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(Pt I) The Impact of the Racist-ODR AND the Misogynistic-ROM

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  • multiracialbookclub
    . ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~ . The socio-political impact of the Racist-ODR -- AND -- the
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 26, 2012
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      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~


      The socio-political impact of 
      the Racist-ODR 
      -- AND -- 
      the Misogynistic-ROM

      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .

      The racist-'One Drop Rule' (ODR) --- AND--- The 
      misogynistic-'Rule of Matriliny' (ROMwere two (2) 
      entirely separate, different and evil, social-constructs 
      --- which impacted their targets lives in different ways.
      .
      -- 1) The racist-'One-Drop Rule' (ODR)-- which 
      falsely categorized any person of a Mixed-Race 
      ancestry which included 'Black' lineage (no 
      matter how small the amount, literally down
      to a mere 'one-drop') as also thus, being 
      racially-Black --- was NOT used to force 
      people into chattel-slavery on the 
      antebellum-era continental U.S
      ..
      .
      --------------------------------------------------------
      .
      This is because …
      .
      The chattel-slavery system that was once found 
      on the antebellum-era continental U.S. was NOT 
      "Color"-Based (i.e. "Racial)
       -- BUT RATHER -- 
      it was, in fact, "Mother"-Based (i.e."Matrilineal").
      .
      -- 2) It was the misogynistic-'Rule of Matriliny' (ROM) -- 
      and NOT the racist-'One-Drop Rule' (ODR) -- that
       was 
      created
       and utilized in order to force people (of ALL 
      colors, "races" and racial-admixtures) AT BIRTH into 
      the captivity of the chattel-slavery system
       that was 
      once found on the antebellum-era continental U.S.A.
      .
      --------------------------------------------------------
      .
      Again, it really needs to be understood that 
      (contrary to popular myth and assumption) … 
      -- the chattel-slavery system that was once found 
      on the antebellum-era continental U.S.A. was NOT 
      "Color"-Based (i.e. "Racial") --- BUT --- rather 
      -- it was "Mother"-Based (i.e. "Matrilineal").

      .
       
      .
      Just as the racist-'One-Drop Rule' (ODR)was 
      used AFTER the chattel-slavery system had 
      come to an end on the continental U.S.A. -- 
      [[[[via the U.S. Congress passing the 13th Amendment 
      … and NOT via (as so very many people mistakenly 
      think) the 'American Civil War' (a war which was 
      NOT fought solely over the socio-economical 
      issue of the system of chattel-slavery) -- or -- 
      via the so-called 'Emancipation Proclamation' 
      (a document which freed no one anywhere) ]]]] 
      --- 
      in order to (falsely) claim that any person of a Mixed-Race 
      lineage that included any amount of Black ancestry, as 
      also being racially Black as well
       ~~~ the monstrously 
      misogynistic-'Rule of Matriliny' (ROM) was used (while 
      the chattel-slavery system existed) in order to (cruelly) 
      proclaim that IF a person were born to a 'woman' (of 
      ANY "race"*) who had been listed as being "chattel" 
      (i.e. "property") THEN that person was also 
      declared to be "property" (i.e. "chattel").
      .
        
      .
      The monstrous 'Rule of Matriliny' (ROM)
       -- which is 
      what was used to instantly declare a person, at birth, to 
      be another person's "chattel" (i.e. "property") -- was NOT 
      based on the "Race"
       of any person's parent -- BUT 
      RATHER -- it was based the 'Gender'of the parent.
      .
      The -- the evil, misogynistic-'Rule of Matriliny' (ROM) -- 
      is one of the reasons that the women (of ALL "races"
       
      and racial-admixtures) that were held as captives in 
      the antebellum-era continental U.S. chattel-slavery 
      system were so frequentlysexually-assualted and 
      thus, were also forced to essentially 'breed' children.

