History Scrapbook - 1798 Rebellion
- Herald of Liberty
July 10, 1798
Philadelphia, July 10.
Extract of a Letter dated Wexford, April 18, received by the Draper.
"Our whole country is now like a place of rebellion, as the people in
general are fighting against the government, &s severe are the laws against the
former, that the military in different parts of the kingdom, nay in this
country, are authorized to go into people's houses at night, and if it is their
pleasure, to set fire to them and kill the owners, which they may do without
being brought to any account for doing."
Wexford is one of the last counties that might be expected to oppose
government, being inhabited by the descendants of the English who extirpated the
aborigines a few centuries ago, and who until the present occasion, have
retained all the intolerance and hatred of the mere Irish, that distinguished
their Seven ancestors.
...Letters by the Draper depict the state of Ireland in April as the verge
of a stupendous explosion - The following article was stuck on the gates and
doors of churches, chapels, court houses, and the seats of the principal
nobility and gentry in every part of Ireland in one night, the 30th of April,
and caused a dismal state of alarm and suspense - Great rewards were offered for
the discovery of any persons concerned in circulating or posting the bills; but
"O, Ireland! Ireland! The hour approaches; it is time to nerve the arm &
steel the heart; the cry of nature will no longer be in stifled; upon their
heads be the guilt who first stirred up the peoples hearts - who first pointed
out the road to reform, and inculcated its necessity, till their own selfish
ends were gained - but now, exposed, blasted, and undone, no longer able to
misguide or disunite, who seem determined to light up one general conflagration
through the land, and rather than yield to justice and reform, take their own
chance to perish in the flames,
"Many a gallant heart must meet the stroke of death; - many an aspiring head
must be laid low; many a proud man must be humbled with the dust; many a widow,
many an orphan, must deplore their loss; - But the great work of justice will
proceed, and the same hand that guided America, France, and Holland, to freedom,
will lead, long oppressed Ireland through the boisterous night of civil war, to
happiness and peace.
"Irishmen, above all, be true and loyal to your country; and cursed be he
amongst you who proves recreant! Death is a debt that one time must be paid. Who
would not rather yield his life, with honor for his country, than live some few
years of wretched slavery, despised, disgraced?
Tarah, May 1, 630th year of the captivity.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- The Courier
Oct 11, 1798
Dublin, Aug 11.
Extract of a letter from Kilkenny, August 8.
"The vast numbers of countrymen in this county, who came in last week to
profit of the proclamation of amnesty, exceeded that of any former week by some
thousands. In some parts the Magistrates appointed to receive their submission,
are entirely employed to that happy duty - we have good authority to state that
in the neighbourhood of Callin alone, upwards of eight hundred and fifty men
have brought in their arms and obtained forgiveness and protection.
The farmers in this neighbourhood have begun to get in the harvest, which,
thank Heaven, was never finer or more abundant. The number of reapers who
attended on Sunday in the Market place, to be hired for the weeks reaping, were
as numerous as in any former time of profound tranquility, and the price of
labor more than usually moderate- striking proofs of confidence in the wisdom of
government and of perfect recovery from their late frenzy.
On Monday last a general Court Martial was held at Limerick for the trial of
Horatio Townshend Orpen, and Samuel Orpen, Esqs. of the county of Kerry, charged
with aiding and assisting in the late rebellion. The prosecution closed on
Tuesday evening, when the court adjourned to Thursday, on which day Messrs.
Orpen were to go to their defence.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News
- Federal Gazette
November 24, 1798
DUBLIN, September 25.
"Holt, it appears by the latest accounts, is moving with a large body up
towards Wexford. The daring of this marauder is beyond example. He on Sunday
last sent a letter into the town of Arklow, to inform the inhabitants he
would speedily be among them; and that he would not spare a single Orangeman
in the town.
" A party of the king's county militia were yesterday overtaken at the
Blackrock, on their route from Wicklow, where they have been a long time
quartered, by two of Holt's emissaries, who sat drinking with them till four
this morning, and endeavoring to induce them to break their oath of
allegiance, by joining their brother soldiers in Holt's camp. Mr. Justice
Bective, who resides there, having received timely information on the
subject, had them both apprehended, and they were brought up to town under a
military escort, and lodged in Kilmainham gaol.
