the center column, supported by a
column on the right, under Major-Generals Sir James Duff and Loetus; a fourth
column, upon the left, was commanded by the Hon. Major-General Needham. To the
determined spirit with which these columns were conducted, and the great
gallantry of the troops, we are indebted for the short resistance of the rebels,
who maintained their ground obstinately for the time above mentioned; but on
perceiving the danger of being surrounded, they fled with great precipitation.
Their loss is not yet ascertained, but it must be very considerable. The loss on
our part is not great, the particulars of which I shall report as soon as
possible. In the meantime I am sorry to say that Lieutenant Sandys of the
Longford Regiment is killed; and that Col. King, of the Sligo, was wounded, in
gallantly leading his regiment. Lord Blaney and Col. Versey, of the County
Dublin Regiment, are also wounded, but I am happy to add, that the wounds of
these three officers are very slight."
[Here follows the General's obligations to various officers and the men for
their courage and promptitude, and the return of 18 brass field-pieces and
howitzers taken from the rebels, with stores, &c.]
[Gen. Algill has defeated a party, killed 100. Col. O'Reeley has killed 150
near Bandon. The papers are full of accounts of skirmishes, &c. in which the
loyal troops are invariably successful.]
September 5, 1798
FROM ENGLAND - THE LATEST.
We were last evening put in possession of London papers to June 26, brought
by Capt. Choate from Liverpool; the following is a hasty summary of the most
important of their contents.
The Rebellion in Ireland still rages with violence. Many actions have
occurred, in which the loyal troops were generally successful. Most of these
were of no consequence, but none have been decisive as to the Insurrection.
Numbers of the Revolters are daily surrendering. A French frigate has landed
Military Stores; and others, it was said, were ordered, at all events, to
proceed from Brest to Ireland. Marquis Cornwallis is appointed Lord Lieut. of
Ireland and has arrived there. We see no charge against Camden. An American, the
mate of the brig Sukey, got into the midst of a mob, where a person was whipping
for treasonable practices, and there uttered many intemperate words---was
arrested and sentenced to receive 500 lashes; but afterwards, in consideration
of his country was pardoned. Proclamations by certain Loyal Generals interdict
the further commission of many excesses which have occurred from the King's
troops; but Cornwallis, is said to have orders to behave with increased military
energy. Several English Militia Regiments have tendered their services to go
over to Ireland, and have been accepted. Addresses in favor of mild measures in
Ireland have been rejected in the British Parliament. The Debates are all
secret. A Peer is not suffered to be present in the Tribune of the Commons.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Columbian Centinel
September 8, 1798
The Rebellion in Ireland.
Dublin, July 10.
As far as we can learn, the most perfect quiet reigns throughout every part
of Ireland, save Wicklow and its neighboring borders of Kildare and Wexford; nor
does this exception surprize us, when we recollect that in all rebellions with
which this unhappy island have been afflicted Wicklow was always the county last
Sept. 8, 1798
London, July 6.
A subscription was opened at Baston's Coffee House for the relief of the
Individuals, or of the wives and children of such as have suffered, or may
hereafter suffer in suppressing the unfortunate Rebellion in Ireland when the
sum of 15,000l, sterling was subscribed in a few days.
This is one among the numerous displays of that spirit of liberality which,
to say the least, is a prominent feature in the character of the English nation.
Of all public emergencies, and on all occasions of misfortune, either general or
local, they are probably much more liberal than any other modern European
September 10, 1798
The Rebellion in Ireland is considered to be so completely crushed, that Marquis
Cornwallis has written home that there is no occasion for any reinforcements to
be sent to Ireland. In consequence all the Militia regiments either embarked, or
under orders, are countermanded and will remain in England.
September 14, 1798
Dublin, July 7.
The official accounts published yesterday evening contained the pleasing
information of a signal rout given to the rebels in the county of Wicklow. All
our private letters from that quarter agree in every respect with the public
account, but mention the number of slain on the part of the rebels, in different
ways, some stating them at seven hundred, while others say they amount to nearly
two thousand. - Some idea of the number of the rebels engaged in this affair may
be obtained by knowing that their army covered four miles and a half of a very
wide road, besides multitudes covering the fields on each side; the loss of such
an army in a tumultuary flight must be incalculable.
