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!! Connaught Journal; Dec 2, 1824; Galway Items

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  • Cathy Joynt Labath
    THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL Galway, Thursday, December 2, 1824 STATEMENT OF DISEASE IN GALWAY The most prevalent maladies in this town and neighbourhood for the last
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 10, 2006
      Galway, Thursday, December 2, 1824


      The most prevalent maladies in this town and neighbourhood for the last
      year, are stated from the following Report of Dr. O'MALEY, whose practical
      intercourse with them through the medium of the Dispensary, affords him an
      unlimited facility of offering the most correct observations:
      Fever has been on the decline; however, many cases have occurred
      sporadicaly, and at least seven tenths, of the intermediate type, termed
      Synochus, or simple continues; the remainder mild Typhus, with a few
      instances of the malignant variety. Holding in mind the assertion of Sir
      George Baker, that the science of Physic rarely admits of any perpetual
      precepts, and the best of medicines do harm, if not adapted to the patient
      as well as the disease; the treatment of these cases under his care have
      been accordingly diversified, and with the most gratifying success.
      Pneumonia, (inflammation of the lungs and its coverings,) has
      occasionally existed; in subordinate train, Cattarh, with Pleuralgia, (pain
      of breast, &c.) being exceedingly frequent; those have generally yielded in
      the ordinary active treatment. A few cases of Pneumonia Typhoides (inflamed
      lungs with Typhus fever) have also taken place during the autumn.
      Inflammatory sore throat often presents itself, owing to the
      vicissitudes of our atmosphere; and Hepatitis (liver complaint) is a
      frequent assailant from the same cause, aerial inclemency, and another
      powerful agent, immoderate spirituous potation.
      That Morbid Proteus Rheumatism, acute or chronic, doth constantly
      uphold a relentless sway, and concentrates, in many individuals, the keenest
      pangs of enfeebled humanity.
      "A subtle fiend that mimicks all the plagues,
      " Rapid and restless, springs from part to part."
      Dispepsia (indigestion) and Corrdialgia (spasmodic pain of stomach) in
      its different varieties, have been, and must be, incessantly frequent in
      occurrence, until the vapid and scanty food of our squalid poor be succeeded
      by a more generous and abundant, and the depressing cassius under which they
      dwindle, fade before the consolatory prospect of emelioration. Of all
      diseases which engage the attention of Nosologists, Dysentery & Diarhoea
      have for the last months stalked with m?? relentless gripe through these
      wretched domiciles of incomprehensible misery, the hovels of the poor.
      These diseases, so different in their nature, have been principally
      excited by the same causes, namely, no wholesome diet, and deficiency of
      warm vesture; dysentery indubitably becoming contagious among them, from the
      limited extent and offensive uncleanliness of their dwellings. This
      circumstance is worthy of remark, as the Dysentery of these latitudes is
      seldom contagious, unless under the conditions already mentioned, or when
      concomitant with epidemic Typhoid affections.- Colic is a malady that next
      in order rears is stand and among the indigent; frequent cold and wet and
      indigestible esculents act as its occasional causes; in many instances it
      has yielded its grasp in the last mentioned genus Dysentery, and in a few
      has been the precursor of a more certain harbinger of death, Enteritis
      (inflammation of the bowels.)
      The Cholera of our clime, though comparatively imbecile to that of the
      southern part of the Asiatic region, is a formidable malady, that has
      occasionally occurred during the estival and autumnal seasons, but in an
      immediate and decisive practice has invariably yielded.
      Hoemophilis (spitting blood) often appears here, but when unconnected
      with any other affection, is seldom fatal. It, or inflamed lungs, sometimes
      is a variety of consumption named Inposthumutous, Phthisis, which, with
      another variety (Tubercular) have occurred here within the last year much
      less frequently than could be expected from the vicissitudes of atmospheric
      temperature. It has been computed that in England this disease carries off
      one-fourth of the population, in Paris, one-fifth, in Vienna, one-sixth,
      while in Russia it is by no means common, and in tropical climates still
      less so, from the greater uniformity of their atmosphere, either frigid or
      torrid. Asthma also constantly presents itself, and unless when produced
      from malformation, is generally a senile disease, sometimes closing its
      career with the induction of others.
      Dropsy is a malady that the most inattentive observer must at some
      period have remarked in its populous precinct; in truth, it is one of
      frequent occurrence among the lower class, because it is for the most part a
      disease of debility. We usually find that it has been preceded by some
      species of protracted fever, and in other instances nurtured by an abuse of
      ardent spirits, inanition, hard labour and a long exposure to wet and cold,
      which, sapping the constitutive vitality of the frame, induce affections of
      the stomach, and more particularly the liver, wherefore the digestive organs
      becoming frail, institute in various ways the complaint in question. Here
      these lines of Horace may be pertinently cited-
      Nec-misi causa morbi
      Fugerit venis, et aquasus albo.
      Corpore lainguo.
      It being obvious that the privations which the Pauper victims of this
      disease must endure in point of regiment and other comforts, will constantly
      uphold a portentous barrier to the general success of the most judicious
      sanative process, although in some instances recoveries have been achieved.
      In closing this brief detail of the most prevalent diseases of adults,
      it is requisite to notice that many varieties of cutaneous affection exist,
      as if fostered among the lower order, while various other species of malady
      appear so frequently, that a distinct report of them, through the medium of
      a Newspaper, would be prolix and irksome to the reader. Another opportunity
      shall be taken to illustrate the most prevalent diseases of females and


      A person named Bernard Sheridan, of rather suspicious appearance, was
      taken up a few days ago in Loughrea by Serjeant Telford, of he Police,
      stationed there, who immediately took him to this Town; but suspecting that
      he might have been concerned in the above robbery, discovered the home in
      which his wife resided, at the West Suburbs, and there found on her person
      upwards of 500l. in notes, the numbers of which exactly correspond with
      those given in the notice of reward. Great praise is due to the above active
      Officer, through whose agency we are persuaded more of the notes taken will
      yet be had.


      This morning, in High-street, Samuel Ruxton, Esq., Attorney- a gentleman
      extremely regretted by his friends and acquaintance.

      Cathy Joynt Labath
      Ireland Old News
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