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BIBLE STUDY #64: FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER ASSUMPTION: SEPTEMBER 10th

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  • VERY REV. THOMAS P. MUNDUKUZHY COR EPISCO
    MATTHEW 18:1-11 (Evening) vv.1-2: The greatest in God�����s kingdom is the one who humbles himself: Matthew 19:14; Mark 10:14; Luke 8:14-17. vv.3-4: We have to
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 5, 2006
      MATTHEW 18:1-11 (Evening)

      vv.1-2: The greatest in God’s kingdom is the one who
      humbles himself: Matthew 19:14; Mark 10:14; Luke
      8:14-17.
      vv.3-4: We have to turn from our proud attitude and
      humble ourselves: Psalm 131:2; Matthew 19:14; 20:27;
      23:11; Mark 10:15; Luke 18:16.
      v.5: Whoever is like the little children are dear to
      Jesus: Matthew 10:42; Luke 9:48.
      v.6: We must be careful not to sin or not to lead
      another one to sin: Mark 9:42; Luke 17:2; 1
      Corinthians 8:12.
      v.7: Shame and destruction to those who cause others
      to sin: Luke 17:1; 1 Corinthians 11:9; 1 Timothy 4:1;
      Matthew 26:4; 27:4-5.
      vv.8-9: Gaining eternal life is important than
      anything else. We should not lose our souls in hell
      fire: Matthew 5:29-30; Mark 8:36; 9:43, 45.
      v.10: The Father is always in the awareness of His
      humble believers to take care of them. There are
      angels to guard us: Psalm 34:7; Zechariah 13:7;
      Hebrews 1:14.
      v.11: All who wish to be saved will be secured under
      God’s mighty hands: Luke 9:56; John 3:17.

      MATTHEW 18:12-22 (Morning)

      vv.12-14: We should try our level best to bring back
      those who fell in to sin. God doesn’t want any one of
      us perish: 1 Timothy 2:4.
      v.15: Try for a one-to-one reconciliation if there is
      a difference of opinion: Leviticus 19:17; Luke
      17:3--4; Galatians 6:1; 2 Thessalonians 3:15; James
      5:19-20; 1 Peter 3:1.
      v.16: If that fails, try with two or three witnesses
      (Deuteronomy 17:6; 19:15; John 8:17; 2 Corinthians
      13:1; 1 Timothy 5:19; Hebrews 10:28.
      v.17: Still he doesn’t listen, refer the matter to the
      Church: the Christian community. If he refuses to be
      reconciled, consider him as an unsaved person, like a
      heathen or a tax collector: Romans 16:l7; 1
      Corinthians 5:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:6, 14; 2 John 10.
      v.18: God ratifies the reconciliation of an erring
      believer. If he doesn’t come to terms through the
      efforts of the Church—confession, reconciliation,
      absolution .. he reaps the consequences: Matthew
      16:19; John 20:22-23; 1 Corinthians 5:4.
      v.19: If we reconcile, God accepts our reconciliation
      and our prayers: 1 John 3:22; 5:14; 1 Corinthians
      1:10.
      v.20: According to Jewish tradition, at least ten
      people are needed to establish a synagogue. Two or
      three are enough to establish a Christian fellowship
      because Christ is in their midst: Acts 20:7; 1
      Corinthians 14:26.
      v.21: One should forgive a repented offender four
      times, according to Jewish tradition. Peter is
      generous here by asking “seven times?”: Luke 17:4.
      v.22: God forgives anyone who repents without any
      time: Romans 13:8; Matthew 6:14; Mark 11:25;
      Colossians 3:13.

      EXODUS 3:1-6; 11-14

      Moses was called, like great prophets after him, in a
      vision of God. Horeb is another name for Sinai. Flame
      of fire (v.2) is a symbol of God’s presence, either
      for judgment or for cleansing.
      V.4: Moses, Moses: Repetitions to call attention:
      Abraham, Abraham (Genesis 22:1; Samuel, Samuel: 1
      Samuel 3:10; Saul, Saul: Acts 9:4.
      V.5: The dirty sands profane the holy ground as God’s
      presence is there: Joshua 5:15; Acts 7:33.
      V.6: The glory of God (Isaiah 6:5) made Moses to hide
      his face.
      VV.11-12: Moses doubted that those in Egypt for more
      than 400 years might have forgotten God
      V.14: God revealed to Moses as Yahweh (YHWH) who is
      present then and now: Exodus 6:3; John 8:24, 28, 58;
      Hebrews 13:8; Revelation 1:8; 4:8.