      .
      The offspring of the women of ALL races -- including 
      the 'White' women
       (asthere were actually quite a large 
      number of White people, particularly the women, who 
      had also been forced into the captivity of chattel-slavery 
      ... and yes, that is referring to `chattel' slavery and NOT 
      the indentured-servitude that one so typically hears of) 
      -- who were listed as being another person's "chattel"
      ("property")
       were instantly declared, at birth, to also 
      be noted as the "chattel"
       ("property") of the person 
      who was holding their birth mother in captivity
      .
      .
      --------------------------------------------------------
      .
      To state it again ---- contrary to popular myth -- 
      the chattel-slavery system
       that was once found 
      on the antebellum-era continental United States 
      of American was NOT "Color"-Based (i.e. "Racial") -- 
      but rather -- it was "Mother"-Based (i.e. "Matrilineal")
      .

      .
      .
      Thus, the racist 'One-Drop Rule' was NOT 
      used to make ANYONE into a chattel-slave.

      .
      The racist 'One-Drop Rule' wasused to falsely-force 
      the people of Multiracial and Mulatto lineage into the 
      racial-category of "black" and to falsely-force the 
      people who were of a Multiracial-White lineage that 
      included even 'a mere one-drop of Black blood' into 
      the category of "black" or the category of "mulatto".
      .
      --------------------------------------------------------
      .
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Generation-Mixed/message/4162 
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Generation-Mixed/message/4160 
      .
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Generation-Mixed/message/4157 
      .
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Generation-Mixed/message/4152
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Generation-Mixed/message/4153
      .
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
      .
      MORE ON THE-LAW-OF-PARTUS
      [aka – The Rule-of-Matriliny (ROM)].
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

      .
      A 1662 law decreed that the children of slaves took the 
      status of their mother 
      (in contrast to `common law', 
      which conferred the father's status on a child).
      .
      . 
      The law was intended to `enslave' the increasing 
      number of children fathered by White men
       (and it 
      was targeted against vulnerable girls and women
       
      of all "races" and of all `race-categorizations
      … including that of the status of `White' ).
      .
      http://www.understandingrace.org/history/gov/colonial_authority.html
      .
       
      .
      The principle of `Partus Sequitur Ventrem' 
      established that "children, at birth, 
      took the status of the mother

      .
      The Latin phrase literally means "that 
      which is brought forth follows the womb
      ."

      .
      It was derived from the Roman `Civil Law'; 
      and it held that "The Status Of Child 
      Followed
       That Of his or her Mother
      ". 
      .
       
      .
      The law known as `Partus Sequitur Ventrem', 
      often abbreviated to `Partus', in the British 
      North American colonies -- and later in the 
      United States -- was a legal doctrine which 
      the English colonists incorporated into the 
      legislation related to "definitions of slavery
      ". 
      .
       
      .
      It was first incorporated into English 
      colonial slavery law in 1662 in Virginia.
       
      .
      Partus was adopted into law by other English 
      colonies, and the states of the United States.
      .
       
      .
      It was widely adopted into the "laws of slavery" 
      in the colonies and the following United States.
       
      .
      The law of `Partus' (along with the fact that less than 
      6% of the Black West Africans captured in the slave 
      trade were even sent to the continental United States) 
      is just one of the MANY reasons for the fact that …

      (1) The MAJORITY of the people held inthe U.S. 
      chattel-slavery system WERE actually NOT racially 
      `BLACK' ---- but rather -----  they were of the various 
      types of Mixed-Race lineage
       (ex. Mulatto, Metis, 
      Griffe, Quad/Octo-Roon, Bi/Tri-racial and so forth) 
      .
      .
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partus_sequitur_ventrem
      .
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_suit
      .
      – AND -- 

      (2) More than 70% of the people born to parents who 
      are BOTH members of the ETHNIC group society 
      now refers to by the misnomer of `African-American'
      (AA) are of a continuously racially-admixed ancestral 
      lineage--- 
       AND a whopping 5% of them(the people 
      born to parents who are both AA) have been found 
      to have NO traceable / detectable amounts of Black 
      African ancestry found in their lineage whatsoever.
      .
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Generation-Mixed/message/1527 
      .
      http://www.understandingrace.org/history/gov/colonial_authority.html
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      . 
      LINK:
      .
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Generation-Mixed/message/4236
      .
      .

