Racial Admixture & Ancestry
- It should always be remembered that it has been repeatedly
proven that superficial `racial admixture' judgment those
based on mere "appearance" (phenotype) has been proven
to be an inadequate `measurement' for determination of
so-called "racial" lineage or heritage (genotype) and is
also an adherence to the ODR (one-drop rule).
The links below provide more perspectives on the
issue of "racial admixture", phenotype & genotype:
What is the relationship between your
DNA and how you turn out as a person?
[[ " there's no simple one-to-one relationship
between the genotype and the phenotype.
it's not the case that every aspect of the
phenotype is determined by the genes ." ]]
SOURCE:(Race: The Power of an Illusion)
[["One of the other outcomes of all of this
racial mixing is that there are families who
are said to have children of different races."]]
SOURCE:(Ethnicity and Race: The United States & Brazil)
[["If we consider some peculiarities of Brazilian history
and social structure, we can construct a model to
explain why color should indeed be a poor predictor
of African ancestry at an individual level.]]
SOURCE: (Gene Expression: Brazil & Racial Admixure)
[["[A]t an individual level, color, as determined by physical
evaluation, is a poor predictor of genomic African
ancestry, estimated by molecular markers"]]
SOURCE: Color and genomic ancestry in Brazilians
[["Until then, I had always been Black in the American imaginary.
My skin tone is coffee with cream or double latte, ...
my racial designation through most of my life.
With this phenotype, I have been "black" in both capital
and lowercase, Afro-American, African-American.
...I was even called a "colored girl" ...
The names may have changed to protect the innocent,
but the significance of being the opposite of white never did.
...[M]y own appearance had always warranted racial certainty.
In America, I could never "pass."
Upon arriving in Managua, however, the racial certainty
I brought with me from the States evaporated.
The features that locate me as Black in America do not map onto
the unfamiliar turns and curves of the Nicaraguan structure of race...
I learned that my brown skin and pouting lips might
make me Miskito/Spanish, Caribbean/Spanish,
African/Spanish, perhaps even pure Miskito.
My brown skin was only the beginning of the interrogation rather
than the end, an initial descriptor rather than a final conclusion.
I slipped through the cracks of the racial regime."]]
SOURCE:Identity Notes Plating in the Light
Another example of being "multi-racial" (i.e. "mixed"), yet
looking/appearing as "mono"-racial to the average person.