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FW: [jri-pl] interesting WWII Polish archival lists online

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  • Max Heffler
    The Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum have now made available online some very interesting documents for those looking for information concerning their
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 11, 2012
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      The Polish Institute and Sikorski Museum have now made available online
      some very interesting documents for those looking for information concerning
      their family members who were in the Polish Provinces under Soviet
      Occupation between 1939-1941.

      (1) The File KOL. 138/files 283-287 in the Sikorksi Archives contatins the
      List of families with members serving in the Polish Armed Forces and who
      (the families) were deported to the USSR between
      1939-1941 by the Soviets.

      From a quick look, it seems that "serving in the Polish Armed Forces" in
      this context, covers all those who served (a) in the Polish Army in Poland
      during the September 1939 campaign against the German and Soviet Armies and
      were subsequently reported as wounded, dead in battle, missing or taken POW
      (b) soldiers of all ranks and civilians who managed to cross the
      Polish-Hungarian or Polish- Romanian border and joined the Polish Government
      in Exile in France and created (together with volunteers from France and
      other west- European countries) the Polish Army in France (some 80,000) (c)
      those who were evacuated from France in Dunkerk (20,000) and other Polish
      soldiers and civilians who followed the Polish Government in Exile to London
      or joined the Polish Army directly in London by other means, and finally,
      (d) the some 70,000 recruited to the Anders Army between December 1941 and
      March 1943 from among the Polish citizens from the Polish Provinces of
      Bialystok, Nowogrodek (so-called west-Belorussian SSR), Wilno, Polesie,
      Wolyn, Lwow, Stanislawow and Tarnopol (so- called west-Ukrainian SSR) and
      that were deported or exiled to the Soviet hinterlands between 1939 and June
      14, 1941.

      All these different sub-categories of servicemen in the Polish Armed forces
      included Jews. Likewise, there were Jews in each of the 4 great mass
      deportations from the above mentioned Polish Provinces, although their
      precise number is not always known, as follows:

      1. February 10, 1940: Deportation of Settlers and of employees of Polish
      Forest Administration and families - total number of deportees according to
      Soviet documents: about 140,000. Ethnic breakdown known in scholarly
      research: ethnic Poles- 81,68% (109,233
      persons) ; Ukrainians - 8,76% (or about 11,720 persons); Belorussians -
      8,08% (10,802 persons); Germans - 0,11% (152 persons) "others" - 1,37%
      (1,835 persons). While it is highly unlikely that there were any Jews among
      the so called Settlers, it is not at all unlikely that there were some - be
      it at a percentage as low as that of the Germans - among the Forestry
      Administration, mainly in east- Galicia (where the percentage of Jews in the
      Polish State administration was 3 times higher than in the rest of the
      country together). Moreover, it is not excluded that they had their men
      included in either sub-category (a) or (c) above.

      2. April 1940: Deportation of family members of "the families of former
      officers of the Polish Army, policemen, prison guards, gendarmes,
      intelligence personnel, former landowners, manufacturers and high
      functionaries of the former Polish State" as per resolution
      NB0 298-127 of USSR Sovnarkom of March 2, 1940. These are the family members
      of the militaries included in sub-category (a) above and of civilians who
      were all already imprisoned during September-October
      1939 (and who were ultimately, the victims of the Katyn massacres).
      NKVD Directive 892/B, dated March 7, signed by Beria, further detailed that
      were to be deported also the "registered members of families [...] whose
      heads of family at some point fled over the border, are in hiding or are
      also wanted", i.e., the families of those included in sub-categories (b) and
      (c) above. Total number of persons deported estimated at 60,667, ethnic
      breakdown (of main groups only): Poles: 41,000 (68,3%); Ukrainians -8,100
      (13,5%) ; Bielorussians - 6,900 (11,5%) and Jews - 2,500 (4,17%).

