RE: (Information Systems Forum) Domains
- Your instincts are right. There are no laws involved with the usage of .com,
.net, .org, .ca, .us, etc. top-level domains. You can register them for any
kind of use. It is just a common practice for non-profits to use .org domain
There's only a few TLDs that have required guidelines and eligibility
requirements, like .edu (http://www.educause.edu/edudomain) and .gov.
President, Director of I.T.
Boston Computing Network
From: Mark Warnick [mailto:mark@...]
Sent: Wednesday, December 31, 2003 1:56 PM
Subject: (Information Systems Forum) Domains
I have a very strange question. I am in no way a computer guru, so this
may seem a stupid question. I was wondering if there is any laws, or if it
is just a general consensus that .org is supposed to be used for charities
I was asked this question by a group that is using the ".com" domain
registration. My instinct tells me that it is not a law, but a commonly
accepted practice that .org was used for charities. Can anyone shed some
light on this??, ... Mark
- Hi Mark,
.org is an abbreviation of "organization" - a .org domain holder can be an
organization of any type, not necessarily charitable. There are no laws
governing domain name allocations - delegations and determining eligibility
is the responsibility of each countries top-level domain management
- Maybe this will somewhat help you with the answer to your question. From my
experience of working with domain names over the past several years only
certain ones have restricted use as you can see below. I just completed the
Domain Name registration of a State - Wide non-profit organization, the .org
extension was not available so I had to go with a .net extension.
http://icann.org/general/glossary.htm Click on this line to see more of the
same type of information below.
gTLD - Generic Top Level Domain
Most TLDs with three or more characters are referred to as "generic" TLDs,
or "gTLDs". They can be subdivided into two types, "sponsored" TLDs (sTLDs)
and "unsponsored TLDs (uTLDs), as described in more detail below.
In the 1980s, seven gTLDs (.com, .edu, .gov, .int, .mil, .net, and .org)
were created. Domain names may be registered in three of these (.com, .net,
and .org) without restriction; the other four have limited purposes.
Over the next twelve years, various discussions occurred concerning
additional gTLDs, leading to the selection in November 2000 of seven new
TLDs for introduction. These were introduced in 2001 and 2002. Four of the
new TLDs (.biz, .info, .name, and .pro) are unsponsored. The other three new
TLDs (.aero, .coop, and .museum) are sponsored.
Generally speaking, an unsponsored TLD operates under policies established
by the global Internet community directly through the ICANN process, while a
sponsored TLD is a specialized TLD that has a sponsor representing the
narrower community that is most affected by the TLD. The sponsor thus
carries out delegated policy-formulation responsibilities over many matters
concerning the TLD.
A Sponsor is an organization to which is delegated some defined ongoing
policy-formulation authority regarding the manner in which a particular
sponsored TLD is operated. The sponsored TLD has a Charter, which defines
the purpose for which the sponsored TLD has been created and will be
operated. The Sponsor is responsible for developing policies on the
delegated topics so that the TLD is operated for the benefit of a defined
group of stakeholders, known as the Sponsored TLD Community, that are most
directly interested in the operation of the TLD. The Sponsor also is
responsible for selecting the registry operator and to varying degrees for
establishing the roles played by registrars and their relationship with the
registry operator. The Sponsor must exercise its delegated authority
according to fairness standards and in a manner that is representative of
the Sponsored TLD Community.
Stan Hamnett, M.A., ICADC,CMI
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
- At 1:56 PM -0500 12/31/03, Mark Warnick wrote:
> I have a very strange question. I am in no way a computer guru, so this.com, .net have a different registrar than .org domains. The .org
>may seem a stupid question. I was wondering if there is any laws, or if it
>is just a general consensus that .org is supposed to be used for charities
> I was asked this question by a group that is using the ".com" domain
>registration. My instinct tells me that it is not a law, but a commonly
>accepted practice that .org was used for charities. Can anyone shed some
>light on this??, ... Mark
domain registry is: http://www.pir.org/ But you can still register a
.org domain at pretty much any registry service (like network
solutions, godaddy, register.com etc.)
However, there are no rules or laws regarding domain registration as
there are in some other countries - just convention, as you've
mentioned above. I know of nonprofits that have registered all
domains (i.e. their_name.org, .net and .com) and for profits that
have done the same. I know of nonprofits that only use .com or .net.
It's widely varied, and to a some extent, I think the convention has
mmurrain at dbdes dot com
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- Mark Warnick wrote:
> I was wondering if there is any laws, or if it is just a generalconsensus that .org is supposed to be used for charities only?
This has been a topic for lively debate within the webhost community
over the last two years, regarding returning it to more purely non-
profit use. While you can register for .ORG through various
registries, the .ORG top-level-domain (TLD) is actually managed by
http://www.publicinterestregistry.org/. They took over as of
1/1/2003 (ironically). It looks like there aren't rules ... yet.
There is an effort to "purify" .ORG to be non-profit focused.
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