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History Scrapbook - 1798 Rebellion

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  • Cathy Joynt Labath
    Herald of Liberty July 10, 1798 Philadelphia, July 10. Extract of a Letter dated Wexford, April 18, received by the Draper. Our whole country is now like a
    Message 1 of 3 , Jul 12, 2005
      Herald of Liberty
      July 10, 1798

      Philadelphia, July 10.
      Extract of a Letter dated Wexford, April 18, received by the Draper.
      "Our whole country is now like a place of rebellion, as the people in
      general are fighting against the government, &s severe are the laws against the
      former, that the military in different parts of the kingdom, nay in this
      country, are authorized to go into people's houses at night, and if it is their
      pleasure, to set fire to them and kill the owners, which they may do without
      being brought to any account for doing."
      Wexford is one of the last counties that might be expected to oppose
      government, being inhabited by the descendants of the English who extirpated the
      aborigines a few centuries ago, and who until the present occasion, have
      retained all the intolerance and hatred of the mere Irish, that distinguished
      their Seven ancestors.
      ...Letters by the Draper depict the state of Ireland in April as the verge
      of a stupendous explosion - The following article was stuck on the gates and
      doors of churches, chapels, court houses, and the seats of the principal
      nobility and gentry in every part of Ireland in one night, the 30th of April,
      and caused a dismal state of alarm and suspense - Great rewards were offered for
      the discovery of any persons concerned in circulating or posting the bills; but
      without effect:
      "O, Ireland! Ireland! The hour approaches; it is time to nerve the arm &
      steel the heart; the cry of nature will no longer be in stifled; upon their
      heads be the guilt who first stirred up the peoples hearts - who first pointed
      out the road to reform, and inculcated its necessity, till their own selfish
      ends were gained - but now, exposed, blasted, and undone, no longer able to
      misguide or disunite, who seem determined to light up one general conflagration
      through the land, and rather than yield to justice and reform, take their own
      chance to perish in the flames,
      "Many a gallant heart must meet the stroke of death; - many an aspiring head
      must be laid low; many a proud man must be humbled with the dust; many a widow,
      many an orphan, must deplore their loss; - But the great work of justice will
      proceed, and the same hand that guided America, France, and Holland, to freedom,
      will lead, long oppressed Ireland through the boisterous night of civil war, to
      happiness and peace.
      "Irishmen, above all, be true and loyal to your country; and cursed be he
      amongst you who proves recreant! Death is a debt that one time must be paid. Who
      would not rather yield his life, with honor for his country, than live some few
      years of wretched slavery, despised, disgraced?
      Tarah, May 1, 630th year of the captivity.

      Cathy Joynt Labath
      Ireland Old News
    • Cathy Joynt Labath
      The Courier Oct 11, 1798 IRELAND. Dublin, Aug 11. Extract of a letter from Kilkenny, August 8. The vast numbers of countrymen in this county, who came in last
      Message 2 of 3 , Aug 9, 2005
        The Courier
        Oct 11, 1798

        Dublin, Aug 11.
        Extract of a letter from Kilkenny, August 8.
        "The vast numbers of countrymen in this county, who came in last week to
        profit of the proclamation of amnesty, exceeded that of any former week by some
        thousands. In some parts the Magistrates appointed to receive their submission,
        are entirely employed to that happy duty - we have good authority to state that
        in the neighbourhood of Callin alone, upwards of eight hundred and fifty men
        have brought in their arms and obtained forgiveness and protection.
        The farmers in this neighbourhood have begun to get in the harvest, which,
        thank Heaven, was never finer or more abundant. The number of reapers who
        attended on Sunday in the Market place, to be hired for the weeks reaping, were
        as numerous as in any former time of profound tranquility, and the price of
        labor more than usually moderate- striking proofs of confidence in the wisdom of
        government and of perfect recovery from their late frenzy.
        On Monday last a general Court Martial was held at Limerick for the trial of
        Horatio Townshend Orpen, and Samuel Orpen, Esqs. of the county of Kerry, charged
        with aiding and assisting in the late rebellion. The prosecution closed on
        Tuesday evening, when the court adjourned to Thursday, on which day Messrs.
        Orpen were to go to their defence.

        Cathy Joynt Labath
        Ireland Old News
      • Cathy Joynt Labath
        Federal Gazette November 24, 1798 DUBLIN, September 25. Holt, it appears by the latest accounts, is moving with a large body up towards Wexford. The daring of
        Message 3 of 3 , Sep 1, 2005
          Federal Gazette
          November 24, 1798

          DUBLIN, September 25.
          "Holt, it appears by the latest accounts, is moving with a large body up
          towards Wexford. The daring of this marauder is beyond example. He on Sunday
          last sent a letter into the town of Arklow, to inform the inhabitants he
          would speedily be among them; and that he would not spare a single Orangeman
          in the town.
          " A party of the king's county militia were yesterday overtaken at the
          Blackrock, on their route from Wicklow, where they have been a long time
          quartered, by two of Holt's emissaries, who sat drinking with them till four
          this morning, and endeavoring to induce them to break their oath of
          allegiance, by joining their brother soldiers in Holt's camp. Mr. Justice
          Bective, who resides there, having received timely information on the
          subject, had them both apprehended, and they were brought up to town under a
          military escort, and lodged in Kilmainham gaol.
          "Government, it is said, have this day received information from Cork of
          the appearance of a French fleet off the coast."

