Fw: ×îÐÂ±¨µÀ:ÃÀ¹úÍ¨¹ýµÚÒ»¸öÎÂÊÒÆøÌå×ÜÁ¿¿ØÖÆ·¨°¸/The Latest News: Statement by Gov. Schwarzenegger on Historic Agreement with Legislature to Combat Global Warming
- ----- Original Message -----From: EDFTo: contact@...Sent: Friday, September 01, 2006 5:47 AMSubject: 最新报道:美国通过第一个温室气体总量控制法案/The Latest News: Statement by Gov. Schwarzenegger on Historic Agreement with Legislature to Combat Global Warming
本周四，加州通过了美国历史上第一个温室气体总量控制法案――《全球温室效应治理法案》（Global Warming Solutions Act）。议会中的投票情况是46票对31票，这一举动树立了美国在温室气体控制问题上的一个里程碑。
《全球温室效应治理法案》使加州在2006年和欧盟一并成为减排温室气体的先驱。而且，由于布什政府一直以来推行以自愿减排为主的温室气体控制政策，“加州这种总量控制的举动使华盛顿处于尴尬的地位。”美国环保协会（Environmental Defense）的高级律师吉姆马斯顿（Jim Marston）说，“这个法案为施瓦辛格提供了创造历史的舞台，使得美国跟上了世界全球变暖政策的步伐。”
Original Version 1:
Statement by Gov. Schwarzenegger on Historic Agreement with Legislature to Combat Global Warming
Gov. Schwarzenegger released the following statement regarding a deal struck between the Administration and the legislature on AB 32:
“Today, I am happy to announce we have reached a historic agreement on legislation to combat global warming.
“We can now move forward with developing a market-based system that makesCalifornia a world leader in the effort to reduce carbon emissions. The success of our system will be an example for other states and nations to follow as the fight against climate change continues. AB 32 strengthens our economy, cleans our environment and once again, establishesCalifornia as the leader in environmental protection.
“Throughout the negotiations, my primary concern was that the Legislature passed a bill that provided the flexibility to address unforeseen circumstances. AB 32 will ensure that the state can make adjustments throughout its implementation.
“When I ran for office, I promised to not only help protect the environment, but also help turn back the clock to make sure that the environment we leave for our children is better than the one we have today. The state is the 12th largest carbon emitter in the world despite leading the nation in energy efficiency standards and its lead role in protecting its environment. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions is an issue we must show leadership on.
“It’s amazing the work that can be done for the people ofCalifornia when Democrats and Republicans work together. I want to thank Assembly Speaker Fabian Nunez, Senator Don Perata and Assemblymember Fran Pavley for the hard work they have put in to make this agreement something we can all be proud of.”
Original Version 2:
AB32 in the Sacramento Bee
Governor, lawmakers strike deal on greenhouse gases By Judy Lin -- Bee
Capitol Bureau Published 4:16 pm PDT Wednesday, August 30, 2006
Democratic lawmakers and Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger on Wednesday struck
a deal on legislation to reduce the state's greenhouse gas emissions by
25 percent over the next two decades.
Assembly Speaker Fabian Nunez, D- Los Angeles , hailed the long-bargained
agreement as a ground-breaking bill that has the potential to influence
the rest of the nation.
"This is the most important day of my brief legislative career," Nunez
Schwarzenegger has pledged to sign Assembly Bill 32, which is expected
to be voted on in the Senate later Wednesday.
"We can now move forward with developing a market-based system that
makes California a world leader in the effort to reduce carbon
emissions," he said in a statement. "The success of our system will be
an example for other states and nations to follow as the fight against
climate change continues. AB 32 strengthens our economy, cleans our
environment and once again, establishes California as the leader in
His fellow Republicans in the Legislature said the bill was the wrong
"Adopting costly and unattainable regulations will drive businesses and
jobs out of California into other states - and even into other countries
with no commitment to improve air quality," said assembly Republican
leader George Plescia, R-La Jolla. "We need a national consensus to
truly have an impact on this problem, not a state-by-state approach that
will harm businesses and make matters even worse."
Under the bill, California would take the lead in limiting greenhouse
gas by reducing emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2020.
Starting in 2012, the state would enforce a statewide cap on industries'
The bill directs the California Air Resources Board to develop
regulations, as well as establish a mandatory reporting system to track
" California is acting while Washington drags its feet," said Jim Marston
senior attorney with Environmental Defense. "This bill sets the stage
for Governor Schwarzenegger to make history and getAmerica 's global
warming policy on track with the rest of the world."
According to the Union of Concerned Scientists, California is the
world's 12th largest source of carbon dioxide - the chief heat-trapping
gas that causes global warming.
