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Culture of Hostów and Tarnowica Polna

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  • Steve
    Hi Guys, I ve completd a bit of research on the Culture and history of the Hostów area. Hostów appeared to have a closer link to Ottynia(Otyniya) rather than
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 16, 2007
      Hi Guys,
      I've completd a bit of research on the Culture and history of the
      Hostów area. Hostów appeared to have a closer link to Ottynia(Otyniya)
      rather than Tlumacz(Tlumach). This general area has also been refered
      to historically as Pokucie(Pokutia). This preliminary email is to
      start a thread should anyone want to talk about the history of area.
      From a Polish perspective Kazimierz III the Great's commenced rule
      over Halicz between 1349 and 1366(1387?), and soon later the influence
      of the Roman Catholic Church commenced in the area. Lands around
      Otynia for example were owned in 1565 by a Polish Nobelman Buczacski.
      However, it was in 1618 that Polish Nobelman Poniatowski bought
      Otynia, and then in 1653 bought by Stanislaw Potocki, and he actually
      constructed a castle in the town to protect invaders from the East. TH
      first Roman Catholic Church(wooden structure) being established in
      around 1669 and was financed by Andrzej Potocki. Just prior to that
      time in 1531 King Zigmunt Stary, organised Jan Tarnowski to defend the
      then Polish border from Moldavian troops, who had encrouched on Poland
      in the name of Ottoman Sultan Suliman. This successful campagn was
      know as teh "Battle of Obertyn". The location of this battle was 20-
      30km SE of Hostów.
      One could suppose that many of the Polish population settled in areas
      that were underpopulated around the 16th and 17th century from more
      Western regions of Poland closer to Krakow.

      How was Hostów connected to Tlumacz, Obertyn and Ottynia?
      What sort of trade existed between the communities?
      How far did people travel to markets and which markets?

      The following is worthwhile noting from the 1920's;
      "there were a shop and the reading house "Prosvity" in almost each
      village. Hostiv was the best village in the district, where due to the
      untiring work of priest Stryis'kyi, his wife Ol'ga and priest
      Herasymyuk "The People's House" was built; the amateur society at the
      reading house "Prosvita" was set up, which gave performances and co-
      operatives"
      Referenece given: Shevchenko celebrations in Otyniya Dilo(Lviv) -
      1926 - 17 September

      In the 1907 Austrian Cencus - (see link on this website), indicated
      following in relation to the villages;

      Hostów - Pop-1983 - Polish 727, Ruthenian 1227, German 29, with 35
      being of the Jewish Faith. Hostów had 188 Horses, 543 Cattle, 59
      Sheep, and 573 Pigs.
      The nearby Villages were;
      Tarnowica Polna - Pop - 1798- Polish 1683, Ruthenian 115, German 0,
      with 10 people being of the Jewish faith.
      Konstantynowka - Pop 282 - Polish 11, Ruthenian 0, German 271, with 4
      being of the Jewish faith.
      So within 5 km, there was a very rich blend of cultures.

      The following links related to the above may be of interest.

      http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/Ottynia/ottynia.html
      http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/tlumach.html
      http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/matthaywood/main/Battle_of_Obertyn.html


      Cheers,

      Steve
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