From Kildare accounts are received, which state, that though a great number
of the Rebels have availed themselves of the late proclamation, yet the
collective force acting against government is very considerable. I have seen a
letter from an officer of the Suffolk fencibles, quartered near Kilcullen
bridge, which states that the Rebels are encamped near 16,000 strong, within a
few miles of them; but they have received orders not to attempt to attack them
till a reinforcement arrives.
As far as we can learn, the most perfect quiet reigns throughout every part
of Ireland, save Wicklow and its neighbouring borders of Kildare and Wexford;
nor does this exception surprize us when we recollect that in all rebellions
with which this unhappy island has been afflicted, Wicklow was always the county
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Columbian Centinel
September 29, 1798
Of the Rebellion in Ireland,
IRELAND, Dublin, Aug 2
The rebel banditti, which, but a few weeks since, were composed of a body at
Vinegar-Hill, of nineteen thousand strong; at Linkinstown-Hill, of fifteen
thousand; at the town of Wexford and its vicinities, near the sea side, of eight
thousand; and at Enniscorthy, Carnew, and other parts of the county of Wexford,
of about ten thousand more, independent of the numerous hordes in the counties
of Kildaire, Wicklow, Carlow, Meath, the Queen's County, &c. are now reduced to
parties plundering marauders, from thirty to sixty in number, some of which have
been already cut to pieces, and others separating and accepting the terms of
pardon, already graciously proffered - so much for rebellion in its former and
present state, and thus are its purposes entirely blasted.
Oct 5, 1798
Dublin, August 20.
Since our last no accounts have reached town of consequence. The wretched
rebels continue to be surprised in small parties, particularly in the County of
The freedom of the city was unanimously voted to his Excellency the Marquis
Cornwallis, with a congratulatory address upon his arrival in this Kingdom.
The assembly upon a petition of certain of the Commons, unanimously
disfranchised Hamilton Rowan, John Chambers and Napper Tandy, to be considered
hereafter as aliens, the two former being accused of high treason, and bills for
felony having been found against the latter, and all having absconded.
The rebel prisoners who have surrendered and are now confined at the Royal
Exchange, exhibit a just picture of the infernal cause in which they had
embarked, in the most immoral and profligate behaviour, by continued blasphemy,
and horrid oaths, cursing and abusing the yeomanry, and his Majesty's forces.
They appear to be most depraved ruffians, equal to the commitment of any act of
The great guns which had so long menaced the populace of Dublin from the
Castle gates, were removed yesterday, and the Orange is getting fast out of
season, it is now picked, and I trust will soon be wholly rotten, all which
circumstances are no small indications of returning confidence and established
So general is the restoration of tranquility that the Generals of the
several districts have written to the commanders of the yeomanry corps,
announcing the state of the country to be such that there no longer existed
occasion for their continuing on permanent duty. Sir James Duff, on signifying
this agreeable intelligence to the volunteers of Limerick, and Nenall, passed
high and deserved encomiums on their conduct, and expressed his hope, that they
will occasionally assemble, as before the rebellion, for the preservation of
that discipline which has rendered them so respectable.
It was yesterday currently reported that in consequence of information, a
rebel deposit of one hundred thousand guineas had been discovered.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Federal Galaxy
Oct 13, 1798
Dublin, Aug. 4
The present state of the country bears the fairest prospect of
tranquility, and rebellion seems to shield its head in final oblivion. The
armed rebels who appeared in such force and numbers are no longer to be
found; vanquished in every battle, in which they had the hardihood to make
stand, and their leaders defeated in their abominable views, of universal
plunder and massacre; their accursed and baneful influence is in neither the
East or West province of this country, and the only trace that can be found
of that wretched and unprovoked rebellion, which so lately rent and agitated
this country, is that of armed banditties of robbers, who derive a
subsistence from plunder, and are composed of blood thirsty miscreants, whom
we hope our gallant yeomanry, as best acquainted with the interior of the
country, will bring to justice.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Federal Gazette
October 19, 1798
DUBLIN, August 29.