Advocates argue that by restricting greenhouse gas emissions, the state
would motivate more businesses to develop and use more green technology
- creating more jobs and wealth for the state's economy.
Two economic analyses suggested the state could generate 83,000 jobs and
$4 billion in income by 2020.
Advocates estimate the state will reduce 174 million metric tons of
Reaching the deal involved a tremendous amount of negotiating. On
several occasions, Nunez said he was "ready to throw in the towel."
At issue was the governor's request for mandatory market trading on
carbon emissions, which would help businesses meet their quotas at the
Some environmental groups opposed such trading, fearing it would enable
businesses to sidestep emission requirements.
In the end, the bill does not require trading, but instead directs the
Air Resources Board to set up a roadmap for trading.
Administration officials also want broad oversight, arguing that the Air
Resources Board lacked the expertise to regulate so many industries. But
lawmakers prevailed in the end, and the board retains oversight under
At one point, amendments to the bill had called for a council made up of
five seats appointed by the governor and four appointed by the
Schwarzenegger had expressed concern that the bill lacked an escape
clause that would allow the government to lift caps in case of
unexpected circumstances. Administration officials cited the state's
energy crisis as a prime example of why the state needs to have the
power to intervene.
Under the agreement, the governor has one year to lift the cap under
环保主义论者认为，该法案标志着加州又向应对全球变暖迈进了一步。但一些企业领导却抱怨说，这将增加运营成本，他们不得不缩小在加州的运营范围。共和党人对这一法案非常反对，他们认为法案成效微小，并会增加加州的商业成本。森・丹尼斯・霍林兹沃斯（Sen Dennis Hollingsworth）称：“法案将使加州经济变得萧条。”
Calif. proposes anti-global warming bill
By SAMANTHA YOUNG, Associated Press Writer 6 minutes ago
SACRAMENTO, Calif. - California will impose broad caps on its greenhouse-gas emissions under a landmark plan that marks a clear break with the federal government and which backers hope will become a national model.
Republican Gov. , who helped assemble the plan, called Wednesday's agreement "an example for other states and nations to follow as the fight against climate change continues."
The plan came after weeks of difficult negotiations and was sent to the state Senate, which approved it late Wednesday with a 23-14 vote. If approved by the Democratically-controlled Assembly, which is expected, the bill would then go to the governor's desk.
"My main objective was getting a bill that the environmental community can champion around the country and say, 'California did this, and you should be too.' And we did that," said Assembly Speaker Fabian Nunez, a Democrat.
The bill requires the state's major industries ― such as utility plants, oil and gas refineries, and cement kilns ― to reduce their emissions carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases by an estimated 25 percent by 2020.
One of the key mechanisms designed to drive the reductions is a market program that will allow businesses to buy, sell and trade emission credits with other companies.
"Today it feels as if the whole world is watching, and I hope they are," said Ann Notthoff of the Natural Resources Defense Council, one of the environmental groups involved in the negotiations.
The agreement was announced simultaneously by the governor's office and Democratic leaders in the Senate and Assembly. It gives the governor a key environmental victory as he seeks re-election this fall.
The bill states that the California Air Resources Board ― an 11-member panel appointed by the governor ― must identify "market-based compliance mechanisms" that might be used as part of its plan to reach the cap.
The cap was praised by environmentalists as a step toward fighting global climate change. It was criticized by some business leaders, who say it will increase their costs and force them to scale back theirCalifornia operations.
Republicans blasted the bill, saying the bill would have little effect and makeCalifornia an expensive place to do business. "This bill is the road to economic ruin forCalifornia ," said Sen. Dennis Hollingsworth.
The nation's most populous state is the world's 12th largest emitter of greenhouse gases and could suffer dire consequences if global temperatures increase only a few degrees.
In the absence of federal action, much of the effort to combat climate change has been focused in the states. More than 100 climate-related bills have been held up in Congress, including one that calls for a national cap on greenhouse gas emissions.
California has led the country in reducing greenhouse gas emissions through its renewable energy policies and a 2004 law reducing tailpipe emissions from vehicles.
Ten other states are poised to enact California's auto rule, while more than 20 states have required utilities to eventually generate some power from renewable sources such as solar, wind and geothermal.
The bill includes a so-called "safety valve" sought by Schwarzenegger that would allow California 's governor to delay the emission-cap mandate if the state is hit with a natural disaster, terrorist attack or some other emergency.
In addition to the emissions cap,California lawmakers voted to approve related global warming legislation. That bill would prohibit the state from entering long-term contracts with any out-of-state utility that fails to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions. The bill passed by a 43-30 vote in the Assembly. It goes to the Senate for final approval.