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!! Connaught Journal; June 21, 1824 "State of Ireland"

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  • Cathy Joynt Labath
    THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL Galway, Monday, June 21, 1824 STATE OF IRELAND The following article is copied from a London Paper, The Weekly Globe: The recent
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 26, 2004
      Galway, Monday, June 21, 1824

      The following article is copied from a London Paper, The Weekly Globe:
      "The recent outrages in the south of Ireland have cast a stain upon that
      part of the country.- In the public Press the natives are represented as
      ferocious savages, dead to every sense of humanity, and forming a contrast with
      the industrious and contented inhabitants of the North of the Island. The
      superior condition of the latter is admitted, and we find it attributed, in some
      of the Newspapers, to the influx of settlers from Scotland, to whom is given the
      credit of having introduced better habits and more civilized manners. These
      Newspapers, however forget that some years ago, the Hearts of Oak and the Hearts
      of Steel, in the North were as determined in their resistance to the laws as the
      Whiteboys are in the South. If they were not guilty of equal excesses, the
      difference is perhaps to be ascribed, not so much to scotch inocculation, as the
      the difference to the incentive of violence. The North of Ireland is the
      principal seat of manufacture. There, if an operative tradesman loses employment
      in one place he finds it in another; but in the South, the poor man has no
      trade, and if removed from the little plot of ground he occupies, his family and
      himself, left without the means of living, are driven in madness and despair.
      The excesses of the peasantry of the South may be, therefore, expected to prove
      of a more violent character than those of the weavers of the North.-- This
      remark is corroborated by the Fifth Report of the Committee on Machinery and
      Artisans. We have made an extract from the Appendix to that document, in which
      will be seen that the artisans in Scotland, those gentle spirits, to which is
      given the credit of improving the North of Ireland, have displayed as much
      cruelty as the Irish peasantry- due allowance being made for the difference in
      the provocation. If the Irish peasantry in 1823 had their Captain Rock, their
      threatening letters, and their incendiaries- the Scotch artisans of the same
      year had their Arthur Thistlewood, their combinations, and their letters,
      threatening death and destruction of property, and in many instances carrying
      their threatenings into effect. Assassinations was a common crime; and while the
      Irish peasant was applying the firebrand to his neighbour's house, the Scotch
      weaver was destroying the face and person of his fellow-workman with a shower of
      vitriol. Let us now look at the difference in the provocation in these crimes.
      The criminal in Ireland was in general a man thrown with his family upon the
      world, without the means of bread. The criminal in Scotland was a man who did
      not absolutely want the means of earning bread for himself and his family, but
      who hoped to extort better terms from his employes. National comparisons should
      be avoided. They excite national jealousies.- The Scotch artisan should not be
      exalted at the expence of the wretched peasant of the South of Ireland."

      Cathy Joynt Labath
      Ireland Old News
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