      JOB 1:1-5

      VV.1-3: Job’s moral integrity and devotion to God:
      Genesis 6:9; 17:1; Deuteronomy 18:13; Proverbs 16:6.
      VV.4-5: His family (seven sons, three daughters and
      very rich) was very close. Job offered sacrifices
      regularly for his children to be cleansed from sins
      and for blessings: Genesis 8:20 (Job 42:8); 1 Kings
      21:10, 13.

      ISAIAH 1:15-20

      V.15: God does not delight just in sacrifice, unless
      there is genuine repentance: Amos 5:21-24; Proverbs
      1:28; Psalm 66:18; Isaiah 59:1-3; Micha 3:4. BLOOD:
      May be child sacrifice: Ezekiel 23:36-39).
      V.16-17: Good behavior is that God counts: Do good,
      seek justice, defend the fatherless, and plead for the
      widow.
      V.18: God wants to free us from sin and promises to
      turn the scarlet sins into white as snow: Isaiah
      43:25-26; Micha 6:2; Psalm 51:7; Revelation 7:14.
      V.20: If we oppose, destruction is the result: Isaiah
      40:5; 58:14; Micha 4:4; Titus 1:2.

      1 PETER 2:1-5

      v.1: We have to grow in the Lord without ill toward
      others (12:1): hypocrisy, envy, etc., and live in love
      with pure hearts: 1:22.
      v.2: We have to grow spiritually by feeding on the
      word of God: 1:23; Matthew 18:3; 19:14; Mark 10:5;
      Luke 18:17; 1 Corinthians 14:20; 3:2.
      v.3: When we experience God’s grace in Christ, we want
      to grow in it: Psalm 34:8; Titus 3:4; Hebrews 6:3.
      v.4: Christ is the foundation stone, though rejected
      (at the crucifixion) by man (Psalm 118:22), He has
      been raised from the dead and gives life to us.
      v.5:We are the living stones. Church is the spiritual
      house or temple being erected in praise of God. We
      have to offer sacrifices of praise and obedience that
      are acceptable to God because of Christ’s sacrifice
      for sin. Church is a divine institution. We are all
      living stones to build the Church. Church will be
      built on that rock: Matthew 16:18 cf. 1 Peter 2:4-5.
      Christ is the corner stone. St. John saw the holy
      city: Revelation 21:9-27. Jesus is the vine and we are
      the branches: John 15:1ff. Like the stem distributes
      sap to the branches, Jesus distributes spirituality
      through the Holy Eucharist - body and blood. If we
      don’t live in Him, will dry: John 15:6. Holy communion
      for unity.

      1 CORINTHIANS 3:16-23

      V.16: We are God’s temple. God’s spirit dwells in us:
      Romans 8:9; 1 Corinthians 6:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16;
      Ephesians 2:21.
      V.17: The body of true believers make the Church. It
      is God’s temple. It is holy and God owns it. He who
      defiles the Church with divisiveness and contention
      (v.3) will be punished.
      VV.18-20: We should not boast in the foolishness of
      our wisdom (Proverbs 3:7). We have to know God through
      trusting in the message about Jesus Christ crucified:
      Proverbs 3:7; Job 5:13; Psalm 94:11.
      VV.21-22: Christ is the source of all things (2
      Corinthians 4:5). We should not limit ourselves by
      boasting in others. Earthly teachers are only God’s
      servants representing God. We should live and die
      victoriously by the power of Christ (15:55-57). In Him
      we have nothing to fear for now or in the future.
      V.23: We belong to Christ and Christ is God’s. He has
      full equality with God. In Him we are safe and secure:
      Romans 14:8; 1 Corinthians 15:23; 2 Corinthians 10:7;
      Galatians 3:29.

      MATTHEW 5:38-48 (Holy Qurbana)

      Highly praised moral exhortations: ideal
      characteristics of a Christian in Sermon on the Mount.