      QUOTE:
      .
      "[E]stimates of the European-American 
      genetic contribution to the African-American 
      gene pool were 27.5%–33.6% for the `Y-STR 
      haplotypes' [i.e. male-ancestry] and 9%–15.4% 
      for the `mtDNA types' [i.e. female-ancestry].
      .
      For both the coalescent and genotype assignment 
      methods, the estimated European-American genetic 
      contribution to African-Americans was much higher 
      for the Y-chromosome [male lineage] than for mtDNA; 
      27.5%–33.6% of African-American Y-chromosomes 
      were determined to be of European-American ancestry …
      .
      Presumably, this disparity in admixture estimates for 
      the `Y-chromosome' versus `mtDNA' reflects the greater 
      genetic contribution of European-American men than 
      women to African-Americans during the slavery period.
      .
      In addition, admixture between African-Americans 
      and European-Americans may have occurred to 
      different extents in different parts of the U.S. 
      (Reed
       1969; Chakraborty et al. 1992; Parra et al. 1998), 
      further contributing to geographic structure 
      in the patterns of genetic variation 
      in African-American populations. 
      .
      Similar concerns hold for the other 
      Ethnic U.S. populations, in particular 
      Hispanics, as they are defined primarily by 
      cultural criteria and not geographic origin.
      .
      The European-American genetic 
      contribution to African-Americans 
      was estimated by two different methods. 
      .
      The first method is based on a coalescent approach 
      that incorporates both allele-frequencies as 
      well as the molecular-distance among alleles 
      (http://genome.cshlp.org/content/13/4/624.long#ref-1 ), 
      and is implemented in the program ADMIX 
      (http://www.unife.it/genetica/Giorgio/Giorgio_soft.html#ADMIX). 
      .
      The second method is an assignment test 
      (http://genome.cshlp.org/content/13/4/624.long#ref-30), 
      in which the probability that an individual comes 
      from each of several populations is calculated 
      on the basis of genotype frequencies, and then 
      the individual is assigned to the population 
      associated with the highest probability. 
      .
      Assignments of African-Americans to either 
      African or European ancestry was done 
      via this method with the program Doh 
      (http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/jbrzusto/Doh.php).
      .
      On the basis of Mann-Whitney U tests, the range 
      of H and MPSD values is significantly higher in 
      African-American groups than in European-Americans, 
      and H (but not MPSD) values are significantly higher in 
      African-Americans than in Hispanics, whereas MPSD 
      (but not H) values are significantly higher in 
      Hispanics than in European-Americans.
      .
      However, in contrast to the Y-STR MDS plot, the 
      mtDNA plot also separates the Hispanic groups from 
      the European-American groups; Hispanic groups are 
      almost equally distant from European-American and 
      African-American groups with respect to mtDNA … 
      whereas they are much closer to European-American 
      groups than to African-American groups 
      with respect to Y-STR haplotypes …"
      .
      SOURCE:
      .
      DOI: 10.1101/gr.463003 / Genome 
      Research / 2003 / 13: 624-634 
      2003 ©, Cold Spring HarborLaboratory Press
      .
      http://genome.cshlp.org/content/13/4/624.long 
      .
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
      RELATED LINK:
      .

      http://www.facebook.com/allpeople.gifts/posts/300777016632181
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
      QUOTE:
      .
      "A classic example of gene replacement are "black" 
      Americans … , who notoriously have a lighter skin 
      color than Black Africans, their ancestors. 
      .
      This is especially true in the northern States.
      .
      Genetic analysis shows that African Americans 
      have on average 30% of their gene pool
       
      from European (White American) genes.