          September 26.
          "The post boy who drives the Wicklow mail, arrived in town at 6 this
          morning, with his cart empty, having met on his way a body of about 50
          rebels, near Newry-bridge. He says they were all well armed, most of them
          having muskets, which he describes as quite bright, and appearing as if they
          belonged to the army. Most of the men wore uniforms. On their stopping him,
          they bid him prepare for death; he then threw himself on his knees, and
          continued praying for half an hour, whilst they were securing the letters,
          &c. which, some of them observed, would be a great acquisition to Mr. Holt,
          in conveying him intelligence of the designs of the enemy. After they had
          plundered the cart, one of them proposed burning it, which the rest did not
          seem willing to confess to. They then permitted the boy to proceed to town,
          without doing him any injury.
          "This day general Lake, accompanied by colonel Meade, arrived in town
          from Wicklow.
          "Military operations have at length commenced against the rebels in the
          province of Connaught. An engagement had taken place with the rebels at
          Grange, near Sligo, wherein, it is said, near 150 of these deluded men were
          cut off. On Saturday last two regiments of militia, a party of the Frazer
          fencibles, the Castlebar and the Tyrawly yeomanry, marched from Castlebar to
          attack the rebels, who have yet possession of Killala, Westport, Newport,
          &c. and are in very great numbers through the mountainous parts of that
          country. The latter corps acted as guides on the occasion. A report was
          prevalent this evening, that this army had defeated the rebels and recovered
          possession of those towns. They had 16 miles of the country to march, before
          they entertained hopes of coming up with them.
          "Nine o'clock - I have just now learnt that the rebels at Killala have
          suffered a total defeat from general Trench, who commands in the place of
          general Hutchinson; several thousands are reported to have been put to the
          sword; no quarter was given except to some of their leaders, who are
          reserved for a public examination. Killala, Ballina, &c, &c. have been taken
          possession of by the king's troops. Several Frenchmen were taken and the
          bishop of Killala happily rescued from the hands of the rebels; his life, it
          is said, was spared by the interference of a French officer. Such is the
          report of this evening, which is generally spoken of, and generally credited
          in all circles."

          Albany Centinel
          November 30, 1798

          We are happy (says the Daily Advertiser) to hear from Dublin, that
          tranquility is going on as heretofore. As danger and disaffection are
          wearing away, suspicion is becoming less vindictive and general in her
          action; and although some few continue to be taken up, the charges must be
          well substantiated. The features of martial law are softening down fast;
          people may walk the streets after 9 o'clock in the evening, without being
          challenged by a Sentinel, and the Castle has ceased to become a fortress.
          And so general is the restoration of a peaceable submission to order and the
          laws through every part of Ireland, that the Generals of the several
          districts have written to the commander of the yeomanry corps, announcing
          the state of the country to be such, that there no longer existed occasion
          for their continuance on permanent duty.

          Federal Galaxy
          December 18, 1798

          Dublin, Sept. 20.
          Renewed Invasion of Ireland.

          On the morning of Sunday last, the 16th inst. the French national brig
          Anacreon, having on board Gen. Ray and James Napper Tandy, chief de brigade,
          appeared off the little town and island of Rutland, on the north west coast
          of the county of Donegal, a place so utterly unnoticed, save for its
          convenience to the herring fishery, as not to be defended by a single
          soldier. About 8 o'clock the crew of the brig landed; they were for the most
          part Irishmen, and anxiously solicited information concerning the French
          army landed at Killala; Nothing could equal their dejection when they were
          told not only that the whole French force had been destroyed or captured,
          but that they had been joined by comparatively very few of their Irish rebel
          friends. Tandy was particularly dejected. The Anacreon was laden with many
          stand of arms to supply those who should join the French army; but such was
          the caution or terror of the country people that as soon as the French
          appeared they retired to the mountains.
          Gen. Tandy endeavoured ,but with little success, to persuade the
          fishermen of Rutland, that he and his friends came to deliver them from
          their oppressors.
          The general then issued two manifestoes, in order to convey his meaning
          more explicitly to the inhabitants of Rutland; these manifestoes, written
          and printed at Paris, had little or no effect.

          Cathy Joynt Labath
          Ireland Old News
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