Extract of a letter from Ballinrebe, Aug. 25.
"Friday morning, at two o'clock, we were alarmed by an express for the
Carabineers, the French being about to land at Killala, about 42 miles from
hence. Sir Thomas Chapman immediately set off, and found they had really
effected a landing, and had taken prisoners the bishop of Killala, his two
sons, Dean Thompson and his wife, Mr. Thomas Ellison, &c and had thrown up
some istrenchments. Sir Thomas, on reconnoitering their works, was
attacked, but after a smart skirmish, had only a few men, about 8, slightly
wounded, and a serjeant missing. Our troops killed one of their officers,
and retreated to Castlebar, where they are now waiting for a supply of
troops, who are hourly passing through this quarter, and it is thought will
proceed to-morrow to attack them.
"On Sir Thomas Chapman's retreat, the enemy advanced as far as Ballina
(7 miles nearer us) but did not keep it long, having conceived it prudent to
return to their first position. They picked up several prisoners, among them
Sir William Boyd.
"The alarm occasioned by the appearance of the enemy has crowded this
town, a number of families having deserted their habitations not only from
the neighborhood of Killala, but from parts within two miles of us. Thank
God, there is a considerable body of troops and ordnance in motion, and the
common people seem steady and well affected; a few days will terminate the
The above letter mentions but 3 French frigates having appeared at
Friday last the following notice was distributed through Athlone and its
"Brigadier general Barnet has the satisfaction of informing the
inhabitants of Athlone and its neighborhood, that the French force landed at
Killala is very inconsiderable and that the force already marched against
them is sufficient to prevent their moving forward; and the general hopes,
in a very short time, to be able to announce their total defeat."
A variety of reports were yesterday circulated; among the most credited
were accounts that C. O'Hara, M.P. for Sligo, had, in attempting at the head
of his yeomanry corps to check the course of the French, fallen a prisoner
into their hands.
By the latest accounts we learn, that the French column had advanced on
its way to Sligo as far as the town of Ballina; but finding no aid or
countenance from the country people, had retired to Killala in the hope of
re-imbarking; but, it was added, that the frigates which brought them had
disappeared from the coast.
The landing of the enemy at Killala seems to be a matter artfully
designed, so as to have received assistance from the inhabitants of a part
of province of Ulster as well as Connaught before they proceeded further
into the country; but we are happy to find that loyalty is at present the
prevalent principle among the people, and that they have not been joined by
any of the inhabitants, and of course, the French forces must either
endeavor to escape to their vessels or else soon feel the fatal effects of
opposition to the troops of the country.
The spirit which the northern loyalists have ever displayed, has been
gloriously manifested by the Enniskilliners - four hundred of them, under
the command of cols Cole, marched on Friday evening toward Killala, leaving
700 behind them to protect the important pass of Enniskillen.
Since the above we hear, and hope, the intelligence well founded, that
the French have capitulated - and a still more pleasant circumstance, that
they were joined but by three of the natives;- these, together with an
outpost of the enemy, to whom they appeared to have acted as guides, are
said to have been taken by a party of the yeomanry. The French were defended
by 16 pieces of artillery.
The marquis Cornwallis's headquarters continue to be at Athlone.
A letter from Killala of the 26th states, that an heavy cannonade was
heard off the coast; and the probability is, that one of our squadrons has
fallen in with some of the enemy's ships.
From the different counties of Ulster, we receive the best-founded
assurances of tranquility.
A letter from Castlebar, under date of the 26th instant, mentions an
action having taken place between the enemy and the king's troops and
yeomanry, in which the latter sustained some trifling disadvantage; but
reinforcements being in movement from various directions, it was hourly
expected that the enemy must surrender, or be entirely cut off.
It is with much concern that we present to the public the official
account published yesterday, of a check received by the king's forces under
The circumstances, as far as we have been able to learn, are as follows:
General Luke, who left Dublin on Saturday last at 2 o'clock P.M. arrived
on the next evening at the village near Castlebar, where he had directed the
forces of the district to assemble with all possible speed; some of these
troops had many miles to march within a few hours, and in consequence at a
very early hour the next morning, but a small part of the intended army
having assembled (not quite one thousand men) the general was attacked on
the very point of rendezvousing by the enemy, who had marched in the course
of the evening and night before, in all force from Killala.