      .
      This partial replacement took place over about 
      300 years of contact, and it is calculated that, 
      if it was constant in time, there must have been 
      about 3% of mixed unions per generation. 
      .
      Laws assured that the child of mixed 
      parentage would be considered Black. 
      .
      Only individuals with a very low proportion 
      of Black ancestry (or of skin color) 
      would be able to ``pass'' as White. 
      .
      With gene flow continuing at that same rate, 
      only about 30% of the original gene constitution 
      would remain on average after 1,000 years since 
      the beginning, and about 9% after 2,000 years
      .
      SOURCE:
      .
      http://www.pnas.org/content/94/15/7719.full.pdf (pp. 7723 / 7724)
      .
      http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/uni/bcn/teaching/ss2007/sem_language/LanguageEvolution/CavalliSforza_PNAS97.pdf 
      (pages 6 and 7)
      .
      http://anthrocivitas.net/forum/showthread.php?t=11703 
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
      RELATED LINK:
      .
      http://www.facebook.com/allpeople.gifts/posts/300777016632181
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
       YChromosome STR Haplotypes and the Genetic Structure of U.S. Populations ofAfrican, European,.
      .
      http://genome.cshlp.org/content/13/4/624.long#ref-1
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
      QUOTE:
      .
      "For the 1930 census, the population questionnaire was 
      basically the same as it had been in 1910 and 1920.
      .
      The biggest change was in racial classification. 
      .
      Enumerators were instructed to no 
      longer use the "Mulatto" classification. 
      .
      Instead, they were given special instructions 
      for reporting the race of interracial persons.
      .
      A person with both White and Black lineage was to be 
      recorded as Black, no matter fraction of that lineage. 
      .
      A person of mixed Black and American Indian lineage 
      was also to be recorded as Black, unless he was 
      considered to be "predominantly" American Indian 
      and accepted as such within the community.
      .
      SOURCE:
      .
      http://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/index_of_questions/1930_1.html 
      .
      QUOTE:
      .
      … the definition of a"black" person as one with 
      any trace at all of black African ancestry [was] 
      …woven into the history of the United States. 
      .
      Developed in the South, the definition of 
      "Negro" (now "black") spread and became 
      the nation's social and legal definition
      .
      … Americans define no other 
      minority group in a similar way
      .
      Because "blacks" [were] defined according 
      to the one-drop rule, they [are / became] a 
      socially-constructed "category" in which 
      there is wide variation in racial traits AND 
      … not a `Race' group in the scientific sense. 
      .
      However … that "category" … has become 
      a …social group with an `Ethnic' identity.

      .
      Although racially-mixed -- most "blacks" 
      in the United States are physically 
      distinguishable from whites -- BUT
      they are ALSO an `Ethnic' group "
      .
      SOURCE:
      .
      http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/jefferson/mixed/onedrop.html
      .
      RELATED LINK:
      .
      http://www.facebook.com/allpeople.gifts/posts/300777016632181
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
      History: 1930
      .
      http://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/index_of_questions/1930_1.htm
      .
      www.census.gov
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .
      COMMENT:
      .
      IF anyone has ever wondered HOW it is that 
      more than 5% of the people born to parents 
      who are BOTH members of the ETHNIC group 
      that our society now calls `African-American' 
      have NO traceable / detectable amounts 
      of Black / West African ancestral lineage – 
      THEN the FACTS below may be of some interest.
      .
      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
      .

      QUOTE:
      .
      "Historians estimate that more than half of 
      all white immigrants to the English colonies 
      of North America during the 17th and 18th 
      centuries came as indentured servants. 
      .
      The number of indentured servants among 
      immigrants was particularly high in the South."
      .
      .
         
      .
          

      .
      SOURCE:
      .
      Richard Hofstadter, "White Servitude", n.d.,
      Montgomery College, accessed 11 January 2012.
      .
      QUOTE:
      .
      "Before the Civil War, slaves AND indentured-servants 
      were considered personal property, 
      and they 
      -- or their descendants -- could be sold 
      or 
      inherited like any other personal property. 
      .
      Like other property [chattel], human chattel was 
      governed largely by laws of individual states. 
      .
      Regardless of their country of origin, many early 
      immigrants were indentured-servants, people 
      who sold their labor in exchange for passage 
      to the New World and housing on their arrival. 
      .
      .  
      .
      Initially, most laws passed concerned indentured-servants, 
      but around the middle of the seventeenth
       century, 
      colonial laws began to reflect differences
       
      between indentured-servants and slaves."
      .
      SOURCE:
      <

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