      1. According to Old Testament Law, retaliation would
      fit the crime: “Eye for an eye”: Deuteronomy 13:10;
      19:21; Exodus 21:24; Leviticus 24:20: Tit for Tat.
      Cain murdered his brother Abel; Abraham with 318
      soldiers subdued the rulers who conquered the weak
      before the time of the Law. As of Moses, situations
      changed; The time of the Law: as against the strong
      man rules. Tit for Tat: Inborn nature ... love those
      love; hate those hate ... like animals.

      2. Do not resist an evil person (5:35) cf. 9:12-13;
      5:45.

      3. New Testament time: Christ’s rule: No tit for tat:
      Show left cheek because slapping to the right cheek is
      very soft unless you are a left hander. Love and
      perseverance since Christ. Overcome evil with
      forgiveness and goodness. Forgive instead of revenge
      and retaliation: Proverbs 20:22; Luke 6:29; Romans
      12:17; 1 Corinthians 6:7; 1 Peter 3:9; Isaiah 50:6;
      Lamentations 3:30. Forgive others to be forgiven:
      Matthew 6:15: Humble ourselves and pray to be forgiven
      and healed: 2 Chronicles 7:14. Christ died for us
      (Romans 5:10). Apostles and martyrs did the same. To
      grow into fullness as Christ showed us. God loves us
      even if we are not qualified.

      4. A. Wealth is power; B. Idea is power; C. Media is
      power: Medium is message is now changing to MEDIUM IS
      MASSAGE.

      5. Love enemies too. Jesus taught this: Leviticus
      19:18; Deuteronomy 23:3-6; Psalm 41:10 (pray for
      them); Luke 6:27; 23:34; Romans 12:14; 12:20; Acts
      7:60; 1 Corinthians 4:12; 1 Peter 2:23; One who loves
      his enemies is like God (Psalm 65:9-13; Luke 12:16-17;
      Acts 14:7). Love, kindness, patience x Enmity, hatred,
      revenge; Divine, spiritual, Godly, everlasting x Human
      and worldly. No evil for evil (Romans 12:17); Win evil
      with goodness (Romans 12:21); Jesus called Judas who
      betrayed, “Friend”; Jesus made friends on the cross.
      Like moon when not increases, decreases. Alexander,
      Napoleon, Chalimegne... all built their empires
      through power; Jesus built through love. So even today
      millions there to die for Him. We can win everything
      by love. Tax collectors were regarded as traitors as
      they contracted with Rome to collect taxes. Even they
      were nice to persons who were nice to them (Luke
      6:320.

      6. We have to show our Christian love by going beyond
      we are asked for: Romans 12:21; Matthew 27:32. (Tunic
      is undergarment; cloak is outer garment). Give not
      only tunic, but also cloak; if compels to go one mile,
      go two; do not turn away from those who seek help or
      want to borrow.

      7. Help the poor and do not put material gain over
      human need: Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Luke 6:30-34; 1
      Timothy 6:18. Do good over evil. Concern for the last,
      lost and least.

      6. Friction among humans: Jesus came to His paternal
      city ( Mark 6:1-6). They watched and listened His
      works and preaching. Instead of belief and honor,
      disbelief. To them, Jesus is just the son of Mary and
      Joseph, the carpenter. They knew His kins. They failed
      to understand Jesus and became an obstacle. Their
      judgment failed them; their jealousy failed them.
      Eradicate jealousy, treachery, etc: 1 Peter 21:2f;
      pray for each other for good relationship: Job 1:1-5;
      Repent and confess: Isaiah 1:18.

      8. We have to be perfect by loving each other like God
      loves all of us. We have to love our neighbors with
      all our hearts, souls, minds, and strength as we love
      ourselves (Genesis 17:1; Leviticus 11:44; 19:2; Luke
      6:36; Colossians 1:28; 4:12; James 1:4; 1 Peter 1:15;
      Ephesians 5:1). Moses’ instruction to love the
      neighbor (Leviticus 19:18), nothing about to love
      enemies. Jesus wants us to love our enemies and pray
      for them too: showed in His life on the cross and
      taught through the parable of the Good Samaritan.

      VERY REV. THOMAS P. MUNDUKUZHY COR EPISCOPA, ALBANY
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