Sarasvati hieroglyphs and Bharatiya cultural continuum
- Sarasvati hieroglyphs and Bharatiya cultural continuumThe roots of indian civilization are found on the banks of River Sarasvati, with over 80% of the 2,600 archaeological sites located on this river basin -- marginally also on Sindhu river banks -- and along the coastline of Meluhha-Magan-Dilmun. The early mleccha speakers attested in Mahabharata are: Vidura and Yudhis.t.hira. Mleccha, mlecchamukha also means copper (Skt.), a reference to Khetri-Ahar-Zawar mines in the central Sarasvati river basin.The page in html format is at: ttp://www.hindunet.org/saraswati/sarasvatihieroglyphs1The URL has been updated with over 300 hieroglyphs (which were erroneously looped/linked in the earlier version.). Kindly reload the URL. Sorry for the inconvenience causedVersions of this monograph were presented at the Pondicherry Institute of Linguistics and Culture (Thanjavur University) on 28th Sept. 2003 and at the Indian Institute for Advanced Study at Shimla on 29th Sept. 2003. An expanded version will be presented in the Indian Archaeological Society meeting in December 2003.A new perspective relates to the presence of zinc in artefacts of the civilization. This is a crucial metallurgical find because there are over 50 svastika hieroglyphs used on epigraphs (for e.g., 1) with an elephant and a tiger glyph; 2) with an endless-knot motif; 3) with a bison glyph; and 4) right-handed/left-handed svastika seals). One seal with this hieroglyph has also been discovered at Tepe Yahya.Language X and Nahali (< Nagari) provide the framework for identifying the substratum, dialectical continuum of a linguistic area circa 5000 years Before Present on Sarasvati-Sindhu doab. va_k or parole (spoken idiom) can be reconstructed based on the rebus readings of over 500 hieroglyphs.Over 4,000 of the 5,600 Dravidian etyma (DEDR) have cognates in Indo-Aryan and Munda streams as presented in over 8000 semantic clusters on an Indian Lexicon (for over 25 ancient languages of Bharat).The continuity of the hieroglyphs on punch-marked, cast coins (from circa 600 BCE) as a pan-bharatiya phenomenon from Taks.as'ila to Coimbatore, and use of copper plates for property transactions is no mere coincidence since they relate to the key transactions of artisan guilds of historical periods. It is also no coincidence that bharatiyo in Gujarati means 'caster of metals'.The rebus code of the hieroglyphs unravels in the context of artisan guilds, minerals, metals and furnaces represented as Sarasvati hieroglyphs -- metaphors for property transactions during a period of transition from chalcolithic (Copper-stone) to alloying (bronze, brass) phases, the latter constituting a revolutionary technological advance, exemplified by the continued use of pan~caloha (alloy of 5 metals) by vis'vakarma of Swamimalai using cire perdue technique for making bronze mu_rti.Kalyanaraman
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