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Execution of Louis XVI by Guillotine 220 years ago

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  • axel
    On January 21st 1793, `citizen Louis Capet – formerly Louis XVI of France – was taken by carriage to the Place de la Concorde (re-named Place de la
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 20, 2013
      "On January 21st 1793, `citizen' Louis Capet – formerly Louis XVI of France – was taken by carriage to the Place de la Concorde (re-named Place de la Révolution at the time). Here, in front of a crowd of many thousands, the ex-king was beheaded.

      [In photos is a Medal depicting King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette, German, 1793 (Science Museum)]

      "Although death at the hands of your people is about as low as it gets for a monarch, at least his departure was relatively swift. For just 9 months earlier the guillotine had been introduced to France. Previously, a king would probably have had his head removed with either a sword or axe – a messy business, even in experienced hands.

      "The development of this more reliable piece of execution technology had been instigated by Joseph Ignace Guillotin and fellow doctor, Antoine Louis. Not that it was the first automated method of decapitation. The Halifax Gibbet being one machine that preceded the guillotine by several centuries.

      [In photos is a Guillotine blade, France, 1794 (Science Museum)]

      "Ironically, given the guillotine's role in the Reign of Terror that began in earnest later in 1793, Guillotin had seen it as a humane alternative to less reliable methods. As a fast-acting execution machine that wouldn't fail and a step along the way to the end of the death penalty - a sentence that Guillotin actually opposed. As it was, the guillotine remained France's official method of execution until capital punishment was abolished in 1981.

      [In photos, Reverse of medal shown above, commemorating the executions of Louis XVI and his queen, German, 1793 (Science Museum)]

      "Nine months after Louis, his wife Marie Antoinette, by then referred to simply as the `Widow Capet' arrived at the Place de la Révolution in an open cart. In front of another large crowd, she too fell victim to `le rasoir national' – France's very efficient `national razor'.

      * * * *

      The quotes above come from a blog post "Royal Execution" posted Jan. 21, 2011 authored by Stewart Emmens, Curator of Community Health. To see the full post go to this link - http://sciencemuseumdiscovery.com/blogs/collections/a-royal-execution/

      The photos for this post can be seen under "Photos" in this website in the photo album "Her husband Louis XVI" link - http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Images_of_Marie_Antoinette/photos/album/1131339499/pic/list

      This is posted in remembrance of the execution of Marie Antoinette's husband King Louis XVI who was beheaded on the guillotine, 220 years ago tomorrow on Jan. 21, 1793.

      Axel
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