BIBLE STUDY #64: FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER ASSUMPTION: SEPTEMBER 10th
- MATTHEW 18:1-11 (Evening)
vv.1-2: The greatest in Gods kingdom is the one who
humbles himself: Matthew 19:14; Mark 10:14; Luke
vv.3-4: We have to turn from our proud attitude and
humble ourselves: Psalm 131:2; Matthew 19:14; 20:27;
23:11; Mark 10:15; Luke 18:16.
v.5: Whoever is like the little children are dear to
Jesus: Matthew 10:42; Luke 9:48.
v.6: We must be careful not to sin or not to lead
another one to sin: Mark 9:42; Luke 17:2; 1
v.7: Shame and destruction to those who cause others
to sin: Luke 17:1; 1 Corinthians 11:9; 1 Timothy 4:1;
Matthew 26:4; 27:4-5.
vv.8-9: Gaining eternal life is important than
anything else. We should not lose our souls in hell
fire: Matthew 5:29-30; Mark 8:36; 9:43, 45.
v.10: The Father is always in the awareness of His
humble believers to take care of them. There are
angels to guard us: Psalm 34:7; Zechariah 13:7;
v.11: All who wish to be saved will be secured under
Gods mighty hands: Luke 9:56; John 3:17.
MATTHEW 18:12-22 (Morning)
vv.12-14: We should try our level best to bring back
those who fell in to sin. God doesnt want any one of
us perish: 1 Timothy 2:4.
v.15: Try for a one-to-one reconciliation if there is
a difference of opinion: Leviticus 19:17; Luke
17:3--4; Galatians 6:1; 2 Thessalonians 3:15; James
5:19-20; 1 Peter 3:1.
v.16: If that fails, try with two or three witnesses
(Deuteronomy 17:6; 19:15; John 8:17; 2 Corinthians
13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19; Hebrews 10:28.
v.17: Still he doesnt listen, refer the matter to the
Church: the Christian community. If he refuses to be
reconciled, consider him as an unsaved person, like a
heathen or a tax collector: Romans 16:l7; 1
Corinthians 5:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:6, 14; 2 John 10.
v.18: God ratifies the reconciliation of an erring
believer. If he doesnt come to terms through the
efforts of the Churchconfession, reconciliation,
absolution .. he reaps the consequences: Matthew
16:19; John 20:22-23; 1 Corinthians 5:4.
v.19: If we reconcile, God accepts our reconciliation
and our prayers: 1 John 3:22; 5:14; 1 Corinthians
v.20: According to Jewish tradition, at least ten
people are needed to establish a synagogue. Two or
three are enough to establish a Christian fellowship
because Christ is in their midst: Acts 20:7; 1
v.21: One should forgive a repented offender four
times, according to Jewish tradition. Peter is
generous here by asking seven times?: Luke 17:4.
v.22: God forgives anyone who repents without any
time: Romans 13:8; Matthew 6:14; Mark 11:25;
EXODUS 3:1-6; 11-14
Moses was called, like great prophets after him, in a
vision of God. Horeb is another name for Sinai. Flame
of fire (v.2) is a symbol of Gods presence, either
for judgment or for cleansing.
V.4: Moses, Moses: Repetitions to call attention:
Abraham, Abraham (Genesis 22:1; Samuel, Samuel: 1
Samuel 3:10; Saul, Saul: Acts 9:4.
V.5: The dirty sands profane the holy ground as Gods
presence is there: Joshua 5:15; Acts 7:33.
V.6: The glory of God (Isaiah 6:5) made Moses to hide
VV.11-12: Moses doubted that those in Egypt for more
than 400 years might have forgotten God
V.14: God revealed to Moses as Yahweh (YHWH) who is
present then and now: Exodus 6:3; John 8:24, 28, 58;
Hebrews 13:8; Revelation 1:8; 4:8.
VV.1-3: Jobs moral integrity and devotion to God:
Genesis 6:9; 17:1; Deuteronomy 18:13; Proverbs 16:6.
VV.4-5: His family (seven sons, three daughters and
very rich) was very close. Job offered sacrifices
regularly for his children to be cleansed from sins
and for blessings: Genesis 8:20 (Job 42:8); 1 Kings
V.15: God does not delight just in sacrifice, unless
there is genuine repentance: Amos 5:21-24; Proverbs
1:28; Psalm 66:18; Isaiah 59:1-3; Micha 3:4. BLOOD:
May be child sacrifice: Ezekiel 23:36-39).
V.16-17: Good behavior is that God counts: Do good,
seek justice, defend the fatherless, and plead for the
V.18: God wants to free us from sin and promises to
turn the scarlet sins into white as snow: Isaiah
43:25-26; Micha 6:2; Psalm 51:7; Revelation 7:14.
V.20: If we oppose, destruction is the result: Isaiah
40:5; 58:14; Micha 4:4; Titus 1:2.
1 PETER 2:1-5
v.1: We have to grow in the Lord without ill toward
others (12:1): hypocrisy, envy, etc., and live in love
with pure hearts: 1:22.
v.2: We have to grow spiritually by feeding on the
word of God: 1:23; Matthew 18:3; 19:14; Mark 10:5;
Luke 18:17; 1 Corinthians 14:20; 3:2.
v.3: When we experience Gods grace in Christ, we want
to grow in it: Psalm 34:8; Titus 3:4; Hebrews 6:3.
v.4: Christ is the foundation stone, though rejected
(at the crucifixion) by man (Psalm 118:22), He has
been raised from the dead and gives life to us.
v.5:We are the living stones. Church is the spiritual
house or temple being erected in praise of God. We
have to offer sacrifices of praise and obedience that
are acceptable to God because of Christs sacrifice
for sin. Church is a divine institution. We are all
living stones to build the Church. Church will be
built on that rock: Matthew 16:18 cf. 1 Peter 2:4-5.