The king's troops, consisting of detachments from the Frazer fencibles,
Kilkenny and Limerick city militia, and royal Irish artillery, with six
field pieces, sustained the attack of the French with great gallantry, and
had there been any time for preparation or arrangement would have defeated
them; but the fencibles, having given way, and the six field pieces having
fallen into the hands of the enemy, the general found it necessary to
retreat with the loss of about twenty of his men.
His first retreat was to Hollymount, about seven miles southward of
Castlebar, from whence we understand he has since retreated still further
southward, through Tuam, in the county of Galway, to which latter place the
French troops are said to have advanced.
We have not learned whether general Lake has shaped his course to Galway
Menatime every exertion of vigilance and precaution is adopted to
preserve the security of the rest of the country. The county of Wexford, so
lately the scene of warfare, is so far restored to peace as to justify the
marching of the 2d and 29th regiments toward the province of Connaught -
troops are moving from every quarter to the kingdom in the same direction -
the yeomanry have resumed their habits of vigilance throughout the country -
and in the city of Dublin the regulations which produced such salutary
effects during the late rebellion, have been revived.
General Craig, commander of the garrison, issued last night his orders
to have strictly enforced the directions forbidding any person whatever from
appearing in the streets at a later hour than 9 o'clock - and lord
Castlereagh by letter signed to the lord mayor the propriety of causing the
inhabitants of this city to continue pasted on their doors the names of the
persons residing in their houses. The different yoemanry guards were
strengthened and multiplied.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- The Herald of Liberty
November 5, 1798
The following MANIFESTO was transmitted to us from the County of Mayo and
said to be published there by the French General.
"Health and fraternity to the people of Ireland.
"The Great nation has sent me to you with a band of heroes, to deliver
you from the hands of tyrants, fly to our standards, and share with us the
glory of subduing the world. We will teach you the arts of war and to
despise the low pursuits of toil and industry - You shall live on the spoils
of war and the labor of others. The acquisition of misery, and the enjoyment
of ease is glorious; We have made all the nations we have conquered happy by
arresting their property; by applying it to the common cause and
consecrating it to the champions of liberty! Property is a common right,
belonging to the valor that seizes it.
We have already destroyed the unaspiring tranquility of Switzerland! and
the wealth and power, and the bigotry of Italy are no more! if then the
justice of France has thus extended its reforming vengeance to unoffending
nations, consider how much more rigor it will visit you if you shall slight
its benignity, fly to our standards and we will free you from spiritual as
well as temporal subjection.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Connecticut Courant
November 19, 1798
REBELLION IN IRELAND
IRELAND, DUBLIN, Sept. 25.
From Ballyshannon, Sept. 18:
"The French were on this coast a few days since. A vessel mounting 169 guns,
and 200 men, a large park of artillery and a great quantity of small arms
and ammunition on board, arrived at Rutland, on Sunday last; they landed the
men but finding that the country people would not join them, they
re-embarked after pillaging the post-office, and other houses in that town,
they sailed thence to the eastward, on the same evening.
"It is confidently said, that James Napper Tandy was the conductor of
the above expedition; and from the course she steered from her departure
from Rutland, we have every reason to hope that she cannot escape the
vigilance of our cruizers on the Cork station."
A mail arrived this day from Dublin, but happy for Ireland - happy for
England!- order and quiet are now so generally restored that hardly any
other fact is left us to communicate in the way of intelligence.
The Gazette of the United States
November 20, 1798
BALLINA, September 24.
We have been here for some time in the greatest dread of being destroyed
by the rebels; but now, thank God, we are extricated from those fears - A
sore defeat has been given to the deluded wretches by his majesty's army, in
which above 1000 of them were killed between this place and Foxford. In this
vicinity they had committed great depredation. On entering houses they first
drank any wine they could get, then destroyed the furniture, and even the
gardens, and afterward carried off all plunder that was portable to Killala.
They were going to hang CALONEL, whose house they plundered. Some of the
French who lately landed at Killala were found among them, and are now
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News