      3. June 29-30, 1940 - deportation known as 'deportation of refugees'.
      Total number of deportees accordng to Soviet documents: 92,863 refugees,
      both in whole families and odinochki (single persons).
      Ethnic breakdown (main groups only): Jews- 78,562 (84,6%), Poles -
      9,983 (10,8%), Ukrainians - 2,062 (2,2%). The regional split stood at 33%
      from west-Belorussia (Polish Provinces of Bialystok and
      Nowgrodek) against 67% from west-Ukraine (Wolyn, Polesie, Lwow, Stanislawow
      and Tarnopol) and, in west-Ukraine itself, 48% of the refugees deported came
      from the single oblast of Lwow. Testimonies in the east-Galician Yizkor
      Books prove that the substantial part of these deported refugees did not at
      all originate in western and central Poland, but were members of the
      communities from the Districts of the very Province of Lwow itself that,
      according to the final Soviet-German Agreement concerning the Soviet-German
      border (September 28, 1939), were included in the German Zone of Occupation.


      These whole communities, (totalling some 40,000) who either followed the
      Soviets into the Soviet Zone or were expelled into it by the Germans between
      September 22 and October 5-8, 1939 (when the border was sealed) were legally
      defined as refugees (bezhentsy), by the Sovnarkom resolution NB0 298-127 of
      March 2, 1940 defining refugees as "all persons who arrived in the western
      Oblasts of Ukraine and Belorussia after the beginning of military actions in
      Poland", more precisely, as further detailed in Directive NB0 2372/B, "after
      the date of 1 September 1939". Among these, a certain number valid males of
      age of military service are probably included in sub-category (d) above,
      i.e., those recruited to Anders Army in the Soviet hinterland.

      4. The last mass deportation, that began on June 14, 1941, included all the
      territories incorporated into the Soviet Union (including also the Baltic
      States, Bessarabia, Bukovina, etc), included local Populations mixed with
      Polish citizens (Jews and non-Jews alike) and mainly, was interrupted by the
      invading Germans.(consequently the deportees trains were later represented
      by Soviet propaganda as trains of evacuees). There is no breakdown available
      of the precise number of Polish citizens among the total of deportees and
      even less of the number of Polish Jews among them. Actual estimate of total
      global number of Polish citizens deported stand at 30,000-40,000, all ethnic
      groups combined. Nonetheless, there were, according to the testimonies in
      the east-Galician Yizkor Books, Jews among them and it is not excluded that
      they volunteered to the Anders Army.

      The listings are typed so are easy to read. Good hunting. list available at:
      http://pism.co.uk/Docs/SpisRodzin.pdf

      B. The files KOL. 138/296 and 138/297 are List of Polish families
      (civilians) evacuated from the USSR in August 1942, respectively A-E and
      F-M. These are civilian family members of the soldiers of the Anders Army
      recruited in the Soviet hinterlands and who accompanied the some 70,000
      servicemen of the Anders Army leaving the USSR at the end of 1942. According
      to the Polish sources there were 5000 Jewish servicemen. Jewish scholars
      tended to downsize the number to
      3,500-4,000 (but never actually proved their downsized numbers with listings
      of draftees). They announced, however, between 1,800 and
      2,100 accompanying civilians, of whom about 870 orphans. Meaning that,
      concerning the Polish Jewish civilians evacuated from the USSR by the Anders
      Army, not all were necessarily linked to servicemen

      The listing are typed, easy to read. They contain surname, name, year of
      birth and destination of evacuation from the USSR (A - Africa, T - Teheran,
      I - Ispahan).
      List of A-E at : http://pism.co.uk/Docs/KOL%20138_296.pdf
      List of F-M at : http://pism.co.uk/Docs/KOL%20138_296.pdf
      Unfortunately it seems that no list is available for N-Z.

      Warning for all listings above: the spelling is Polish spelling, take this
      into consideration when searching surnames you are used to spell the German
      or American way.

      The full list of archival documents available online:
      http://www.pism.co.uk/archive/archive-documents.html

      Good hunt.

      Rivka

      Rivka Schirman nee Moscisker
      Paris, France
      Searching: MOSCISKER from Brody, Budzynin, Buczacz, Okopy Szwietej Trojce,
      Krakow, Lwow), WEISSMANN and REINSTEIN from Okopy Szwietej Trojce
      (Borszczow, Tarnopol)
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