Origins of Agriculture in South Asia
- "To date little information has been gleaned from the bones. A dental
study found the teeth of the Mehrgarh people to be similar to those of
the indigenous Mesolithic people of southern Asia by being noticeably
large. This appears to challenge the idea that their ancestors were
immigrant farmers from the west rather than local people who has
dimply adopted the idea and means of farming. Most Neolithic farmers
had poor dental health, due partly to a diet of coarse plant foods
invariably mixed with grit from the grinding process, and partly due
to the large quantity of carbohydrates they consumed that caused
decay. But caries were practically absent among the Mehrgarh people,
their teeth being as healthy as those of hunter-gatherers. This
appears to have been due to the fluoride that was naturally present in
the river water. This reduced decay. But it caused yellow and brown
staining on their teeth (Mithen 2003, p. 411)."
"Up until the Mehrgarh discoveries, it was assumed that the
domestication of G. arboretum occurred during the time of the Indus
civilization, not earlier than 2500 BC. But we should not be
surprised if the farmers of this region had already been cultivating
cotton at 5500 BC; we know that farmers of the Jordan valley, who has
a similar economy and technology to those at Mehrgarh, had been making
fabrics since at least 8000 BC (Mithen 2005, p. 412)."
Mithen, Steven (2003), "After the Ice: A Global Human History 20,000
5000 BC," Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.