Culture of Hostów and Tarnowica Polna
- Hi Guys,
I've completd a bit of research on the Culture and history of the
Hostów area. Hostów appeared to have a closer link to Ottynia(Otyniya)
rather than Tlumacz(Tlumach). This general area has also been refered
to historically as Pokucie(Pokutia). This preliminary email is to
start a thread should anyone want to talk about the history of area.
From a Polish perspective Kazimierz III the Great's commenced rule
over Halicz between 1349 and 1366(1387?), and soon later the influence
of the Roman Catholic Church commenced in the area. Lands around
Otynia for example were owned in 1565 by a Polish Nobelman Buczacski.
However, it was in 1618 that Polish Nobelman Poniatowski bought
Otynia, and then in 1653 bought by Stanislaw Potocki, and he actually
constructed a castle in the town to protect invaders from the East. TH
first Roman Catholic Church(wooden structure) being established in
around 1669 and was financed by Andrzej Potocki. Just prior to that
time in 1531 King Zigmunt Stary, organised Jan Tarnowski to defend the
then Polish border from Moldavian troops, who had encrouched on Poland
in the name of Ottoman Sultan Suliman. This successful campagn was
know as teh "Battle of Obertyn". The location of this battle was 20-
30km SE of Hostów.
One could suppose that many of the Polish population settled in areas
that were underpopulated around the 16th and 17th century from more
Western regions of Poland closer to Krakow.
How was Hostów connected to Tlumacz, Obertyn and Ottynia?
What sort of trade existed between the communities?
How far did people travel to markets and which markets?
The following is worthwhile noting from the 1920's;
"there were a shop and the reading house "Prosvity" in almost each
village. Hostiv was the best village in the district, where due to the
untiring work of priest Stryis'kyi, his wife Ol'ga and priest
Herasymyuk "The People's House" was built; the amateur society at the
reading house "Prosvita" was set up, which gave performances and co-
Referenece given: Shevchenko celebrations in Otyniya Dilo(Lviv) -
1926 - 17 September
In the 1907 Austrian Cencus - (see link on this website), indicated
following in relation to the villages;
Hostów - Pop-1983 - Polish 727, Ruthenian 1227, German 29, with 35
being of the Jewish Faith. Hostów had 188 Horses, 543 Cattle, 59
Sheep, and 573 Pigs.
The nearby Villages were;
Tarnowica Polna - Pop - 1798- Polish 1683, Ruthenian 115, German 0,
with 10 people being of the Jewish faith.
Konstantynowka - Pop 282 - Polish 11, Ruthenian 0, German 271, with 4
being of the Jewish faith.
So within 5 km, there was a very rich blend of cultures.
The following links related to the above may be of interest.