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!! Connaught Journal; Nov 25, 1824; Orangeism in America

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  • Cathy Joynt Labath
    THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL Galway, Thursday, November 25, 1824 ORANGEISM IN AMERICA BATTLE OF THE BOYNE (From the New York Commercial Advertiser) The October Term
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 5 6:31 PM
      Galway, Thursday, November 25, 1824

      (From the New York Commercial Advertiser)
      The October Term of the Court of Sessions for the City and County of
      New York, was closed on Saturday. It will be remembered that at the last
      Term, four of the persons called Orangemen, were convicted of an assault and
      battery upon one Jas. Morney, viz. George Black, David Waugh, John Mullin
      and John Moore; but their sentence was suspended until a trial on one of the
      cross-indictments could be had at the present Term-there having been five
      indictments against three of those professing the Roman Catholic religion.
      The names of the latter were Hugh M'Avoy, and Cecilia, his wife, James
      Cassidy, David M'Williams and Timothy Leary. This was an affray which took
      place in the village of Greenwich on the 12th July last, in consequence of
      the celebration by the Orangemen of the anniversary of the Battle of the
      Boyne. Our readers must by this time have become so well acquainted with the
      leading facts of this case, that it is hardly necessary minutely to
      recapitulate them. We pass on, therefore, to the observations of the
      Recorder on this occasion-premising, that on the latter trial of the
      Catholics, he had stated the law in strong and decisive terms to be-that
      whatever provocation might have been given, it could not amount to a
      justification-not even though the first blows, as well as the first
      provocation came from one party; that no person was permitted to mingle in
      the affray, unless with a view to prevent further mischief; and that any
      person so interfering was bound at his peril to give notice that his
      intention was to keep peace, and not to take part in the affray. And as it
      appeared that the parties lived on opposite sides of the street, and that
      the battle had taken place on the side occupied by the Orangemen, there was
      therefore a presumption that the others had crossed the street with a view
      of encountering them, and that it resembled the case of two men going out to
      box by agreement-the one accepting the challenge of the other, in which case
      both parties, and all that took part with either, were alike guilty of a
      breach of the peace. Messrs. Emmet and Sampson, of Counsel for the Catholic
      party, agreed that their clients should (the trials having already been
      greatly protracted) submit to a verdict against them, leaving it to the
      wisdom of the Court to admonish the aggressors, in such manner as they
      should think of the case required, and to bind the parties respectively to
      keep the peace. On Saturday the respective parties appearing, pursuant to
      their recognizances, the Recorder first addressing himself to the Orangemen,
      proceeded substantially as follows: He began by representing to those called
      Orangemen and Purple Marksmen, the extreme absurdity-not to call it by a
      worse name- of their revising, in this country, such antiquated, dangerous,
      and unbecoming prejudices. Perhaps they had not been long here, and had not
      yet discovered how worse than contemptible such violent and unjustifiable
      antipathies on the score of religion must appear; and he hoped that it would
      be unnecessary to apply that severe correction that often in cases of this
      kind had been known to harden rather than reform the offenders.
      After some general observations on the evils of religious persecution,
      the Recorder proceeded to address the defendants personally to the following
      "With respect to Catholics, or United Irishmen, for so these have been
      alternately denominated, we possess in them valuable accessions to one
      strength, and ornaments in society. Their characters are known to us all,
      and to me in particular. We again regret that any of thm should have
      suffered themselves to have been provoked or betrayed by their feelings into
      any affray which has not only cost them much time and trouble, but brought
      them into this place as offenders against our laws. Mr. M'Avoy appears to be
      a respectable man, and you all appear, and are represented as industrious
      citizens. For M'Avoy there is some excuse, as he went into the affray to
      protect his wife from insult and injury. Mrs. M'Avoy is also a respectable
      female; but she was wrong in throwing a stone, although she did so from
      seeing a relation in trouble among them. With respect to you who are called
      Orangemen, or purple marksmen, the Court, from well considered motives, are
      inclined, for this time, to let your own reflections counsel and direct you
      to a better way of thinking-you will consider how much of your time you have
      lost by getting into quarrels and prosecutions to your impoverishment. And
      all of you must feel how such passions tend to embitter your own lives, and
      to discredit yourselves in the community, which receives you with the only
      condition that you respect the laws, and conduct yourselves with propriety.
      You will also soon perceive that political fanaticism, though not so odious,
      can lead to no good result, and that nothing can be more absurd than the
      cherishing of idle remembrances and antipathies, formed upon events so
      antiquated, and foreign to the opinions and concerns of the country which
      you have selected for your habitation.- You are at perfect liberty to
      commemorate any festivals of public events, but it must be done in a manner
      to give no offence to your neighbours, or to disturb the public peace. As to
      the celebrations of the Battle of the Boyne, of what good can it be to
      yourselves, while it can but appear absurd to us? it appears that about 125
      years ago, King William made war upon his father-in-law, King James, and
      obtained a victory upon the banks of the Boyne. This was also considered a
      victory over the Catholics, and the respective parties took sides. if men
      are so irrational as to look back into antiquity for causes of perpetual
      feuds, at what time is the re to be peace upon this earth? In this country
      it appears foolish to be seriously spoken of, and we hope that your reasons
      will better cure these unmeaning bickerings, than a heavy punishment.
      Therefore, to give it a better chance to operate, we shall for the present
      trust to this admonition, and order that each of you who have been found
      guilty, be bound in your own recognizances for 200 dollars, with a security
      in 100 dollars, to keep the peace for one year, hoping that by that time you
      will be of opinion that your best policy, and truest interest and happiness,
      will be in conforming to the laws that protect you, and avoiding the
      consequences that must follow, if such disorders should ever be repeated by
      any of you."

      Cathy Joynt Labath
      Ireland Old News
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