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  • Rick A. Riedlinger
    Dating and Attribution pt 1 Sîntana de Mures/Cernjachov Culture The Goths in the Fourth Century By Peter Heather and John Matthews, 1991; ISBN 0853234264 The
    Message 1 of 2 , Jul 10, 2005
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      Dating and Attribution pt 1
      Sîntana de Mures/Cernjachov Culture
      The Goths in the Fourth Century
      By Peter Heather and John Matthews, 1991; ISBN 0853234264

      The identification of this widespread Culture has not been without
      controversy. Events of the twentieth century have made the spread of a
      possibly Germanic Culture across large areas of the Balkans and southern
      Russia at times a sensitive issue. In the past thirty years it has become
      clear that the so-called Sîntana de Mures/Cernjachov Culture can be
      associated with the spread of Gothic power in the period before Hunnic
      nomads forced the Goths into the Roman empire. The Culture dates from the
      later third and fourth centuries CE and from a wide variety of literary
      sources we know that Gothic power was dominant at this time north of the
      Danube frontier of the Roman empire. Ammianus Marcellinus also reports that
      a group of Alans bordering the Goths were known as the 'Tanaites' or 'Don
      People' (31.3.1), suggesting that Gothic power, like the Culture, extended
      no further east than this river. These chronological and geographical
      coincidences support the basic association of this material culture with the
      later third- and fourth century Gothic kingdoms. The extent to which the
      physical remains are those of the Goths themselves is a separate question.

      The principles by which the Sîntana de Mures/Cernjachov Culture has been
      dated are those established for central and northern European remains of the
      Late Roman and Early Migration Periods. All pose the same basic problem, in
      that few precise chronological indicators turn up among the remains. The
      only specifically datable objects are Roman coins and pottery in closed
      finds (i.e. burials), but with pottery, allowance must be made for a time
      lag between production and deposition. Coins are even more problematic;
      large numbers of Roman denarii, minted at any time between Nero and
      Septimius Severns, were circulating beyond the Roman frontier in the third
      century. Dating thus largely revolves around a number of widely found
      objects, most commonly weapons, fibulae (brooches), buckles, pottery, combs,
      glass, and personal ornaments. Each has a reasonably well-defined pattern of
      development, so that the appearance of later types can establish at least a
      relative chronology. The greater the number of objects showing later
      features in any one find of material, the more secure the chronology, and
      this kind of relative dating depends not so much on the features of single
      objects, but on associations. A delineated chronological phase would
      typically consist of the association (for instance) of particular weapons
      with certain forms of fibulae, buckles, pots, and combs.
    • Alfta
      explorator 8.11 Snapshot Editor s note: Most urls should be active for at least eight hours from the time of publication. For your computer s protection,
      Message 2 of 2 , Jul 18, 2005
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        explorator 8.11 Snapshot

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        Thanks to Arthur Shippee, Bill Kennedy, Adrian Murdoch,
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        for headses upses this week (as always hoping I have left no
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        ** IMPORTANT ** Explorator will likely be on hiatus for the
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        Analysis of archaeological remains near Norfolk suggests it was
        a 'hub' of resistance against the Romans:
        http://tinyurl.com/8oedh (EDP24)

        Various and varying coverage of Time Team's Big Roman Dig:
        http://tinyurl.com/b64cb (Guardian)
        http://tinyurl.com/8ubwr (Guardian)
        http://tinyurl.com/b4a6d (Guardian)
        http://tinyurl.com/aj2dx (Guardian)
        http://tinyurl.com/8xcpv (icWales)

        ... see also:

        A possibly 10th/11th century Saxon 'rotunda' has been found
        in Herefordshire:
        http://tinyurl.com/c8j4y (BBC)

        A Scottish housing development may be intruding upon an 'ancient'
        Gaelic burial ground (I thought Gaelic was a language):


        Mysterious Bog People:
        http://tinyurl.com/dh5w9 (AP via Yahoo)
        http://tinyurl.com/bdhs7 (Times Leader)


        Kennewick Man Study Finally Begins:
        http://tinyurl.com/9dtcd (CNN)


        About.com Ancient History (blog):

        About.com Archaeology (blog):


        Archaeology in Europe (blog):

        Archaeology Magazine's Newsbriefs:

        Bible and Interpretation Breaking News:

        CBA Newsfeed:

        CBA Archaeoblog:

        Classics in Contemporary Culture (blog):

        Cronaca (blog):

        Egyptology News (blog):

        Francis Deblauwe's 'Iraq War and Archaeology' site:

        Maritime Underwater Archaeological News:

        Megalithic Portal

        Michael Ruggeri's Ancient America and Mesoamerica News:

        Mirabilis.ca (blog):

        Paleojudaica (blog):

        Stone Pages Archaeo News:

        Texas A&M Anthropology News Site:

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