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FW: International law expert says America must free Hawaii

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  • karaka@medscape.com
    Hawaii Tribune-Herald Thursday, December 30, 2004 Attorney: U.S. must leave International law expert says America has a duty to set Hawaii Islands free By
    Message 1 of 1 , Jan 1, 2005
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      Hawaii Tribune-Herald Thursday, December 30, 2004


      Attorney: U.S. must leave

      International law expert says America has a duty to set Hawaii Islands free

      By PETER SUR Tribune-Herald staff writer

      A professor of international law contends that the so-called Akaka Bill
      would strip Hawaiians of their right to self-determination.

      He also says independence would be best achieved through international law.

      Speaking Wednesday afternoon at the University of Hawaii at Hilo, Francis A.
      Boyle, who teaches at the University of Illinois, offered an ominous vision
      of the legislation that, as the bill states, would "provide a process for
      the recognition by the United States of the Native Hawaiian governing
      entity."

      Accompanied by sovereignty activist Dennis "Bumpy" Kanahele, Boyle was
      traveling on a two-day, five-speech tour around the state. Tuesday, he spoke
      on Oahu and Kauai. Wednesday, he spoke in Kailua-Kona, the UHH Theater and
      on Maui.

      People should not be fooled by the phrase "governing entity," he said,
      adding that Arab states that do not recognize Israel refer to it as the
      "Zionist entity."

      "Under the Akaka legislation, kanaka maoli (Native Hawaiians) are going to
      get an entity, not a government, not a state, just an entity, whatever that
      is," Boyle said. Sovereignty, he said, would not be determined by the
      Hawaiians as declared in the "Apology Bill" -- Congress' 1993 resolution
      apologizing for the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom.

      Instead, Boyle said the Akaka Bill would establish an "interim governing
      council" -- a far cry from an actual government. It would have no authority
      to enact laws or control land, and would be subject to federal jurisdiction.

      "The United States federal government is setting up a process whereby it's
      telling you, the kanaka maoli, how you are going to give up your
      sovereignty, give up your land and give up your self-determination."

      He offered instead an alternative to the Akaka Bill: arguing the case in an
      international court of law. Boyle said the United States made numerous
      treaties with the Hawaiian Kingdom in the 19th century, none of which has
      since been rescinded. Further, the Akaka bill and the Apology bill both
      recognize the Hawaiians have "never relinquished their claims" to
      sovereignty.

      "They're trying to defeat and deny the right you had under international
      law, the right to self-determination, the right to reinstitution of these
      treaties, the right to the restoration of the Hawaiian Kingdom by saying,
      'This is it. This will be your exercise of sovereignty, your exercise of
      self-determination and nothing more. You do what we tell you to do.'"

      "A state is built from the ground up, not the top down. Kanaka maoli have to
      provide health care, education, social welfare, language skills in your own
      language. Everything else for your own people and build your state from the
      bottom up."

      Boyle compared this approach to that of the Palestinian Liberation
      Organization, which he advised in the early 1990s. In lieu of government aid
      from Israel, the Palestinians have instead set up their own system of
      self-determination.

      "The United States promised 'perpetual peace and amity' to the Hawaiian
      Kingdom," Boyle said, referring to an 1849 treaty. "That promise is still
      there. Even though the United States has not honored it, it is obligated to
      honor it." The Hawaiian Kingdom exists in international law and treaties, if
      not in practice, he said.

      Boyle said international law requires four criteria for a functioning,
      sovereign state: a permanent population, a recognized territory, a
      functioning government and the capability to conduct international
      relations.

      "As I see it what we need today is a functioning government, a provisional
      government of national unity for the Hawaiian Kingdom that is the
      alternative to Akaka," he said.

      After the speech, audience members offered their assessment:

      "It was good," Crandall Leialoha said. "I feel that he's extremely
      informed."

      John Ota, a member of the group Kingdom of Hawaii, concurred:

      "I think he was very straightforward, very direct and I believe that he
      really knew the insight of international law in his presentation," Ota said.

