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St. Patrick's Day News Clips #1-1917

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  • Cathy Joynt Labath
    Nashua Reporter Nashua, Chickasaw, Iowa March 15, 1917 IRELAND S GLORY. It was the foundation of St. Patrick s greatness that his renovation of Ireland was not
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 17, 2004
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      Nashua Reporter
      Nashua, Chickasaw, Iowa
      March 15, 1917

      It was the foundation of St. Patrick's greatness that his renovation of
      Ireland was not a revolution. He left old institutions untouched, wherever they
      could be purged of a taint of superstition. There were septs and clans, judges,
      bards and kings before him, and they continued after him. He built his church
      carefully. To disarm political opposition he appeared straight to the heads of
      the clans. He aimed at the creation of administrative clergy. He tried to give
      every community a place of worship. At his death 365 churches lay along the
      roads his journeys had taken; 365 bishops were distributed throughout the land,
      3,000 priests ministered to the spiritual wants of the nation. He attempted to
      throw into the church thus suddenly created a strong element of stability by
      systematizing it on the models of the canons and making ecclesiastical law
      effective in every department.
      He did not believe in sanctity unassociated with education. Under him
      religion created great monasteries and monasteries created great schools. By
      those schools St. Patrick is a factor in the history of Europe. Even before he
      went to Ireland he had seen the days when Ostrogoths established themselves in
      Pannonia and Thrace, when the Visigoths sacked the Italian peninsula from end to
      end and carved out a Spanish kingdom within the domain of great Rome, when the
      Huns rode their blazing course up the Danube and the Rhine almost to the ocean;
      when the Vandals terrorized Spain and crushed the power of the empire in
      northern Africa, when the Salian Franks took firm grip of northern Gaul. His
      long life stretches over a period during which the whirlwind of barbaric
      invasions swept away all but a remnant of the ancient language. But now the
      world went to Ireland, and the Irish brought their school to the world.
      Religion, the ancient classics, law, history, natural science, agriculture,
      manual training, the use of implements and the forge, all came within the scope
      of these intense and practical scholars.
      Not without reason has the name of St. Patrick been held in veneration
      through these many generations. There is nowhere a teacher whose services for
      learning exerted so wide an influence in a time so critical for all culture.
      There is nowhere a statesman whose activity so completely reformed the character
      of any people. There is nowhere such a national hero whose fame is sounded
      across fifteen centuries and can still stir emotions of enthusiasm far beyond
      his nation's shores. There is nowhere a saint whose teachings are blended like
      his with the destinies of his nation.
      Irish Leaders in American History.
      The Declaration of Independence has twelve Irish names. Matthew Thornton,
      James Smith, and George Taylor were born in Ireland; John Hancock, William
      Whipple, Robert Treat Paine, George Read, Thomas McKean, Edward Nelson and
      Thomas Lynch were of Irish parentage. The secretary of congress who prepared the
      immortal document from the rough draft of Thomas Jefferson was Charles Thompson,
      a native of Derry, while Captain Dunlop, still another Irishman, printed it, and
      published it to the world. Captain Dunlop was the founder of the first daily
      paper in Philadelphia.

      Remember Native Land.
      No other people coming to our shores have displayed toward their native land
      a love more wholesome than the Irish. They keep their children fed upon the
      tales of the fairies and "little people" who are good to the good children, and
      whose wrath descends upon the children who are not doing right.

      Church and Tower at Kells.
      The celebrated Book of Kells was written there in the sixth century. This
      church is famous for its historical associations. The town of Kells originated
      in a monastery founded by St. Columba.

      Ireland's Towers.
      The towers, which are numerous throughout Ireland, have been the subject of
      much controversy among antiquarians. They are thought to have been used as a
      means of defense.

      Four or Five-Leaved Shamrock?
      Some say the four-leaf shamrock is the shamrock of luck, and others say that
      it is the five leaved one that holds the magic touch. This latter is rare and
      prized and said to grow from a decaying body, as the nettle is said to spring
      from buried human remains. The shamrock of luck must be found "without
      searching, without seeking." When thus discovered it should be cherished and
      preserved as an invincible talisman.

      Many Irish Flags.
      Quite a number of flags have figured in Irish history. Not the least popular
      among these is the flag exhibiting three golden crowns imposed on a blue ground.
      This flag was accepted after the Norman invasion in the year 1170, as the ensign
      of Ireland, the three crowns representing the kingdoms of Desmond, Ormond and
      Thomond. It was retained until 1547 when Henry VIII abolished it and substituted
      the harp.

      Date of Saint's Death.
      In his extreme old age St. Patrick wrote his "Confession," which concludes
      with these words: "And this is my confession before I die." He died at Saul on
      the 17th of March, A.D. 465.

      The roster of the revolutionary war is bright with Irish names. General
      Montgomery was a native of Donegal. Lord Mountjoy in a speech before the house
      of commons declared. "You have lost America through the Irish."

      In Education and Sports.
      Among the Irish educators in America may be mentioned Horace Greeley,
      William Rainey Harper and William Maxwell. The Olympic games of a few years ago
      were planned by Sullivan Halpin and Mike Murphy. Martin Sheridan, the great
      all-around athlete, is Irish, and the national game of baseball is claimed as of
      Irish origin.

      True to His Allegiance.
      The Celts were the last of the races to accept Christianity, but having
      accepted it, they cling tenaciously. The Irish Celt is slow to adopt either
      religious or political innovations, but once his allegiance is given, it is
      extremely difficult to shake it.

      Presidents of Irish Parentage.
      Presidents of Irish parentage were Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, James
      Polk, James Buchanan, Chester A. Arthur, and William McKinley. Calhoun, also
      Irish, said "War may make us great, but peace alone can make us both great and

      For Fifteen Centuries the Reek Has Played Important Part in Country's History.
      It is in the month of July that the great annual pilgrimage of The Reek
      takes place.
      The Reek, sometimes known as Croagh Patrick, is the Mount Zion of the
      Emerald Isle. For on its summit St. Patrick is said to have wrung from the angel
      many promises for the salvation of the people he had made his own.
      For fifteen centuries this mountain has played an important part in the
      religious history of Ireland, and year by year people journey by the thousands
      up the mountain, which is about 3,000 feet high. It is a steep and difficult
      ascent, occupying the best part of three hours, and most of the pilgrims make it
      in the evening, so as to hold their vigil on the summit. There is a little
      chapel on the mountain top. But it is so small that few can find a place
      therein, and most kneel outside.
      The sermons preached are in Gaelic, and the masses continue from daybreak
      until noon.
      St. Patrick is on record as having visited the Reek in A.D. 441 and spent
      forty days on its summit hidden from the world by the mists hanging about the
      lower portion of the mountain. The legend says that he was assailed by huge
      black birds, which only took to flight when he rang his bell against them. The
      bell rolled down the mountain, but an angel came and restored it to the saint.
      All of the men of Erin heard this ringing of the bell, and it is stated now that
      it is often heard again.
      Afterward St. Patrick was visited by angels, and from their leader he
      wrested the following pledges: That as many souls as should be saved as could
      fill the horizon which he looked upon; that on every Thursday seven souls and on
      every Saturday twelve souls should be freed from purgatory; that whoever recited
      the last verse of his hymn constantly should suffer no torments in the next
      world, and that on the last day he should be appointed to sit in judgment on the
      sins of Gael.

      Cathy Joynt Labath
      Iowa Old Press
      Ireland Old News
      Irish in Iowa
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