Re: Mrs. Parks died at her home of natural causes,
- Indeed, this woman did more for the country
than most of our elected officials combined.
What matters most is not status, rank, intellect,
but character, and Miss Rosa Parks had plenty.
You don't have to be eloquent and write like a pro with
all these beautiful verses straight from a best seller.
What if Rosa Parks had waited to write a book, or get a PHD?
Yes, really, God works in the little and humble things.
Tyrone Anderson gemini072@y...> wrote:
There were 3 seperate funerals for her 1.Detroit 2.DC 3.Alabama
presidents and governors and mayor came to her funeral.
I will say that this woman did more for the country
than most of our elected official combined
Adeline <adeline_gros@y...> wrote:
This woman is such an inspiration.
It is amazing how one woman sparked
the whole civil rights movement.
Just imagine did she not take a stand.....frightening...~
AS MiXIES LET'S TAKE A STAND AS WELL
we never know how we can shape history!!!
I am not saying that we are suffering like the
african americans have in those days but our suffering
is more mental and psychological orientated these days.
BTW: if you see some weird spelling of words its b/c i now live
in the UK and have adapted to their way of writing english
Pamela ZAHM <redheart83704@y...wrote:
Rosa Lee Parks, whose refusal to give up her bus seat to a white
man sparked the modern civil rights movement, died Monday.
She was 92.
Mrs. Parks died at her home of natural causes, said Karen
Morgan, a spokeswoman for U.S. Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich.
Mrs. Parks was 42 when she committed an act of defiance in
1955 that was to change the course of American history and
earn her the title "mother of the civil rights movement."
At that time, Jim Crow laws in place since the post-Civil War
Reconstruction required separation of the races in buses,
restaurants and public accommodations throughout the South,
while legally sanctioned racial discrimination kept
blacks out of many jobs and neighborhoods in the North.
The Montgomery, Ala., seamstress, an active member of
the local chapter of the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People, was riding on a city bus
Dec. 1, 1955, when a white man demanded her seat.
Mrs. Parks refused, despite rules requiring black Americans to
yield their seats to whites. Two black Montgomery women
had been arrested earlier that year on the same charge,
but Mrs. Parks was jailed. She also was fined $14.
Speaking in 1992, she said history too often maintains "that my
feet were hurting and I didn't know why I refused to stand up when
they told me. But the real reason of my not standing up was
I felt that I had a right to be treated as any other passenger.
We had endured that kind of treatment for too long."
Defiance launches 381-day boycott
Her arrest triggered a 381-day boycott of the bus system organized
by a then little-known Baptist minister, the Rev. Martin Luther
King Jr., who later earned the Nobel Peace Prize for his work.
"At the time I was arrested I had no idea it would turn into
this," Mrs. Parks said 30 years later. "It was just a day
like any other day. The only thing that made it
significant was that the masses of the people joined in."
The Montgomery bus boycott, which came one year after the U.S.
Supreme Court's landmark declaration that separate schools
for blacks and whites were "inherently unequal," marked
the start of the modern civil rights movement.
The movement culminated in the 1964 federal Civil Rights Act,
which banned racial discrimination in public accommodations.
After taking her public stand for civil rights, Mrs. Parks had
trouble finding work in Alabama. Amid threats and harassment, she
and her husband Raymond moved to Detroit in 1957.
She worked as an aide in Conyers' Detroit office from 1965
until retiring Sept. 30, 1988. Raymond Parks died in 1977.
Mrs. Parks became a revered figure in Detroit, where a street and
middle school were named for her and a papier-mache likeness of
her was featured in the city's Thanksgiving Day Parade.
Mrs. Parks said upon retiring from her job with Conyers that she
wanted to devote more time to the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute
for Self Development. The institute, incorporated in 1987, is devoted
to developing leadership among Detroit's young people and
initiating them into the struggle for civil rights.
"Rosa Parks: My Story" was published in February 1992. In 1994 she
brought out "Quiet Strength: The Faith, the Hope and the Heart of
Woman Who Changed a Nation," and in 1996 a collection of letters
called "Dear Mrs. Parks: A Dialogue With Today's Youth."
She was among the civil rights leaders who
addressed the Million Man March in October 1995.
In 1996, she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, awarded
to civilians making outstanding contributions to American life.
In 1999, she was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal,
the nation's highest civilian honor.
Mrs. Parks received dozens of other awards, ranging from induction
into the Alabama Academy of Honor to an NAACP Image Award
for her 1999 appearance on CBS' "Touched by an Angel."
The Rosa Parks Library and Museum opened in November 2000 in
Montgomery. The museum features a 1955-era bus and a video that
recreates the conversation that preceded Parks' arrest.
"Are you going to stand up?" the bus driver asked.
"No," Parks answered.
"Well, by God, I'm going to have you arrested," the driver said.
"You may do that," Parks responded.
Mrs. Parks' later years were not without difficult moments.
In 1994, Mrs. Parks' home was invaded by a 28-year-old man who
beat her and took $53. She was treated at a hospital and released.
The man, Joseph Skipper, pleaded guilty,
blaming the crime on his drug problem.
The Parks Institute struggled financially since its inception.
The charity's principal activity the annual Pathways to Freedom
bus tour taking students to the sites of key events in the civil rights
movement routinely cost more money than the institute could raise.
Mrs. Parks lost a 1999 lawsuit that sought to prevent the hip-hop duo
OutKast from using her name as the title of a Grammy-nominated song.
In 2000, she threatened legal action against an Oklahoma man who
planned to auction Internet domain name rights to www.rosaparks.com.
After losing the OutKast lawsuit, attorney Gregory Reed, who
represented Mrs. Parks, said his client "has once again suffered
the pains of exploitation." A later suit against
OutKast's record company was settled out of court.
She was born Rosa Louise McCauley on Feb. 4, 1913, in Tuskegee,
Ala. Family illness interrupted her high school education,
but after she married Raymond Parks in 1932, he
encouraged her and she earned a diploma in 1934.
He also inspired her to become involved in the NAACP.
Taking nothing for granted
Looking back in 1988, Mrs. Parks said she worried
that black young people took legal equality for granted.
Older black people, she said "have tried to shield young people
from what we have suffered. And in so doing, we seem
to have a more complacent attitude.
"We must double and redouble our efforts to try to say to our youth,
to try to give them an inspiration, an incentive and the will to study
our heritage and to know what it means to be black in America today."
At a celebration in her honor that same year, she said: "I am
leaving this legacy to all of you ... to bring peace, justice,
equality, love and a fulfillment of what our lives should be.
Without vision, the people will perish, and without courage and
inspiration, dreams will die the dream of freedom and peace."
© 2005 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material
may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by
the moments that take our breath away.
"Man would rather be a little higher than the
apes, than a little lower than the angels."
"I am Black & I am White, and know there is no difference.
Each one casts a shadow, and all shadows are dark."-