      Peter Sur can be reached at psur@....

      All rights reserved. Copyright © 2004 Hawaii Tribune Herald.

      FORWARDED TEXT


      Hawaii Tribune-Herald Thursday, December 30, 2004

      U.S. must leave, International law expert says, America (United States) has
      a duty to set Hawaii Islands free

      By PETER SUR Tribune-Herald staff writer

      A professor of international law contends that the so-called Akaka Bill
      would strip Hawaiians of their right to self-determination.

      He also says independence would be best achieved through international law.

      Speaking Wednesday afternoon at the University of Hawaii at Hilo, Francis A.
      Boyle, who teaches at the University of Illinois, offered an ominous vision
      of the legislation that, as the bill states, would "provide a process for
      the recognition by the United States of the Native Hawaiian governing
      entity."

      Accompanied by sovereignty activist Dennis "Bumpy" Kanahele, Boyle was
      traveling on a two-day, five-speech tour around the state. Tuesday, he spoke
      on Oahu and Kauai. Wednesday, he spoke in Kailua-Kona, the UHH Theater and
      on Maui.

      People should not be fooled by the phrase "governing entity," he said,
      adding that Arab states that do not recognize Israel refer to it as the
      "Zionist entity."

      "Under the Akaka legislation, kanaka maoli (Native Hawaiians) are going to
      get an entity, not a government, not a state, just an entity, whatever that
      is," Boyle said. Sovereignty, he said, would not be determined by the
      Hawaiians as declared in the "Apology Bill" -- Congress' 1993 resolution
      apologizing for the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom.

      Instead, Boyle said the Akaka Bill would establish an "interim governing
      council" -- a far cry from an actual government. It would have no authority
      to enact laws or control land, and would be subject to federal jurisdiction.

      "The United States federal government is setting up a process whereby it's
      telling you, the kanaka maoli, how you are going to give up your
      sovereignty, give up your land and give up your self-determination."

      He offered instead an alternative to the Akaka Bill: arguing the case in an
      international court of law. Boyle said the United States made numerous
      treaties with the Hawaiian Kingdom in the 19th century, none of which has
      since been rescinded. Further, the Akaka bill and the Apology bill both
      recognize the Hawaiians have "never relinquished their claims" to
      sovereignty.

      "They're trying to defeat and deny the right you had under international
      law, the right to self-determination, the right to reinstitution of these
      treaties, the right to the restoration of the Hawaiian Kingdom by saying,
      'This is it. This will be your exercise of sovereignty, your exercise of
      self-determination and nothing more. You do what we tell you to do.'"

      "A state is built from the ground up, not the top down. Kanaka maoli have to
      provide health care, education, social welfare, language skills in your own
      language. Everything else for your own people and build your state from the
      bottom up."

      Boyle compared this approach to that of the Palestinian Liberation
      Organization, which he advised in the early 1990s. In lieu of government aid
      from Israel, the Palestinians have instead set up their own system of
      self-determination.

      "The United States promised 'perpetual peace and amity' to the Hawaiian
      Kingdom," Boyle said, referring to an 1849 treaty. "That promise is still
      there. Even though the United States has not honored it, it is obligated to
      honor it." The Hawaiian Kingdom exists in international law and treaties, if
      not in practice, he said.

      Boyle said international law requires four criteria for a functioning,
      sovereign state: a permanent population, a recognized territory, a
      functioning government and the capability to conduct international
      relations.

      "As I see it what we need today is a functioning government, a provisional
      government of national unity for the Hawaiian Kingdom that is the
      alternative to Akaka," he said.

      After the speech, audience members offered their assessment:

      "It was good," Crandall Leialoha said. "I feel that he's extremely
      informed."

      John Ota, a member of the group Kingdom of Hawaii, concurred:

      "I think he was very straightforward, very direct and I believe that he
      really knew the insight of international law in his presentation," Ota said.

      Peter Sur can be reached at psur@....

      All rights reserved. Copyright © 2004 Hawaii Tribune Herald.
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