7 Yama Prarthanakal of Orthodox worship Order
- Seven Times Prayers of the Orthodox System.
(7 Yama Prarthanakal of
Orthodox worship Order.
First of all let us think what is prayer. Our Patron Saint, St. Gregorios,
who was practically a man of prayer, has taught us �prayer is the enthusiasm
of the childhood, dependence of the youth, and peace of the old age. Prayer
is a golden chain which links the world in different ways to the presence of
God.� In short we must understand prayer is an essential need to maintain
the growth of our spirituality. Our Church Fathers insist us to have prayer
in standing position, as it is the best way to express our respect to God
Almighty. So we are not supposed to do prayers in the sitting position. More
over we have been asked to prostrate (to do Sashtangapranam= Kumbideel)
along with our prayers. Daniel 6:10 say that he used to prostrate three
times a day. (See Ezekiel 3:23, 46; 2, Revelations 1:17, 11:16, 19:4, 22:9).
These portions show us that our Kumbideel is biblical. The literal meaning
of �Sashtanga-Pranamam means respect with 8 parts of the body. These are the
parts: Forehead (the source of our brain) Nose �(the source of our life
giving breathing), two palms, (the source of our activities), two knees of
the legs, (the source of our movements), both feet, (the source of our
earthly journeys/walking from place to place.) So while we make the
Kumbideel we join all these aspects and dedicates before the Lord God.
The day, which has 24 hours, has been divided as 7 times (Yamams in
Malayalam). They are
1. Evening (6 P.M)
It shows the exodus from the bondage in Egypt and the time of Passover.
(Please refer Exodus 12:6, Psalms 141:2
2. Bed tine (Soothaa- 9 P.M)
It is the time of the prayer of our Lord in the Garden of Gadsamane. Our
Lord prayed to God the Father, remembering His death. We must meditate these
facts and must be prepared for our earthly deaths.
3. Mid night (Pathira)
Meditate Acts 16:25. This is the time to meditate the time of incarnation
and Resurrection of our Lord.
4. Morning (6 A.M)
Meditate: Psalms 119:147, Psalms 88: 13, Psalms 5:3. Remember that it is the
time when our Lord Jesus was judged. Meditate on it.
5. 3rd Hour (9 A.M)
Meditate Acts. 2:15. It is believed that it is the time when the Holy Spirit
descended in the Mansion of Sehion. So also the time when our Lord started
the procession carrying the heavy cross to Golgotha.
6. 6th Hour (12 PM)
See Acts 10:9. It must have been a practice of our Lord and his disciples to
pray at this time. It is the time of the crucifixion of our Lord. (See St.
7. 9th Hour (3.P.M)
See Acts 3:1. Acts 10:3. It is the time when our Lord�s death took place. So
we must submit all our departed ones before God.
Considering the inability to conduct the Yama Prayers at the exact timings,
we have been permitted by the Holy church to conduct these prayers one time
in the morning and the other in the evening. If so for the evening we have
to pray the prescribed prayers for 9th Hour (the due prayers for 3 P.M)
evening prayers and bedtime prayers together. And in the morning we must
pray the prayers for midnight, morning, 3rd Hour (9.A.M), 6th hour (12 P.M)
together. But those who could are permitted to have the noon prayers at the
right time, with the common intercessory prayers.
Please note that the gap between a prayer time and the next is exactly three
hours. The modern scientists and experts of the science of human body are of
the opinion that a change in the internal systems is taking place in each
human body at the strict interval of 3 hours. If it is true, think how great
is the instruction of our Church Fathers to have Yaama Prayers at the
interval of three hours. We start our prayers with the Qouma Prayers, which
starts with the praise of the H. Trinity and ends with the intercession to
St. Mary. The word Qouma has derived from the Syriac term �Qoum�, which
literally means stand/standing and hence the beginning prayers while
standing are known as Qouma prayers. In seven times prayers, (in total 7
Yamams) there are totally 10 Qoumas. The midnight prayers have 4 Quomas and
all the others have one quoma each. These 10 quomas are for the protection
of our 5 external sense organs as well as the 5 internal sense organs. May
God bless us all to carry out our prayers more meaningfully, so that we
could have more and more blessings from God Almighty. May God bless us all.