Christ is the corner stone. St. John saw the holy
city: Revelation 21:9-27. Jesus is the vine and we are
the branches: John 15:1ff. Like the stem distributes
sap to the branches, Jesus distributes spirituality
through the Holy Eucharist - body and blood. If we
dont live in Him, will dry: John 15:6. Holy communion
1 CORINTHIANS 3:16-23
V.16: We are Gods temple. Gods spirit dwells in us:
Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 6:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16;
V.17: The body of true believers make the Church. It
is Gods temple. It is holy and God owns it. He who
defiles the Church with divisiveness and contention
(v.3) will be punished.
VV.18-20: We should not boast in the foolishness of
our wisdom (Proverbs 3:7). We have to know God through
trusting in the message about Jesus Christ crucified:
Proverbs 3:7; Job 5:13; Psalm 94:11.
VV.21-22: Christ is the source of all things (2
Corinthians 4:5). We should not limit ourselves by
boasting in others. Earthly teachers are only Gods
servants representing God. We should live and die
victoriously by the power of Christ (15:55-57). In Him
we have nothing to fear for now or in the future.
V.23: We belong to Christ and Christ is Gods. He has
full equality with God. In Him we are safe and secure:
Romans 14:8; 1 Corinthians 15:23; 2 Corinthians 10:7;
MATTHEW 5:38-48 (Holy Qurbana)
Highly praised moral exhortations: ideal
characteristics of a Christian in Sermon on the Mount.
1. According to Old Testament Law, retaliation would
fit the crime: Eye for an eye: Deuteronomy 13:10;
19:21; Exodus 21:24; Leviticus 24:20: Tit for Tat.
Cain murdered his brother Abel; Abraham with 318
soldiers subdued the rulers who conquered the weak
before the time of the Law. As of Moses, situations
changed; The time of the Law: as against the strong
man rules. Tit for Tat: Inborn nature ... love those
love; hate those hate ... like animals.
2. Do not resist an evil person (5:35) cf. 9:12-13;
3. New Testament time: Christs rule: No tit for tat:
Show left cheek because slapping to the right cheek is
very soft unless you are a left hander. Love and
perseverance since Christ. Overcome evil with
forgiveness and goodness. Forgive instead of revenge
and retaliation: Proverbs 20:22; Luke 6:29; Romans
12:17; 1 Corinthians 6:7; 1 Peter 3:9; Isaiah 50:6;
Lamentations 3:30. Forgive others to be forgiven:
Matthew 6:15: Humble ourselves and pray to be forgiven
and healed: 2 Chronicles 7:14. Christ died for us
(Romans 5:10). Apostles and martyrs did the same. To
grow into fullness as Christ showed us. God loves us
even if we are not qualified.
4. A. Wealth is power; B. Idea is power; C. Media is
power: Medium is message is now changing to MEDIUM IS
5. Love enemies too. Jesus taught this: Leviticus
19:18; Deuteronomy 23:3-6; Psalm 41:10 (pray for
them); Luke 6:27; 23:34; Romans 12:14; 12:20; Acts
7:60; 1 Corinthians 4:12; 1 Peter 2:23; One who loves
his enemies is like God (Psalm 65:9-13; Luke 12:16-17;
Acts 14:7). Love, kindness, patience x Enmity, hatred,
revenge; Divine, spiritual, Godly, everlasting x Human
and worldly. No evil for evil (Romans 12:17); Win evil
with goodness (Romans 12:21); Jesus called Judas who
betrayed, Friend; Jesus made friends on the cross.
Like moon when not increases, decreases. Alexander,
Napoleon, Chalimegne... all built their empires
through power; Jesus built through love. So even today
millions there to die for Him. We can win everything
by love. Tax collectors were regarded as traitors as
they contracted with Rome to collect taxes. Even they
were nice to persons who were nice to them (Luke
6. We have to show our Christian love by going beyond
we are asked for: Romans 12:21; Matthew 27:32. (Tunic
is undergarment; cloak is outer garment). Give not
only tunic, but also cloak; if compels to go one mile,
go two; do not turn away from those who seek help or
want to borrow.
7. Help the poor and do not put material gain over
human need: Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Luke 6:30-34; 1
Timothy 6:18. Do good over evil. Concern for the last,
lost and least.
6. Friction among humans: Jesus came to His paternal
city ( Mark 6:1-6). They watched and listened His
works and preaching. Instead of belief and honor,
disbelief. To them, Jesus is just the son of Mary and
Joseph, the carpenter. They knew His kins. They failed
to understand Jesus and became an obstacle. Their
judgment failed them; their jealousy failed them.
Eradicate jealousy, treachery, etc: 1 Peter 21:2f;
pray for each other for good relationship: Job 1:1-5;
Repent and confess: Isaiah 1:18.
8. We have to be perfect by loving each other like God
loves all of us. We have to love our neighbors with
all our hearts, souls, minds, and strength as we love
ourselves (Genesis 17:1; Leviticus 11:44; 19:2; Luke
6:36; Colossians 1:28; 4:12; James 1:4; 1 Peter 1:15;
Ephesians 5:1). Moses instruction to love the
neighbor (Leviticus 19:18), nothing about to love
enemies. Jesus wants us to love our enemies and pray
for them too: showed in His life on the cross and
taught through the parable of the Good Samaritan.
VERY REV. THOMAS P. MUNDUKUZHY COR EPISCOPA, ALBANY