"Government, it is said, have this day received information from Cork of
the appearance of a French fleet off the coast."
"The post boy who drives the Wicklow mail, arrived in town at 6 this
morning, with his cart empty, having met on his way a body of about 50
rebels, near Newry-bridge. He says they were all well armed, most of them
having muskets, which he describes as quite bright, and appearing as if they
belonged to the army. Most of the men wore uniforms. On their stopping him,
they bid him prepare for death; he then threw himself on his knees, and
continued praying for half an hour, whilst they were securing the letters,
&c. which, some of them observed, would be a great acquisition to Mr. Holt,
in conveying him intelligence of the designs of the enemy. After they had
plundered the cart, one of them proposed burning it, which the rest did not
seem willing to confess to. They then permitted the boy to proceed to town,
without doing him any injury.
"This day general Lake, accompanied by colonel Meade, arrived in town
"Military operations have at length commenced against the rebels in the
province of Connaught. An engagement had taken place with the rebels at
Grange, near Sligo, wherein, it is said, near 150 of these deluded men were
cut off. On Saturday last two regiments of militia, a party of the Frazer
fencibles, the Castlebar and the Tyrawly yeomanry, marched from Castlebar to
attack the rebels, who have yet possession of Killala, Westport, Newport,
&c. and are in very great numbers through the mountainous parts of that
country. The latter corps acted as guides on the occasion. A report was
prevalent this evening, that this army had defeated the rebels and recovered
possession of those towns. They had 16 miles of the country to march, before
they entertained hopes of coming up with them.
"Nine o'clock - I have just now learnt that the rebels at Killala have
suffered a total defeat from general Trench, who commands in the place of
general Hutchinson; several thousands are reported to have been put to the
sword; no quarter was given except to some of their leaders, who are
reserved for a public examination. Killala, Ballina, &c, &c. have been taken
possession of by the king's troops. Several Frenchmen were taken and the
bishop of Killala happily rescued from the hands of the rebels; his life, it
is said, was spared by the interference of a French officer. Such is the
report of this evening, which is generally spoken of, and generally credited
in all circles."
November 30, 1798
We are happy (says the Daily Advertiser) to hear from Dublin, that
tranquility is going on as heretofore. As danger and disaffection are
wearing away, suspicion is becoming less vindictive and general in her
action; and although some few continue to be taken up, the charges must be
well substantiated. The features of martial law are softening down fast;
people may walk the streets after 9 o'clock in the evening, without being
challenged by a Sentinel, and the Castle has ceased to become a fortress.
And so general is the restoration of a peaceable submission to order and the
laws through every part of Ireland, that the Generals of the several
districts have written to the commander of the yeomanry corps, announcing
the state of the country to be such, that there no longer existed occasion
for their continuance on permanent duty.
December 18, 1798
Dublin, Sept. 20.
Renewed Invasion of Ireland.
On the morning of Sunday last, the 16th inst. the French national brig
Anacreon, having on board Gen. Ray and James Napper Tandy, chief de brigade,
appeared off the little town and island of Rutland, on the north west coast
of the county of Donegal, a place so utterly unnoticed, save for its
convenience to the herring fishery, as not to be defended by a single
soldier. About 8 o'clock the crew of the brig landed; they were for the most
part Irishmen, and anxiously solicited information concerning the French
army landed at Killala; Nothing could equal their dejection when they were
told not only that the whole French force had been destroyed or captured,
but that they had been joined by comparatively very few of their Irish rebel
friends. Tandy was particularly dejected. The Anacreon was laden with many
stand of arms to supply those who should join the French army; but such was
the caution or terror of the country people that as soon as the French
appeared they retired to the mountains.
Gen. Tandy endeavoured ,but with little success, to persuade the
fishermen of Rutland, that he and his friends came to deliver them from
The general then issued two manifestoes, in order to convey his meaning
more explicitly to the inhabitants of Rutland; these manifestoes, written
and printed at Paris, had little or no effect.
Cathy Joynt Labath
Ireland Old News